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Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 1

When were the ruins at Hampi brought to light?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 1

Discovery of Ruins at Hampi:

  • Year: The ruins at Hampi were brought to light in the year 1800.


Explanation:

  • Background: Hampi, located in the state of Karnataka, India, was once the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire.

  • Rediscovery: The ruins of Hampi were rediscovered in 1800 by Colin Mackenzie, a British surveyor and archaeologist.

  • Importance: The discovery of these ruins helped in understanding the rich history and architectural heritage of the Vijayanagara Empire.

  • Subsequent Exploration: Following the initial discovery, further explorations and excavations were conducted to uncover more about the civilization that thrived in that region.


Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 2

Who competed with contemporary rulers for control of fertile river valleys?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 2

Competitors for Control of Fertile River Valleys

  • Vijayanagara Kings: The Vijayanagara Kings competed with contemporary rulers for control of fertile river valleys in South India. They established a powerful empire that encompassed vast territories and engaged in conflicts to maintain control over fertile regions.


  • Bukka: Bukka, one of the founders of the Vijayanagara Empire, played a significant role in competing with other rulers for control of fertile river valleys. He led military campaigns and strategic alliances to expand and protect the empire's territory.

  • Mughals: The Mughals, a powerful dynasty in North India, also competed with contemporary rulers for control of fertile river valleys. They engaged in territorial disputes and military campaigns to assert their dominance over rich agricultural lands.

  • Colin Mackenzie: Although not a ruler himself, Colin Mackenzie, a British officer and archaeologist, conducted surveys and research in South India that provided valuable insights into the historical competition for control of fertile river valleys.


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Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 3

What did the rulers of Vijayanagara call themselves?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 3

What did the rulers of Vijayanagara call themselves?





  • A: Algodón

  • B: Rayas

  • C: Mezclar

  • D: Shahs


Answer: B - Rayas



  • Explanation:

  • The rulers of Vijayanagara called themselves Rayas.

  • The title of Raya was used by the Vijayanagara Empire rulers as a mark of their sovereignty and authority.

  • It signified their position as powerful rulers of the empire.

  • Rayas were considered to be great leaders who governed the vast territories of the Vijayanagara Empire.

Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 4

What animals did kings and traders import from Arabia?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 4
Animals imported from Arabia

  • Horses: Kings and traders imported horses from Arabia for their strength, speed, and agility in various activities such as warfare, transportation, and sports.

  • Ponies: These smaller horses were also imported for their versatility and ease of handling, especially for children or smaller riders.

  • Cattle: While not as common as horses, cattle were also imported from Arabia for their milk, meat, and other agricultural purposes.


Overall, the importation of these animals from Arabia played a crucial role in the development and advancement of various societies in terms of transportation, agriculture, and warfare.

Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 5

When was the land between the Tungabhadra and Krishna rivers acquired?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 5

Acquisition of the land between the Tungabhadra and Krishna rivers

  • Year of Acquisition: 1512



Detailed Explanation:

  • Geographical Importance: The land between the Tungabhadra and Krishna rivers was strategically significant due to its fertile soil and proximity to water sources.

  • Reason for Acquisition: The rulers of the Vijayanagara Empire sought to expand their territory and gain control over this valuable region.

  • Timeline: In the year 1512, the Vijayanagara Empire successfully acquired the land between the Tungabhadra and Krishna rivers through a series of military campaigns and negotiations.

  • Impact: This acquisition further strengthened the Vijayanagara Empire's political and economic power in the region, allowing for increased agricultural production and trade opportunities.

Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 6

Who led the army into battle at Rakshasi-Tangadi?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 6

Who led the army into battle at Rakshasi-Tangadi?



  • A: Vilas Raya

  • B: Bijapur

  • C: Krishnadevaraya's

  • D: Rama Raya


Answer: D. Rama Raya



  • Rama Raya: He led the army into battle at Rakshasi-Tangadi. He was a prominent military commander and nobleman in the Vijayanagara Empire.

  • Vilas Raya: Vilas Raya was not the one who led the army into battle at Rakshasi-Tangadi.

  • Bijapur: Bijapur was not the leader of the army at Rakshasi-Tangadi.

  • Krishnadevaraya's: While Krishnadevaraya was a significant ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire, it was Rama Raya who specifically led the army into battle at Rakshasi-Tangadi.

Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 7

What did the Amara-Nayakas send to the king to express their loyalty?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 7

What did the Amara-Nayakas send to the king to express their loyalty?

  • A: Valentines

  • B: Money

  • C: Credits

  • D: Gifts


Answer: D - Gifts

The Amara-Nayakas sent gifts to the king to express their loyalty. This act was a common practice in ancient times to show allegiance and respect to the ruling authority.


Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 8

What was built along the streams to create reservoirs of varying sizes?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 8

What was built along the streams to create reservoirs of varying sizes?




Answer: B - Embankments



- Culverts: Culverts are structures that allow water to flow under a road, railway, or similar obstruction. They are not built along streams to create reservoirs.

- Embankments: Embankments are raised banks constructed along streams to create reservoirs of varying sizes. They help in storing water and regulating its flow.
- Riverbanks: Riverbanks refer to the land alongside a river. While they are naturally occurring, they do not involve the construction of structures to create reservoirs.
- Dikes: Dikes are walls or embankments built to prevent flooding from rivers or seas. They are not specifically built along streams to create reservoirs.
Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 9

When was Barbosa born?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 9
Barbosa's Birth

  • Barbosa's birth: Barbosa was born in the Sixteenth-Century.

  • Explanation: Barbosa's birthdate falls in the 1500s, specifically in the Sixteenth-Century.

  • Historical Context: During the Sixteenth-Century, there were significant historical events taking place such as the Age of Exploration, the Protestant Reformation, and the rise of powerful empires like the Spanish and Portuguese.

  • Barbosa's life: Knowing Barbosa's birthdate helps us understand the historical context in which he lived and the events that may have influenced his life and work.

Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 10

Rituals associated with the structure probably coincided with what?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 10

Rituals associated with the structure probably coincided with Mahanavami.




  • Mahanavami: Mahanavami is a Hindu festival celebrated on the ninth day of the Navaratri festival. It is dedicated to the worship of the Goddess Durga and is considered to be an auspicious day for various rituals and ceremonies.

  • Rituals: The rituals associated with the structure likely included offering prayers, performing poojas, and conducting traditional ceremonies to honor the Goddess Durga during Mahanavami.

  • Significance: Mahanavami holds great significance in Hindu mythology and is believed to be a day when the Goddess Durga defeated the demon Mahishasura, symbolizing the victory of good over evil.

  • Celebrations: During Mahanavami, devotees observe fasts, visit temples, and participate in cultural events to celebrate the triumph of Durga over Mahishasura.

Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 11

What is one of the most beautiful buildings in the royal centre?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 11

Most Beautiful Building in the Royal Centre: Lotus



  • Architectural Marvel: The Lotus building in the royal center is a true architectural marvel, known for its unique design and intricate details.

  • Cultural Significance: The Lotus building holds great cultural significance, representing purity, beauty, and grace in the royal center.

  • Breathtaking Beauty: The Lotus building stands out for its breathtaking beauty, with its elegant curves and stunning facade.

  • Symbol of Royalty: The Lotus building is often considered a symbol of royalty, showcasing the grandeur and sophistication of the royal center.

  • Popular Tourist Attraction: The Lotus building is a popular tourist attraction, drawing visitors from far and wide to admire its beauty and learn about its history.


Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 12

What type of temples were found in the hills?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 12

Types of Temples Found in the Hills:



  • Jaina Temples: The temples found in the hills were primarily Jaina temples dedicated to the Jaina religion.


Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 13

What title did rulers use to indicate their close links with the gods?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 13

Explanation:

  • Close Links with Gods: Rulers used the title of Hindu Suratrana to indicate their close links with the gods.

  • Significance: This title signified the ruler's divine connection and legitimacy to rule as ordained by the gods.

  • Symbol of Authority: The title of Hindu Suratrana was a symbol of authority and power derived from the gods.

  • Religious Affiliation: By using this title, rulers sought to align themselves with the religious beliefs and practices of their subjects.

Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 14

What was the Arabic term for king?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 14

Arabic Term for King:



  • Option B: Sultan




Detailed Explanation:



  • In Arabic, the term for king is Sultan.

  • The term Sultan is commonly used in Arabic-speaking countries to refer to a monarch or ruler.

  • Historically, sultans ruled over various territories and regions in the Middle East, North Africa, and parts of Asia.

  • Sultans were known for their power and authority, often commanding armies and overseeing governance.

  • The title of Sultan has been used by various dynasties and rulers throughout Islamic history.

  • It is important to note that the Arabic term for king can vary depending on the specific context and historical period.


Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 15

What is the name of the temple where the principal deity was Vitthala?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 15

Temple Name:

  • Vitthala Temple: The temple where the principal deity was Vitthala.


Location:

  • Hampi: The temple is located in Hampi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Karnataka, India.


Architecture:

  • Stone Chariot: One of the main attractions of the Vitthala Temple is the Stone Chariot, a unique architectural marvel.

  • Musical Pillars: The temple also features musical pillars that produce different musical notes when tapped.


Deity:

  • Vitthala: The principal deity worshipped at the Vitthala Temple is Lord Vitthala, a form of Lord Vishnu.


Significance:

  • Devotees: The temple attracts devotees from all over the country who come to seek blessings and witness the unique architecture.

  • Cultural Heritage: The Vitthala Temple is an important cultural and historical site that showcases the rich heritage of India.


Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 16

What was the shrine in the Vitthala temple designed as?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 16

Shrine in the Vitthala Temple:



  • Design: The shrine in the Vitthala Temple was designed as a Chariot.

  • Significance: The chariot-shaped shrine symbolizes the concept of the temple as a divine vehicle that carries the deity.

  • Architecture: The design of the shrine includes intricate carvings and details that resemble a chariot, complete with wheels and pillars.

  • Purpose: The chariot design of the shrine not only serves an aesthetic purpose but also holds religious significance for worshippers.

  • Visitors: Visitors to the Vitthala Temple are often amazed by the unique and elaborate design of the chariot shrine.

Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 17

When was Hampi recognised as a site of national importance?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 17

Recognition of Hampi as a site of national importance:



  • Year of recognition: 1976




Detailed explanation:



  • Archaeological Survey of India (ASI): Hampi was recognized as a site of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India in 1976.

  • Historical significance: Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is home to the ruins of the Vijayanagara Empire, which was one of the greatest empires in Indian history.

  • Cultural importance: The site is known for its rich architectural and historical heritage, making it a significant cultural landmark in India.

  • Preservation efforts: The recognition of Hampi as a site of national importance in 1976 led to increased conservation and preservation efforts to protect the site for future generations.

  • Tourist attraction: Hampi has become a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from around the world to explore its ancient temples, monuments, and landscapes.


Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 18

What type of structures survives in Vijayanagara?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 18

Types of Structures in Vijayanagara:

  • Stone Structures: One of the most prominent types of structures that survive in Vijayanagara are made of stone. Stone was a commonly used material for constructing temples, palaces, and other important buildings in the Vijayanagara Empire.


Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 19

What was the first step in the study of Vijayanagara?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 19

The ruins at Hampi were brought to light in 1800 by an engineer and antiquarian named Colonel Colin Mackenzie. An employee of the English East India Company, he prepared the first survey map of the site. Much of the initial information he received was based on the memories of priests of the Virupaksha temple and the shrine of Pampadevi.

Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 20

Who worked for years at Vijayanagara?

Detailed Solution for Test: An Imperial Capital: Vijayanagara- 2 - Question 20
Who worked for years at Vijayanagara?

  • Sitaraman

  • None

  • Nagaraja Rao

  • John Marshall


Explanation:

  • Sitaraman: Not the correct answer as there is no mention of Sitaraman working at Vijayanagara.

  • None: Not the correct answer as there were people who worked at Vijayanagara.

  • Nagaraja Rao: The correct answer. Nagaraja Rao worked for years at Vijayanagara.

  • John Marshall: Not the correct answer as there is no mention of John Marshall working at Vijayanagara.


Therefore, the correct answer is Nagaraja Rao who worked for years at Vijayanagara.
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