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Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Mechanical Engineering MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test General Aptitude for GATE - Conjunctions - Test (MCQ)

Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) for Mechanical Engineering 2024 is part of General Aptitude for GATE preparation. The Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) questions and answers have been prepared according to the Mechanical Engineering exam syllabus.The Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) MCQs are made for Mechanical Engineering 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) below.
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Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 1

Choose the appropriate conjunctions to complete the sentences.
Leaders of the world's richest nations got together on an island last week, and nobody ---- the protesters seemed to care.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 1

The appropriate conjunction to complete the sentence is "but". Here is a detailed explanation:
- The sentence states that leaders of the world's richest nations gathered on an island last week.
- It also mentions that nobody seemed to care about the protesters.
- The word "but" is used to contrast the two ideas presented in the sentence.
- It shows that despite the presence of the leaders, the protesters were not given attention or consideration.
Therefore, the correct conjunction to complete the sentence is "but".
Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 2

---- a market economy will become effective, potential benefits should be maximized and risks minimized.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 2

In order that a market economy will become effective, potential benefits should be maximized and risks minimized.

Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 3

 ---- how many particles an atom has, the number of electrons usually needs to be the same as the number of protons.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 3
Explanation:
The question states that in order for the number of particles in an atom to be the same, the number of electrons usually needs to be the same as the number of protons. We need to choose the option that best connects this information.
Option A: In contrast
- This option suggests a contrast between two ideas, but there is no contrasting idea presented in the question. Therefore, option A is not the correct answer.
Option B: No matter
- This option suggests that it doesn't matter what the number of particles in an atom is. However, the question clearly states that the number of electrons usually needs to be the same as the number of protons. Therefore, option B is not the correct answer.
Option C: However
- This option suggests a contrast or contradiction between two ideas. In this case, there is no contrasting idea presented in the question. Therefore, option C is not the correct answer.
Option D: Although
- This option suggests a contrast or contradiction between two ideas. In this case, the idea that the number of electrons needs to be the same as the number of protons is presented as a contrast to the idea of the number of particles in an atom. Therefore, option D is a possible correct answer.
Option E: On grounds that
- This option suggests that the number of electrons needs to be the same as the number of protons based on certain grounds or reasons. However, the question does not provide any specific grounds or reasons for this relationship. Therefore, option E is not the correct answer.
Based on the analysis above, the correct answer is Option B: No matter.
Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 4

President Lyndon Baines Johnson lost public support ---- American involvement in the war in Vietnam.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 4
Explanation:
To explain why President Lyndon Baines Johnson lost public support in American involvement in the war in Vietnam, the correct answer is option C: due to. Let's break down the reasons:
1. Public opinion: The public's opinion turned against the war in Vietnam due to various factors such as the high number of casualties, the lack of progress in achieving victory, and the growing anti-war movement.
2. Casualties: The increasing number of American casualties in Vietnam caused public outrage and led to a decline in support for the war. The war became increasingly unpopular as the death toll rose.
3. Media coverage: The media played a crucial role in shaping public opinion about the war. Journalists reported on the grim reality of the conflict, including the devastation caused by bombings and the atrocities committed by both sides. This coverage contributed to the erosion of public support for the war.
4. Protests and anti-war movement: The war in Vietnam sparked significant protests across the United States. Students, activists, and other groups organized demonstrations, marches, and rallies, demanding an end to American involvement in the conflict. These protests further influenced public opinion and reduced support for the war.
5. Policies and strategies: President Johnson's handling of the war, including his escalation of troop levels and the implementation of controversial policies such as the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, also contributed to the loss of public support. Many Americans questioned the effectiveness and justification of these actions.
In summary, President Lyndon Baines Johnson lost public support due to a combination of factors, including casualties, media coverage, protests, and the perceived ineffectiveness of his policies. These factors ultimately led to a decline in public support for American involvement in the war in Vietnam.
Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 5

More than six hundred million tons of rice were grown around the world last year; ----, current rice production levels will not meet the needs of a growing world population twenty-five years from now.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 5

More than six hundred million tons of rice were grown around the world last year; On the other hand, current rice production levels will not meet the needs of a growing world population twenty-five years from now.

Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 6

To eat healthily···· a busy lifestyle, you first need to have the honest desire to improve your eating habits.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 6

To eat healthily and maintain a busy lifestyle, it is important to have the honest desire to improve your eating habits. In this question, we need to choose the option that best connects the given statement to the rest of the sentence. Let's analyze each option:
A. now that: This option does not provide a logical connection to the sentence. It implies a cause and effect relationship, which is not applicable in this context.
B. hereby: This option is not suitable as it refers to a formal or legal context, and it does not fit well with the sentence.
C. as a result: This option does not provide a suitable transition in the sentence. It implies a cause and effect relationship, which is not what the sentence is trying to convey.
D. in spite of: This option is the correct answer. It indicates a contrast or contradiction, which is appropriate in this context. It shows that despite having a busy lifestyle, the individual still needs to have the desire to improve their eating habits.
E. although: This option also indicates a contrast or contradiction, but "although" is not the best fit in this sentence. It does not provide a smooth transition.
Therefore, the correct answer is D. "in spite of."
Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 7

Academic honesty is ---- an important value ---- there are great penalties attached to its violation.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 7

To determine the correct answer, let's analyze the given sentence:
"Academic honesty is ---- an important value ---- there are great penalties attached to its violation."
We need to choose the correct words to fill in the blanks. Let's examine each option:
A: so / that
- This option is incorrect because "so" is not the appropriate word to use in this context.
B: very / that
- This option is incorrect because "very" does not convey the intended meaning in this sentence.
C: so / as
- This option is incorrect because "so" is not the appropriate word to use in this context.
D: too / as
- This option is incorrect because "too" does not convey the intended meaning in this sentence.
E: such / that
- This option is correct because "such" is used to emphasize the importance of academic honesty, and "that" is used to introduce the result or consequence of violating it.
Therefore, the correct answer is E: such / that.
Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 8

If you are not getting much sleep during the night, you should try to avoid napping during the day ---- much you might want to.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 8

Explanation:
To solve this question, we need to find a word or phrase that shows contrast or contradiction between not getting much sleep during the night and napping during the day. Let's analyze the options:
A.

however

- This word indicates contrast or contradiction, so it is a possible answer.
B.

no matter

- This phrase indicates that something is not important or does not have an effect, which is not suitable in this context.
C.

although

- This word indicates a concession or contradiction, so it is a possible answer.
D.

despite

- This word indicates a contradiction or contrast, so it is a possible answer.
E.

because of

- This phrase indicates a cause or reason, which is not suitable in this context.
Conclusion:
After analyzing the options, we can see that options A, C, and D all indicate contrast or contradiction. However, option A "however" is the most appropriate choice in this context. Therefore, the correct answer is A.
Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 9

Many countries that promised to give food to Ethiopia failed to do so ---- its involvement in a border war with Eritrea.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 9

Many countries that promised to give food to Ethiopia failed to do so as a result of its involvement in a border war with Eritrea.

Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 10

The government should be in the business of ensuring a decent quality of life for its citizens; ----, it should invest the social sector to enable the citizens to function at their optimal level.

Detailed Solution for Conjunctions - Test (MCQ) - Question 10

The given sentence states that the government should ensure a decent quality of life for its citizens and should invest in the social sector to enable citizens to function at their optimal level. The sentence requires a word or phrase to show that the second part of the statement is explaining or elaborating on the first part. Let's analyze the answer choices to determine the correct option.
A. Instead of: This phrase indicates a replacement or substitution, which does not convey the intended meaning in this context.
B. In other words: This phrase is used to provide an alternative way of expressing something, making it appropriate in this context. It shows that the second part of the statement is explaining or clarifying the first part.
C. Apart from: This phrase means excluding or aside from, which does not fit in the context of the sentence.
D. But for: This phrase is used to introduce a reason or explanation, which does not fit well in this context.
E. Whereas: This conjunction is used to contrast two different ideas or situations, which does not align with the intended meaning of the sentence.
Therefore, the correct answer is B. In other words, as it effectively shows that the second part of the sentence is providing further explanation or clarification of the first part.
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