Test: Odd One Out- 3


15 Questions MCQ Test Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) | Test: Odd One Out- 3


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Attempt Test: Odd One Out- 3 | 15 questions in 30 minutes | Mock test for CAT preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) for CAT Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. We don't actually do two, or three or 10 things at once, we just switch from one to another to another.
B. Multitasking makes us demonstrably efficient, increasing cognitive performance.
C. Each time we shift attention, there is a metabolic cost we pay in glucose.
D. Some brain activities are more expensive than others, and switching attention is among the most expensive.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Sentence A declares that we don’t do many activities at once, but just switch from one to the other. Sentence C talks of the cost of switching attention. C follows A.
Sentence B talks of multi-tasking, saying that it makes us demonstrably efficient, and increases our cognitive performance.
Sentence C, however states that every time we switch attention, we “pay" a metabolic cost in glucose, suggesting that switching attention is a drain on our physical resources.
Sentence D asserts that switching attention is an “expensive" brain activity. This ties in with sentence C. D possibly follows C.
We also see that B contradicts D. D suggests switching attention is an “expensive" brain activity, while B states that multitasking increases cognitive performance.
ACD make a paragraph.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence B.

QUESTION: 2

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. Muhammad Ali’s rejection of the Vietnam War was thus a rejection of war itself as a viable means of solving human problems, real or perceived.
B. In refusing the draft, Ali thus also refused to believe that national boundaries somehow categorically divided human beings into “us" and “them".
C. Violence is the tool of the hegemon; by eschewing it you are already challenging the means through which hegemony is legitimized.
D. The best way to stand up to power and injustice is to be steadfast in your resistance while shunning violence.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
The best way to approach sentence elimination questions is to figure out which three of the four sentences given form a cogent paragraph. The sentence that does not fit in is the one to be eliminated.
Now, looking at sentences A and B, it is clear that they share a link -Ali’s rejection of the Vietnam War. Sentence A tells us that by rejecting war, Ali showed that he believed that war could not solve human problems. Sentence B talks of Ali’s refusal to base national boundaries as lines demarcating humans into “us" and “them". Each sentence, thus, conveys a distinct idea which answers the question, “What does Ali’s rejection of the Vietnam War show?". Also note that both sentences A and B have the word “thus" in them. In a paragraph, some other idea is likely to have preceded both these sentences.
Now looking at sentences C and D, we see that these two sentences too share a common idea-that of shunning violence while standing up to injustice. Sentence C argues that violence is used to legitimize hegemony or dominance and not resorting to it is the best way to challenge it. Sentence D too echoes this idea. If these sentences were to be rearranged in a paragraph, how would they be ordered? Sentence D declares that the “best way" to stand up to power and injustice is to be unyielding, while at the same time avoiding violence. Sentence C explains why this is so. It declares that violence is often used as a tool to authorize or establish dominance, and by avoiding it you are already challenging the hegemon. So C follows D.
Now which sentence from the two groups AB and CD shares a common idea with the other group?
We see that sentence A shares a common idea with D and C. The main idea of sentence A is that Ali rejected the Vietnam War as he believed war/violence is not the solution to human problems. If these sentences were to form a paragraph, they would be ordered DCA.
Sentence B, on the other hand, talks of a completely new idea- of national boundaries dividing humans into opposing factions. It does not fit with either D or C.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence B.

QUESTION: 3

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. There are few more emotional ways to view history than through the lens of a camera.
B. To take photographs is to hold one’s breath when all faculties converge in a face of fleeing reality.
C. They are not about dialing for quotes or quick sound bites.
D. Photographs convey the ultimate journalistic credo: to be present at the site of action at the right time, and alive to capture the fleeting moments that transform our lives.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Sentence A declares that the most emotional way to view history is through photographs.
Sentence B talks of what taking a photograph involves.
Sentence C says what “they" are not about- quotes or sound bites.
Sentence D states that photographs convey the ultimate journalistic credo of being in action at the right place at the right time.
So what the ideas link the given sentences?
Sentences B and D share a common idea that photographs capture “fleeting moments" and “fleeing reality".
Both sentences C and D relate to photo journalism. Sentence D talks of photographs conveying the “ultimate journalistic credo" of being at the site of action at the right time to capture moments that though short-lived, are life-changing.
Sentence C clarifies what kind of journalism photos are not about- they aren’t about getting quotes or quick comments.
We see a common thread emerging here. In a paragraph, we could order sentence D first, as it talks of photos conveying the ideal of journalism, and then sentence C which talks about what kind of journalism photos aren’t about, and follow it up with sentence B, which talks of what taking photographs involves. DCB makes a cogent paragraph.
Sentence A is the only one that voices a completely different idea- photos as emotional ways of looking back at history.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence A.

QUESTION: 4

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. If we are not to make grievous mistakes in the name of good things such as fighting corruption or tackling crime, then we, the people, must reflect.
B. The problem is not of manipulation or political ambition; it is the willingness with which otherwise sensible citizens allow themselves to follow the Piper.
C. If we realize that it is our sentiments that are disturbed, not our security, perhaps we will see the issue with greater equanimity.
D. It is in the nature of democratic politics for ambitious politicians to use emotions to climb up the ladder of power.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
There is a common idea in sentences B and D: both refer to politics. Sentence D talks of politicians manipulating people using emotions to grab power. Sentence B declares that this is not the problem. The problem is that people who are otherwise sensible allow themselves to be led blindly.
Again, sentences A and C seem related. Both talk of what the people must do. Sentence A calls upon the people to reflect, warning that if we don’t, we are likely to make mistakes in the name of good things such as fighting corruption and tackling crime. Sentence C states that we might be able to approach “the issue" with greater level-headedness by understanding that our security is not under attack; it is our sentiments that are offended.
What is “the issue" referred to in sentence C that stirs up our emotions and makes us fear that our security is under threat? Sentence A makes a reference to fighting corruption and tackling crime. It doesn’t specifically state one issue that makes us feel our security is threatened. Neither B or D helps us pinpoint what “the issue" is.
On the other hand, we see that sentence A urges people to think deeply and reflect, so that they do not commit “grievous" mistakes without proper deliberation. This continues the idea in sentence B that otherwise sensible citizens allow themselves to be led on by emotions stirred up by politicians. So DBA makes a cogent paragraph.
Sentence C does not fit, as it talks of a specific “issue" that the rest of the sentences cannot explain.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence C.

QUESTION: 5

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. As global warming speeds up the melting of these glaciers, this weight is lifting, and the surface slowly is springing back.
B. Though the average hiker wouldn't notice, the Alps and other mountain ranges have experienced a gradual growth spurt over the past century or so.
C. These glaciers are giant scrapers that carve out valleys and carry away rock debris on ice conveyor belts, sculpting mountains.
D. For thousands of years, the weight of the glaciers atop these mountains has pushed against the Earth's surface, causing it to depress.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Both sentences A and D talk about the “weight of the glaciers". Sentence D tells us that this weight has pushed against the Earth’s surface, causing it to depress and sentence A tells us that thanks to this weight being lifted, due to the melting of the glaciers, the surface is bounding back.
Now, we see that sentence B relates to the idea of the surface springing back. It tells us that mountain ranges such as the Alps have experienced a gradual “growth spurt" over the last century.
When placed in the order BDA, these sentences make a cogent paragraph.
Sentence C talks about glaciers “sculpting mountains" by carving out valleys and carrying away rock debris. This does not relate to the other sentences, which talk of the growth or rebounding of mountains due to the melting of glaciers.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence C.

QUESTION: 6

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. India is self-sufficient in strategic armaments – nuclear weapons and delivery systems, including advanced and accurate ballistic and cruise missiles, and nuclear-powered submarines.
B. By focusing militarily on Pakistan and ignoring China’s challenge, India inspires little confidence about its judgment, resolve, and prospects as a consequential power in the extended region.
C. While India wishes to stand up to China and emerge as the other nodal power in Asia, this ambition is undermined by diffidence and skewed capabilities.
D. But paradoxically, India has become the world’s largest importer of conventional weaponry, leaving its foreign policy hostage to the whims and interests of vendor states.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
We can see straight away that both sentences B and C talk about India and its relations with its neighbors. Sentence B talks about India’s military focus on Pakistan over China “inspiring little confidence in its judgment, resolve, and prospects as a consequential power in the extended region". Sentence C talks of India’s ambition to emerge as the other major power in Asia being undermined by its “diffidence and skewed capabilities".
Again, the link between sentences A and D is obvious. Sentence A talks about India’s self-sufficiency in strategic armaments and sentence D about India’s dependence on other countries for conventional weaponry. It is also clear that D follows A, as it starts by observing the paradoxical nature of the situation.
So which sentence among these 2 groups has a common link with the other?
We see that sentence B refers to India’s military focus. Both sentences A and D talk of India’s military capabilities. However, a logical connection between these fails to emerge. If sentence B were to precede A and D, then the paragraph would start by saying that India’s military focus on Pakistan ignoring China shows poor judgment. But the sentence group A and D do not add to this: they talk instead of India’s capabilities, and do not substantiate the focus of sentence B, i.e. how the military stance is affecting India’s image in the world stage. What if B were to follow AD? Sentence D ends with a note on how India’s dependence on imports for conventional weaponry leaves “its foreign policy hostage to the whims and interests of vendor states". There is nothing in sentence B to substantiate or add to this. In fact, sentence B goes on to talk of a totally different idea. So it does not make a good option to follow D.
Now, sentence C talks of India’s strategic ambitions being undermined by its “diffidence and skewed capabilities". The word “skewed" provides a key link between this sentence and the sentence group AD. Clearly, sentences A and D talk about India’s asymmetrical capabilities in areas of strategic armaments and conventional weaponry. CAD makes a logical paragraph.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence B.

QUESTION: 7

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. Automotive interests have consciously shaped a vision of the streets as places where cars belong.
B. Indeed, the twenty-first century's apex predator is the automobile.
C. A fatal collision is an everyday phenomenon— the kind of death, it seems, that is always expected.
D. Cars prowl the streets, growling in revving ravenousness.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Sentence A talks about automotive interests, which have carefully planted the idea in our minds that streets are where cars belong. We find a reference to cars and streets in sentence D, which says that “cars prowl the streets". However, neither sentence B, which describes the automobile as the 21st century’s “apex predator" nor sentence C, which talks of fatal collisions becoming an everyday phenomenon, is related to this idea.
Now, let’s consider the interesting description of the automobile in Sentence B declares as “the twenty-first century's apex predator". Why apex predator? An apex predator is one that sits on top of the food chain. This comparison of automobiles to apex predators draws our attention to automobiles as killers, the cause of fatal collisions on roads. Sentence C too talks of fatal collisions. So the link between sentence B and C is clear.
Now between sentences A and D, we see that D relates to the idea of cars as predators. It describes cars prowling streets, “growling in revving ravenousness". Indeed, D adds to sentence B in the description of cars as apex predators. BDC forms a cogent paragraph.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence A.

QUESTION: 8

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. Farmers need to be encouraged to grow more pulses not simply because demand is projected to rise by roughly 50 per cent between now and 2024.
B. The Subramanian committee has rightly noted that the worst case scenario for farmers is weak government procurement combined with continuation of stock-holding and export restrictions.
C. Volatility in production and prices of pulses, the committee's report has shown, is far higher than that for cereals, and this is neither in the interests of the producers nor the consumers.
D. Pulses also help in soil rejuvenation and naturally fixing atmospheric nitrogen, without consuming much water.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Let us look at the links between the sentences. Both sentences B and C talk about the Subramanian committee. Now, sentence B states that the committee has rightly noted that the “worst scenario for farmers" is the weak government procurement policy combined with restrictions on exports and stock-holding. Sentence C talks of the volatility in production and prices of pulses being shown by the report as higher than that of cereals. These sentences talk of two different ideas. Does A or D provide a link? Neither sentence A, which talks of the projected demand nor sentence D which talks of how pulses help in soil rejuvenation seems to fit in with C and B.
Now, sentence C tells us that the volatility in production and prices is “neither in the interests of the producers nor the consumers". Sentence A clarifies why this is not in the interest of the consumers. The demand is set to rise dramatically. Also, sentence A says that farmers need to be encouraged to grow more pulses “not simply" because of the projected demand. What other reason exists for encouraging farmers to grow pulses? Sentence D answers this question. Pulses help in soil rejuvenation and fix atmospheric nitrogen, without consuming much water. So it is also in the interest of the producers to grow more pulses. CAD forms cogent paragraph. The idea is that growing pulses is beneficial to both producers and consumers.
Sentence B talks about procurement and export/stock-holding restrictions.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence B.

QUESTION: 9

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. German scientists analyzing the 3300-year-old bust have found evidence suggesting that a royal sculptor at the time may have smoothed creases around the mouth and fixed a bumpy nose to depict the 'Beauty of the Nile' in a better light.
B. The new rendering at the entrance of the Egyptian city of Samalut attempts to re-create the strangeness of the Amarna style. That is probably best done in a museum instead of on a highway, where it might scare people.
C. The miracle of the Nefertiti bust in Berlin is that it combines the realism of the Amarna style, as it is known, with a feel for grace and harmony to create one of the world’s great icons of beauty.
D. By getting the colossally awful sculpture of the ancient queen pulled down, Egyptians have shown the way forward. We need to topple art that’s an insult to our public spaces.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Sentence C talks of the Nefertiti bust in Berlin being ‘one of the world’s great icons of beauty’. We can see that sentence A too talks of this sculpture, and evidence found to suggest that the sculptor might have made adjustments to depict the ‘Beauty of the Nile’ in better light.
Now sentence B and D seem to form a unit, both referring to a new rendering i.e. a replica at the entrance of the Egyptian city of Samalut, which is "colossally awful" and "might scare people".
While neither sentence B nor D fits with A and C to form a cogent unit, we can see that CBD does form a logical sequence. Sentence C talks of the Nefertiti bust in Berlin made in the Amarna style. Sentence B talks of a new rendering that attempts, unsuccessfully, to re-create this style. Sentence D talks of this ugly replica being pulled down by Egyptians as the ‘way forward’ to ‘topple art that’s an insult to our public spaces’.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence A.

QUESTION: 10

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. Though the “mother of all laws", the Constitution is external to society and has a largely exhortatory relationship to it.
B. This is not a defect — the Constitution is required to reflect the republic in the best possible light, and is at its most majestic when doing so.
C. However, this also means that the Constitution is unable to directly confront obstinate realities like caste that flout its fundamental tenets, because acknowledging caste amounts to confessing that the republic is more desire than reality.
D. Right from the Preamble, where it presumes that “we, the people" are indeed a unified and homogenous collectivity, the Constitution treats hoped-for outcomes as though they were established facts.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Sentence A declares that the Constitution is “external to society" and has only an advisory relationship with it. None of the other sentences carries forward or links to this idea.
On the other hand, we see right away that sentences C and D relate to the same idea—that the Constitution presumes “the people" to be a unified and homogenous collectivity and is hence unable to acknowledge “obstinate realities" like caste, as this is tantamount to confessing that the republic is not a reality.
Sentence B talks about something not being a “defect", as the Constitution is required to put the people in the best light. What is being referred to here? The fact mentioned in sentence D – that the Constitution treats what it hopes to achieve as if it was already an established fact – is the only one that fits with this statement.
To summarize, the Constitution presumes “the people" to be one unified unit, thereby treating what it hopes to achieve as an established fact. Nevertheless, this cannot be called a defect, as the Constitution is, after all, supposed to put the country in the best possible light. Yet, this also makes it difficult for the Constitution to directly confront divisive realities such as caste. DBC makes a cogent paragraph.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence A.

QUESTION: 11

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. The imaginary worlds of fiction serve as means to escape the ties and the ennui of the real world and indulge vicariously in an alternate reality.
B. Reading fiction trains people in this domain, just as reading nonfiction books about, say, genetics or history builds expertise in those subject areas.
C. The defining characteristic of fiction is not that it is made-up but that it is about human, or humanlike beings and their intentions and interactions.
D. The solitary act of holing up with a book is actually an exercise in human interaction.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Sentence A labels fiction as a ‘means of escape’ from social ties and reality. Sentence D, the other hand, says that the act of reading is actually an ‘exercise in human interaction’. As these are two opposing points of view, it is clear that either A or D is the sentence to be eliminated.
Sentence B is difficult to place without context, as it talks of reading training people in ‘this domain’. What expertise reading fiction builds is not clear just by reading this sentence.
Now, sentence C declares that the ‘defining characteristic of fiction’ is not that it is something fabricated, but that it is about human intentions and interactions. Clearly, this is in line with the idea expressed in sentence D. We can now see that DCB makes a cogent paragraph.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence A.

QUESTION: 12

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. Sea ice acts as a blanket on top of the ocean, protecting the water from incoming solar energy and atmospheric heat.
B. This effect accelerates overall warming, which in turn melts more land ice and drives up sea levels.
C. Although the sea ice is shrinking, it does not add to water levels as it melts because it is already part of the ocean’s mass.
D. As that frozen coating disappears, its white surface is no longer there to reflect sunlight back into the atmosphere—so the ocean absorbs much more solar energy.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Sentence A explains how sea ice serves as a “blanket" on top of the ocean, protecting the water from solar heat. We see that sentence D too refers to this idea, talking of how the melting of this “frozen coating" leads to warming of the oceans. Sentence B concludes the paragraph, saying that this leads to the melting of land ice and driving up of sea levels. So, ADB forms a cogent paragraph.
Option C, which talks of the melting sea ice not adding to the ocean’s mass and it discusses a completely unrelated idea.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence C.

QUESTION: 13

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. Party politics is all too often merely the surf, spray and scum of the ocean that is society – it’s the prevailing undercurrents, the slow shifting of tectonic plates, that count in the long run.
B. Emmanuel Macron’s victory in France’s legislative elections is the consummation of a political revolution which started with his triumph in the recent presidential election.
C. While on the surface the dominance of Macron’s party – founded less than two years ago – is a huge transformation of the political landscape in France, the low turnout suggests that this is skin deep.
D. In France, growing abstention is the powerful current that risks, eventually, pulling the country under.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
Both sentences B and C refer to Macron’s victory in the French elections. Let us look at how they relate to each other. Sentence B declares Macron’s victory to be the “consummation of a political revolution". Sentence C, however, posits the idea that the so-called transformation of the political landscape might be only skin deep, as the turnout was low. These are two different ideas.
Now, let us look at sentences A and D. Sentence A is a general statement, that party politics merely skims the surface of the ocean that is the society, and that it is the undercurrents that are of significance in the long run. Sentence D, too, makes a reference to a “powerful current" — growing abstention— declaring that this risks “pulling the country under". These are related ideas—while sentence A makes a generalized observation, sentence D cites a specific example, the case of France, where abstention, or low voter turnout, is a strong undercurrent that could have a powerful impact in the long run. So, D follows A.
Does sentence B or C relate to the idea in sentences A and D? On close observation, we can see that sentence C does, referring to the low-turnout and suggesting that what looks like a huge transformation of the political landscape on “the surface" might actually be only skin deep. Note that the reference to “the surface" ties in with the imagery in sentences A and D, to the surf, scum, spray and undercurrents.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence B.

QUESTION: 14

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. Since Plato at least, we have held that subduing our passions to the iron rule of reason is our supreme aspiration; it is the ideal for human cognition.
B. If human beings can indeed be described as rational animals, it is due to the fact that humans, of all animals, are the only ones capable of irrational thoughts and action.
C. Ironically, we think that the more we are like Star Trek's unfeeling alien Mr. Spock, the more human we really are.
D. We delight in pretending that our most prized and most humanly attribute is our forebrain, which houses, we also pretend, our capacity for rational thought.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
The tone of sentence A suggests that subduing our passions to the iron rule of reason is not necessarily ideal for human cognition.
We can see that sentence D is in a similar, mocking vein. It implies our ‘most prized’ and ‘most humanly’ attribute is not our forebrain, and that it is not the forebrain that aids rational thinking.
Now, of the two remaining sentences B and C, we see that sentence C fits in with the idea in sentences A and D, both in terms of the derisive tone it uses as well as the message it conveys. We aspire to become more rational by subduing our emotions, and ironically, the more we are like Star Trek's unfeeling alien Mr. Spock, the more 'human' we think we are.
DAC makes a cogent paragraph.
Sentence B relates to a different idea—the paradox that humans can be described as rational animals only because humans are the only animals capable of being irrational.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence B.

QUESTION: 15

Instructions: For the following questions answer them individually
Four sentences related to a topic are given below. Three of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out.
A. Inflation, which increases nominal but not real wages, is assumed to trick workers into accepting a lower remuneration for their services; it is thus an indirect wage cut that helps prevent an increase in unemployment.
B. An economic concept that serves as the linchpin for monetary policy makers is that wages are quite inflexible in a market economy, so unemployment is bound to shoot up whenever workers refuse to accept lower wages.
C. The stagflation of the 1970s proved quite convincingly that high unemployment and high inflation can very well co-exist, and given that wages may not be as rigid as many economists assume, any effort to micromanage the economy may well be a fool’s errand.
D. While framing monetary policies, central bank chiefs keep this inverse relationship in mind, trying to maintain a non-accelerating inflation rate of unemployment, which is the unemployment rate at which inflation too is just under control.

Solution:

Method of solving this Question from Sentence Elimination:
The link between sentences A and B is the reference to lower wages/remuneration in each.
Sentence A states that inflation “is assumed to trick workers into accepting a lower remuneration" and calls inflation “an indirect wage cut that helps prevent an increase in unemployment". That is, an increase in inflation prevents an increase in unemployment.
Sentence B too refers to wages, noting that they are inflexible in a market economy. Unemployment goes up when there is a situation where workers have to accept lower wages.
A follows B. Wages are inflexible. Unemployment goes up when wages have to be reduced. However, inflation tricks workers into accepting lower wages for their services, thereby preventing an increase in unemployment.
Now, sentence C declares any effort to micromanage the economy as a “fool’s errand", based on two points. One, that the stagflation of the 1970s proved that both high unemployment and high inflation can co-exist. Two, wages may not be as rigid as many economists assume. The ideas put forth in sentence C do not seem to relate to sentences B and A, both of which refer to inflation as a possible means of preventing an increase in unemployment.
Sentence D, on the other hand, talks of “this inverse relationship" which central banks keep in mind while framing monetary policies. BAD makes a cogent paragraph.
The question is " Choose the Sentence that does not fit in "
Hence, the answer is Sentence C.

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