“When she fell down the _______, she received many _______ but little help.”
The words that best fill the blanks in the above sentence are
“In spite of being warned repeatedly, he failed to correct his _________ behaviour.”
The word that best fills the blank in the above sentence is
For are both decreasing functions in the interval ________.
The area of an equilateral triangle is √3. What is the perimeter of the triangle?
Arrange the following three-dimensional objects in the descending order of their volumes:
(i) A cuboid with dimensions 10 cm, 8 cm and 6 cm
(ii) A cube of side 8 cm
(iii) A cylinder with base radius 7 cm and height 7 cm
(iv) A sphere of radius 7 cm
An automobile travels from city A to city B and returns to city A by the same route. The speed of the vehicle during the onward and return journeys were constant at 60 km/h and 90 km/h, respectively. What is the average speed in km/h for the entire journey?
A set of 4 parallel lines intersect with another set of 5 parallel lines. How many parallelograms are formed?
To pass a test, a candidate needs to answer at least 2 out of 3 questions correctly. A total of 6,30,000 candidates appeared for the test. Question A was correctly answered by 3,30,000 candidates. Question B was answered correctly by 2,50,000 candidates. Question C was answered correctly by 2,60,000 candidates. Both questions A and B were answered correctly by 1,00,000 candidates. Both questions B and C were answered correctly by 90,000 candidates. Both questions A and C were answered correctly by 80,000 candidates. If the number of students answering all questions correctly is the same as the number answering none, how many candidates failed to clear the test?
If 2 + − 1 = 0 what is the value of
In a detailed study of annual crow births in India, it was found that there was relatively no growth during the period 2002 to 2004 and a sudden spike from 2004 to 2005. In another unrelated study, it was found that the revenue from cracker sales in India which remained fairly flat from 2002 to 2004, saw a sudden spike in 2005 before declining again in 2006. The solid line in the graph below refers to annual sale of crackers and the dashed line refers to the annual crow births in India. Choose the most appropriate inference from the above data.
Consider the following two equations:
The above set of equations is represented by
The fourth order Runge-Kutta (RK4) method to solve an ordinary differential equation
For a special case when the function f depends solely on x, the above RK4 method reduces to
A watch uses two electronic circuits (ECs). Each EC has a failure probability of 0.1 in one year of operation. Both ECs are required for functioning of the watch. The probability of the watch functioning for one year without failure is
The figure which represents (x in radians) is
The terminal velocity of a spherical particle in gravitational settling under Stokes’ regime varies
Critical speed of a ball mill depends on
Economy of evaporators used for concentrating sugarcane juice is
Segmental baffles in a 2-4 shell and tube heat exchanger
In connection with petroleum refining, identify the incorrect statement among the following options.
Polyvinyl chloride is produced by
The molecular formula of the predominant chemical compound in commercial sugar is
Two packed towers are designed for the same mass velocity of the gas. The first has liquid and gas flow rates of 30 kg/s and 1.2 kg/s, respectively, while the corresponding flow rates in the second tower are 67.5 kg/s and 1.8 kg/s. The ratio of the design diameter of the wider tower to that of the narrower tower is
The Annual Fixed Charges (AFC) and Annual Utilities Costs (AUC) of a distillation column being designed are expressed in terms of the reflux ratio (R) as
The reflux ratio (Ropt) for optimizing the total cost of the distillation column may be found by solving
Consider the following properties:
(Q) specific gravity
(R) chemical potential
The option which lists ALL the intensive properties is
Liquid phase isomerization of o-xylene to p-xylene using a zeolite catalyst was carried out in a CSTR. Three sets of kinetic data at different temperatures and stirring speeds were obtained as shown below.
The operating condition at which the reaction rate is not controlled by external mass transfer resistance is
Choose the correct statement In viscose rayon manufacturing process,
The reactant (M) is converted into product (N) in the presence of catalyst in a fixed bed reactor. All the flow rates (F, G, H, P and R) in mol/s, and mole fraction of reactant (M) in these streams (xF, xG, xH, xP and xR) are shown in the diagram.
The overall fractional conversion is
A first-order process having a transfer function, is controlled by a proportional controller with gain of 3.2 . The process time constant is in minutes. Addition of the integral control action with an integral time constant of 5 minutes leads to increase in
According to the surface renewal theory, the unit of fractional rate of surface renewal is
For absorption of H2S from a mixture with hydrocarbon vapour into an aqueous alkanolamine solution, the liquid phase mass transfer resistance is
For a chemical reaction, the ratio of rate constant at 500 K to that at 400 K is 2.5. Given R = 8.314 J mol-1 K-1, the value of activation energy (in kJ/mol) is
Pitot tube is used to measure
A venturi meter is installed to measure the flow rate of water in a 178 mm diameter (ID) pipe. The throat diameter is 102 mm. The differential pressure measured using a manometer is 154.3 kN/m2. The data given are: discharge coefficient = 0.98; water density = 1000 kg/m3.
The volumetric flow rate of water (in m3/s) is _________.
he ammonia (NH3) oxidation process occurs over a catalyst as
Air is supplied such that oxygen (O2) is 20% in excess of that required for complete conversion of NH3. The mole fraction of O2 in inlet gas mixture (NH3 + air) is ______ (rounded off to third decimal place)
The initial water level in a tank is 4 m. When the valve located at the bottom is opened, the rate of change of water level (L) with respect to time (t) is, , where k = 0.6 m s -3/2 . The level of water (in m) in the tank at time 0.5 s after opening the valve is ____________ (rounded off to second decimal place).
Match the equipment in Column A with the corresponding process in Column B
In the year 2005, the cost of a shell and tube heat exchanger with 68 m2 heat transfer area was Rs. 12.6 Lakh. Chemical Engineering Index for cost in 2005 was 509.4 and now the index is 575.4. Based on index of 0.6 for capacity scaling, the present cost (in Lakhs of rupees) of a similar heat exchanger having 100 m2 heat transfer area is estimated to be
A furnace installed at a cost of Rs. 24 Lakh is expected to serve its useful life of 5 years. Salvage value of the furnace is Rs. 8 Lakh. The interest rate compounded annually is 8%. The estimated capitalized cost (in Lakhs of rupees) is
G denotes the Gibbs free energy of a binary mixture, nT denotes the total number of moles present in the system, μi is the chemical potential of the ith component ( μi ≠ 0 and μ1> μ2 ) and xi is the mole fraction of the ith component. The correct variation of G/nT (in J/mol) at constant temperature and pressure is given by
A person is drowning in sea at location R and the lifeguard is standing at location P. The beach boundary is straight and horizontal, as shown in the figure.
The lifeguard runs at a speed of VL and swims at a speed of VS. In order to reach to the drowning person in optimum time, the lifeguard should choose point Q such that
The decay ratio for a system having complex conjugate poles as
Match the items in Column A with the items in Column B
Here, φ denotes the phase shift, K1 and K2 the process gains, τ the time constant, and AR the amplitude ratio.
In a laboratory batch setup, reaction of P over a catalyst was studied at various temperatures. The reactions occurring are
At the end of one hour of operation, the batch contains xP, xQ and xR mole fractions of P, Q and R components, respectively. The mole fractions of product components (xQ and xR) were found to vary linearly with temperature as given in the figure.
If the yield of Q based on reactant P consumed (YQ) at 25 oC was found to be 0.40, then the value of YQ at 60 oC is ____________ (rounded off to second decimal place).
An insulated storage tank contains 1000 kg liquid of specific heat 10 kJ kg-1 K-1. The liquid is heated by saturated steam, condensing in a helical coil at a temperature of 180 oC. The heat transfer area of the coil is 0.1 m2. If the overall heat transfer coefficient is constant at 1000 W m-2 K-1, then the time (in hours) required to raise the temperature of the liquid in the tank from 20 oC to 80 oC is ____________ (rounded off to second decimal place).
The wall of a pipe of radius 1 m is at a uniform temperature of 200 oC, and is covered by insulation of thickness 0.1 m. The ambient air outside the insulated pipe is at 20 oC and has heat transfer coefficient of 10 W m-2 K-1. The thermal conductivity of the insulation material is 0.05 W m-1 K-1. If the heat transfer occurs at steady state, the temperature (in oC) of the outer surface of insulation is __________ (rounded off to second decimal place).
Vapour bubbles are formed in the nucleate boiling regime at a frequency of 10 bubbles per second per nucleation site. There are 100 nucleation sites per m2 of heating area. The latent heat of vapourization and the density of vapour under the operating condition are 1000 kJ/kg and 1 kg/m3 respectively. The diameter of each bubble is 10-3 m. Assume that the entire heat supplied is used for vapour generation. The heat flux (in Watt per m2 of heating area) is ______________ (rounded off to third decimal place).
Under isothermal condition, a vertical tube of length L = 100 m contains a gas of molecular weight equal to 60. The pressure and temperature at the top of the tube are 100 kPa and 25 oC respectively. Consider the universal gas constant and acceleration due to gravity as 8.314 J mol-1 K-1 and 9.81 m s-2 respectively. If the gas is ideal, the pressure (in kPa) at the bottom of the tube will be ____________ (rounded off to third decimal place).
At a shear rate of 10 s-1, the apparent viscosity of a non-Newtonian liquid was found to be 1 Pa s. At a shear rate of 100 s-1, the apparent viscosity of the same liquid was found to be 0.5 Pa s. If the liquid follows power law behavior, the apparent viscosity (in Pa s) at a shear stress of 10 N m-2 is _____________ (rounded off to two decimal place).
A CSTR and a PFR of equal volume are connected in series as shown below to carry out a first-order, isothermal, liquid phase reaction
The rate constant is 0.2 s-1. The space-time is 5 s for both the reactors. The overall fractional conversion of A is ____________ (rounded off to third decimal place).
The elementary second-order liquid phase reaction A + B → C + D is carried out in an isothermal plug flow reactor of 2 m3 volume. The inlet volumetric flow rate is 10 m3/h. The initial concentrations of both A and B are 2 kmol/m3. The rate constant is given as 2.5 m3 kmol-1 h-1. The percentage conversion of A is ____________.
It is decided to extract A from a feed containing 20 mol% A and 80 mol% B in two ideal cross-current stages as shown below, using equal amount of pure solvent C in each stage.
Components B and C are immiscible. 60% of A in the feed is extracted in Stage 1. The equilibrium relation is given by Y* = 1.5 X where, X = moles of A per mole of B in raffinate Y* = moles of A per mole of C in extract in equilibrium with raffinate
The mol % of A in raffinate from Stage 2 is __________ (rounded off to second decimal place).
A binary distillation column is designed by McCabe-Thiele method to get a distillate mole fraction of 0.9. The enriching section operating line has an intercept with y-axis at 0.3 mole fraction. The ratio of liquid to vapour molar flow rate in the enriching section is _____________ (rounded off to third decimal place).
A fiberboard sheet (1.5 m × 2.0 m × 15 mm) is being dried by suspending it horizontally in a current of hot, dry air. The edges are insulated so that drying takes place only from the top and bottom surfaces. The wet sheet weighing 16 kg with initial moisture content of 60% loses moisture at a constant rate of 1.25 × 10-5 kg m-2 s-1 until the moisture content falls to 30%. All moisture contents are on dry basis. The time required for drying during constant rate period (in hour) is _____________ (rounded off to third decimal place).
Consider the following transfer function:
where, the natural period of oscillation is in min. The amplitude ratio at a frequency of 0.5 rad/min is_____________ (rounded off to second decimal place).
For a closed-loop system, consider the following transfer functions: process Gp(s), controller Gc(s), measuring device Gm(s), and final control element Gf(s)
The offset in the closed loop response due to a unit step change introduced in the set point of the output variable is ________.
For the matrix if det stands for the determinant and AT is the transpose of A then the value of det( ATA ) is ____________
An azeotropic mixture of ethanol and water is to be separated in a distillation column using benzene as an entrainer. At the column operating conditions, two liquid phases are formed on a tray. The degree(s) of freedom of the system for the choice of intensive properties at equilibrium is(are) ___________
The volume of liquid filled in a spherical storage tank of radius R is computed from height of liquid, h, in the outside tube (neglecting the volume of liquid in the outside tube) as
The estimate of liquid height (in m) to store V = 30 m3 of water in R = 3 m tank, after performing ONE iteration of Secant method, using 1 m and 3 m as two initial guesses of liquid height is ______________ (rounded off to second decimal place).
In a closed piston-cylinder system, methane was observed to obey the following equation of state
P (V - nb)= nRT
where b = 0.029 m3/mol. The temperature and volume are 500 ºC and 5 m3 respectively for 100 moles of methane. At this state of the system, the isobaric rate of change of temperature with volume (in ºC/m3) is __________ (rounded off to second decimal place).
A set of standard stainless steel pipes, each of internal diameter 26.65 mm and 6000 mm length, is used to make a plug flow reactor by joining them in series to carry out degradation of polyethylene. Seven such pipes are required to obtain a conversion of 66% at 450 K. The minimum number of standard 8000 mm long pipes of the same internal diameter to be procured for obtaining at least 66% conversion under the same reaction conditions is ___________.
Hydrogenation of benzene is to be carried out using Ni (density = 8910 kg/m3) as catalyst, cast in the form of non-porous hollow cylinders, as shown below. The reaction occurs on all the surfaces of the hollow cylinder. During an experiment, one such cylinder is suspended in the reactant stream. If the observed rate of reaction is 0.39 mol (m2 of catalyst surface)-1 min-1, then the rate of reaction in mol (kg of catalyst)-1 min-1 is _____________ (rounded off to three decimal places).
The humidity of air at a dry-bulb temperature of 65 oC is 0.025 kg water/kg dry air. The latent heat of vaporization of water at 0 oC is 2500 kJ/kg. The psychrometric ratio of air is 0.95 kJ (kg dry air)-1 K-1. Considering 0 oC as reference temperature, the enthalpy of air (in kJ/kg) at its adiabatic saturation temperature of 35 oC is ___________ (rounded off to two decimal places).
In a roll crusher, rolls of diameter 1 m each are set in such a manner that minimum clearance between the crushing surfaces is 15 mm. If the angle of nip is 31o, the maximum diameter of the particle (in mm) which can be crushed is ____________ (rounded off to third decimal place).
A hot liquid is to be cooled in a 1-1 shell and tube heat exchanger from 80 oC to 50 oC.
Cooling water enters the tube side at 30 oC, and exits at 45 oC. The properties of the liquids are constant. Also, the overall heat transfer coefficient is same for counter-current and cocurrent modes. The percentage saving in heat transfer area for counter-current option with respect to the area of co-current option is __________ (rounded off to third decimal place).