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“By giving him the last ______ of the cake, you will ensure lasting _____ in our house today.”
The words that best fill the blanks in the above sentence are
“Even though there is a vast scope for its ________, tourism has remained a/an _________ area.”
The words that best fill the blanks in the above sentence are
If the number 715∎423 is divisible by 3 (∎ denotes the missing digit in the thousandths place), then the smallest whole number in the place of ∎ is _________.
What is the value of
A 1.5 m tall person is standing at a distance of 3 m from a lamp post. The light from the lamp at the top of the post casts her shadow. The length of the shadow is twice her height. What is the height of the lamp post in meters?
Leila aspires to buy a car worth Rs. 10,00,000 after 5 years. What is the minimum amount in Rupees that she should deposit now in a bank which offers 10% annual rate of interest, if the interest was compounded annually?
Two alloys A and B contain gold and copper in the ratios of 2:3 and 3:7 by mass, respectively. Equal masses of alloys A and B are melted to make an alloy C. The ratio of gold to copper in alloy C is ______.
The Cricket Board has long recognized John’s potential as a leader of the team. However, his onfield temper has always been a matter of concern for them since his junior days. While this aggression has filled stadia with diehard fans, it has taken a toll on his own batting. Until recently, it appeared that he found it difficult to convert his aggression into big scores. Over the past three seasons though, that picture of John has been replaced by a cerebral, calculative and successful batsmancaptain. After many years, it appears that the team has finally found a complete captain.
Which of the following statements can be logically inferred from the above paragraph?
(i) Even as a junior cricketer, John was considered a good captain.
(ii) Finding a complete captain is a challenge.
(iii) Fans and the Cricket Board have differing views on what they want in a captain.
(iv) Over the past three seasons John has accumulated big scores.
A cab was involved in a hit and run accident at night. You are given the following data about the cabs in the city and the accident. (i) 85% of cabs in the city are green and the remaining cabs are blue.
(ii) A witness identified the cab involved in the accident as blue.
(iii) It is known that a witness can correctly identify the cab colour only 80% of the time.
Which of the following options is closest to the probability that the accident was caused by a blue cab?
A coastal region with unparalleled beauty is home to many species of animals. It is dotted with coral reefs and unspoilt white sandy beaches. It has remained inaccessible to tourists due to poor connectivity and lack of accommodation. A company has spotted the opportunity and is planning to develop a luxury resort with helicopter service to the nearest major city airport. Environmentalists are upset that this would lead to the region becoming crowded and polluted like any other major beach resorts.
Which one of the following statements can be logically inferred from the information given in the above paragraph?
Two identical nMOS transistors M_{1} and M_{2} are connected as shown below. The circuit is used as an amplifier with the input connected between G and S terminals and the output taken between D and S terminals. V_{bias} and V_{D} are so adjusted that both transistors are in saturation. The transconductance of this combination is defined as while the output
resistance is where ��_{D} is the current flowing into the drain of M_{2} . Let g_{m1} , g_{m2} be the transconductances and r_{o1} , r_{o2} be the output resistances of transistors M_{1} and M_{2}, respectively.
Which of the following statements about estimates for gm and r_{o} is correct?
In the circuit shown below, the opamp is ideal and Zener voltage of the diode is 2.5 volts. At the input, unit step voltage is applied, i.e. v_{IN} (t) = u(t) volts. Also, at t = 0, the voltage across each of the capacitors is zero.
The time t, in milliseconds, at which the output voltage v_{out }crosses −10 V is
A good transimpedance amplifier has
Let the input be u and the output be y of a system, and the other parameters are real constants. Identify which among the following systems is not a linear system:
The Nyquist stability criterion and the Routh criterion both are powerful analysis tools for determining the stability of feedback controllers. Identify which of the following statements is FALSE:
Consider with all real coefficients. It is known that its derivative ��′(s) has no real roots. The number of real roots of ��(s) is
In a pn junction diode at equilibrium, which one of the following statements is NOT TRUE?
The logic function f ( X , Y ) realized by the given circuit is
A function F(A, B, C ) defined by three Boolean variables A, B and C when expressed as sum of products is given by
where, are the complements of the respective variables. The product of sums (POS) form of the function F is
The points P, Q, and R shown on the Smith chart (normalized impedance chart) in the following figure represent:
Let M be a real 4x4 matrix. Consider the following statements:
S1: M has 4 linearly independent eigenvectors.
S2: M has 4 distinct eigenvalues.
S3: M is nonsingular (invertible).
Which one among the following is TRUE?
Let where a and b are constants. If at x = 1 and y= 2 , then the relation between a and b is
A discretetime allpass system has two of its poles at 0.25∠0 and 2∠30 . Which one of the following statements about the system is TRUE?
Let x(t) be a periodic function with period T = 10. The Fourier series coefficients for this series are denoted by a_{k}, that is
The same function x(t) can also be considered as a periodic function with period T ′ = 40. Let b_{k }be the Fourier series coefficients when period is taken as then is equal to
Consider the following amplitude modulated signal:
The ratio (accurate to three decimal places) of the power of the message signal to the power of the carrier signal is __________.
Consider a binary channel code in which each codeword has a fixed length of 5 bits. The Hamming distance between any pair of distinct codewords in this code is at least 2. The maximum number of codewords such a code can contain is _________.
A binary source generates symbols x ∈ {−1,1} which are transmitted over a noisy channel. The probability of transmitting x = 1 is 0.5. Input to the threshold detector is R = X + ��.
The probability density function f_{N} (n) of the noise �� is shown below.
If the detection threshold is zero, then the probability of error (correct to two decimal places) is __________.
A pn step junction diode with a contact potential of 0.65 V has a depletion width of 1 μm at equilibrium. The forward voltage (in volts, correct to two decimal places) at which this width reduces to 0.6 μm is _______.
A traffic signal cycles from GREEN to YELLOW, YELLOW to RED and RED to GREEN. In each cycle, GREEN is turned on for 70 seconds, YELLOW is turned on for 5 seconds and the RED is turned on for 75 seconds. This traffic light has to be implemented using a finite state machine (FSM). The only input to this FSM is a clock of 5 second period. The minimum number of flipflops required to implement this FSM is _______.
There are two photolithography systems: one with light source of wavelength λ_{1} = 156 nm (System 1) and another with light source of wavelength λ_{2} = 325 nm (System 2). Both photolithography systems are otherwise identical. If the minimum feature sizes that can be realized using System1 and System2 are L_{min1} and L_{min2} respectively, the ratio L_{min1}/L_{min2} (correct to two decimal places) is__________.
A lossy transmission line has resistance per unit length R = 0.05Ω / m . The line is distortionless and has characteristic impedance of 50Ω . The attenuation constant (in Np/m, correct to three decimal places) of the line is _______.
Consider matrix . The number of distinct real values
of k for which the equation Ax = 0 has infinitely many solutions is _______.
Let X _{1} , X _{2} , X_{ 3} and X _{4} be independent normal random variables with zero mean and unit variance. The probability that X _{4} is the smallest among the four is _______.
Taylor series expansion of around x = 0 has the form
The coefficient a_{2 }(correct to two decimal places) is equal to _______.
The ABCD matrix for a twoport network is defined by:
The parameter B for the given twoport network (in ohms, correct to two decimal places) is _______.
The circuit shown in the figure is used to provide regulated voltage (5 V) across the 1kΩ resistor. Assume that the Zener diode has a constant reverse breakdown voltage for a current range, starting from a minimum required Zener current, I _{Z min} = 2 mA to its maximum allowable current. The input voltage V_{I }may vary by 5% from its nominal value of 6 V. The resistance of the diode in the breakdown region is negligibl
Let . It is given that The signal c(t ) + m(t ) is applied to the input of a nonlinear device, whose output v_{o} (t) is related to the input where a and b are positive constants. The output of the nonlinear device is passed through an ideal bandpass filter with center frequency f_{ c} and bandwidth 3 f _{m} , to produce an amplitude modulated (AM) wave. If it is desired to have the sideband power of the AM wave to be half of the carrier power, then ab is
Consider a white Gaussian noise process ��(t) with twosided power spectral density S_{N}(f) = 0.5 W/Hz as input to a filter with impulse response (where t is in seconds) resulting in output y(t). The power in y(t) in watts is
The state equation and the output equation of a control system are given below:
The transfer function representation of the system is
Red (R), Green (G) and Blue (B) Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) were fabricated using pn junctions of three different inorganic semiconductors having different bandgaps. The builtin voltages of red, green and blue diodes are V_{R}, V_{G} and V_{B}, respectively. Assume donor and acceptor doping to be the same (N_{A }and N_{D}, respectively) in the p and n sides of all the three diodes. Which one of the following relationships about the builtin voltages is TRUE?
A fourvariable Boolean function is realized using 4x1 multiplexers as shown in the figure.
The minimized expression for is
A 2 x 2 ROM array is built with the help of diodes as shown in the circuit below. Here W0 and W1 are signals that select the word lines and B0 and B1 are signals that are output of the sense amps based on the stored data corresponding to the bit lines during the read operation.
During the read operation, the selected word line goes high and the other word line is in a high impedance state. As per the implementation shown in the circuit diagram above, what are the bits corresponding to D_{ij} (where i = 0 or 1 and j = 0 or 1) stored in the ROM?
The distance (in meters) a wave has to propagate in a medium having a skin depth of 0.1 m so that the amplitude of the wave attenuates by 20 dB, is
A curve passes through the point ( x = 1,y= 0 ) and satisfies the differential equation The equation that describes the curve is
For the circuit given in the figure, the voltage V_{C }(in volts) across the capacitor is
For the circuit given in the figure, the magnitude of the loop current (in amperes, correct to three decimal places) 0.5 second after closing the switch is _______.
A dc current of 26 μA flows through the circuit shown. The diode in the circuit is forward biased and it has an ideality factor of one. At the quiescent point, the diode has a junction capacitance of 0.5 nF . Its neutral region resistances can be neglected. Assume that the room temperature thermal equivalent voltage is 26 mV.
For w = 2x10^{6} rad/s , the amplitude of the smallsignal component of diode current (in μA, correct to one decimal place) is _______.
An opamp based circuit is implemented as shown below.
In the above circuit, assume the opamp to be ideal. The voltage (in volts, correct to one decimal place) at node A, connected to the negative input of the opamp as indicated in the figure is _________.
The input 4sinc(2t) is fed to a Hilbert transformer to obtain y(t), as shown in the figure below:
Here sinc The value (accurate to two decimal places) of
is _______.
A random variable X takes values −0.5 and 0.5 with probabilities , respectively. The noisy observation of X is Y = X + Z, where Z has uniform probability density over the interval (−1, 1). X and Z are independent. If the MAP rule based detector outputs as
then the value of �� (accurate to two decimal places) is _______.
For a unity feedback control system with the forward path transfer function
The peak resonant magnitude M_{ r} of the closedloop frequency response is 2. The corresponding value of the gain K (correct to two decimal places) is _________.
The figure below shows the Bode magnitude and phase plots of a stable transfer function
Consider the negative unity feedback configuration with gain k in the feedforward path.
The closed loop is stable for k < k_{0} . The maximum value of k_{0} is ______.
In the circuit shown below, the (W/L) value for M_{2} is twice that for M_{1}. The two nMOS transistors are otherwise identical. The threshold voltage V_{T} for both transistors is 1.0V. Note that V_{GS} for M_{2} must be > 1.0 V.
The voltage (in volts, accurate to two decimal places) at V_{x} is _______.
A solar cell of area 1.0 cm^{ 2} , operating at 1.0 sun intensity, has a short circuit current of 20 mA, and an open circuit voltage of 0.65 V. Assuming room temperature operation and thermal equivalent voltage of 26 mV, the open circuit voltage (in volts, correct to two decimal places) at 0.2 sun intensity is _______.
A junction is made between p^{ }Si with doping density N_{A1} = 10^{15 }cm^{3 }and p Si with doping density N_{A2 }= 10^{17 }cm^{3}.
Given: Boltzmann constant k = 1.38 x 10^{23} J×K^{1}, electronic charge q = 1.6 x 10^{19} C. Assume 100% acceptor ionization.
At room temperature (T = 300K), the magnitude of the builtin potential (in volts, correct to two decimal places) across this junction will be _________________.
In the circuit shown below, a positive edgetriggered D FlipFlop is used for sampling input data D_{in} using clock CK. The XOR gate outputs 3.3 volts for logic HIGH and 0 volts for logic LOW levels. The data bit and clock periods are equal and the value of ΔT/T_{CK} = 0.15, where the parameters ΔT and T_{CK} are shown in the figure. Assume that the FlipFlop and the XOR gate are ideal.
If the probability of input data bit (D_{in}) transition in each clock period is 0.3, the average value (in volts, accurate to two decimal places) of the voltage at node X, is _______.
The logic gates shown in the digital circuit below use strong pulldown nMOS transistors for LOW logic level at the outputs. When the pulldowns are off, highvalue resistors set the output logic levels to HIGH (i.e. the pullups are weak). Note that some nodes are intentionally shorted to implement “wired logic”. Such shorted nodes will be HIGH only if the outputs of all the gates whose outputs are shorted are HIGH.
The number of distinct values of X_{3}X_{2}X_{1}X_{0 }(out of the 16 possible values) that give X = 1 is _______.
The cutoff frequency of TE_{01} mode of an air filled rectangular waveguide having inner dimensions a cm x b cm ( a >b ) is twice that of the dominant TE_{10} mode. When the waveguide is operated at a frequency which is 25% higher than the cutoff frequency of the dominant mode, the guide wavelength is found to be 4 cm. The value of b (in cm, correct to two decimal places) is _______.
A uniform plane wave traveling in free space and having the electric field
is incident on a dielectric medium (relative permittivity > 1, relative permeability = 1) as shown in the figure and there is no reflected wave.
The relative permittivity (correct to two decimal places) of the dielectric medium is
The position of a particle y(t) is described by the differential equation:
The initial conditions are The position (accurate to two decimal places) of the particle at t = �� is _______.
The contour C given below is on the complex plane
The value of the integral
Let . Assume that x and y are independent variables. At (x, y, z) = (2, −1,1), the value (correct to two decimal places) of is
_________ .
Consider the network shown below with R_{1} = 1Ω, R_{2} = 2Ω and R_{3} = 3Ω. The network is connected to a constant voltage source of 11V.
The magnitude of the current (in amperes, accurate to two decimal places) through the source is _______
A band limited lowpass signal x(t) of bandwidth 5 kHz is sampled at a sampling rate f_{s} . The signal x(t) is reconstructed using the reconstruction filter H(f) whose magnitude response is shown below:
The minimum sampling rate f_{s }(in kHz) for perfect reconstruction of x(t) is _______.
Let be 8point DFT of a sequence x [n],
The value (correct to two decimal places) of
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