SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - SSC CGL MCQ

# SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - SSC CGL MCQ

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## 30 Questions MCQ Test SSC CGL Tier II Mock Test Series 2024 - SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 for SSC CGL 2024 is part of SSC CGL Tier II Mock Test Series 2024 preparation. The SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 questions and answers have been prepared according to the SSC CGL exam syllabus.The SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 MCQs are made for SSC CGL 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 below.
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SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 1

### Directions: Study the following bar chart carefully and answer the questions given beside. The following graph shows the percentage break-up of sales of units of different products in 2018. Product A is sold at Rs.40/unit. The shopkeeper earns Rs.18000 from product A.

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 1

The required ratio is = 25 : 20 = 5 : 4
Hence, Option D is correct.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 2

### Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside. Aman, Binoy and Chintu are three friends who go out to explore the city. They ate their breakfast, lunch and dinner in the market and split the total bill. The amount spent by Aman on breakfast and lunch is in the ratio 3 : 4, while that spent by Chintu on lunch and dinner is in the ratio 11 : 7. The amount paid by Aman on Dinner and Chintu on breakfast is equal. In lunch, the share of Binoy is the average of Aman and Chintu. The money spent by Aman on Breakfast and lunch is 700/9% of the money spent by Chintu on lunch and dinner. The ratio of breakfast, lunch and dinner in the total bill is 58 : 57 : 65. In the end Aman gives Chintu Rs. 20, to make the share of each of them equal. Q. What is the difference between the total amount spent on breakfast and dinner?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 2

Following the common explanation, we get
Dinner – breakfast = 325 – 90 = Rs. 35
Hence, Option E is correct.

Common explanation :
Aman (Breakfast) = A (B); Aman (Lunch) = A (L),and likewise for Binoy and Chintu
A (B) : A (L) = 3 : 4 (7units)
C (L) : C (D) = 11 : 7 (18 units)
A (B) + A (L) = 77 7/9 % {C(L) + C(D)}

A (B) + A (L) = 14k → A (B) = 6k; A (L) = 8k

C (L) + C (D) = 18k → C (L) = 11k ; C (D) = 7k

As A (D) = C (B), Difference between amount of A and C will be

C (L) + C(D) – A(B) – A(L) = 18k – 14k = 4k

As Aman gives Rs. 20 to Chintu to make the contribution of all three equal, the original difference between them must have been Rs 40.

So, 4k = 40 → k=10

A (B) = 6k = 60, A (L) = 8k = 80

C (L) = 11k = 110, C (D) = 70

Total lunch = A (L) + B (L) + C (L) = 80 + 95 + 110 = 285

Breakfast: Lunch: Dinner = 58 : 57 : 65

If Lunch (57units) = 285 → Breakfast (58 units) = 290 & Dinner (65 units) = 325

Total = 285 + 290 + 325 = 900

Contribution of them becomes equal after Aman gives Chintu Rs. 20, so contribution of Aman previously was Rs. 20 less and that of chintu was Rs. 20 more than the average contribution of all three (which is 900/3 = 300).

So, Aman + 20  = Binoy = Chintu - 20 = 900/3 = 300

So, Aman = 300 - 20 = 280, Binoy =  300 and Chintu = 300 + 20 = 320

Aman(D) = 280 - 60 - 80 = 140

So A(D) = C(B) = 140

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SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 3

### Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside. Aman, Binoy and Chintu are three friends who go out to explore the city. They ate their breakfast, lunch and dinner in the market and split the total bill. The amount spent by Aman on breakfast and lunch is in the ratio 3 : 4, while that spent by Chintu on lunch and dinner is in the ratio 11 : 7. The amount paid by Aman on Dinner and Chintu on breakfast is equal. In lunch, the share of Binoy is the average of Aman and Chintu. The money spent by Aman on Breakfast and lunch is 700/9% of the money spent by Chintu on lunch and dinner. The ratio of breakfast, lunch and dinner in the total bill is 58 : 57 : 65. In the end Aman gives Chintu Rs. 20, to make the share of each of them equal. Q. The amount spent on dinner by Binoy is what percent of the total amount spent by him?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 3

Following the common explanation, we get
Amount spent by Binoy(dinner) = Rs. 115
Total amount spent by Binoy = Rs. 300
As percent = 115/300 × 100 = 38.33%
Hence, option A is correct.

Common explanation :
Aman (Breakfast) = A (B); Aman (Lunch) = A (L),and likewise for Binoy and Chintu
A (B) : A (L) = 3 : 4 (7units)
C (L) : C (D) = 11 : 7 (18 units)
A (B) + A (L) = 77 7/9 % {C(L) + C(D)}

A (B) + A (L) = 14k → A (B) = 6k; A (L) = 8k

C (L) + C (D) = 18k → C (L) = 11k ; C (D) = 7k

As A (D) = C (B), Difference between amount of A and C will be

C (L) + C(D) – A(B) – A(L) = 18k – 14k = 4k

As Aman gives Rs. 20 to Chintu to make the contribution of all three equal, the original difference between them must have been Rs 40.

So, 4k = 40 → k=10

A (B) = 6k = 60, A (L) = 8k = 80

C (L) = 11k = 110, C (D) = 70

Total lunch = A (L) + B (L) + C (L) = 80 + 95 + 110 = 285

Breakfast: Lunch: Dinner = 58 : 57 : 65

If Lunch (57units) = 285 → Breakfast (58 units) = 290 & Dinner (65 units) = 325

Total = 285 + 290 + 325 = 900

Contribution of them becomes equal after Aman gives Chintu Rs. 20, so contribution of Aman previously was Rs. 20 less and that of chintu was Rs. 20 more than the average contribution of all three (which is 900/3 = 300).

So, Aman + 20  = Binoy = Chintu - 20 = 900/3 = 300

So, Aman = 300 - 20 = 280, Binoy =  300 and Chintu = 300 + 20 = 320

Aman(D) = 280 - 60 - 80 = 140

So A(D) = C(B) = 140

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 4

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside.
Aman, Binoy and Chintu are three friends who go out to explore the city. They ate their breakfast, lunch and dinner in the market and split the total bill. The amount spent by Aman on breakfast and lunch is in the ratio 3 : 4, while that spent by Chintu on lunch and dinner is in the ratio 11 : 7.

The amount paid by Aman on Dinner and Chintu on breakfast is equal. In lunch, the share of Binoy is the average of Aman and Chintu. The money spent by Aman on Breakfast and lunch is 700/9% of the money spent by Chintu on lunch and dinner. The ratio of breakfast, lunch and dinner in the total bill is 58 : 57 : 65. In the end Aman gives Chintu Rs. 20, to make the share of each of them equal.

Q. The amount spent by Aman on breakfast, Binoy on lunch and Chintu on dinner is what percent of the total expenditure of all three?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 4

From a common explanation, we have
A (B) + B (L) + C (D) = 60 + 95 + 70 = 225
As a percent of total = 225/900 × 100 = 25%
Hence, Option D is correct.

Common explanation :
Aman (Breakfast) = A (B); Aman (Lunch) = A (L),and likewise for Binoy and Chintu
A (B) : A (L) = 3 : 4 (7units)
C (L) : C (D) = 11 : 7 (18 units)
A (B) + A (L) = 77 7/9 % {C(L) + C(D)}

A (B) + A (L) = 14k → A (B) = 6k; A (L) = 8k

C (L) + C (D) = 18k → C (L) = 11k ; C (D) = 7k

As A (D) = C (B), Difference between amount of A and C will be

C (L) + C(D) – A(B) – A(L) = 18k – 14k = 4k

As Aman gives Rs. 20 to Chintu to make the contribution of all three equal, the original difference between them must have been Rs 40.

So, 4k = 40 → k=10

A (B) = 6k = 60, A (L) = 8k = 80

C (L) = 11k = 110, C (D) = 70

Total lunch = A (L) + B (L) + C (L) = 80 + 95 + 110 = 285

Breakfast: Lunch: Dinner = 58 : 57 : 65

If Lunch (57units) = 285 → Breakfast (58 units) = 290 & Dinner (65 units) = 325

Total = 285 + 290 + 325 = 900

Contribution of them becomes equal after Aman gives Chintu Rs. 20, so contribution of Aman previously was Rs. 20 less and that of chintu was Rs. 20 more than the average contribution of all three (which is 900/3 = 300).

So, Aman + 20  = Binoy = Chintu - 20 = 900/3 = 300

So, Aman = 300 - 20 = 280, Binoy =  300 and Chintu = 300 + 20 = 320

Aman(D) = 280 - 60 - 80 = 140

So A(D) = C(B) = 140

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 5

17 × 756 ÷ √2916 = ? +540

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 5

17*756÷54 = ? +540
17*14 = ? +540
238 = ? + 540
? =238-540 = -302

So option C is correct

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 6

If a pipe A can fill a tank 3 times faster than pipe B and takes 32 minutes less than pipe B to fill the tank. If both the pipes are opened simultaneously, then find the time taken to fill the tank?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 6

3x – x = 32
x = 16
1/16 + 1/48 = 4/48
Time taken to fill the tank = 48/4 = 12 minutes

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 7

Pointing to a girl Sandeep said, "She is the daughter of the only sister of my father." How is sandeep related to the girl?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 7

The girl is the daughter of the sister of Sandeep's father. Hence, the girl is the cousin or Sandeep is the cousin of the girl.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 8

1. A * B means A is the sister of B
2. A \$ B means B is the mother of A
3. A + B means A is the brother of B
4. A = B means B is the father of A.

Which of the following means M is the maternal uncle of N?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 8

The correct option is Option D.

In either of the three cases the sex of M is not clear that is “M” may be male or female. So Option D is the correct option

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 9

Statements:

M≥N≥O>P≤Q≤R

Conclusions:

i. M>Q, ii. N≤R

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 9

Explanation:
Given statements:
- M≥N≥O
- P≤Q≤R
We need to analyze the given conclusions:
i. M>Q
ii. N≤R
Let's analyze each conclusion:
Conclusion i. M>Q

- We know M≥N≥O, but we have no information about the relationship between O and Q. Hence, we cannot conclude anything about the relationship between M and Q. So, conclusion i is not necessarily true.
Conclusion ii. N≤R
- We know N≥O and P≤Q≤R, but we have no information about the relationship between O and P. Hence, we cannot conclude anything about the relationship between N and R. So, conclusion ii is not necessarily true.
Since neither conclusion i nor conclusion ii is necessarily true, the answer is:
D: Neither I nor II is true

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 10

A group of dancers are standing in a line for their performance. Joseph tried to calculate his rank from either side and found that his rank is 19th. Find the total number of dancers standing in that line.

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 10

Ans: b

Explanation: If we count till Joseph from the left side, then he will be 19 dancers. Similarly, from the right-hand side, the total number of students to Joseph will also be 19. Now adding both and subtracting 1 (dual occurrence of Joseph) we will get = 19 + 19 - 1 = 37.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 11

Direction: In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.

Statements: Any student who does not behave properly while in the school brings bad name to himself and also for the school.

Conclusions:

1. Such student should be removed from the school.
2. Stricter discipline does not improve behaviour of the students.
Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 11

Clearly, I cannot be deduced from the statement. Also, nothing about discipline is mentioned in the statement. So, neither I nor II follows.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 12

Directions: A number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input:   62 97 38 74 55 12 86 45 68 22
Step 1: 13 62 97 38 74 55 86 45 68 23
Step 2: 39 13 62 97 74 55 86 68 23 46
Step3:  56 39 13 97 74 86 68 23 46 63
Step 4: 69 56 39 13 97 86 23 46 63 75
Step 5: 87 69 56 39 13 23 45 63 75 98

Find the different steps of output using the above-mentioned logic for the following input.
Input:  88 59 28 94 37 75 15 64 71 48

Q. Which of the following number is 5th to left of 49 in step 4?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 12

From the following explanation we get to know that 38 is fifth to the left of 49 in step 4.
Step 4: 72 60 38 16 88 94 29 49 65 76
Hence option B is the correct answer

Complete Machine Process:
Input: 88 59 28 94 37 75 15 64 71 48
Step 1: 16 88 59 94 37 75 64 71 48 29
Step 2: 38 16 88 59 94 75 64 71 29 49
Step 3: 60 38 16 88 94 75 71 29 49 65
Step 4: 72 60 38 16 88 94 29 49 65 76
Step 5: 89 72 60 38 16 29 49 65 76 95

Common Explanation:
Change happening from Input to Step 1:

Reference:
Input: 62 97 38 74 55 12 86 45 68 22
Step 1: 13 62 97 38 74 55 86 45 68 23

Inference:
In every step, two numbers are changing their positions. In input, the lowest number which is 15, is first added by 1 and getting placed at extreme left end. Similarly, the second lowest number among all, which is 22 is also getting increased by 1 and is getting placed at the extreme right end of the input to give us Step 1.

Given Input: 88 59 28 94 37 75 15 64 71 48
Step1: 16 88 59 94 37 75 64 71 48 29

Reference
Step 1: 13 62 97 38 74 55 86 45 68 23
Step 2: 39 13 62 97 74 55 86 68 23 46

Inference:
In this step too, the 3rd lowest number among all is first getting increased by 1 and is placed at the extreme left end of Step 1 and so is the case with the 4th lowest number.

Step1: 16 88 59 94 37 75 64 71 48 29
Step2: 38 16 88 59 94 75 64 71 29 49

And the same process continues till we get all the numbers arranged in similar fashion.

The complete Machine process is as follows:
Input:  88 59 28 94 37 75 15 64 71 48
Step1: 16 88 59 94 37 75 64 71 48 29
Step2: 38 16 88 59 94 75 64 71 29 49
Step3: 60 38 16 88 94 75 71 29 49 65
Step4: 72 60 38 16 88 94 29 49 65 76
Step5: 89 72 60 38 16 29 49 65 76 95

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 13

America’s nuclear arsenal has expanded, but China’s and Pakistan’s too.

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 13

X has happened, but y has also happened. Choices A, B and D eliminate the necessary verb. D does not provide for tense agreement as it uses the past tense. Choice C is the correct answer.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 14

Directions: Rearrange the following six sentences (1), (2), (3), (4), (5) and (6) in the proper sequence to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the question given below.

1. Officials of the Russian-American Company reasoned that a permanent settlement along the more temperate shores of California could serve both as a source of food and a base for exploiting the abundant sea otters in the region.
2. The Russians had begun their expansion into the North American continent in 1741 with a massive scientific expedition to Alaska.
3. By the early 19th century, the semi-governmental Russian-American Company was actively competing with British and American fur-trading interests as far south as the shores of Spanish-controlled California.
4. As a growing empire with a long Pacific coastline, Russia was in many ways well positioned to play a leading role in the settlement and development of the West.
5. Returning with news of abundant sea otters, the explorers inspired Russian investment in the Alaskan fur trade and some permanent settlement.
6. Russia's Alaskan colonists found it difficult to produce their own food because of the short growing season of the far north.

Q. Which of following is the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 14

The context is about Russian attempt to expand their region. Sentence 4 is the leading sentence. It introduces Russia - a growing empire. The words 'begun their expansion' in 2 link with 'as a growing empire' in sentence 4. The word 'explorers' in 5 links with 'expedition' in 2. 'Fur-trading interests' in 3 refer to 'fur trade' in 5. So, 3 follows 5. The sequence becomes: 4-2-5-3. The explorers had excited the Russians for fur trade in Alaska but there was conflict of interest. Russians also found it difficult to produce food there (sentence 6) and the alternative is provided in sentence 1 (reasoned that... California could serve both as a source of food). So, the final sequence becomes: 4-2-5-3-6-1.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 15

Directions: Five statements are given below, labelled 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5. Among these, four statements are in logical order and form coherent paragraph. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the paragraph.

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 15

Sentence 3 presents the subject of the passage - campaign to end violence against women. Sentence 5 comes next as it elaborates on 3. Then is 1 as 'it underscores' refers to 'UNiTE campaign'. 'Vulnerabilities for ... greater' in 1 is elaborated in 'identifying ... marginalized' in 4. Sentence 2 is the odd one as it presents a cause for an unclear picture of women violence.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 16

Direction: Each question below has one blank, which is indicating that something has been omitted. Find out which option can be used to fill up the blank in the sentence in the same sequence to make it meaningfully complete.

Mortgage or home loan _____________ is essentially a life policy that covers the borrower against the non-payment of loan in case of his / her death.

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 16

In the given context we are talking about something that will cover against any default in the home loans in case of untimely death of the borrowers. It is going to be a cover against any kind of unforeseen circumstances during the currency of the loan. Only insurance cover will be able to cover against such issues. Therefore, the correct word would be insurance whereas the rest cannot be used since they do not imply the correct meaning of the given sentence.

This makes Option C the correct choice among the given options.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 17

More than three lakh workers will be employed in the solar and wind energy sectors to meet the country’s target of generating 175 gigawatts of electricity from renewable sources by 2022, an International Labour Organization (ILO) report said. The report titled, World Employment and Social Outlook (WESO) 2018: Greening with Jobs, quoted from a study conducted by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), on the changes in sectoral employment that will occur in order to meet India’s target. The study was based on surveys of solar and wind companies, developers and manufacturers.

“India is rapidly increasing its share of renewable energy sources, but still relies on coal, oil, natural gas, and the related carbon emissions for 80% of its electricity,” the report released on Tuesday said. This formed a small part of the report, which focused on the trajectory of the labour market in the backdrop of environmentally sustainable production practices. Tackling the misconception that green economies pave the way for economically undesirable outcomes, the report said rather than a trade-off between the two, their development goes hand in hand. According to the ILO report, there will be a net increase of 18 million jobs across the globe as a result of environmentally sustainable measures taken in the production and use of energy. This net figure is based on the estimation that the resultant job losses of six million will eventually lead to an increase of 24 million jobs as greener practices are adopted. Of this, 14 million jobs created will be in Asia and the Pacific.

“The transition to a green economy will inevitably cause job losses in certain sectors as carbon and resource-intensive industries are scaled down, but they will be offset by new job opportunities,” the report said. However, the report emphasised that the net increase of 18 million jobs is dependent on a supportive policy framework to aid displaced workers and skill development programs to help ease them into jobs that require new skills. It mentioned that although India does have a specific body or council to address the skills development for green transition, it has no existing institutional mechanism to anticipate skills needs and adapt training provision. Of the 27 countries surveyed, India and seven others fall under this category. “Developing and emerging economies have relatively weaker institutional capacity for integrating skills and environmental sustainability,” the report said.

The report stressed on the urgency of economies adopting sustainable practices, adding, in 2013, humanity used 1.7 times the amount of resources and waste that the biosphere was able to regenerate and absorb. The report reads, “It is striking that in a context of scarce resources and limited ability to absorb waste, current patterns of economic growth rely largely on the extraction of resources, manufacturing, consumption and waste.” It explained this urgency from the perspective of the job market by connecting labour productivity to climate change.“Looking ahead, projected temperature increases will make heat stress more common, reducing the total number of working hours by 2% globally by 2030 and affecting workers in agriculture, and developing countries,” the report said.

Q. As per your understanding of the passage, which of the following can be said to be example/s of steps which contribute towards a green economy
I. The government announces tax incentives for those using public transport.
II. The government provides subsidy on diesel cars so that it becomes affordable
III. The government supports start-ups  working on the development of electric cars.

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 17

Statement II is incorrect. The subsidy on diesel would not help in tackling environmental degradation in any way and would actually lead to more pollution.

Statements I and III are both correct. Both steps would help in reducing fossil fuel consumption.

Hence, option C is correct.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 18

Directions : Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below:

For generations, companies have been selling fair skin to young Indian women, promising better marriage and employment prospects. However, over the last few years, men have become a favoured target audience. This followed the realisation that the Indian alpha male, denied a choice in male-specific grooming products, had been using women’s fairness creams all along. Until the mid-2000s, deodorants and shaving creams were the only grooming products advertised for men. But India’s largest consumer goods companies sensed an opportunity, and launched a slew of fairness products for male consumers.

In India, as in other parts of the world, light skin is the culturally accepted and endorsed form of beauty, and children absorb this message at a young age. According to a 2015 research report by Nielsen, urban Indian men believe that fair skin can improve professional prospects. The cultural pressure to look fair, argues Kiran Khalap, branding expert and founder at communications consultancy Chlorophyll, is something inherent in our society, not manufactured by companies. “And it is certainly not restricted to India: China and Japan have had skin-whitening products for centuries, well before they met Western ‘white’ people,” he said. However, there is a growing awareness among consumers that companies are exploiting their insecurities, and critics have taken some of the biggest fairness brands, and the celebrities who endorse them, to task for their casual discrimination.

Earlier this month, Bollywood actor Abhay Deol took to Facebook to trounce his fellow actors who earn millions from endorsing fairness creams. This comes a few years after actress Nandita Das launched the “Dark is Beautiful” campaign to encourage Indians to embrace a wider definition of beauty. These efforts are slowly making a difference, increasing awareness and encouraging consumers to take pride in their natural skin tones. That means Indian companies will eventually have to change their approach. “My sense is that brands will wake up to the new reality, and you will see propositions reworked around clearer skin (and) glow, rather than pure fairness,” Leo Burnett’s Sinha said.

Rajesh Krishnamurthy, business head for the consumer product division at The Himalaya Drug Company, believes that over time the men’s grooming category will evolve to include a wider range of products, including those for normal skin, just like in the women’s skin care category. “Companies are increasingly realising that you cannot continue to bullshit consumers anymore; these are educated young men who will question what you sell to them,” said Shantanu Deshpande, co-founder and CEO of the male-grooming startup Bombay Shaving Company.

Q. Choose a similar word in meaning to the word “trounce”

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 18

The word “trounce” means ‘to express sharp disapproval or criticism of someone’.

Option A can be eliminated as “vacillation” means ‘indecision’, it is unrelated in meaning to the given word.

Option B can be eliminated as “temerity” means ‘excessive confidence or boldness’, it is unrelated in meaning to the given word.

Option C is apt as “lambaste” means ‘to criticize someone harshly’ and is synonymous with the given word.

Option D can be eliminated as “nefarious” means ‘wicked or criminal’ it is unrelated to the given word.

Hence, option C is correct.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 19

Directions : Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below:

For generations, companies have been selling fair skin to young Indian women, promising better marriage and employment prospects. However, over the last few years, men have become a favoured target audience. This followed the realisation that the Indian alpha male, denied a choice in male-specific grooming products, had been using women’s fairness creams all along. Until the mid-2000s, deodorants and shaving creams were the only grooming products advertised for men. But India’s largest consumer goods companies sensed an opportunity, and launched a slew of fairness products for male consumers.

In India, as in other parts of the world, light skin is the culturally accepted and endorsed form of beauty, and children absorb this message at a young age. According to a 2015 research report by Nielsen, urban Indian men believe that fair skin can improve professional prospects. The cultural pressure to look fair, argues Kiran Khalap, branding expert and founder at communications consultancy Chlorophyll, is something inherent in our society, not manufactured by companies. “And it is certainly not restricted to India: China and Japan have had skin-whitening products for centuries, well before they met Western ‘white’ people,” he said. However, there is a growing awareness among consumers that companies are exploiting their insecurities, and critics have taken some of the biggest fairness brands, and the celebrities who endorse them, to task for their casual discrimination.

Earlier this month, Bollywood actor Abhay Deol took to Facebook to trounce his fellow actors who earn millions from endorsing fairness creams. This comes a few years after actress Nandita Das launched the “Dark is Beautiful” campaign to encourage Indians to embrace a wider definition of beauty. These efforts are slowly making a difference, increasing awareness and encouraging consumers to take pride in their natural skin tones. That means Indian companies will eventually have to change their approach. “My sense is that brands will wake up to the new reality, and you will see propositions reworked around clearer skin (and) glow, rather than pure fairness,” Leo Burnett’s Sinha said.

Rajesh Krishnamurthy, business head for the consumer product division at The Himalaya Drug Company, believes that over time the men’s grooming category will evolve to include a wider range of products, including those for normal skin, just like in the women’s skin care category. “Companies are increasingly realising that you cannot continue to bullshit consumers anymore; these are educated young men who will question what you sell to them,” said Shantanu Deshpande, co-founder and CEO of the male-grooming startup Bombay Shaving Company.

Q. With reference to the passage, why exactly was “Dark is beautiful” campaign initiated?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 19

The passage mentions- “This comes a few years after actress Nandita Das launched the “Dark is Beautiful” campaign to encourage Indians to embrace a wider definition of beauty.” points at option A which mirrors the context of this statement.
Option B can be eliminated as it is extreme and not true with respect to the notion of the campaign.
Option C can be ruled out as it is not the reason behind the campaign.
Option D can be eliminated as it contradicts the fundamental idea of the campaign.
Hence, option A is correct.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 20

Directions : Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below:

For generations, companies have been selling fair skin to young Indian women, promising better marriage and employment prospects. However, over the last few years, men have become a favoured target audience. This followed the realisation that the Indian alpha male, denied a choice in male-specific grooming products, had been using women’s fairness creams all along. Until the mid-2000s, deodorants and shaving creams were the only grooming products advertised for men. But India’s largest consumer goods companies sensed an opportunity, and launched a slew of fairness products for male consumers.

In India, as in other parts of the world, light skin is the culturally accepted and endorsed form of beauty, and children absorb this message at a young age. According to a 2015 research report by Nielsen, urban Indian men believe that fair skin can improve professional prospects. The cultural pressure to look fair, argues Kiran Khalap, branding expert and founder at communications consultancy Chlorophyll, is something inherent in our society, not manufactured by companies. “And it is certainly not restricted to India: China and Japan have had skin-whitening products for centuries, well before they met Western ‘white’ people,” he said. However, there is a growing awareness among consumers that companies are exploiting their insecurities, and critics have taken some of the biggest fairness brands, and the celebrities who endorse them, to task for their casual discrimination.

Earlier this month, Bollywood actor Abhay Deol took to Facebook to trounce his fellow actors who earn millions from endorsing fairness creams. This comes a few years after actress Nandita Das launched the “Dark is Beautiful” campaign to encourage Indians to embrace a wider definition of beauty. These efforts are slowly making a difference, increasing awareness and encouraging consumers to take pride in their natural skin tones. That means Indian companies will eventually have to change their approach. “My sense is that brands will wake up to the new reality, and you will see propositions reworked around clearer skin (and) glow, rather than pure fairness,” Leo Burnett’s Sinha said.

Rajesh Krishnamurthy, business head for the consumer product division at The Himalaya Drug Company, believes that over time the men’s grooming category will evolve to include a wider range of products, including those for normal skin, just like in the women’s skin care category. “Companies are increasingly realising that you cannot continue to bullshit consumers anymore; these are educated young men who will question what you sell to them,” said Shantanu Deshpande, co-founder and CEO of the male-grooming startup Bombay Shaving Company.

Q. What were the findings of the 2015 research report by Nielsen?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 20

Option A is corroborated by the sentence “According to a 2015 research report by Nielsen, urban Indian men believe that fair skin can improve professional prospects.”

As per the passage, all the other options are incorrect.

Hence, option A is correct.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 21

Directions: In this question, you need to replace the underline part of the sentence by the most suitable idiom/expression given as option.

I was suspended for over a month while the matter was being debated.

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 21

On ice (Idiom):

Suspended or left hanging.

Ex. This matter should be on ice for a while.

On cloud nine (Idiom):

Extremely happy.

Under the weather (Idiom):

Slightly unwell or in low spirits.

Ex. She was sufficiently under the weather to have to pull out of the championship"

On the rocks (Idiom):

(of a relationship or enterprise) experiencing difficulties and likely to fail.

Ex. His marriage was on the rocks.

On the scent (Idiom):

In possession of a useful clue in a search or investigation.

Ex. He might be on the scent of something.

Evidently, option A is the correct answer.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 22

Directions: Out of the given alternatives, choose the one which can be substituted for the given words/sentence.

Murder of man:

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 22

The one word substitution is Homicide.

Regicide : the action of killing a king.
Fratricide : the killing of one's brother or sister.
Genocide : the deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a particular nation or ethnic group.
Homicide : the killing of one person by another.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 23

The grave water situation in Cape Town in South Africa is a wake-up call to everybody across the globe — from policymakers to the common man. A similar crisis is looming large in other cities in the world as people continue to be cautious in their use of water.
The situation is so worrisome that 12 world leaders — 11 heads of state and a special adviser of a high-level panel on water — wrote an open letter to global leaders a week ago warning that the world is facing a water crisis and issued a New Agenda for Water Action. Observing that we need to make “every drop count”, they called for a new approach: rethinking how we understand, value and manage water as a precious resource, and catalysing change and building partnerships to achieve the water-related goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
The panel mentioned the need to put in place policies that will allow for at least a doubling of water infrastructure investment in the next five years. It called for governments, communities, the private sector, and researchers to collaborate.
In India, a growing population, lack of adequate planning, crumbling infrastructure, indiscriminate drilling of borewells, large-scale consumption of water, and a false sense of entitlement in using water carelessly are causing water shortages. Unless (A)minimise measures are taken to (B)drastic water usage, the day may not be far off when authorities will be (C)forced to (D)ration water supply in cities like Bengaluru, which has been ranked second in the list of 11 global cities which might face the imminent threat of running out of drinking water. Already, water is being supplied on alternate days in certain cities, and for a limited duration in some places.

Q. which of the following is/are the methods of new approach to conserve water?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 23

In the given passage, it is mentioned that “Observing that we need to make “every drop count”, they called for a new approach: rethinking how we understand, value and manage water as a precious resource, and catalysing change and building partnerships to achieve the water-related goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.”
Therefore, option B is the correct answer.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 24

Which committee was formed to look into the NPA (Non-Performing Assets) and recommended the Inter creditor agreement ?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 24
• Sunil Mehta, a non-executive chairman of Punjab National Bank , was the head of Sashakt Committee.
• The government had constituted a committee led by Sunil Mehta to resolve the issue of  NPAs.
• Sunil Mehta said the new RBI direction making the Inter-Creditor Agreement (ICA) framework mandatory is a move in the right direction for resolution of non-performing assets (NPAs or bad loans).
• Sashakt panel has recommended that bad loans of up to Rs 50 crore will be managed at the bank level, with a deadline of 90 days.
• For bad loans of Rs 50-500 crore, banks will enter into an ICA, authorising the lead bank to implement a resolution plan in 180 days or refer the case to the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).
• The Sashkat ICA can be modified to incorporate the requirements of the new framework and serve as the Master Inter-Creditor Agreement for resolution of all stressed asset under BLRA (Bank Led Resolution Approach).
SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 25

How many All India Financial Institutions are there at present regulated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 25

There are five development finance institutions regulated by the Reserve Bank of India.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 26

What was the role of KM Vasudevan Namboothiri in the field of art?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 26

KM Vasudevan Namboothiri was a renowned artist, illustrator, and line sketch artist. He contributed significantly to the world of art through his illustrations for popular literary works and his sculptures. His talent and creative works left a lasting impact on the art community.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 27

What is the significance of the 67th TAAI Convention in the travel industry?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 27

The 67th TAAI Convention holds great significance in the travel industry. It strengthens ties between India and Sri Lanka, offers trade opportunities for stakeholders, and features thought-provoking sessions on topics such as India's tourism vision, experiential travel, MICE, and digital opportunities. The convention promotes growth, knowledge exchange, and collaboration within the travel industry.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 28

Who is the UK's ambassador to the United Nations?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 28

Dame Barbara Woodward is the UK's ambassador to the United Nations. She made the announcement regarding the first-ever meeting of the UN Security Council on the threats of AI.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 29

What is the international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer called?

Detailed Solution for SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 29

The Montreal Protocol is the international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer. It aims to phase out the production of substances known to deplete the ozone layer.

SSC CGL (Tier II) Practice Test - 21 - Question 30

Track ball is _______.

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## SSC CGL Tier II Mock Test Series 2024

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