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Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - NEET MCQ


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13 Questions MCQ Test Chemistry Class 11 - Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT)

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) for NEET 2024 is part of Chemistry Class 11 preparation. The Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) MCQs are made for NEET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) below.
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Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 1

Q. Which pair of molecules has the strongest dipole-dipole interactions?

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 1

1. In Case of option (a), We have polar ammonia NH3 but non polar CH4, tetrahedral and all forces balanced, so weak attraction between the two.

2. Option (B) is correct.
NH3 is a fairly polar molecules due to the strong electronegativity of N and its pyrimidal shape with a lone pair of electrons at the peak. So two of the molecules have a strong attraction for one another. 

3. In Case of option (c), both molecules being non polar due to symetrical structure in tetrahedrons .

4. In Case of option (d), both molecules are non polar, structure is O=C=O 

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 2

Intermolecular forces can be out of the following:

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 2

Intermolecular force can only be Vaan der Waals force acting between two molecules.

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 3

Based on the following statements I and IS, select the correct answer from the codes given.

Statement I : Three states of matter are the result of balance between intermolecular forces and thermal energy of the molecules.

Statement II : Intermolecular forces tend to keep the molecules together but thermal energy of molecules tends to keep them apart.

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 3

Thermal energy is the energy of a body arising from motion of its atoms or molecules. It is directly proportional to the temperature of the substance. It is the measure of average kinetic energy of the particles of the matter and is thus responsible for movement of particles. This movement of particles is called thermal motion. We have already learnt that intermolecular forces tend to keep the molecules together but thermal energy of the molecules tends to keep them apart. Three states of matter are the result of balance between intermolecular forces and the thermal energy of the molecules.

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 4

In comparing gases with liquids , gases have ........ compressibility and...........density.

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 4

In a gas, the distance between molecules, whether monatomic or polyatomic, is very large compared with the size of the molecules; thus gases have a low density and are highly compressible.

Density: The molecules of a liquid are packed relatively close together. Consequently, liquids are much denser than gases.

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 5

Van der waals forces include the following except

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 5

Chemical bonding forces are not considered to be part of van der Waals forces. Van der Waals forces include London forces, dipole-dipole forces, and dipole-induced dipole forces.

 

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 6

Dipole-dipole interaction energy between stationary polar molecules is proportional to x and that between rotating molecules is proportional to y. Assume distance between polar molecules as r, then x and y are

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 6

Dipole-dipole interaction energy between stationary polar molecules is proportional to 1/ r3 and that between rotating polar molecules is proportional to 1/ r6 where ‘r’ is the distance between polar molecules

Besides dipole - dipole interaction, polar molecules can interact by London forces also.

*Multiple options can be correct
Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 7

Direction (Q. Nos. 7-10) This section contains 4 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (a), (b), (c) and (d), out of which ONE or  MORE THANT ONE  is correct.

Q. Select the correct alternate(s).

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 7

All of the above are the properties of gases.

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 8

 The interaction energy of London force is inversely proportional to sixth power of the distance between two interacting particles but their magnitude depends upon

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 8

London dispersion forces operate only over very short distance. The energy of interaction varies as
1/(distance between two interacting particles)

Large or more complex the molecules, greater is the magnitude of London forces.

This is obviously due to the fact that the large electron clouds are easily distorted or polarised.
Hence, greater the polarisability of the interacting particles, greater is the magnitude of the interaction energy.

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 9

Hydrogen bonding reduces the quality of water molecules to

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 9

Hydrogen bonding is a type of attractive force that occurs between molecules when a hydrogen atom is covalently bonded to a highly electronegative atom, such as oxygen, nitrogen, or fluorine. In water molecules, hydrogen bonding occurs between the positively charged hydrogen atoms of one water molecule and the negatively charged oxygen atoms of another water molecule. These hydrogen bonds cause the water molecules to attract each other and stick together, which gives water many of its unique properties, such as its high surface tension and its ability to act as a solvent. The hydrogen bonds do not cause the water molecules to repel each other or to compactly arrange, but they do make it more difficult for the molecules to slide over each other, which contributes to the high viscosity of water.

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 10

Atom which must be present in hydrogen bonding is

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 10

A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction b/w a hydrogen atom which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as N, O and F etc. And also hydrogen bonding occurs only b/w molecules in which H atom bounded to a electronegative atom.

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 11

Direction (Q. Nos. 11-13) This section contains a paragraph, wach describing theory, experiments, data etc. three Questions related to paragraph have been given.Each question have only one correct answer among the four given options (a),(b),(c),(d)

Dipole-dipole forces act between the molecules possessing permanent dipole. Ends of dipoles possess ‘partial charges’. The partial charge is

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 11

Partial charge is a small charge developed by displacement of electrons. It is less than unit electronic charge and is represented as δor δ–  

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 12

Stronger intermolecular forces result in higher boiling point. Strength of London forces increases with number of electrons in the molecule. Boiling point of 

I. HF 293 K
II. HCl 189 K
III. HBr 206 K
IV. HI 238 K

Q. 
Based on the boiling points, predominant force which gives variation of boiling point of HCI < HBr < HI is

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 12

HF - Hydrogen bonding HCl,HBr,HI→ Dipole-dipole interaction, London-dispersion force.

Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 13

Stronger intermolecular forces result in higher boiling point. Strength of London forces increases with number of electrons in the molecule. Boiling point of 

I. HF 293 K
II. HCl 189 K
III. HBr 206 K
IV. HI 238 K

Q. 
HF has highest boiling point because of

Detailed Solution for Test: Intermolecular Forces (Old NCERT) - Question 13

It is because of hydrogen bonding . Since F is the most electronegative element , its hydrogen bonding tendency is strongest which makes boiling point of HF increase.

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