UPSC Exam  >  UPSC Tests  >  UPSC EPFO Mock Test Series  >  UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - UPSC MCQ

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - UPSC MCQ


Test Description

120 Questions MCQ Test UPSC EPFO Mock Test Series - UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 for UPSC 2024 is part of UPSC EPFO Mock Test Series preparation. The UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 below.
Solutions of UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 questions in English are available as part of our UPSC EPFO Mock Test Series for UPSC & UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 solutions in Hindi for UPSC EPFO Mock Test Series course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for UPSC Exam by signing up for free. Attempt UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 | 120 questions in 120 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study UPSC EPFO Mock Test Series for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you? Download the App
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 1

Which of the following organization developed a SAGA-220 supercomputer in 2011?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 1

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) constructed the supercomputer known as SAGA-220 (Supercomputer for Aerospace with GPU Architecture-220 Teraflops).

Dr. K. Radhakrishnan, the ISRO Chairman, unveiled it on May 2, 2011. It is no longer the fastest supercomputer in India as of January 8, 2018, having been eclipsed by the Pratyush supercomputer, which has a theoretical maximum speed of 220 TFlops.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 2

Consider the following statements.

1. Cash reserve ratio (CRR) is the ratio of the total deposits and lendings of a bank in India.

2. It is kept with the RBI in the form of cash

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 2
  • The cash reserve ratio (CRR) is the ratio (fixed by the RBI) of the total deposits of a bank in India which is kept with the RBI in the form of cash.

  • This was fixed to be in the range of 3 to 15 per cent. A recent Amendment (2017) has removed the 3 per cent floor and provided a free hand to the RBI in fixing the CRR.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 3

Which is the evidence of business transaction?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 3

Evidence in support of a business transaction is called Voucher. Vouchers are the primary evidence of business transactions having taken place.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 4

Laconic

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 4

Laconic – (of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words.
concise – giving a lot of information clearly and in a few words; brief but comprehensive.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 5

‘Closed shop’ means which of the following?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 5
  • A 'Closed Shop' is a term used in the context of labor unions and employment. It refers to a type of agreement between the employer and the labor union where the employer agrees to hire only those workers who are already a member of the union.
  • In such a setup, the prospective employee must be a member of the relevant union before they can be employed. This means that the option A: 'Joining union first and then employment' is the correct explanation of a 'Closed Shop'.
  • This type of arrangement is often established to strengthen the bargaining power of the union and ensure that all employees receive the benefits negotiated by the union.
  • However, it's important to note that 'Closed Shop' agreements are considered illegal in some jurisdictions due to their restrictive nature.
  • In contrast, an 'open shop' is a place of employment where one is not required to join or financially support a union as a condition of hiring or continued employment.
  • 'Closed Shop' should not be confused with the term 'union shop', which is a type of employment situation where it is not necessary to belong to a union before being hired, but there is a requirement to join the union within a certain period after commencement of employment.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 6

Cash account is a 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 6

Cash account can be classified as a real account. A real account is an account that retains and rolls forward its ending balance from period to period. The areas in the balance sheet in which real accounts are found are assets, liabilities, and equity.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 7

Which part of the Indian Constitution divides jurisdiction for enactment of Labour Legislations?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 7

Distribution of Legislative Power and Labour Legislations
The Indian Constitution, under its Seventh Schedule, divides the jurisdiction for enactment of labour legislations. This division is known as the 'Distribution of Legislative Power'. It is divided into three lists:

  • Union List: This includes subjects on which only the central government can make laws. Examples of labour-related subjects in this list are bankruptcy and insolvency, social security and social insurance; employment, unemployment, etc.
  • State List: This includes subjects on which only the state governments can make laws. Examples of labour-related subjects in this list are unemployment, old-age pensions, and the administration of the relief of the disabled and unemployable.
  • Concurrent List: This includes subjects on which both the central and state governments can make laws. Examples of labour-related subjects in this list are bankruptcy and insolvency, marriage and divorce, bankruptcy and insolvency, education, etc.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 8

Consider the following statement about lymph

1. Lymph is another medium of circulation in the human body.
2. Lymph flows in only one direction - from the heart to body tissues.
3. Lymph protects the body by killing the germs drained out of the body tissues with the help of Lymphocytes.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 9

Directions: The following question has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits in the context of the sentence

Unlike mainstream media that falls under __________ regulation, online platforms have scope for wrongdoing due to the lack of __________ rules, and the ability to keep owners and editors private like in the case of fake news sites.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 9

The word “regulation” after the first blank indicates that the word describes the type of regulation the “mainstream media” falls under. In the context of the sentence, the words which are suitable for the first blank are “inclusive”, “comprehensive” and “extensive”. Hence options B and E are eliminated.

“Lack of” before the second blank and “rules” after it shows that it has to be the opposite of the type of rules faced by the mainstream media. The only word that makes the sentence meaningfully correct is “binding” which means ‘involving an obligation that cannot be broken’. The words “delicate" and “defamation” are irrelevant to the context of this sentence. This eliminates options A and D as well.

Option C is hence the correct answer.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 10

Consider the following statements.

  1. The Strategic Forces Command (SFC) is a tri-services formation, responsible for the management and administration of the country’s tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpile.
  2. Strategic Forces Command (SFC) falls under the purview of the Nuclear Command Authority of India.
  3. The Nuclear Command Authority is the sole body which can authorize the use of nuclear weapons, whose Executive Council is chaired by Prime Minister of India.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 10

Statement 3 is incorrect.

The SFC, which carried out the test, is a key tri-services formation that manages and administers all the strategic assets and falls under the purview of the Nuclear Command Authority of India.

The Nuclear Command Authority is the sole body which can authorize the use of nuclear weapons. It comprises a Political Council and an Executive Council. The Political Council is chaired by the Prime Minister. The Executive Council, chaired by the National Security Advisor, provides inputs for decision-making by the Nuclear Command Authority and executes the directives given to it by the Political Council.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 11

Consider the following statements: 

  1. The National Human Rights Commission is not a constitutional body. 
  2. The National Human Rights Commission is a statutory body.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct? 

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 11

The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of India is a statutory public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of 28 September 1993. It was given a statutory basis by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (PHRA).

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 12

The Advisory Conciliation and Arbitration Services (ACAS) which was provided under the Industrial Relations Act of 1975 of Great Britain provides for

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 12

The Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service (ACAS) was established under the Industrial Relations Act of 1975 in Great Britain. Its primary function is to improve organisations and working life through better employment relations. The services provided by ACAS include:
Conciliation and Arbitration of Disputes

  • The fundamental role of ACAS is to facilitate conciliation and arbitration in employment disputes. This means that ACAS steps in to help resolve disputes between employers and employees, or between different groups of employees.
  • Conciliation is a voluntary process where ACAS helps the disputing parties to reach a mutually acceptable agreement. This is often a faster and less formal process than proceeding to a tribunal or court.
  • Arbitration, on the other hand, is a process where a neutral third party (the arbitrator) hears the details of the dispute and then makes a decision that is legally binding on both parties.

Support for Collective Bargaining

  • Although not directly stated in the options, ACAS also plays a significant role in supporting collective bargaining. This involves negotiations between an employer and a group of employees to determine the conditions of employment. ACAS can provide advice and guidance during this process to help both parties reach a satisfactory agreement.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 13

Under whose regime as Union Labour Minister, majority of codes were evolved by the Central Government?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 13

Guljarilal Nanda's Tenure as Union Labour Minister

  • Period of Tenure: Guljarilal Nanda served as the Union Labour Minister of India from 1952 to 1957. His tenure was marked by significant advancements in labor law and policy.
  • Evolution of Codes: During his tenure, the Central Government evolved the majority of codes. These codes served as a framework that guided labor relations and ensured the rights and welfare of workers in India.
  • Notable Contributions: Nanda played a crucial role in formulating and implementing several key labor policies. These include the Employees' Provident Fund Act and the Factories Act, which have had a profound impact on the working conditions of laborers in the country.
  • Legacy: Nanda's contributions to labor law and policy have had a lasting impact, with many of the codes and policies he helped establish still in effect today. His tenure as Union Labour Minister was characterized by a commitment to improving the lives of workers and promoting social justice.
  • Recognition: For his contributions, Nanda was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1997. His work in the field of labor relations continues to be recognized and appreciated in India.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 14

Directions: In each of the following questions a sentence is given with one blank. You have to fill the blank with one of the words given as options in order to make the sentence contextually and grammatically correct.

The _______________ apparition stalked Reshma for days and ultimately threw her off the cliff.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 14

The apparition (=ghost) that stalked Reshma for days, ultimately threw her off the cliff. So, ‘benevolent’ and magnanimous’ won’t fit the blank as these are positive words.

“Benevolent” means well-meaning and kindly

“Magnanimous” means generous or forgiving, especially towards a rival or less powerful person

“Callous” means indifferent/ showing or having an insensitive disregard. It does not make any sense in the given context, and hence, can be eliminated

Only ‘vindictive’ fits the blank appropriately.

“Vindictive” means having or showing a strong or unreasoning desire for revenge/ revengeful

Hence, option A is the correct answer.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 15

Which among the following is NOT a requirement to be a judge of the High Court?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 15
He should be over 40 years of age There is no specification of a minimum age limit for the judge of a high court. A person to be appointed as a judge of a high court, should have the following qualifications

1. He should be a citizen of India.

2. (a) He should have held a judicial office in the territory of India for ten years; or 

(b) He should have been an advocate of a high court (or high courts in succession) for ten years. 

From the above, it is clear that the Constitution has not prescribed a minimum age for appointment as a judge of a high court. Moreover, unlike in the case of the Supreme Court, the Constitution makes no provision for appointment of a distinguished jurist as a judge of a high court.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 16

Safety net provision is a part of which of the following?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 16

New Economic Policy and Safety Net Provision
The term "safety net provision" is commonly associated with the New Economic Policy (NEP). The NEP was a set of economic reforms that were introduced in India in 1991. The aim of these reforms was to open up the Indian economy to global markets and improve overall economic growth.
Role of Safety Net Provision in the New Economic Policy
The safety net provision forms a critical part of the New Economic Policy due to the following reasons:

  • Economic stability: The safety net provision is designed to protect the most vulnerable sections of society from the shocks of economic liberalization. These can include measures such as unemployment benefits, pension schemes, and poverty alleviation programs.
  • Social Security: The provision also aims to provide a sense of social security to individuals who may otherwise be adversely affected by the process of economic reforms. This can help to maintain social stability during periods of significant economic change.
  • Income Redistribution: Safety net provisions can also help to address issues of income inequality that may arise as a result of economic liberalization. By providing support to those at the lower end of the income spectrum, these provisions can help to mitigate the potentially negative impacts of economic reforms on income distribution.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 17

Goitre can occur as a consequence of all the following except:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 17
  • Goitre is the enlargement of the thyroid gland which occurs due to deficiency of iodine in the body. Iodine is needed for the synthesis of thyroid hormone. When the iodine levels are low, the thyroid gland becomes hyperactive and enlarged to compensate for the deficiency of thyroid hormone in the body. The enlarged thyroid gland is visible as a swelling in the throat known as goitre.
  • Grave's disease or exophthalmic goitre occurs due to over secretion of thyroid hormone as the thyroid gland becomes hyperactive. In exophthalmic goitre, protrusion of eyeballs occurs due to the deposition of excess fat behind the eyes. 
  • The thyroid gland may also become hyperactive due to hypersecretion of TSH (Thyroid-stimulating hormone) from the anterior pituitary and this can occur due to pituitary adenoma (benign tumours of the pituitary gland).

Excessive intake of exogenous thyroxine can't cause goitre.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 18

ADHERENT

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 18

We would be identifying the word that is an antonym to the given word "Adherent" from the given options.
Adherent means sticking fast to an object or surface. The opposite would thus mean to draw away or divert i.e. detractor. 
If we look into the other words,
Rival means a person or thing competing with another for the same objective or for superiority in the same field of activity
Alien means belonging to a foreign country
Enemy means a person who is actively opposed or hostile to someone or something
Option B is correct 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 19

After the preparation of ledgers, the next step is the preparation of 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 20

Which one of the following is not a tripartite body?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 20

The term "tripartite" refers to a system where three parties are involved. In the context of labour relations, these three parties usually represent the government, employers, and employees.

  • Indian Labour Conference (ILC) - This is a tripartite body established by the Government of India which includes representatives from the government, workers, and employers. It serves as a platform for open dialogue on labour matters.
  • Standing Labour Committee (SLC) - Similar to the ILC, the SLC is also a tripartite body that acts as a coordinating agency between the Government of India, workers, and employers on issues concerning labour.
  • Minimum Wages Advisory Board - This is another tripartite body that is constituted under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948. It advises the government in matters of fixing and revising minimum wages.
  • Joint Management Councils (JMCs) - Unlike the other bodies mentioned, JMCs are not tripartite bodies. These councils are bipartite in nature, meaning they involve only two parties: the management (employers) and the employees. The role of these councils is to promote better industrial relations by providing a platform for workers and employers to discuss and resolve issues related to the workplace.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 21

Rahul invested a sum of money at Simple Interest at a certain rate of interest for three years. Had it been invested at a 4% higher rate, it would have fetched Rs.480 more. Find out the Principal amount that was invested by Rahul?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 21

B. 4000
Explanation: x – Principal Extra amount = 4% for 3 years = 12% of x = 480 x = (480/12)*100 = 4000

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 22

If the removal motion is admitted then the Speaker/Chairman constitutes a three-member committee to investigate the allegations charged against the judge. The three-member committee comprises of
1. The Chief Justice of session court
2. Senior most judge of Supreme Court
3. Chief justice of the High Court 

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 22

The three-member committee comprises (1). The Chief Justice or senior-most judge of the Supreme Court (2). Chief justice of the High Court and (3). A prominent jurist

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 23

Who formed the Bombay Millhands Association?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 23

Formation of the Bombay Millhands Association

  • Founder: The Bombay Millhands Association was founded by Narayan Meghaji Lokhande, popularly known as N.M. Lokhande. So, the correct answer to your question is option C.
  • Establishment: The Bombay Millhands Association was established in the year 1890. It was one of the earliest labor unions formed in India.
  • Objective: The main objective of the Bombay Millhands Association was to improve the working conditions of mill workers in Bombay (now Mumbai). It aimed to address issues such as low wages, long working hours, and poor working conditions.
  • Contribution of N.M. Lokhande: N.M. Lokhande, as the founder and leader of this association, played a significant role in advocating for the rights of mill workers. He was known as the 'Father of Trade Union Movement in India'. He also campaigned for the introduction of the Factory Act of 1881, which provided for the regulation of working conditions in factories.
  • Legacy: The Bombay Millhands Association opened the doors for the formation of other labor unions in India. It set a precedent for collective bargaining and brought the issues of industrial workers to the forefront.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 24

What is the name of the primary folder on a storage device?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 24

The top-level directory in a file system is known as the root directory or root folder. The term "root" designates the top level of the directory structure, which can be visualized as an upside-down tree. The root directory is the parent directory for all other directories present in a disc.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 25

Match the following:
List – I 
a. Royal Commission on Labour
b. Labour Investigation Committee
c. First National Labour Commission
d. Second National Labour Commission
List – II
i. P.B. Gajendra Gadkar
ii. Rege
iii. Ravindra Verma
iv. J.H. Whitley

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 25

Royal Commission on Labour

  • This commission was headed by J.H. Whitley, and thus, 'a' corresponds to 'iv' in List-II

Labour Investigation Committee

  • The Labour Investigation Committee was headed by Rege, therefore 'b' corresponds to 'ii' in List-II.

First National Labour Commission

  • The First National Labour Commission was headed by P.B. Gajendra Gadkari, hence 'c' corresponds to 'i' in List-II.

Second National Labour Commission

  • The Second National Labour Commission was presided over by Ravindra Varma, thus 'd' matches with 'iii' in List-II.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 26

Consider the following statements: 
1. White Label ATMs are owned and operated by the bank 
2. Green Label ATMs are used for agricultural transactions 
3. Brown Label ATMs are owned and operated by a non-banking entity 
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 26

-On Site ATM - ATMs Inside the Bank

-Off site ATM - ATM outside the bank premises but is located at other places, such as shopping centres, airports, railways station and petrol stations.

-White Label ATM - ATM Provided by NBFC (Non Banking Financial Company)

-Green Label ATM - ATM Provided for Agricultural Transaction

-Orange Label ATM - ATM Provided for Share Transactions

-Yellow Label ATM - ATM provided for E-commerce

-Pink Label ATM - ATM for women banking

-Brown Label ATM - ATM are those Automated Teller Machines where hardware and the lease of the ATM machine is owned by a service provider but cash management and connectivity to banking networks is provided by a sponsor bank .

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 27

EXPAND

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 27

Expand : Become larger or more extensive.
Convert : Change the form,character,or function of something.
Condense : Make denser or more concentrated.
Congest : To concentrate in a small or narrow space.
Conclude : Bring or come to an end.
Antonym of Expand is Condense.
 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 28

From where was the principle of single citizenship in India taken?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 28
  • In India, the concept of single citizenship is adopted from England.
    • In India, the concept of single citizenship is adopted from the British constitution that is from England.
    • The Constitution of India provides for single citizenship for the whole of India.
    • The Citizenship Act, 1955 deals with matters relating to acquisition, determination and termination of Indian citizenship after the commencement of the Constitution.
  • The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.
  • The document lays down the framework that demarcates the fundamental political code, structure, procedures, powers, and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles, and the duties of citizens.
  • Hence, option A is correct. 
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 29

A semiconductor wafer on which thousands or millions of tiny resistors, capacitors, and transistors are manufactured is known as an integrated circuit (IC). Which element is used to make computer chips and IC?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 29

The material silicon, which makes up the majority of ICs, is common in beach sand. At standard room temperature, pure crystalline silicon exhibits extremely high resistance to electrical current, similar to other semiconducting materials.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 30

Which of the following is not a bipartite body?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 30

A bipartite body is an organizational structure which involves two separate but equal parties. These parties represent different interests and come together to negotiate and make decisions on matters of common interest. In the context of a workplace, these two parties often consist of management and employees (or their representatives).

  • Works Committee: This is a bipartite body as it is comprised of representatives from both the employer and the employees. This committee is designed to promote good industrial relations by providing a platform for discussion and resolution on matters of common interest.
  • Canteen Committee: This committee is also a bipartite body. It usually includes representatives from the management and the employees. The committee oversees the operation of the canteen, ensuring quality food and services to the employees.
  • Safety Committee: This is another example of a bipartite body. The safety committee includes representatives from both management and employees. Its purpose is to ensure safety standards are met within the workplace, preventing accidents and promoting a safe working environment.
  • Standing Labour Committee: Unlike the other committees, the Standing Labour Committee is not a bipartite body. Instead, it is a tripartite body. This committee includes representatives from the government, employers, and employees. Its main role is to advise the government on issues and policies related to labour and employment. It is therefore not limited to two parties, but includes a third party, the government, in its discussions and decisions.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 31

Which of the following can be said to be an Industrial Relations body/ machinery in USA?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 31

National Labor Relations Board (NLRB)
The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is a key industrial relations body in the United States. Established by the National Labor Relations Act in 1935, the NLRB is an independent federal agency vested with the power to safeguard employees' rights to organize and to determine whether to have unions as their bargaining representative.

  • Function: The NLRB primarily acts to prevent and remedy unfair labor practices committed by private sector employers and unions. It also conducts elections for labor union representation and can also take action against an employer or union that violates labor law.
  • Structure: The NLRB is made up of a five-member Board and a General Counsel, all of whom are appointed by the President with the consent of the Senate. Board members serve five-year terms, while the General Counsel serves a four-year term. The General Counsel acts as a prosecutor and the Board acts as an appellate judicial body from decisions of Administrative Law Judges.
  • Significance: By enforcing the National Labor Relations Act, the NLRB plays a critical role in promoting and maintaining good relationships between private sector employers and their employees by addressing disputes and issues related to union representation and collective bargaining.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 32

12 percent of the voters in an election did not cast their votes. In this election there are only two candidates. The winner by obtaining 45% of the total votes and defeated his rival by 2000 votes. The total number of votes in the election

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 32

12% percent didn’t cast their vote. 45% of total votes get by the winning candidates, so remaining 43% will be scored by his rival. So, (45/100 -43/100)*P = 2000
P = 100000

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 33

During whose tenure as Prime Minister, the Economic Reforms in India were initiated?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 33

Economic Reforms under Dr. P.V. Narasimha Rao
The economic reforms in India were primarily initiated during the tenure of Prime Minister Dr. P.V. Narasimha Rao. Below are the key points explaining his role in this significant transformation:

  • Background: When Dr. P.V. Narasimha Rao took office in 1991, India was on the brink of bankruptcy, with dwindling foreign reserves and a looming debt payment crisis.
  • Liberalization: Dr. Rao, along with his Finance Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh, initiated the liberalization of the Indian economy, opening it up for foreign investment and private competition. This marked the end of the License Raj, an economic system that was hindering the growth and development of the Indian economy.
  • Structural Reforms: Dr. Rao's government implemented several structural reforms, such as deregulation of industries, privatization of state-owned enterprises, and reduction of import duties and taxes. These changes aimed to reduce the government's role in the economy and increase private sector participation.
  • Impact: These economic reforms led to a significant increase in the growth rate of India's GDP and transformed India into one of the fastest-growing economies in the world. It also led to increased foreign investment and technological advancement in various sectors of the economy.
  • Legacy: Dr. P.V. Narasimha Rao's tenure as Prime Minister is remembered for the bold economic reforms that he initiated, which laid the foundation for India's economic growth in the subsequent decades.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 34

Which of the following are correctly matched?

1. Conduct of business of the Government of a State - Article 166

2. Council of Ministers to aid and advise governor - Article 164

3. Duties of Chief Minister - Article 167

Choose from the following options.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 34

Article No. 163 - Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor Article 164 - Other provisions as to Ministers Article 166 - Conduct of business of the Government of a State Article 167 - Duties of Chief Minister

So, correct answer is Option C.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 35

The Poona Sarvajanik Sahba was organised in 1870’s by

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 36

In the following the questions choose the word which best expresses the meaning of the given word.

Imbecile

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 36

Imbecile:  stupid; idiotic

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 37

Under which accounting concept fixed assets are recorded at cost without considering the market price (whether low or high)?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 37

A historical cost is a measure of value used in accounting in which the price of an asset on the balance sheet is based on its nominal or original cost when acquired by the company. The historical-cost method is used for assets in the United States under generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 38

Net Profit or Loss will be derived at _______ stage of accounting

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 38

Summarising stage is concerned with the preparation and presentation of the classified data in a manner useful to the internal as well as external users of financial statements. This process leads to the preparation of the following financial statements. Therefore, Net Profit or Loss is derived at the summarising stage.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 39

Unable to cope up with the losses, 1.5 lakh workers were laid off by the private sector.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 39

The first part of the sentence is a modifying phrase (subject modifier); the correct subject is 'private sector', 'laid off' is teh correct past tense of 'lay off'.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 40

Find synonyms of Rhetoric

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 40

Rhetoric (Noun) – the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 41

Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 41

CD ROM is the one that does not belong to the group.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 42

The number of pixels displayed on the computer screen is called __________.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 42

The number of pixels displayed per unit of length in an image is called the image resolution, usually measured in pixels per inch (PPI).

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 43

Which of the following is not a mode of Workers’ Participation in Management?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 43

Employee Stock Option Plan (ESOP):

  • The Employee Stock Option Plan, often referred to as ESOP, is not a mode of Workers' Participation in Management. It is, in fact, a type of employee benefit plan which provides employees with an ownership interest in the company. In this scheme, companies provide their employees with stock ownership, often at no upfront cost to the employees.
  •  
  • ESOP is more of a staff motivation and retention tool, rather than a platform for workers to participate in the management or decision-making process of the company. It does not provide a formal structure for the employees to voice their opinions, grievances, or suggestions regarding the management of the company.
  •  
  • Even though the employees through ESOP might own shares, it does not necessarily grant them a say in the management or decision-making processes. This is why ESOP is not considered a mode of Workers' Participation in Management.

Works Committee:

  • A Works Committee is a statutory and obligatory body of representatives of employers and workers. It is formed to promote good industrial relations and to provide a platform for consultation, communication, and cooperation between workers and management.

Joint Management Council:

  • The Joint Management Council is a body comprising an equal number of representatives from the employer and employees. This council deals with matters such as improving productivity, efficiency, running of canteens, health and safety measures etc.

Joint Committee for Policy Formulation:

  • A Joint Committee for Policy Formulation is a body where representatives of workers and management jointly participate to formulate policies related to the organization. This method provides a platform for workers to participate in the decision-making process, contributing to the management of the company.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 44

What will be the Journal Entry when goods purchased are returned? 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 45

There are two numbers. When 25% of the first number is added to the second number, the resultant number is 1.5times th first number.What is the ratio of 1st number to the 2nd number ?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 45

Answer – C.4:5 Explanation : A+25/100 + B = 1.5A
A/4 + B = 15A/10
10A+40B/40 =60A/40
10A+40B = 60A
50A = 40B
A/B = 4/5

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 46

We were ________ with the names of notorious criminals.        

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 47

If A + B means A is the mother of B; A - B means A is the brother B; A % B means A is the father of B and A x B means A is the sister of B, which of the following shows that P is the maternal uncle of Q?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 47

P - M → P is the brother of M

M + N → M is the mother of N

N x Q → N is the sister of Q

Therefore, P is the maternal uncle of Q.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 48

Which of the following statement is correct regarding the Steel Research & Technology Mission of India (SRTMI)?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 48

Answer: b

Explanation:

Ministry of Steel is facilitating an Industry driven institutional mechanism namely Steel Research & Technology Mission of India (SRTMI), to facilitate joint collaborative research projects in the iron & steel sector in India.

SRTMI is an industry driven initiative which has been setup as a Registered Society wherein Ministry of Steel is a facilitator. It will be governed and administered by a Governing Body comprising the steel CEOs, Domain Experts and a representative of Ministry of Steel

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 49

Which of the following countries are the members of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)?

  1. Uzbekistan
  2. Kazakhstan
  3. Iraq
  4. Russia
  5. Bangladesh
  6. Turkmenistan

How many of the above options are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 49
  • Iran is the new member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).
  • Prior to Iran’s joining, the SCO consisted of eight member countries: China, Russia, India, Pakistan, and the four Central Asian countries of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
  • The grouping came into existence in Shanghai in 2001 with six members, minus India and Pakistan. Its primary objective was to enhance regional cooperation for efforts to curb terrorism, separatism, and extremism in the Central Asian region.
  • Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia enjoy Observer status in the SCO, while six other countries — Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey and Sri Lanka — have Dialogue Partner status.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 50

Consider the following statements.

1. A person who is not a member of either House of Parliament can also be appointed as a minister 

2. But within six months, he must become a member, by election or nomination, of either House of Parliament, otherwise, he ceases to be a minister

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 50

Both statements are correct.

A person who is not a member of either House of Parliament can be appointed as a minister under Article 75(5) of the Constitution of India. This is because the Constitution does not specifically require that a person must be a member of Parliament to be appointed as a minister.

However, as per Article 75(5), such a person must become a member of either House of Parliament within six months of their appointment as a minister. If they fail to do so, they would cease to be a minister. This provision ensures that all ministers are accountable to the Parliament and responsible for their actions as ministers.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 51

Consider the following statements regarding the impact of External Aids on Indian economy.

  1. It brings in foreign currency that is useful to bridge the Balance of payments (BoP) deficit.
  2. It causes crowding out effect in the domestic market, which is not favourable to the domestic borrowers.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 51

If external aid is a grant or coming without interest, no better way to finance the deficit, if we ignore their inflationary effects.

When the domestic market has limited amount of funds, and if the government desires to borrow a large share of it to finance the fiscal deficit, it tends to raise the demand for funds in the market. This shoots the market interest rate for the funds and causes problems to the domestic investors who now have to pay a higher interest rate to avail the same loan.

If the same money is borrowed from abroad, the crowing out effect doesn’t occur.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 52

 The tax on net income of companies is

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 52

The tax on net income of companies is corporate tax. Tax rates are uniform for all categories of companies.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 53

An instruction cycle consists of __________.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 53

The instruction cycle, commonly referred to as the machine cycle, describes the series of actions that occur when an instruction is read from memory and carried out.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 54

Which is the lowest layer of the OSI model?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 54

Physical. The lowest layer of the OSI model is concerned with data communication in the form of electrical, optic, or electromagnetic signals physically transmitting information between networking devices and infrastructure.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 55

If SELDOM is written as MFTLNC, how will PRINCE be written?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 55

S E L D O M - M F T L N C

Case 1:
S + 1 = T
E + 1 = F
L + 1 = M

S E L → T F M → M F T

Case 2:
D - 1 = C
O - 1 = N
M - 1 = L

D O M → C N L → L N C

Resulting: SELDOM → MFTLNC

Similarly, PRINCE → JSQDBM

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 56

There was a newspaper published in London named “Indian Sociologist” by a nationalist during the course of Indian National Movement. He was:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 56
Pandit Shyamji Krishna Verma was one of those staunch nationalists and patriots who lived in England and mentored the cause of India's freedom from the British rule . He started the publication of a monthly 'Indian Sociologist' which became a vehicle of revolutionary ideas. In February 1905, he established the Indian Home Rule Society to raise his voice against British domination in India. He established 'India House' in London to help Indians visiting England. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar and his brother Ganesh, Lala Hardayal, Biren Chattopadhyaya and V.V.S. Iyer were some of the beneficiaries of 'India House'.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 57

 Recently, India has test fired it longest range of missile. Agni 5 from which of the following islands of India?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 57

Answer: b

Explanation: 

In order to make strong its air defence capabilities, India has successfully test fired Agni 5 recently,  a new and long range surface-to-air missile from Kalam island off the Odisha coast.  Now Agni-5 has became India's longest range nuclear capable missile developed by DRDO. Agni 5 is the inter-continental surface-to-surface nuclear capable ballistic missile, the latest in India's "Agni" family of medium to inter-continental range missiles, has gone through four trials now. The Agni 5 missile laced with new technology for navigation and guidance, gives India a strategic depth it needs to contain its enemies. After a few more trials, it will soon join India's military arsenal.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 58

Directions:
In each of the following questions, there are four sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation, and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.

A. The fact is that Indian cities, unlike many cities abroad, lack in leadership.
B. The mayor, supposed to be the first citizen of the city,
C. has neither the time or the power to steer the city's affairs.
D. His tenure is a glorious one year in cities like Delhi and Bangalore or a extended 20 months in some other cities.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 58
  • A is incorrect in "lack in leadership'- the intended meaning is "Indian cities lack leadership".
  • C is incorrect as neither is followed by or instead of nor.
  • D is incorrect because it should be "an extended."
    Thus only B is correct.
UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 59

A man traveled 100 km by Bike in 2 hours. He then traveled in Bus for 8 hrs and then Train in 9 hrs. Ratio of Speeds of Bus to Train is 4:5. If speed of train is 4/5 of Bike speed then the entire journey covered by him in Km is?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 59

Speed of train = 50
Bus = 32
Train = 40
Distance = 100+32*8+40*9 = 716

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 60

Which country started the first regional planning?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 60
 
  • It was at the regional level that planning was used as part of the development policy by any country the first time. It was the USA which started the first regional planning.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 61

Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) is the initiative of

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 61

Recently, the European Union (EU) has put forward a proposal, called the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM). The US, Canada and Japan are planning similar measures. This involves imposing tariffs on imports from other countries that are seen to be using carbon-intensive methods of production. It is argued that the stringent environmental regulation in the EU makes the production of polluting industries move to countries with relatively lax regulation.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 62

Reverie

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 62

Reverie – a state of being pleasantly lost in one’s thoughts; a daydream.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 63

NIGGARDLY

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 63

Generous is correct as the word niggardly means ungenerous with money, time, etc.; mean while the word generous  means showing a readiness to give more of something, especially money, than is strictly necessary or expected.. Both the words are opposite in meaning.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 64

Directions to Solve

A, B, C, D, E, F and G are sitting in a row facing North :

  1. F is to the immediate right of E.
  2. E is 4th to the right of G.
  3. C is the neighbour of B and D.
  4. Person who is third to the left of D is at one of ends.

Question -

What is the position of A ?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 64

A is in extreme right.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 65

HAPHAZARD

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 65

Haphazard means accidental.
Deliberate means by purpose, intentionally.
So, Deliberate is opposite in meaning from haphazard.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 66

Directions: The following question has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits in the context of the sentence

RBI lacks supervisory capacity to conduct forensic audits and this must be strengthened with __________ as well as __________ resources.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 66

In the context of the sentence, the only appropriate combination of words is that of "human" and "technological". This makes the sentence meaningfully correct. All other options are either grammatically or contextually incorrect. Therefore, options B, C, D and E are eliminated.

Option C is hence the correct answer.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 67

After the Battle of Plassey, the East India Company was granted undisputed right to free trade in

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 67
  • The beginning of British political influence over India may be traced to the battle of Plassey in 1757, when the English East India Company's forces defeated Siraj-ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal.
  • As result of the Battle of Plassey, the English proclaimed Mir Jafar the Nawab of Bengal and set out to gather the reward i.e. the company was granted undisputed right to free trade in Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa.
  •  It also received the zamindari of the 24 Parganas near Calcutta.
  • The victory of Plassey enabled the company and its servants to amass untold wealth at the cost of the helpless people of Bengal.

Hence, the correct answer is 'D'

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 68

Which one of the following statements is not true about cosmic rays?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 68

Cosmic waves have very high wavelength. cosmic rays are high-energy charged particles that travel through space at nearly the speed of light. Their extremely high energies are comparable to those of gamma rays at the upper end of the electromagnetic spectrum.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 69

16.23 * 12.9 + 17.32 =  ?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 69

16.23 * 12.9 = 209.367
209.367 + 17.32 = 226.687

So Option D is correct

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 70

Debit balance of suspense account will be at _____ Credit balance will be at _____ side of balance sheet

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 71

Consider the following statements: 

1. When we divide Net National Product by the total population of a nation we get the per capita income of that nation.

2. Higher the rates of depreciation lower the per capita income of the nation.

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 71

 

  • When we divide NNP (Net National Product) by the total population of a nation we get the 'per capita income' (PCI) of that nation, i.e., ‘income per head per year'. 

  •  

    A very basic point should be noted here that this is the point where the rates of depreciation followed by different nations make a difference.

  •  

    Higher the rates of depreciation lower the PCI of the nation (whatever be the reason for it logical or artificial as in the case of depreciation being used as a tool of policy making). 

 

 

 

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 72

If we deduct grants for creation of capital assets from revenue deficit, we arrive at concept of

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 72

Effective revenue deficit = revenue deficit minus(-) grants for creation of capital assents. It is the standard formula for ERD.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 73

Consider the following statements regarding India’s successfully launch of Agni 5, the longest range surface-to-surface of missile:

I. Agni 5 has became India's longest range and indigenously-developed nuclear capable missile launched from the Odisha

II. Agni 5 is the indigenously-developed inter-continental surface-to-surface nuclear-capable missile can hit targets in north China.

Choose the correct answer from following codes:

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 73

Answer: c

Explanation:

With the successful test-fire of Agni 5, the missile becomes part of the Indian military’s inventory and also restores some of the missile balance that is in China's favour. Important feature of Agni 5 is it has three-stage solid fuelled missile with composite motor casing in the third stage. Agni 5 is capable of carrying multiple warheads and would also display counter-measures against anti-ballistic missile systems. Unlike other missiles of Agni series, Agni-5 is the most advanced having some new technologies incorporated with it in terms of navigation and guidance, warhead and engine.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 74

A fluorescent tube is preferred to an electric bulb because

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 74

In a fluorescent tube, electrical energy is almost converted into light. The inner wall of the fluorescent tube is coated with phosphorus which immediately transformed into bright light.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 75

Software with malicious content, such as viruses, worms and trojan horses, is referred to as _______.

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 75

The term "malware" refers to a variety of malicious software versions, such as viruses, ransomware, and spyware. Malware, a shorthand for malicious software, is often composed of code created by cyber attackers to seriously harm systems and data or gain unauthorized access to a network.

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 76

I was handed _______ to Bhai Hari Singh.        

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 77

In which of these expressions „P > R‟ and „P = R‟ be definitely true?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 77

S>P≥Q=G≥R>V

UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 78

Consider the following statements regarding Critical Minerals Partnership.

  1. It has been established to accelerate the development of diverse and sustainable critical energy minerals supply chains globally.
  2. It has been led by United States.
  3. India has become the newest partner.

How many of the above statements are correct?

Detailed Solution for UPSC EPFO Mock Test - 5 - Question 78

Critical Minerals Partnership: India has become the newest partner of the US-led Minerals Security Partnership (MSP) that has been established to accelerate the development of diverse and sustainable critical energy minerals supply chains globally. The MSP, which started in june 2022, has 12 other partner countries, plus the European Union. India’s Epsilon Carbon Limited will invest $650 million in a greenfield electric vehicle battery component factory, which will be the largest ever Indian investment in the US electric vehicle battery industry.