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Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - CAT MCQ


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24 Questions MCQ Test CAT Mock Test Series 2024 - Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 for CAT 2024 is part of CAT Mock Test Series 2024 preparation. The Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus.The Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 MCQs are made for CAT 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 below.
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Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 1

Which one of the following statements best summarises the main concern of the author in the passage?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 1

The main concern of the author is that the process of de-extinction and its implications are varied and its potential benefits are highly debatable. It brings up a lot of questions, the answers to which are not always deeply delved into. Option 1 is incorrect because it is just a passing reference that the author makes in the first paragraph. The whole passage does not concern this. Option 2 is incorrect because the 'interest of scientists' is extraneous to the passage. Option 4 is incorrect because it demonises nature and is not what the entire passage talks about.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 2

Which one of the following statements best states the author's attitude towards Kornfeldt's opinion expressed in her book?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 2

The premise of the essay is to weigh the pros and cons of de-extinction. Therefore, like Kornfeldt, the author also feels that de-extinction gives rise to more questions than it can answer. Option 1 is incorrect because it is the author's opinion and it cannot be inferred from the text that Kornfeldt expressed the same opinion. Option 2 is incorrect because the author does not reject her claim. Option 3 is incorrect because he agrees with the opposite of this which is Kornfeldt's opinion.

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Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 3

None of the following statements can be inferred as author's opinion from the passage EXCEPT:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 3

Option 3 is correct. It can be derived from "... part derives from a kind of species guilt. Scientists disagree over whether it was in fact humans, rather than early climate change, that killed off mammoths, giant sloths and other megafauna ..." and "... that nature itself cares much either way, being the most brutal engine of extinction on the planet."
Option 1 is incorrect because of the phrase 'duck soup' which means something that is easy to accomplish.
Option 2 is incorrect because the author does not state it as his opinion. He states this in line: "Part of the motivation is simply aesthetic, and part derives from a kind of species guilt."
Option 4 is incorrect because it is stated in the text in a different context.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 4

All of the following can be inferred from the passage about de-extinction EXCEPT:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 4

Option 1, 2 and 3 can be derived from the lines: "Part of the motivation is simply aesthetic...", "...it diverts resources from the attempt to save species that have not yet become extinct" and "reviving them, to some minds, would be a kind of symbolic expiation for all our other environmental depredations, returning us to a prelapsarian innocence in our relationships with other animals." Option 4 is incorrect because it is too far-fetched. Reviving lost species is one thing, but recreating an entire world with "mammoths, giant sloths and other megafauna" is too extreme.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 5

'Adorno accuses composers of bowing to an audience's expectation for 'pleasurable sensations' at the expense of meaning. This view is contingent upon an anachronistic view of music's public acceptance, as well as an unjustifiable set of aesthetic standards; moreover, it ignores social and economic factors of artistic production.' In the context of the passage, which one of the following is not a possible implication of the extract?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 5

Option 1 is inferable from, 'This view is contingent upon an anachronistic view of music's public acceptance.' This means that the audience is first liable to understand the music and only then find it pleasurable. Not the other way around.
Option 2 is clearly stated in the text, '... it ignores social and economic factors of artistic production'.
Option 3 is correct as the writer states Adorno's view is based on unjustifiable set of aesthetic standards.
Option 4: Adorno suggests that the composers emphasise upon producing pleasurable music rather than meaningful music in order to please the audience. This indicates that the audience, according to Adorno, favours the pleasing qualities of music over its meaningfulness.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 6

All of the following claims can be inferred from Adorno's analysis of Schoenberg, EXCEPT:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 6

Option 2: It is clearly mentioned that 'Adorno claims that Schoenberg avoided pre-conceived forms'. This means that according to Adorno, Schoenberg was a musical pioneer.
Option 3: Refer to the lines, 'And while Adorno ... fails to acknowledge his implicit claim that the treatment of the subject in Bach and his successors is less ... valid when it focuses more on the cause by which the work arises rather than the purpose it serves. Adorno ... ignores Schoenberg's massive ideological departure from the western tradition.' These lines suggest that he refrains from addressing what his claims imply and altogether ignores certain factors that force him to do so.
Option 4: Refer to the lines, 'Adorno's essay is marked by indignation at Schoenberg's reputation for inaccessibility. According to Adorno ... 'if one does not understand something, it is customary to project one's own inadequacy on to the object, declaring it to be incomprehensible'.' So, according to Adorno, if one does not understand Schoenberg's work, then it is because they lack the intellectual faculty for it.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 7

Which one of the following statements best reflects the main argument of the second paragraph of the passage?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 7

The main theme of the text is Adorno's critique of classical and romantic composers for deviating from Bach's philosophically constructive approach to music. (Refer to the lines, 'essentially he claims that Beethoven et al rejected Bach's challenging, philosophically constructive methodology in favor of 'a category existing prior to the subject-matter and oriented on external consensus', a category Adorno broadly defines as style.')

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 8

All of the following statements, if false, could be seen as being in accordance with the last paragraph of the passage, EXCEPT:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 8

According to the question stem, all but one statement, if false, agree with the facts in the text.
We are to find the statement that is true as it is, according to the text.
Option 2: This is the correct answer. Refer to the lines, 'Debussy responded that his music was governed only by his pleasure-a remark that, while possibly hedonistic, reflects the same logic that led Schoenberg to abandon classical tonality.' This suggests that both Debussy and Schoenberg were driven by what they found most pleasurable.
Option 1: This is not true. Refer to the lines, 'Beethoven was one of the most controversial, avant-garde composers of his day. Reviews of his work constantly criticise the random chord and key changes, and absurd instrumentation ...'. This suggests that his work did not follow the musical norms of his time.
Option 3: This is not true. Refer to the line, 'Modern aesthetic standards cannot be retroactively applied.' This suggests that past musical works cannot be judged on the basis of modern standards.
Option 4: This is not true. Refer to the line, 'Reviews of his (Beethoven's) work constantly criticise the random chord and key changes, and absurd instrumentation-criticisms matched in character by only a few composers in history, Schoenberg probably foremost.'
This means that Schoenberg's work had marked similarities with Beethoven's music.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 9

Which one of the following is not a valid inference from the passage?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 9

(c) Teaching percentages in isolation can improve a child's mathematical understanding. Option C is not a valid inference from the passage, as it contradicts the idea that teaching percentages, fractions, and decimals in isolation should be avoided. The passage emphasizes the importance of linking these topics to develop a deep mathematical understanding in children.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 10

Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between percentages, fractions, decimals, ratios, and proportions according to the passage? 

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 10

(a) This option is too narrow. The passage mentions the importance of understanding the relationship between percentages, fractions, and decimals but also includes ratios and proportions as being related, as stated by Reys et al. (2010).
(b) This option correctly captures the relationship between percentages, fractions, decimals, ratios, and proportions as described in the passage. Reys et al. (2010) believe that percentages are more closely linked with ratios and proportions, and understanding percentages requires no new skills beyond those used in identifying fractions, decimals, ratios, and proportions. 
(c) This option is alien to the passage. The passage emphasizes the importance of understanding the relationship between percentages, fractions, decimals, ratios, and proportions and does not suggest that they are unrelated.
(d) This option is too extreme. The passage explicitly states that understanding percentages requires no new skills beyond those used in identifying fractions, decimals, ratios, and proportions, as mentioned by Reys et al. (2010).
Option (a) and (d) can be eliminated using the BANE Theory, as they are too narrow and too extreme, respectively. Option (c) is alien to the passage and can also be eliminated. Option (b) is the most accurate representation of the passage's viewpoint on the relationship between percentages, fractions, decimals, ratios, and proportions.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 11

Which one of the following statements best reflects the main argument of the fourth paragraph of the passage?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 11

The main argument of the fourth paragraph is about misconceptions that can occur due to the use of rules and recipes in teaching percentages, especially by teachers who are not fully confident with the topic. The paragraph also states that effective teaching can lead to better understanding and confidence in children.
(a) Misconceptions in mathematics are more damaging than difficulties in calculation - This statement is Alien to the main argument of the fourth paragraph, as it is a statement made in the third paragraph, not the fourth.
(b) Effective teaching of percentages is the sole responsibility of the teacher - This statement is too Extreme. The paragraph does mention that it is the teacher's responsibility for children's success in the subject area. However, it does not state that it is the sole responsibility of the teacher.
(c) The use of rules and recipes in teaching percentages can lead to misconceptions and is not a reliable method - This statement closely reflects the main argument of the fourth paragraph. The paragraph discusses how using rules and recipes can cause misconceptions if children forget or misapply them and that this method is not the most reliable for children.
(d) Teaching percentages in isolation can hinder children's deep mathematical understanding - This statement is Alien to the main argument of the fourth paragraph, as it is a statement made in the second paragraph, not the fourth.
Hence, the correct answer is option C: The use of rules and recipes in teaching percentages can lead to misconceptions and is not a reliable method.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 12

On the basis of the information in the passage, all of the following are potential problems children might face when learning percentages EXCEPT that they:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 12

The correct answer is (d). The passage identifies several potential difficulties children might encounter when learning percentages, such as misunderstanding the terms 'of' and 'out of', struggling to comprehend the percentage of a quantity, and finding it challenging to make the linkage between percentages and fractions or decimals. However, the passage does not suggest that children might prefer to learn percentages in isolation of fractions and decimals. Instead, it warns against teaching these topics in isolation to maintain a child’s deep mathematical understanding.
Analyzing the incorrect options: Option (a) is suggested in the first paragraph: "Research has shown that there has been one difficulty which is more common than others; the meaning of the terms ‘of’ and ‘out of’."
Option (b) is found in the second paragraph: "Killen and Hindhaugh (2018) state that a difficulty could occur when they are asking for a percentage of a quantity."
Option (c) is discussed in the third paragraph: "Hansen also comments that the key to succession in the understanding of percentages is the relationship and understanding the children have with fractions and decimals."
While options (a), (b), and (c) are potential difficulties presented in the passage, option (d) is not, hence, making it the correct answer.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 13

The author suggests rejecting the old ideology regarding human consciousness because:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 13

The text mentions, 'We must also reject the already outdated idea that we as biological entities are unitary individuals. What constitutes us as biological organisms is actually not just our body mass ... the microorganisms living in symbiosis with our bodies.' It suggests that the old idea of consciousness is based on the unitary nature of humans.
Option 1: It is not supported by the text. It is nowhere mentioned that the old ideology fails to explain any features of consciousness.
Option 3 is incorrect. On the contrary, the old ideology is rather narrow in its approach. It advocates for a centralised origin (in brain) of consciousness.
Option 4: This cannot be inferred from anywhere in the text.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 14

Which of the following sets of words/phrases best serves as keywords to the passage?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 14

The main idea of the text is that consciousness emerges from the symbiotic relation between the mind and the gut microbes. So, option 4 is correct.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 15

It can be inferred from the passage that the author is not likely to agree with the statement that:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 15

Option 2: The text states that just because two entities share a physical space, it does not mean that they are a single individual. They must also have a shared functionality to qualify as one.
Option 1: The text states that a vast majority of the symbiotic bacteria dwells in our gut and that microbes are responsible for our emotional states. So, it may be inferred that a healthy gut would promote a healthy state of mind.
Option 3: The text clearly states, '... the symbiotic microbiota can reflect changes in the environment faster and thus provide time for the host genome to evolve ... better chances to adapt to environmental changes and hence survive.' So, the gut microbes help the host in their evolutionary journey.
Option 4: Refer to the lines, 'Scientists call the biological entity referring to the host and its microbiota 'holobiont'. The holobiont concept of an individual applies to the vast majority of organisms on Earth.' These lines suggest that the host-microbiota relation is observed across several species.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 16

Which of the following is most similar to the host-microbiota relation observed in cows?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 16

(The typical example of symbiosis is the digestive process of cow. Cows are not capable of digesting grass themselves; it is the bacteria living in their stomachs doing the job.) So, according to the example, the cows (host) are dependent upon the microbes for a physiological process (digestion). The most similar relation is seen in option 3.
(1): It suggests a relation where a host is better off without its microbiota. A cow, however, would not be able to survive without its bacteria, as they help it in digestion.
(2): Though the cow depends on the bacteria for digestion, it uses its own digestive system.
(4): This relation is opposite to the relation mentioned in the text. Here, the microbiota is dependent upon the host.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 17

Directions: The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, 4) below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.

1. In order to highlight the negative impacts that hegemonic masculinity has on constructions of gender and sexuality, the film 'Boys Don't Cry' will be discussed.
2. The construction of gender, particularly when it comes to young males, has led to the amplification of negative characteristics associated with hegemonic masculinity.
3. The need for individuals to categorise themselves and others based on gender has guided the way individuals interact with one another throughout history.
4. These negative characteristics have often been associated with an increase in the violence and aggression used in homophobic hate crimes committed by men.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 17

Sentence 3 introduces the concept of 'gender based' categorisation and its impact on the way people 'interact with one another'. This acts as an introductory statement since the remaining sentences discuss the sort of interaction taking place. "These negative characteristics" in 4 were first introduced in 2. So 2 will come before 4. Sentence 1 will come at the end of this text since it can't come between 2 and 4 even though 'hegemonic masculinity' is mentioned in both 2 and 1. The sentence with "these" should follow immediately after its first reference. Moreover, the last sentence tends to go in a different direction and states that a new discussion about a film will be made. Thus, the correct sequence is 3241.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 18

Directions: The passage given below is followed by four alternative summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

We seem to have something within us which is not entirely a property of this world. If we were entirely of a longing of this world, sunk in this material world and exhausted completely in the phenomena that are visible, it would be impossible for us to know that there is any kind of limitation at all. We would never be unhappy for any reason. Unhappiness of every kind, sorrow of any character is an indication that there is something in the human individual which is not satisfied with anything in this world, and this endowment, this impulse arising from the human being, cannot be considered as a property of this world because anything that is an integral part of this visible world only, this world which is limited so much, cannot raise this question. A thing that is involved in the world cannot raise a question about the world.

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 18

1. Not true. It is not the "pleasures" that lack "divinity"; it is the "man" who lacks something in him that he feels unhappy about despite the pleasures.
2. Not true. It is not "dissatisfaction" but the lack of complete satisfaction.
3. True. Man remains unhappy not because of indulgences but in spite of them, he partakes in them, and still cannot be happy. This means he has something in him that cannot be made happy by the material or worldly things. Thus, it may be inferred that some part in him is unworldly.
4. Not true. The author has not mentioned anywhere that man longs for something out of this world.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 19

Directions: There is a sentence that is missing in the paragraph below. Look at the paragraph and decide in which blank (option 1, 2, 3, or 4) the following sentence would best fit.

Sentence: While it is true that some users hide behind anonymity specifically in order to harass or troll, others have wholly legitimate reasons for withholding their identity.

Paragraph: ___(1)___. The evidence of the dangers posed by unrestrained anonymity is undeniable. Yet there are many who argue that an outright ban on anonymity would be a disproportionate response. ___(2)___. People could be whistleblowers revealing corporate or departmental wrongdoing, who would otherwise face retribution. They might be political dissidents or individuals trying to avoid an abusive partner. ___(3)___. Or they might simply have far less dramatic but equally valid reasons for wanting to be able to explore certain ideas online without having to face the consequences. ___(4)___. We need to find a way of reconciling these legitimate but conflicting public interests.

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 19

The given sentence best fits blank 2. The given sentence accurately explains why an 'outright ban' on anonymity would be 'disproportionate'. The given sentence provides a reason for this assertion, which is that some may have a legitimate reason to maintain their anonymity. The sentences following blank 2 go on to give examples of these 'legitimate reasons'. Thus, blanks 3 and 4 are incorrect as the sentences before and after these blanks need prior context, which is provided by the given statement. Similarly, 'unrestrained anonymity' is the concept being detailed, therefore the sentence following blank 1 is the introductory statement. Blank 1, thus is redundant.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 20

Directions: The passage given below is followed by four alternative summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

The righteousness which characterises human society, if it is to be a solid and enduring one, is certainly a super-social feature. The stability of society does not rest with the society itself. It is in a principle which is super-social, just as the health of our body does not depend entirely on the food that we eat and the physical exercises that we perform, but on the way in which we live.

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 20

1. Incorrect. 'Society' need not seek super social features. However, it, the society, is righteous, and this righteousness is a social feature.
2. Incorrect. Concept of 'super society' has not been discussed.
3. Incorrect. This is true, but not the essence of the passage.
4. Correct. A principled society sustains its morality by virtue of something that is not a part of the society. 'The stability of society does not rest with the society itself.'

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 21

Directions: The passage given below is followed by four alternative summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

Because of the fact that we have to introduce ourselves into an absolutely new way of thinking altogether, the art of spiritual life is a superhuman task indeed. The Spirit is not an object. This is the first thing that we have to understand. It cannot be seen with the eyes, and therefore, it cannot be thought with the mind. You may ask me, 'Why is it that we cannot even think with the mind? Can we not at least imagine something?' Yes, but what can be imagined?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 21

1. Incorrect. Not true. Since 'spirit' is something that man cannot think about, it cannot be said that it compromises or impairs the ability of man to form thoughts.
2. Correct. What is spirit? In what form does it exist? These questions challenge the human mind. Since the challenge is about the nature of existence of the spirit, it is rightly termed as one of ontology.
3. Incorrect. Again, in no way is man challenged or compromised in his ability to think.
4. Incorrect. Though this is true according to the text, this does not capture the essence of the paragraph.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 22

Directions: The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, 4) below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.

1. Not only can deepfake technology realistically represent people's image and voice, but it also allows for impersonation in real time.

2. While trust in the reliability of video and images has already been undermined, the potential of deepfake technology to continuously improve the convincingness of inauthentic recordings deepens the concern over deception.

3. Here, deepfakes cause a sense of uneasiness because they make us distrust what we see with our own eyes.

4. This is the other side of the uneasy feeling that deepfakes arouse, which concerns footage that is too realistic-looking.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 22

The text is about deepfakes and how they appear to be pretty convincing. Sentence 4 begins the paragraph. 'This is ...' may make the statement look like not an introductory statement. However, when compared to other statements, this introduces the 'other side' or another problem of deepfakes being too realistic around which all other statements revolve. "Uneasy feeling" in 4 is restated in sentence 3 as "sense of uneasiness". "Distrust" in 3 goes with "trust" in 2. So we have a 4-3-2 link. Sentence 2 should come before 1 as sentence 2 further explains how deepfakes "improve the convincingness" – by "represent[ing] people's image and voice" and "impersonation".

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 23

Directions: The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, 4) below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.

1. Scientists today are researching their microbial communities to learn more about life under extreme conditions.

2. The question of how life began on Earth, and whether it exists or has existed throughout our solar system, has been driving scientific exploration for many years.

3. Hot volcanic springs are incredibly mineral-rich, and with their ready water supply are a likely candidate for early life.

4. The origin of life on Earth is a challenging question for scientists to answer, resulting in a variety of theories.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 23

Sentence 2 appears to be an overarching statement as it talks about a question that is to be discussed further in the passage and also about what scientific community is doing to find out the answers. "How life began on Earth" in 2 is restated in 4 as "the origin of life" and gives an extension by way of "a variety of theories". One such theory is explained in 3 and 1 so they will come directly after 4. "Their" microbial communities in 1 refers to "Hot volcanic springs" which are "candidate for early life". Thus, the correct sequence is 2431

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 24

Directions: There is a sentence that is missing in the paragraph below. Look at the paragraph and decide in which blank (options 1, 2, 3, or 4) the following sentence would best fit.

Sentence: The Japanese revulsion to tipping is palpable

Paragraph: Received wisdom has it that Japan is the sort of ascetic paradise where litter is unheard of, imperfection (or wabi-sabi) is honoured and social consciousness is elevated into an art form. (1) ________. It is also a place where tipping isn't just uncommon; it is considered embarrassing and awkward. And, since the Japanese have a tip-free service culture, it really needs to be spelled out to the foreign visitor with a think-twice warning. (2) ________. Shokunin kishitsu, which roughly translates to "the craftsmanship", flows through many aspects of Japanese life and is a philosophy perfected by many in tourist-facing industries. Service is about the bare necessities of doing a job with pride, and appreciation is most commonly shown through compliments (preferably in Japanese) or by bowing. But one exception applies. (3) ________. In ryokans, Japan's traditional tatami-matted guesthouses, travellers can leave money for the nakai san (the kimono-wearing server who prepares your food and futon), but only when done properly. Don't hand over a tip in person; instead seal pristine notes in a specially decorated envelope. (4) ________.

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 4 - Question 24

The given statement demands explanation for why the Japanese revulsion to tipping is obvious. This is available right after the second blank – the Japanese follow the philosophy of "the craftsmanship" and prefer to receive compliments in lieu of money as a way of appreciation. The only exception to this revulsion can be seen in Japan's traditional tatami-matted guesthouses – 'ryokans'. Option 2 is the answer.
Option 1 is incorrect. The following sentence ('It is also a place') does not find reference to a place in the question sentence.
Option 3 is incorrect, as it should reflect something contrary to the Japanese revulsion to tipping.
Option 4 is incorrect. The preceding sentence does not depict the Japanese revulsion to tipping, but mentions the method of receiving tips by them in 'ryokans'.

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