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Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2


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20 Questions MCQ Test Indian Economy for UPSC CSE | Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2

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Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 1

When was the first census data collected during British India

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 1

A systematic and modern population census, in its present form was conducted non synchronously between 1865 and 1872 in different parts of the country. This effort culminating in 1872 has been popularly labeled as the first population census of India However, the first synchronous census in India was held in 1881.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 2

TISCO stands for

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 2

TISCO - Tata Iron and Steel Company Limited.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 3

Life expectancy at the eve of independence was:

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 3

No wonder, the overall mortality rate was very high and in that, particularly, the infant mortality rate was quite alarming—about 218 per thousand in contrast to the present infant mortality rate of 63 per thousand. Life expectancy was also very low—44 years in contrast to the present 66 years.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 4

Which year regarded as Year of great divide

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 4

The year 1921 is taken as the demographic divide for the reason that before this year, the population was not stable, sometimes it increased and at other times it decreased.
The growth rate of population was generally low before 1921. But after this year, there has been considerable and continuous increase in the population.
Between 1901 and 1911, the total increase in population was 5.9% and between 1911 and 1921, there was a decrease of 0.39%. In the decade of 1921-1931, the increase was 11.1%, from 1931 to 1941, it was 14.00% and during 1941-1951, it was 13.5%. It is going increasingly since then. Hence the year 1921 is rightly called the demographic divide.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 5

Opening of Suez Canal in ____ significantly reduced the cost f transportation of goods between Britain and India

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 5

The Suez Canal is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt the Mediterranean Sea through the Red Sea via the Gulf of Suez. Construction began in September 1859 and was completed in November of 1869, 10 and a half years later. The Suez Canal is around 190 km in length.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 6

How much percentage of import and export were restricted to be between India and Britain

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 6

As much as half of the foreign trade was restricted to Britain. Before colonial period, India was exporting manufactured goods which enjoyed worldwide demand. Under the colonial rule, India was reduced to a supplier of raw materials like jute, cotton, indigo, wool, sugar etc.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 7

Railways were introduced in India in

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 7

The history of Indian Railways dates back to over 160 years ago. On 16 th April 1853, the first passenger train ran between Bori Bunder (Bombay) abd Thane, a distance of 34 km.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 8

Census is conducted after every

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 9

The estimate given by Dr Rao regarding per capita output was

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 9

After independence, the Government of India appointed the National Income Committee in August, 1949 with Prof. P.C. Mahalnobis as its chairman and Prof. D.R. Gadgil and Dr. V.K.R.V. Rao as its two members so as to compile a national income estimates rationally on scientific basis. The first report of this committee was prepared in 1951. The estimate given by Dr Rao regarding per capita output was 0.005.

*Multiple options can be correct
Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 10

Following were the main land tenure system prevailing during British colonial period:

A. Zamindari System

B. Mahalwari System

C. Ryotwari System

D. Consolidation land holding System

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 10

Under British Rule, there were three main types of land tenure systems in India. They were Zamindars, Mahalwari and Rayatwari.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 11

Iron and steel industries began coming up in

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 11

The Bengal Iron Works was founded at Kulti in Bengal in 1870 which began its production in 1874 followed by The Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) was established by Dorabji Tata in 1907, as part of his father's conglomerate. By 1939 it operated the largest steel plant in the British Empire. The company launched a major modernization and expansion program in 1951.
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, a believer in socialism, decided that the technological revolution in India needed maximization of steel production. He, therefore, formed a government owned company, Hindustan Steel Limited (HSL) and set up three steel plants in the 1950s.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 12

Jute industries were located in

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 12

Jute Textile Industry is one of the major Industries in the Eastern India, particularly in West Bengal.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 13

Which statement is false?

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 14

Which of the following economist estimated per capita income during colonial period 

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 14

India’s per capita income during colonial period was estimated by some individual. Among the notable estimators — Dadabhai Naoroji, William Digby, Findlay Shirras.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 15

Largest share of work force which was 72% was engaged in

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 16

CAGR stands for

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 17

Jute industries were dominated by

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 17

The cotton textile mills, mainly dominated by Indians, were located in the western parts of the country, namely, Maharashtra and Gujarat, while the jute mills dominated by the foreigners were mainly concentrated in Bengal.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 18

________ was developed by the British Raj as a means to enlarge the size of market for the British goods

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 18

The correct option is Option B

Railways assisted British industries to widen the market for their finished products. 

Post and telegraphs were developed to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the British administration.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 19

What is the value of GNP

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 19

GNP means gross national product. it is clear that it is on national level and a nation's resident should be included only. A another word is GDP it is gross domestic product. It includes every Product that has been made in our country it does not matter that who has made it resident or non resident.

Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 20

10 % _____ while 18% workforce were engaged in ______ sector

Detailed Solution for Test: Indian Economy On The Eve Of Independence - 2 - Question 20

The three-sector is an economic theory which divides economies into three sectors of activity, manufacturing (secondary 10%), and services (tertiary 18%).

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