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Test: Rural Development - 1


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Economy for UPSC CSE | Test: Rural Development - 1

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Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 1

What  is  rural  development

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 1

Rural development is the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in rural areas, often relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. Rural development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry.

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 2

Agricultural  diversification means

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 2

Agricultural diversification is an important mechanism for economic growth. It depends, however, on there being opportunities for diversification and on farmers’ responsiveness to those opportunities. Agricultural diversification can be facilitated by technological breaks-through, by changes in consumer demand or in government policy or in trade arrangements, and by development of irrigation, roads, and other infrastructures. 

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 3

TANWA stands for

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 3

Tamil Nadu Women in Agriculture (TANWA) is a project initiated in Tamil Nadu to train women in latest agricultural techniques. It induces women to actively participate in raising agricultural productivity and family income.

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 4

TANWA project initiated in

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 5

Golden revolution is related to

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 5

The definition of horticulture is the art or practice of gardening and cultivating plants and trees. When you grow lilac bushes and orchids, this is an example of horticulture.

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 6

TANWA project relates to

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 7

Operation flood is related to

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 8

The period between 1991-2003 is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 8

A significant increase in horticulture production is called Golden Revolution in India. In India, the period between 1991-2003 is termed as 'Golden Revolution'. This period witnessed a tremendous increase in the productivity in horticulture. As a result, during this period, there was a huge increase in the production of various fruits, vegetables, spices and other horticulture products.  

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 9

Operation flood started in

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 9

Operation Flood was started by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1966s. The objective of this programme was to create a nationwide milk grid. The result was that India became the largest producer of Milk and Milk Products.

Operation flood is called White Revolution of India.

White Revolution followed the Green Revolution and both these revolutions contributed to a large extent to alleviate poverty from India. Gujarat-based co-operation “Anand Milk Union Limited” (Amul) was the engine behind the success of the programme.

Amul was founded by Tribhuvandas Patel and Verghese Kurien was the chairman of NDDB. Dr. Verghese Kurien, who was then 33, gave the professional management skills and necessary thrust to the cooperative, and is considered the architect of Operation Flood.

His work has been recognized by the award of a Padma Bhushan, the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership, the Carnegie-Wateler World Peace Prize, and the World Food Prize

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 10

During operation flood production of milk increase

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 10

Operation Flood is the program behind "the white revolution." It created a national milk grid linking producers throughout India with consumers in over 700 towns and cities, it transformed India from a milk-deficient nation into the world's largest milk producer.

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