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Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Electrical Engineering (EE) MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test GATE Electrical Engineering (EE) Mock Test Series 2025 - Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 for Electrical Engineering (EE) 2024 is part of GATE Electrical Engineering (EE) Mock Test Series 2025 preparation. The Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Electrical Engineering (EE) exam syllabus.The Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 MCQs are made for Electrical Engineering (EE) 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 below.
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Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 1

A first order dynamic linear system with a proportional controller exhibits an offset to a unit step input. The offset can be reduced by

Detailed Solution for Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 1

One of the disadvantage of a proportional controller is that it exhibits a permanent residual error at its operating point known as offset and given by . The offset can be reduced by adding integral mode.

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 2

Addition of zeros in a transfer function causes

Detailed Solution for Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 2

Pole-zero plot for lead and lag compensators are shown below.

Since zero is close to origin in a lead compensator, therefore addition of zero in a transfer function will cause lead compensator.

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 3

A phase lead compensation network

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 4

Match List-I (Type of controllers) with List-II (Operation) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:
List-I
A. Hydraulic controller
B. Pneumatic controller
C. Electronic controller
List-II
1. Fire and explosion of proof operation
2. Flexible operation
3. High torque, high speed operation 

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 5

Consider the following statements related to compensators used in control system applications:
1. When transient response is satisfactory and steady state characteristics are not satisfactory, normally lag compensation is employed.
2. Phase lag network is used to increase system stability and maintain velocity gain constant.
3. The capacitance is not used to fabricate a lag network.

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 5

Lag compensator is used to reduce steady-state error, therefore statement-1 is true.
As lag compensator reduces steady state error therefore, statement-2 is false.
Statement-3 is also false because capacitance is used to fabricate a lag network.

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 6

The transfer function of a phase-lead controller is given by

Detailed Solution for Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 6

For lead compensator, zero is near to origin and pole is near to infinity as shown below. So, constant b will be more than unity and time constant T will be greater than zero.

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 7

The input to a controller is

Detailed Solution for Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 7

For any type of controller, the input is always an error signal.

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 8

Addition of a pole to the closed-loop transfer function results in

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 9

Which of the following properties is/are not exhibited by a phase lead network?
1. The velocity constant is usually increased.
2. The slope of the magnitude curve is reduced at the gain cross over frequency.
3. The bandwidth is reduced.
4. The response becomes faster.

Detailed Solution for Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 9

Due to a phase lead network, bandwidth is increased. Hence, option (d) is correct.

Test: Controllers & Compensators - 1 - Question 10

Assertion (A): If the phase shift decreases rapidly near the gain cross over frequency, phase lead compensation becomes ineffective.
Reason (R): The additional phase lead at gain crossover frequency is added to a much smaller phase angle than that at the old gain crossover frequency.

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