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Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1


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40 Questions MCQ Test Logical Reasoning for CLAT | Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1

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Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 1

Directions (1-3): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions based on it:-

Seven letters are arranged in a line as follows:-

1. E and F have one letter between them.
2. G is to the right of A.
3. B is to the immediate left of F.
4. There is one letter between D and A.
5. D is not G’s neighbour.
6. G and F have two letters between them 

7. C is to the immediate left of A.

Q. 

Which letter is second to the left of letter A?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 1

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 2

Seven letters are arranged in a line as follows:-

1. E and F have one letter between them.
2. G is to the right of A.
3. B is to the immediate left of F.
4. There is one letter between D and A.
5. D is not G’s neighbour.
6. G and F have two letters between them
7. C is to the immediate left of A.

Q. Which letter will be exactly in the middle of the letter series so obtained?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 2

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 3

Seven letters are arranged in a line as follows:-

1. E and F have one letter between them.
2. G is to the right of A.
3. B is to the immediate left of F.
4. There is one letter between D and A.
5. D is not G’s neighbour.
6. G and F have two letters between them
7. C is to the immediate left of A.

Q. 

Which pair of the letters is adjacent to the letter B?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 3

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 4

Directions (4-6): Read the following information to answer the given questions.

(i) M-N means M is the husband of N
(ii) M+N means M is the daughter of N
(iii) MxN means M is the mother of N

Q. Which of the following would definitely indicate that P is son of Z?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 4

As options States
Option1 : it states that p is the child of z but does not state it's gender
Option2 : it states that p&z are wife and husband
Option3 : it states that z is the daughter of p
Hence, Option 4 is the right and best option

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 5

(i) M-N means M is the husband of N
(ii) M+N means M is the daughter of N
(iii) MxN means M is the mother of N

Q. 

If A x D x F – N is definitely true, then which of the following is not True?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 5


= N is not daughter of D

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 6

(i) M-N means M is the husband of N
(ii) M+N means M is the daughter of N
(iii) MxN means M is the mother of N

Q. 

Which of the following would definitely indicate that A is the mother-in-law of C?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 6


= A is mother-in-law of C

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 7

Directions (7-8): Read the following data and use it for answering the questions that follow:

A sales representative plans to visit each of six companies M, N, P, Q, R and S exactly once during the course of one day.
She is setting up her schedule for the day according to the following conditions.

(1) She must visit M before N and before R
(2) She must visit N before Q
(3) The third company she visits must be P

Q. 

Which of the following could be the order in which the sales representative visits the six companies?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 7

Correct Answer :- b

Explanation : From data 1 : - M > N, M > R

From data 2 : - N > Q

 

Combining these two, M > N > Q and M > R.

Now look for the informations given in each question and combining these with the information 

M > N > Q, M > R and  _ _  P _ _.

 

S is first

S _ P _ _ _ (P is third)

Also M must be followed by N, Q and R.

M must be visited second

 

Since P is third and there are only three places behind P. Also M must be followed by three N, Q and R. Hence, M cannot come before P. i.e. immediately after P she can visit any company except M.


According to the information, P must be in the third place and the order M N Q must not be violated. This is followed only in the arrangement M S P N R Q.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 8

A sales representative plans to visit each of six companies M, N, P, Q, R and S exactly once during the course of one day.
She is setting up her schedule for the day according to the following conditions.

(1) She must visit M before N and before R
(2) She must visit N before Q
(3) The third company she visits must be P

Q. 

Which of the following must be true of the sales representative’s schedule for the day?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 8

It's clear from the given data that she visits M before N and N before Q, so this means she visits M before Q.

There isn't any clear information that whether she visits R first or N first.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 9

In a month of 31 days, the third Wednesday falls on the 15th. What will be the last day of that month?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 9

15th Date – Wednesday

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 10

If the seventh day of a month is three days earlier than Friday, what day will it be on the nineteenth day of the month?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 10

7th of the month = Friday – 3 days
= Tuesday


Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 11

Count the number of rectangles in the given figure.

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 11

The figure may be labelled as shown.

The rectangles composed of two components each are HIJE, EKJ,F, FMNG, GPQH, AEOH, EBFO, OFCG and HOGD i.e. 8 in number.
The rectangles composed of four components each are ABFH, BCGE, CDHF, DAEG and EFGH i.e. 5 in number.
The rectangles composed of six components each are IJFG, KLGH, MNHE and PQEF i.e. 4 in number.
The rectangles composed of eight components each are IJMN, KLPQ and ABCD i.e. 3 in number.
Thus, there are 8 + 5 + 4 + 3 = 20 rectangles in the given figure. (Here note that the squares are also counted amongst rectangles)

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 12

In This question six statements are followed by four answer choices. Each of the answer choices has a combination of three statements  from the given statements. You are required to identify the answer choice in which the given statements are logically related and the third statement is a conclusion derived from the first two statements .

Q.

A. Some social Area.
B. No Area is radio.
C. Some Area may not be social.
D. All Area are radio.
E. All social are radio.
F. Some social are not Area.

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 12

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 13

Statement

“Judge not according to appearance”.

Assumptions:

(a) Appearance may be deceptive
(b) Everyone makes a judgment

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 13

The correct option is A as the assumption I is implicit to the given statement.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 14

Statement

“In a world in rush, Book Digest becomes indispensable”.

Assumptions:

a) The only use of Book Digest is saving time
b) Book digest should not be used when there is no rush

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 14

The correct option is D.
The first assumption says that its only use is to save time which is very specific and incorrect even the second assumption is wrong.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 15

Directions for Questions 15–16: In each of the following questions one statements is followed by two arguments (a) and (b) one supporting and the other against it. Mark answer.

Q. 

Statement

“Should kissing and nudity be shown in Indian films”?

Arguments:

(a) Yes – It is being shown all over the world
(b) No-It will damage the moral fibre of the Indian society

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 15

only Statement b is strong as showing kissing and nudity in Indian films will damage the moral fibre of the Indian society

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 16

Statement

Computerization in banks is a must to provide efficient services to the customers.

Arguments:

(a) Yes-Because then the services to the customers will be improved.
(b)No – Because, it will lead to further unemployment which is already an acute problem.

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 16

The correct option is B.
This will lead to unemployment. The services to the customers are already good.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 17

If India is written as 914491 then Delhi will be written

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 17

Position Value

D  E  L  H  I
4  5  12 8 9

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 18

If OQNEDRRNQ is a code for PROFESSOR, DMSDQDC is a code for

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 18



 

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 19

Directions for Questions 19 – 21: The questions in this section are based on the reasoning contained in brief statements or passages. For some questions, more than one of the choices could conceivably answer the question. However, you are to choose the best answer.

Q.

Millions of female bats rear their pups in Bracken Cave. Although the mothers all leave the cave nightly, on their return each mother is almost always swiftly reunited with her own pup. Since the bats calls are their only means of finding one another, and a bat pup cannot distinguish the call of its mother from that of any other adult bat, it is clear that each mother bat can recognize the call of her pup.

The argument seeks to do which one of the following?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 19

Answer choice (A) Since the argument does not involve comparison between a sample and a population, it is unlikely that the argument generalizes from a small group, and this choice is wrong. Furthermore, this choice can be seen as somewhat contradictory, as pups seem different from the mothers.

Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer choice. The argument attempts to arrive at a final explanation by eliminating options.

Answer choice (C) Since the argument does not describe the mechanism by which mothers use calls to locate their pups, this choice is wrong.

Answer choice (D) Since the argument implies that the pups and mothers may be different in their ability to distinguish calls, it does not follow that argument makes conclusions based on similarities.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 20

Someone who gets sick from eating a meal will often develop a strong distaste for the one food in the meal that had the most distinctive flavor, whether or not that food caused the sickness. This phenomenon explains why children are especially likely to develop strong aversion to some foods.

Which one of the following, if true, provides the strongest support for the explanation?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 20

Answer Choice (A): This answer choice is incorrect because if actually weakens the argument. If children are more likely to get food without distinctive flavor, they are less likely to develop aversions.

Answer Choice (B): This answer choice is incorrect because it is entirely unrelated to the stimulus. If anything, this answer offers another reason for children to develop aversions: they don't see the health benefits of some foods so they go by taste alone.

Answer Choice (C): This is the correct answer choice. It fills in the gap that the stimulus is missing. Children tend to have more acute taste and become sick, which connects the element in the premise, sickness, with the new element in the conclusion, children. If children are more likely to become sick, they are more likely to develop distaste, based on the premise.

Answer Choice (D): This answer choice is incorrect because it is dealing with recovering from sickness, which has nothing to do with actually getting sick or developing a distaste for food.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 21

Premiums for automobile accident insurance are often higher for red cars than for cars of other colours. To justify these higher charges, insurance companies claim that overall, a greater percentage of red cars are involved in accidents than are cars of any other colour. If this claim is true, then lives could undoubtedly be saved by banning red cars from the roads altogether.

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 21

The causal connection between red color and accidents has been destroyed. If bad drivers prefer red, then they are the cause of the accidents, not the red color. Therefore, if the red cars were banned, these drivers would just have to buy other cars and lives would not be saved or accidents reduced.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 22

11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 25, ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 22

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 23

6, 11, 21, 36, 56, ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 23

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 24

Skeleton : Body : : Grammar : _______

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 24

Skeletion : Body : : Grammer : Language
Skeletion is part of body
Grammer is part of Language

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 25

A bowl of sweets was placed on a table to be distributed among three brothers – Rajan, Sajal and Karan. Rajan arrived first and ate what he thought was his share of sweets and left. Then, Sajal arrived. He thought that he was the first one to arrive and ate the number of sweets, he thought was his share and left. Lastly, Karan arrived. He again thought he was the first one to arrive and he took what he thought was his share. If 16 sweets are left in the bowl finally, how many sweets did the bowl contain initially?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 25

Cleary, each of the three boys ate one-third of the sweets they found in the bowl. So, let us consider the initial number of sweets to be (3 x 3 x 3) x i.e., 27x.
Then, sweets taken by Rajan 
Sweets taken by Sajal
Sweets taken by Karan
∴ 8x = 16 or x = 2.
Hence, total number of sweets in the bowl = 27x = (27 x 2) = 54.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 26

An egg vendor calls on his first customer and sells half his eggs and half an egg. To the second customer, he sells half of what he was left with and half an egg, and to the third customer, he sells half of what he was then left with and half an egg. However, he did not break any egg. If, in the end, the vendor was left three eggs, how many eggs did he have initially?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 26

Suppose the vendor initially has x eggs with him.
Then, eggs sold to 1st customer = 
remaining eggs = 
eggs sold to 2nd customer =

remaining eggs =

eggs sold to 3rd customer =

remaining eggs =

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 27

Rachna correctly remembers that last time sports meet was held after January but before August. Nada correctly remembers that the sports meet was held before June. Deepa correctly remember that the month in which the sports meet was held had more than 30 days. In which month of the year was the sports meet definitely held?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 27


Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 28

Directions (28–31): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

(i) Five Professors (Dr. Joshi, Dr. Davar, Dr. Natrajan, Dr. Chaudhary and Dr. Zia) teach five different subjects (Zoology, Physics, Botany, Geology and History) in four universities (Delhi, Gujarat, Mumbai and Osmania), not necessarily in the same order.

(ii) Dr. Chaudhary teaches Zoology in Mumbai University.
(iii) Dr. Natrajan is neither in Osmania University nor in Delhi University and he teaches neither Geology nor History.
(iv) Dr. Zia teaches Physics but neither in Mumbai University nor in Osmania University.
(v) Dr. Joshi teaches History in Delhi University.
(vi) Two Professors are from Gujarat University.
(vii) One Professor teaches only one subject and in one University only.

Q. 

Who teaches Geology?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 28

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 29

(i) Five Professors (Dr. Joshi, Dr. Davar, Dr. Natrajan, Dr. Chaudhary and Dr. Zia) teach five different subjects (Zoology, Physics, Botany, Geology and History) in four universities (Delhi, Gujarat, Mumbai and Osmania), not necessarily in the same order.

(ii) Dr. Chaudhary teaches Zoology in Mumbai University.
(iii) Dr. Natrajan is neither in Osmania University nor in Delhi University and he teaches neither Geology nor History.
(iv) Dr. Zia teaches Physics but neither in Mumbai University nor in Osmania University.
(v) Dr. Joshi teaches History in Delhi University.
(vi) Two Professors are from Gujarat University.
(vii) One Professor teaches only one subject and in one University only.

Q. 

Which university is Dr. Zia from?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 29

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 30

(i) Five Professors (Dr. Joshi, Dr. Davar, Dr. Natrajan, Dr. Chaudhary and Dr. Zia) teach five different subjects (Zoology, Physics, Botany, Geology and History) in four universities (Delhi, Gujarat, Mumbai and Osmania), not necessarily in the same order.

(ii) Dr. Chaudhary teaches Zoology in Mumbai University.
(iii) Dr. Natrajan is neither in Osmania University nor in Delhi University and he teaches neither Geology nor History.
(iv) Dr. Zia teaches Physics but neither in Mumbai University nor in Osmania University.
(v) Dr. Joshi teaches History in Delhi University.
(vi) Two Professors are from Gujarat University.
(vii) One Professor teaches only one subject and in one University only.

Q. 

Who teaches Botany?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 30

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 31

(i) Five Professors (Dr. Joshi, Dr. Davar, Dr. Natrajan, Dr. Chaudhary and Dr. Zia) teach five different subjects (Zoology, Physics, Botany, Geology and History) in four universities (Delhi, Gujarat, Mumbai and Osmania), not necessarily in the same order.

(ii) Dr. Chaudhary teaches Zoology in Mumbai University.
(iii) Dr. Natrajan is neither in Osmania University nor in Delhi University and he teaches neither Geology nor History.
(iv) Dr. Zia teaches Physics but neither in Mumbai University nor in Osmania University.
(v) Dr. Joshi teaches History in Delhi University.
(vi) Two Professors are from Gujarat University.
(vii) One Professor teaches only one subject and in one University only.

Q. 

Who is from Osmania University?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 31

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 32

Pointing to a woman in a photograph, a man says, “She is the mother-in-law of the wife of the father of my only son”. How is the woman related to that person?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 32

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 33

In a row of boys, if A who is tenth from the left and B who is ninth from the right interchange their position, A becomes fifteenth from the left. How many boys are in the row?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 33



Total students = Position from Left (L)+ Position from Right (R)–1
= 15 + 9 – 1 = 23

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 34

Kunal walks 10 kilometres towards North. From there, he walks 6 kilometres towards South. Then, he walks 3 kilometres towards East. How far and in which direction is he with reference to his starting point?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 34


The movements of Kunal are as shown in Fig. (A to B, B to C and C to D).
AC = (AB - BC) = (10 - 6) km = 4 km.
Clearly, D is to the North-east of A.
∴ Kunal’s distance from starting point A
So, Kunal is 5 km to the North-east of his starting point.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 35

Examine the following relationship among members of a family of six persons A, B, C, D, E, and F

(a) The number of males equals that of females
(b) A and E are sons of F
(c) D is the mother of two, one boy and one girl
(d) B is the son of A
(e) There is only one married couple in the family at present

Q.

Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 35

Clearly, there are three males and three females. Now, A, E and B are sons and hence male. So, C, D and F are females.
D has one male and one female child. Clearly, A and D form a couple having two children, namely B and C. Hence, A is the husband of D.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 36

Directions (36–40): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Five Professors A, B, C, D and E residing in five different cities, teach five different subjects.

(i) A does not stay in either Bangalore or Lucknow. He teaches philosophy.
(ii) B does not stay in either Hyderabad or Lucknow. He teaches mathematics.
(iii)D stays in Jaipur and does not teach economics.
(iv) E does not stay either in Bangalore or at Delhi. He teaches geography.
(v) C does not teach history and he stays in Delhi.

Q. 

Who stays in Bangalore?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 36

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 37

Five Professors A, B, C, D and E residing in five different cities, teach five different subjects.

(i) A does not stay in either Bangalore or Lucknow. He teaches philosophy.
(ii) B does not stay in either Hyderabad or Lucknow. He teaches mathematics.
(iii)D stays in Jaipur and does not teach economics.
(iv) E does not stay either in Bangalore or at Delhi. He teaches geography.
(v) C does not teach history and he stays in Delhi.

Q. 

Which of the following subjects does C teach?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 37

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 38

Five Professors A, B, C, D and E residing in five different cities, teach five different subjects.

(i) A does not stay in either Bangalore or Lucknow. He teaches philosophy.
(ii) B does not stay in either Hyderabad or Lucknow. He teaches mathematics.
(iii)D stays in Jaipur and does not teach economics.
(iv) E does not stay either in Bangalore or at Delhi. He teaches geography.
(v) C does not teach history and he stays in Delhi.

Q. 

At which of the following places does E stay?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 38

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 39

Five Professors A, B, C, D and E residing in five different cities, teach five different subjects.

(i) A does not stay in either Bangalore or Lucknow. He teaches philosophy.
(ii) B does not stay in either Hyderabad or Lucknow. He teaches mathematics.
(iii)D stays in Jaipur and does not teach economics.
(iv) E does not stay either in Bangalore or at Delhi. He teaches geography.
(v) C does not teach history and he stays in Delhi.

Q.

Which of the following subjects does D teach?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 39

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 40

Five Professors A, B, C, D and E residing in five different cities, teach five different subjects.

(i) A does not stay in either Bangalore or Lucknow. He teaches philosophy.
(ii) B does not stay in either Hyderabad or Lucknow. He teaches mathematics.
(iii)D stays in Jaipur and does not teach economics.
(iv) E does not stay either in Bangalore or at Delhi. He teaches geography.
(v) C does not teach history and he stays in Delhi.

Q. 

Which of the following combinations is wrong?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 1 - Question 40

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