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Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2


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39 Questions MCQ Test Logical Reasoning for CLAT | Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2

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Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 1

The following questions comprise of one or more statements. Answer the questions on the basis of the given statement(s). Accept the factual assumptions required by the question, even if you believe that the statement is false.

Q. Statements:

I: Cheese is bad for people with high-cholesterol.

II. Sumeet does not eat cheese.

Assuming that (i) and (ii) are true, which of the following statement follows?

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 2

The following questions comprise of one or more statements. Answer the questions on the basis of the given statement(s). Accept the factual assumptions required by the question, even if you believe that the statement is false.

Q. Statement:

I. Democrats are secularists.

Which of the following statements, if true, would show that the above statement is false?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 2

The correct option is A.

The statement clearly shows us that democrats are secularists(also all democrats are secularists), but that doesn't mean that secularists are democrats.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 3

The following questions comprise of one or more statements. Answer the questions on the basis of the given statement(s). Accept the factual assumptions required by the question, even if you believe that the statement is false.

Q.

Statement:

“Where there is a cloud, there is a rain,” Which of the following statements, if true, would show that the above statement is false?

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 4

Read the following information carefully and then answer the questions.

Four friends W, X, Y and Z are students of Class 10th. W and X are good in Hindi but poor in English. W and Y are good in Science but poor in Mathematics. Y and Z are good in English but poor in Social Studies. Z and X are good in Mathematics as well as in Science.

Q.

Who amongst the following friends is not good in Mathematics but good in Hindi?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 4

The correct answer is A as as 
Good students are 
Hindi = W , X
Science = W, Y Z X 
English = Y Z  
Mathematics = Z,X  
SO W is not good in maths and in english too.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 5

Read the following information carefully and then answer the questions.

Four friends W, X, Y and Z are students of Class 10th. W and X are good in Hindi but poor in English. W and Y are good in Science but poor in Mathematics. Y and Z are good in English but poor in Social Studies. Z and X are good in Mathematics as well as in Science.

Q. Which of the following pairs of friends are good, both in English and Science?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 5

The correct answer is C as W,X=Hindi(good) Eng(poor)
W,Y=Science(good)Maths(poor)
Y,Z=English(good)SSt(poor)
Z,X=Maths(good)Science(good)
Conclusion-
Y,Z=English(good)
Y,Z=Science(good)
therefore, option c) is correct

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 6

Read the following information carefully and then answer the questions.

Four friends W, X, Y and Z are students of Class 10th. W and X are good in Hindi but poor in English. W and Y are good in Science but poor in Mathematics. Y and Z are good in English but poor in Social Studies. Z and X are good in Mathematics as well as in Science.

Q.

Which of the following statements is definitely true?      

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 6

The correct option is B.
W and Y are good in Science
Z and X are good in Mathematics as well as in Science.
So this means all the four friends are good in science.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 7

Select the statement which logically follows the two given statements.

Q.

Statements:

I. No athletes are vegetarians.

II. All players are athletes.

III. Therefore ……….

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 7

Given is that no athlete is vegetarian and all players are athletes, so all players (which is a subset of athlete set) are non vegetarian

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 8

Select the statement which logically follows the two given statements.

Q.

Statements:

I. All persons who have done any creative work can be responsible critics

II. Z has not done any creative work

III. Therefore ………….

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 9

Select the statement which logically follows the two given statements.

Q.

Statement:

I. One who has squared a circle is not a mathematician

II. Therefore ………..

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 9

‘One who has squared a circle is not a mathematician’ can also be re-written as ‘No one who has squared a circle is a mathematician’.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 10

Directions: Read the problem and select the right answer.

Raman lives in Joint Hindu Family consisting of many relatives. Raman’s notes show the following relationships between the relatives.

Raman’s father Varadhan has only one brother, Krishnan, who is not married. Lakshmi is Varadhan’s wife. Parvathi is Lakshmi’s mother and she lives with Lakshmi.

Raman’s house is called as Girija Krupa, named after Kaman’s grandmother.

Girija has one grand-daughter by name Shrita and two grandsons one of whom has moved out of the joint family and lives in nearby town.

Q.

Parvathi is Shrita’s

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 10

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 11

Directions: Read the problem and select the right answer.

Raman lives in Joint Hindu Family consisting of many relatives. Raman’s notes show the following relationships between the relatives.

Raman’s father Varadhan has only one brother, Krishnan, who is not married. Lakshmi is Varadhan’s wife. Parvathi is Lakshmi’s mother and she lives with Lakshmi.

Raman’s house is called as Girija Krupa, named after Kaman’s grandmother.

Girija has one grand-daughter by name Shrita and two grandsons one of whom has moved out of the joint family and lives in nearby town.

Q.

Krishnan is Raman’s

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 11

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 12

Directions: Read the problem and select the right answer.

Raman lives in Joint Hindu Family consisting of many relatives. Raman’s notes show the following relationships between the relatives.

Raman’s father Varadhan has only one brother, Krishnan, who is not married. Lakshmi is Varadhan’s wife. Parvathi is Lakshmi’s mother and she lives with Lakshmi.

Raman’s house is called as Girija Krupa, named after Kaman’s grandmother.

Girija has one grand-daughter by name Shrita and two grandsons one of whom has moved out of the joint family and lives in nearby town.

Q.

Girija’s late husband Parameshwaran would be Shrita’s

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 12

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 13

Directions: Read the problem and select the right answer.

Raman lives in Joint Hindu Family consisting of many relatives. Raman’s notes show the following relationships between the relatives.

Raman’s father Varadhan has only one brother, Krishnan, who is not married. Lakshmi is Varadhan’s wife. Parvathi is Lakshmi’s mother and she lives with Lakshmi.

Raman’s house is called as Girija Krupa, named after Kaman’s grandmother.

Girija has one grand-daughter by name Shrita and two grandsons one of whom has moved out of the joint family and lives in nearby town.

Q.

If Parvathi’s brother Ganeshan had been alive

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 13

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 14

Six houses – A, B, C, D, E, F are constructed on a small flat area, the focal point of which is a temple.

House A is directly north of the Temple.

House C is directly west of the Temple.

House D is South of House C.

House E is West of House A.

The temple is directly Southeast of House B and directly northwest of House F.

Q.

Which of the following must be true?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 14

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 15

Six houses – A, B, C, D, E, F are constructed on a small flat area, the focal point of which is a temple.

House A is directly north of the Temple.

House C is directly west of the Temple.

House D is South of House C.

House E is West of House A.

The temple is directly Southeast of House B and directly northwest of House F.

Q.

Which of the following must be false?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 15

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 16

Six houses – A, B, C, D, E, F are constructed on a small flat area, the focal point of which is a temple.

House A is directly north of the Temple.

House C is directly west of the Temple.

House D is South of House C.

House E is West of House A.

The temple is directly Southeast of House B and directly northwest of House F.

Q.

How many houses must be West of House A?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 16

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 17

Six houses – A, B, C, D, E, F are constructed on a small flat area, the focal point of which is a temple.

House A is directly north of the Temple.

House C is directly west of the Temple.

House D is South of House C.

House E is West of House A.

The temple is directly Southeast of House B and directly northwest of House F.

Q.

What is the maximum number of houses one could encounter while moving directly from House C to the Temple?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 17

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 18

Refer to the given information and answer the questions based on them:-

Seven dignitaries – F, G, H, I, N, O and P are to be seated together at a diplomatic ceremony. They will be seated in a row of seven chairs, numbered from 1 to 7, from front to back. Any seating is acceptable as long as all seven dignitaries are seated. One in each chair and the sitting arrangement conforms to the following rules: 

i. F must sit in the chair immediately behind O’s chair.

ii. G cannot sit in the chair immediately in front and immediately behind N’s chair.

iii. There must be exactly two chairs between the chairs of H and P.

iv. There must be at least one chair between the chairs of I and P.

v. N must sit in chair 3.

Q.

Which of the following seating arrangements, from chair 1 through chair 7, conforms to the rules?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 18

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 19

If F sits in chair 6 and H sits in chair 7, which of the following dignitaries must sit in chair 2?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 19

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 20

Refer to the given information and answer the questions based on them:-

Seven dignitaries – F, G, H, I, N, O and P are to be seated together at a diplomatic ceremony. They will be seated in a row of seven chairs, numbered from 1 to 7, from front to back. Any seating is acceptable as long as all seven dignitaries are seated. One in each chair and the sitting arrangement conforms to the following rules: 

i. F must sit in the chair immediately behind O’s chair.

ii. G cannot sit in the chair immediately in front and immediately behind N’s chair.

iii. There must be exactly two chairs between the chairs of H and P.

iv. There must be at least one chair between the chairs of I and P.

v. N must sit in chair 3.

Q.

If the seating arrangement from chair 1 through chair 7 is G, I, N, H, O, F, and P, which of the following pairs of dignitaries can exchange seats without violating the rules?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 20

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 21

If O sits in chair 1 and H sits in chair 7, then the number of chairs between F’s chair and I’s chair must be:

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 21

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 22

Strict gun control laws cause decrease in violent crime, in the six months since the city council passed a gun control law, armed robberies in City X have dropped by 19 percent.

Q.

All of the following, if true, are valid objections to the argument above EXCEPT

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 23

Strict gun control laws cause decrease in violent crime, in the six months since the city council passed a gun control law, armed robberies in City X have dropped by 19 percent.

Q.

Which of the following statements, if true, would strengthen the argument above?

I. Before the law was passed, the number of armed robberies had been steadily increasing.

II. The more that laws are used to prevent a crime, the less likely that crime is to occur.

III. Three-fourths of all violent crimes involve the use of a gun.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 24

Strict gun control laws cause decrease in violent crime, in the six months since the city council passed a gun control law, armed robberies in City X have dropped by 19 percent.

Q.

Which of the following statements, if true, would weaken the argument above?

I. In the six months since the law was passed, 40 per cent more police have been hired.

II. In the six months since the law was passed, accidental deaths by firearms have increased by 10 per cent.

III. Only 30 per cent of those indicated under the new law have been convicted

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 24

The correct answer is B as it does not take more relevant to the given statement therefore it weakens the statement.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 25

If today is Saturday, then what day of the week will be the 999th day from today?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 25

Today = 999 days

=(999/7) = 142 weeks + 5 days

= 5 days after Saturday = Thursday

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 26

How many times do the hands of a clock coincide in a day?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 26
The hands of a clock coincide 11 times in every 12 hours (Since between 11 and 1, they coincide only once, i.e., at 12 o'clock).

AM
12:00
1:05
2:11
3:16
4:22
5:27
6:33
7:38
8:44
9:49
10:55

PM
12:00
1:05
2:11
3:16
4:22
5:27
6:33
7:38
8:44
9:49
10:55
The hands overlap about every 65 minutes, not every 60 minutes.

 The hands coincide 22 times in a day.
Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 27

Rohit is seventeenth from the left end of a row of 29 boys and Karan is seventeenth from the right end in the same row. How many boys are there between them in the row?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 27

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 28

I am standing at the centre of a circular field. I go down south to the edge of the field and then turning left I walk along the boundary of the field equal to three-eighth of its length. Then I turn west and go right across to the opposite point on the boundary. In which direction am I from the starting point?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 28

The movements are as indicated in Fig. (O to A, A to B, and B to C).

Clearly, C lies to the South-west of O.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 29

240, 240, 120, 40, ?, 2

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 29

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 30

3, 1, 7, 3, 13, 7, 21, 15, 31, 31, ?, 63, 57       

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 30

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 31

If it is possible to make a meaningful word in english language with the third, fifth, eighth and tenth letters of the word DISTRIBUTE, which of the following will be the third letter of that word? If no such word can be made, give ‘X’ as the answer and if more than one such words can be made, give ‘M’ as the answer.

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 31

The third, fifth, eighth and tenth letters of the word DISTRIBUTE are S, R, U and E respectively. The word formed is SURE and its third letter is R.

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 32

In a certain language, “I like you” is written as 123; “you love me and her” is written as 34567; and “They are crazy” is written as 890. How will you write “You, they and I are crazy and love her”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 32

I like you                              

  1   2   3

You love me and her    3   4   5  6  7

They are crazy       8   9   0

 

You they and I are Crazy and love her

3     8     6    1   9   0      6      4    7

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 33

After distributing the sweets equally among 25 children, 8 sweets remain. Had the number of children been 28, 22 sweets would have been left after equal distribution. What was the total number of sweets?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 33

Let the total number of sweets be (25x + 8).
Then, (25x +8)-22 is divisible by 28
(25x -14) is divisible by28
28x - (3x +14) is divisible by 28
(3x + 14) is divisible by 28
∴ x = 14
Total number of sweets = (25x 14+ 8)
= 358 

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 34

Statements:

Some tigers are lions.                                    

Some lions are rabbits.

Some rabbits are horses.                               

Conclusions:

I. Some tigers are horses.                              

II. Some rabbits are tigers.

III. Some horses are lions.                              

IV. All horses are rabbits

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 34

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 35

Statements:

Some vehicles are windows.              

Some windows are trains.      

All trains are rains.

Conclusions:

I. Some rains are windows.                            

II. Some trains are vehicles.

III. Some rains are vehicles.                           

IV. Some windows are rains

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 35

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 36

Three of the following four are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

Q. According to new terminology, ‘Aries’ means ‘air’, ‘Taurus’ means ‘light’, ‘Libra’ means ‘water’ and ‘Scorpio’ means ‘earth’. What would an organism breathe in?

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 37

Three of the following four are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

Q. Look at this series: 2, 1, (1/2), (1/4), ... What number should come next?

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 38

Three of the following four are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

Q. 6,5,24,25,144,(?)

Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 39

Pointing to a woman a man says, “She is the sister-in-law of the only daughter of my mother-in-law’s husband”. How is the woman related to the man?

Detailed Solution for Test: Analytical Reasoning- 2 - Question 39

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