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Test: Assumptions- 1


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20 Questions MCQ Test Logical Reasoning for CLAT | Test: Assumptions- 1

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Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 1

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “Buy ‘LG’ TV for better sound quality.” – An advertisement

Assumptions:

I. “LG’ TV is the only TV in the market.

II. ‘LG’ TV is the costliest.

III. People generally ignore such advertisements.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 2

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “Look at his audacity. Mohan has not replied to my letter.” – A tells B.

Assumptions:

I. Mohan received his letter.

II. Mohan did not receive his letter.

III. The letter was sent only  by post.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 3

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “Put a notice on the Board that all the employees should come on time to office.” – An officer tells his assistant.

Assumptions:

I. All the employees come late.

II. Employees read such notice on the Board.

III. Employees will follow the instructions.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 4

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “If you want the best training in computers join our classes” – An advertisement.

​Assumptions:

I. People want training related with computers.

II. People read advertisements.

III. People want quality training.

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 4 The advertisement says "IF you want the best training in computers,join our classes"Now if i advertise about giving computer training then, of course, there is an assumption that people would need computer training otherwise if no one wants any training why would you advertiseSecond is obvious that we advertise because we know people would read them.The advertisers used the word BEST in the advertisement to show their quality hence its assumed that quality training is something that would attract people.
Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 5

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “As our business is expanding, we need to appoint more staff.” – The owner of a company informs his staff.

Assumptions: I. The present staff is not competent.

II. More staff will further expand the business.

III. Suitable persons to be taken as staff will be available.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 6

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: The General Administration Department has issued a circular to all the employees informing them that henceforth the employees can avail their lunch break at any of the half-hour slots between 1.00 pm and 2.30 pm.

Assumptions:

I. The employees may welcome the decision and avail lunch break at different time slots.

II. There may not be any break in the work of the organization as the employees will have their lunch break at different time slots.

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 6

Correct Answer :- c

Explanation : A decision is taken if it is felt that the decision would be an acceptance among most of the people. Hence,

Assumption I is implicit. 

Assumption II is also implicit as the reason behind need.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 7

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “There is no dearth of expertise in the country (India) to assist or advice the Planning Commission. Induction of foreign experts in the commission is not justified as it will not only undermine or undervalue our indigenous capabilities, but also not help much in shaping our planning process.” – Mr X

Assumptions:

I. Economic policy is a sensitive issue.
II. Indian experts are the best judge of the ground realities of India.
III. Foreign-bred plans may succeed in one country but fail in another.

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 7

Only I and II are implicit in the statement.

The statement "There is no dearth of expertise in the country (India) to assist or advice the Planning Commission" suggests that there are enough qualified experts in India who can provide advice and assistance to the Planning Commission. This implies that Indian experts are the best judge of the ground realities of India, which is assumption II.

The statement also says that the induction of foreign experts in the commission is not justified because it would undermine or undervalue indigenous capabilities and not help much in shaping the planning process. This suggests that economic policy is a sensitive issue, which is assumption I.

There is no mention in the statement about the potential success or failure of foreign-bred plans in different countries, so assumption III is not implicit in the statement. Therefore, the correct answer is 4: Only I and II are implicit in the statement.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 8

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: The Govt has made an appeal to all the citizens to honestly pay income tax and file returns reflecting the true income level to help the Government to carry out developmental activities.

Assumptions:

I. More people may now start paying taxes in response to the appeal.

II. The total income tax collection may considerably increase in the near future.

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 8

Let's assume with some common sense,

If Govt. makes an appeal to everyone to honestly pay income tax then, of course, the government assumes that such appeals will make people pay tax more, I mean that's something that the government thinks would happen if it appeals so Assumption I is implicit.

Now if more people start to file their tax then we can also directly assume that more revenue would be generated hence assumption II is also implicit 

Hence answer is C both I and II

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 9

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: The state government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.

Assumptions:

I. There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers.

II. The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the Government may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers.

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 9

Correct Answer :- a

Explanation : The statement says that the appointment of four thousand primary school teachers during next financial year.

Assumption I follows the statement whereas assumption II says something else.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 10

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: The school authority has decided to increase the number of students in each classroom from twenty to thirty from the next academic session to bridge the gap between income and expenditure to a larger extent.

Assumptions:

I. The income generated by way of fees of the additional students will be sufficient enough to bridge the gap.

II. The school will get all the additional students in each class from the next academic session.

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 10

Both these assumptions can be induced from the given statement.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 11

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: To push for their demand for the constitution of the Sixth Pay Commission, the Central Government employees across the country have threatened to go on indefinite strike from March 1.

Assumptions:

I. Strike is the only way to put pressure on the government for settlement of demands.

II. The government may grant the basic demands of the employees if they go on strike.

III. The basic demand for the immediate setting up of Sixth Pay Commission may grant interim relief to employees.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 12

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: Starting this year, the CBSE will give a 15-minute “cool-off” period to students sitting in the boards for class VIII to X. Also, some questions papers have been restructured for the convenience of the students.

Assumptions:

I. The students may use the 15-minute gap to plan and think about their answer.

II. The extra time may be helpful to students in revising their answer.

III. The students may welcome the decision taken by the CBSE.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 13

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: In order to reduce some social problems the Supreme Court has directed the Centre and the State governments to initiate steps to make the registration of marriages compulsory within three months.

Assumptions: I. The compulsory registration of marriages may be helpful in solving some social problems related with marriage.

II. The Centre and State governments may abide by the instruction issued by the Supreme Court.

III. The people may follow the initiatives taken by the Centre or the State governments.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 14

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statements: “If you haven’t already registered with the best job site in the country, here’s yet another reason to do so. When you log on to naukri.com to register, update your profile or apply for jobs, you could win yourself a fantastic prize, a 512 MB Nokia.” – An advertisement.

Assumptions:

I. The responses to one’s job search may now sound like music to one’s ears.
II. Naukri.com job site may have the job for those who register with it.  
III. A fantastic prize can attract job-seekers to register themselves with the best job site.

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 14

Correct Answer :- D

Explanation : Option 2 and 3 are correct as it is mentioned  it will highly attract job seekers and an attractive offer would even persuade people to register their name on site and even a possibility to get a job.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 15

Statement: "You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter. 
Assumptions: I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer. 
II. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 15

The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual's worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 16

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “Do not serve liquor at unlicensed premises without obtaining L-49A licence.” – A notice issued in the public interest by the Department of Excise in all newspapers.

Assumptions:

I. All people read newspapers but not necessarily the same one.
II. Newspaper can be a successful mode of making people aware of the notice.
III. Consumption of liquor is injurious to health.

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 16

Only II and III

The statement "Do not serve liquor at unlicensed premises without obtaining L-49A licence" is a notice issued by the Department of Excise in all newspapers. This implies that the Department of Excise is assuming that newspaper can be a successful mode of making people aware of the notice. This is assumption II.

The statement does not imply anything about whether all people read newspapers or whether the consumption of liquor is injurious to health, so assumptions I and III are not implicit in the statement. Therefore, the correct answer is 3, Only II and III.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 17

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “Do not buy/consume liquor if you are below 25 years of age.” – A notice on a board issued in public interest by the Department of Excise.

Assumptions:
I. It is good to know all rules related with excise.
II. Consuming liquor can make the person – below 25 years – penniless.
 

Detailed Solution for Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 17

 

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 18

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “Do not pay more than the MRP printed on the bottle.” – An instruction by the Department of Excise.

Assumptions:

I. There may be some unscrupulous shopkeepers who illegally take more than the MRP printed on the bottle.
II. Paying more than the MRP printed on the bottle might encourage black marketing of the product.
III. The consumers can be cheated if they are not acquainted with such instructions.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 19

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “Always check seal of the bottle and insist on cash memo while buying liquor from the shop.” – A notice issued in public interest by the Department of Excise.

Assumptions:

I. Properly sealed bottle reduces the chances of adulteration or any maltreatment.

II. The shopkeeper may be ready to give cash memo if a customer insists on it.

III. The cash memo given by the shopkeeper reduces chances of unfair dealings.

Test: Assumptions- 1 - Question 20

Directions : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions I & II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer

Q. Statement: “Never allow children alone near stove or heater in the kitchen and also do not wear loose/flowing and synthetic clothes while cooking.” – A notice in public interest by XYZ fire service.

Assumptions:

I. Prevention is better than cure.
II. Wearing loose/flowing and synthetic clothes while cooking can be detrimental.
III. Alertness can avert unpleasant incidents related with fire.

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