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Test: Legal Maxims - 2


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15 Questions MCQ Test Legal Reasoning for CLAT | Test: Legal Maxims - 2

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 for CLAT 2022 is part of Legal Reasoning for CLAT preparation. The Test: Legal Maxims - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CLAT exam syllabus.The Test: Legal Maxims - 2 MCQs are made for CLAT 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 below.
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Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 1

What is the meaning of the Latin Maxim/Legal Word/ Legal Term ‘Impotentia excusat legem”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 1

The Latin Maxim/word/term stands for the impossibility of performing a legal obligation due to a reasonably unforeseeable situation.
Hence option B is the right answer.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 2

What is the meaning of the Legal Maxim/ Legal Word/Legal Term “In pari delicto, potior est condition possi deutis”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 2

The Latin Maxim/word/term means "in equal fault (better is the condition of the possessor)", is a legal term used to indicate that two persons or entities are equally at fault, whether the malfeasance in question is a crime or tort.
Hence option B is the right answer.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 3

What is the meaning of the Legal Maxim/ Legal Word/Legal Term “Denatio mortis causa”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 3

The Latin Maxim/word/term A gift of personal property made by someone who expects to die in the immediate future, taking full effect only after the donor dies.
Hence option C is the right answer.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 4

What is the meaning of the Legal Maxim/ Legal Word/Legal Term “In pari causa possessor potior haberi debet.”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 4

The Latin Maxim/word/term means, when two parties have equal rights, the advantage is always in favor of the possessor.
Hence option A is the right answer.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 5

What is the meaning of the Legal Maxim/ Legal Word/Legal Term “Champerty”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 5

The Latin Maxim/word/term Proceeding against a party, where the person giving help has a share in the damages to be recovered.
Hence option C is the right answer.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 6

What is meant by the Legal Maxim/word “praesumptio innocentiae”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 6

The presumption of innocence is the legal principle that one is considered innocent unless proven guilty.
Hence option A is the right answer for this legal maxim/word.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 7

What is meant by the Legal Maxim/word “ius commune”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 7

Not actually referring to common law; this term refers to common doctrine and principles of civil law that underlie all aspects of civilian legal systems and that formed the basis of medieval Roman law.
Hence option C is the right answer for this legal maxim/word.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 8

What is meant by the Legal Maxim/word “falsus procurator”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 8

Falsus procurator (Latin literally: "false representative") is the legal technical term for a representative without power of representation (Austrian apparent agent). The term comes from Roman law. The female form is falsa procuratrix. Who makes legal statements in the name of another , eg. B. concludes a contract of sale without being authorized to act as falsus procurator.
Hence option A is the right answer for this legal maxim/word.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 9

What is meant by the Legal Maxim/word “non bis in idem”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 9

Prohibition against double jeopardy. A legal action cannot be brought twice for the same act or offense.
Hence option D is the right answer for this legal maxim/word

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 10

What is meant by the Legal Maxim/word “mortis causa”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 10

In Latin this legal word means “In contemplation of approaching death”. A phrase sometimes used in reference to a deathbed gift, or a gift causa mortis, since the giving of the gift is made in expectation of approaching death. A gift causa mortis is distinguishable from a gift inter vivos, which is a gift made during the donor's (the giver's) lifetime.
Hence option B is the right answer for this legal maxim/word.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 11

What is meant by the Legal Maxim/word “jus naturale”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 11

Laws common to all people, that the average person would find reasonable, regardless of their nationality.
Hence, option C is correct.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 12

What is meant by the Legal Maxim/Word “jus in bello”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 12

Laws governing the conduct of parties in war.
Hence option C is the right answer for this legal maxim/word.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 13

What is meant by the Legal Maxim “non compos mentis”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 13

Not having mental capacity to perform some legal act.
Hence Option B is the right answer for this legal maxim/word.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 14

What is meant by the Legal Maxim/word “jus cogens”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 14

Internationally agreed laws that bear no deviation, and do not require treaties to be in effect. An example is law prohibiting genocide.
Hence, option C is correct.

Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 15

What is meant by the Legal Maxim “mare clausum” ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Legal Maxims - 2 - Question 15

A body of water under the jurisdiction of a state or nation, to which access is not permitted, or is tightly regulated.
Hence option C is the right answer for this legal maxim/word.

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