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Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1


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30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC CSE | Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1

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Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 1

The purpose of the Landholders’ Society was to promote the class interests of 

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 1 The reckoned to be the first political association of modern India. Formally launched in Calcutta in March 1838, it was renamed the Landholders' Society shortly afterwards. Landed magnates like Raja radhakant dev, dwarkanath tagore, Prasanna Kumar Tagore, Rajkamal Sen and Bhabani Charan Mitra were its leading members. The promotion of landholders' interests through petitions to government and discreet persuasion of the bureaucracy was its professed object. Among its aims were securing a halt to the resumption of rent-free tenures and an extension of the permanent settlement of land all over India, including the grant of lease of waste land to their occupants. The demand for reform of the judiciary, the police and the revenue departments was also on its agenda.
Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 2

Match the following Associations with the years in which they were organised:

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 2

Correct Answer:B

Chetty established Madras Native Association in 1852 as a platform for educated Indians to protest against any injustice on the part of the British. It was the first Indian political organization in the Madras Presidency. Chetty served as its first president. British Indian Association, The. British Indian Association, The was founded on October 29, 1851 at Calcutta with Raja radhakanta dev and debendranath tagore as its President and Secretary respectively.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 3

The most powerful noble during the reign of Bahadur Shah and Jahandar Shah was 

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 3

The correct option is C.
Syed Abdullah Khan and Syed Husain Ali Khan Barha, who were powerful in the Mughal Empire during the early 18th century.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 4

Where did Dadabhai Nauroji, the Grand Old man of India, organise the East India Association in 1867 to discuss the Indian question and to influence British public men to promote Indian welfare?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 5

The Poona Sarvajanik Sahba was organised in 1870’s by

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 6

The Madras, Mahajan Sabha and the Bombay Presidency Association were mainly devoted to criticism of important administrative and legislative measures. They were started respectively in

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 7

The most important pre-Congress nationalist organisation was the Indian Association of Calcutta which was founded by S.N. Banerjee and Ananda Mohan Bose in

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 8

The first major issue that the Indian Association took up for agitation was

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 8

The first major issue that the Indian Association took up for agitation was the reform of the Civil Service regulations and the raising of the age limit for its examination. Surendranath Banerjea toured different parts of the country during 1877-78 in an effort to create an all-India public opinion on this question.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 9

The Indian Association sponsored an All-lndia National Conference at Calcutta which was attended by several leaders from outside Bengal. It was held in

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 9

The correct answer is C as The Indian Association sponsored an All-india National Conference at Calcutta which was attended by several leaders from outside Bengal. It was held in 1883

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 10

The Indian Association merged with the Indian National Congress in

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 11

The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 by A.O. Hume who was a retired English

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 12

The aims of the Indian National Congress were declared at its first session at Bombay in December 1885. The chief among the aims was

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 12

The Indian National Congress conducted its first session in Bombay from 28–31 December 1885 at the initiative of retired Civil Service officer Allan Octavian Hume. In 1883, Hume had outlined his idea for a body representing Indian interests in an open letter to graduates of the University of Calcutta. Its aim was to obtain a greater share in government for educated Indians, and to create a platform for civic and political dialogue between them and the British Raj. Hume took the initiative, and in March 1885 a notice convening the first meeting of the Indian National Union to be held in Poona the following December was issued. Due to a cholera outbreak there, it was moved to Bombay.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 13

How many delegates attended the first session of the Indian National Congress which was presided over by W.C. Banerjee?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 14

The Second session of the Indian national Congress was held in Calcutta (436 delegates) in December 1886. This session was presided over by

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 15

In 1890, the first woman graduate of Calcutta University addressed the Congress session. Who was she?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 16

Which of the following twice presided over thesessions of the Indian National Congress?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 17

Why is the Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College important in the history of modern India?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 18

The phase (1885-1905) of the Indian National Movement was dominated by the moderates whose method was

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 18

The methods of the Moderates can be best described as ‘Constitutional agitation’. Their main demands were –
1.Holding of Indian Civil Services examination simultaneously in England and in India.
2.Reduction of military expenditure.
3.Separation of judiciary from the executive.
4.Grant of self-government to India within the British Empire.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 19

From 1885 to 1892, the Moderates demanded the expansion and reform of the

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 20

In 1905, which of the following raised the demand for swarajya or self-government within the British empire, from the Congress platform?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 21

Who declared as early as 1881 that British rule was “an everlasting, increasing, and everyday increasing foreign invasion” that was “utterly, though gradually, destroying the country”?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 22

In 1861, where did students burn foreign clothes as part of the larger swadeshi campaign?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 22

Correct Answer :- b

Explanation : Students in Poona and in other towns of Maharashtra publicly burnt foreign clothes in 1861 as part of the larger swadeshi campaign

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 23

What is true about the work of the nationalist from 1885- 1905?

I. They agitated for reduction in land revenue.

II. They agitated for improvement in the working conditions of plantation labourers.

III. They demanded reduction in the military expenditure of the Government of India.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 24

The most important administrative reform that Indians desired from 1885 to 1905 was

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 24

A is the correct option.Demands of Early Nationalists were divided in to four parts:
Constitutional Reforms
Economic Reforms
Administrative Demands
Defence of Civil Rights

The Early Nationalists made the following demands in the administrative sphere:
Repeal of the Arms act and License act
“Indianisation of services by taking exams of Indian Civil Services in India and England.”
Spread of primary education among the masses
Increase in the power of local bodies and reduction of official control over them.
 

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 25

With whose arrest in 1897, did the beginning of a new phase of the nationalist movement take place?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 26

A British Committee of the Indian National Congress started a journal called ‘India’. It was set up in

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 26

'The British Committee of the Indian National congress' was established in Britain by the Indian National Congress in 1889. Its purpose was to raise awareness of Indian issues to the public in Britain, to whom the Government of India was responsible.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 27

Who attacked the National Congress in a public speech and ridiculed it as representing ‘a microscopic minority of the people’?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 27

The correct option is D.
In 1887, Dufferin attacked the Early Nationalists in a speech and ridiculed it as representing only a microscopic minority of the people.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 28

Who remarked, “The Congress is tottering to its fall, and one of my great ambitions, while in India, is to assist it to a peaceful demise”?

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 29

Whose speech on the budget in 1901 expounded nationalist economic theory on the floor of the Imperial Legislative Council for the first time?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 29

The correct option is B.
Gokhale's speech on the budget in 1901 expounded nationalist economic theory on the floor of the Imperial Legislative Council for the first time, and, as Bipan.

Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 30

The 1899 session of the l.N.C. passed a resolution clearly demanding both permanent fixation of revenue in ryotwari areas and a ceiling on zamindari rent. It was presided (the session) over by

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: The Freedom Struggle- 1 - Question 30

The correct option is A.
The 1899 session of the l.N.C. passed a resolution clearly demanding both permanent fixation of revenue in ryotwari areas and a ceiling on zamindari rent.  It was presided over by R.C. Dutt. b). 

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