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Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2

Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 below.
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Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 1

An All-India judicial service can be created by the Parliament if the Rajya Sabha passes a resolution declaring that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest to do so by a/an

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 1
  • Such a resolution in the Rajya Sabha should be supported by two-thirds of the members present and voting.
  • This power of recommendation is given to the Rajya Sabha to protect the interests of states in the Indian federal system.
Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 2

In the light of the recent judgment by the Supreme Court refraining Civil servants from acting on oral instructions of political bosses, except in certain exceptional circumstances, consider the following statements,

1. The Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption 1962 has recommended that there should be a system of keeping some sort of records in such situations.
2. The All India Service Rules specifically require that all orders from superior officers shall ordinarily be in writing.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 2

A Bench of Justices K.S. Radhakrishnan and Pinaki Chandra Ghose referred to the recommendations of the Hota Committee (2004) and the Santhanam Committee report (1964), which highlighted ‘the necessity of recording instructions and directions by public servants.

Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 3

Consider the following statements about Central Services and All-India Services.

1. Any disciplinary action (imposition of penalties) against these officers can only be taken by the Central government.
2. The personnel of Central services (even though are posted in states) work under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Central government.

Which of the above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 3
  • The All-India Services are controlled jointly by the Central and state governments.
  • The ultimate control lies with the Central government while the immediate control is vested in the state governments. Any disciplinary action (imposition of penalties) against these officers can only be taken by the Central government.
  • The personnel of Central services works under the exclusive jurisdiction of the Central government.
  • They hold specialized (functional and technical) positions in various departments of the Central government.
  • The personnel of state services works under the exclusive jurisdiction of the state government. They hold different positions (general, functional, and technical) in the departments of the state government.
  • However, they occupy lower positions (in the administrative hierarchy of the state) than those held by the members of the All-India Services (IAS, IPS, and IFS).
Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 4

Consider the following statements:

1. The Parliament has not made any provision for the use of Hindi in the Supreme Court.
2. If a substantial part of the population of a state speaks a certain language, it is the Governor who may direct that such language be also officially recognized in the state.
3. The Constitution imposes a duty on the Centre to promote the spread and development of the Hindi Language.

Which of these is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 4

The proceedings of the Supreme Court are in English. It is not allowed constitutionally to use any other language for hearing appeals.

Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 5

Eighth Schedule recognizes which of the following languages?

1. English
2. Sanskrit
3. Kashmiri
4. Hindi

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 5

Originally, it had 14 languages but presently there are 22 languages.

  • They are: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri (Dongri), Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithil (Maithili), Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.
  • English is not recognized under the 8th schedule, even though it is the official language of India.
  • Sindhi was added by the 21 st Amendment Act of 1967; Konkani, Manipuri, and Nepali were added by the 71st Amendment Act of 1992; and Bodo, Dongri, Maithili, and Santhali were added by the 92nd Amendment Act of 2003.
Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 6

Consider the following statements.

Assertion (A): The constitution does not recognize any tribal language.
Reason (R): The constitution recognizes only classical languages.

In the context of the above, which of these is correct?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 6
  • The eighth schedule of the Constitution recognizes about 22 languages.
  • Two tribal languages, Bodo and Santhali are recognized by the Constitution. Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Odia, and Malayalam are the classical languages as per the status accorded by the Government of India.
  • The constitution, thus, recognizes both classical and non-classical languages. Both A and R are incorrect.
Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 7

Consider the following statements about the Civil Services created by the Constitution of India.

Assertion (A): An officer of All-India services cannot be dismissed by any authority in India other than the President of India.
Reason (R): A civil servant cannot be dismissed or removed by an authority subordinate to that by which he was appointed.

In the context of the above, which of these is correct?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 7
  • As per the constitution, a civil servant cannot be dismissed or removed by an authority subordinate to that by which he was appointed. Since the Central government makes their appointment on the warrant of the President, they cannot be removed by anyone other than the President.
  • However, the All-India Services are controlled jointly by the Central and state governments.
  • The ultimate control lies with the Central government while the immediate control is vested in the state governments.
  • Any disciplinary action (imposition of penalties or removal or reduction in rank) against these officers can only be taken by the Central government.
Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 8

Consider the following about All-India services.

1. Service conditions are determined by the President.
2. Services can be abolished only by a constitutional amendment.
3. UPSC is responsible for appointments to the posts in All- India services.
4. Members of All-India Services cannot be removed from services by the Prime Minister alone.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 8

UPSC only certifies eligible candidates. The appointment is done by DoPT (Government of India). Service Conditions of AIS are determined by the Parliament. Members of AIS cannot be removed by an authority subordinate to the one that appointed it. President appoints members of AIS. So, they cannot be removed by the Prime Minister.

Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 9

India has imposed several restrictions on the political activities of serving civil servants. Which of these is among those restrictions?

1. She cannot become a member of a political party.
2. She cannot voice her opinion on any matter on a social media platform.
3. She does not enjoy the right to vote.
4. She is prohibited from participating in a strike.

Select the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 9

Political neutrality of civil servants has been regarded as one of the cardinal conditions for the success of a democratic government.

  • If they are engaged in political activities, it violates the above principle. They cannot contest Lok Sabha or State assembly elections.
  • Civil servants are not allowed to criticize the government on social media or the press. These do not apply in general.
  • They do enjoy a right to vote as is the right of every voter in India.
  • Striking by civil servants constitutes a disciplinary offense.
Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 10

There have been many concerns regarding Articles 310 and 311 and even recommendations for their deletion from the Constitution. These constitutional articles deal with

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Other Constitutional Dimensions- 2 - Question 10
  • Article 310 essentially conveys that civil servants of the Union hold office during the pleasure of the President, and those at the state at the pleasure of the Governor.
  • Article 311 conveys that they cannot be removed by an authority subordinate to the one that appointed them and that due inquiry must be conducted where they are allowed to hear charges against them and defend themselves appropriately.
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