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Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2

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Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 1

Consider the following statements:

1. The state legislatures can also enact laws relating to the elections to the state legislatures so far that they are consistent with the provisions enacted by the Parliament.
2. The election petitions concerning the Parliament can only be entertained by the Supreme Court.

Which of these is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 1

The high courts and other authorities as provided by the Parliament can also entertain election petitions.

Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 2

Given below are some of the offices in the Indian polity. For which of the following offices, provisions regarding the appointment/elections is/are not mentioned in the constitution of India?

1. Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha.
2. Solicitor general of India.
3. Lok Sabha Secretary
4. Advocate General

Choose the correct answer using the codes below:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 2
  • There is no provision for the Lok Sabha secretary specifically in the constitution. It only talks about the secretarial staff via Article 98.
  • Article 98 (1) depicts that ‘Each House of Parliament shall have a separate secretarial staff: Provided that nothing in this clause shall be construed as preventing the creation of posts common to both Houses of Parliament.
  • The Constitution has no provision for the solicitor general of India.
Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 3

Which of these is NOT a good reason to say that Indian elections are democratic?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 3
  • Even China has a very large number of voters in its elections. But that does not make China a democracy.
  • The existence of a democracy is not decided solely by the number of voters or the existence of voters. There are several other criteria such as free and fair elections; decision-making power with the people; freedom of speech and expression; open political competition, etc.
Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 4

Consider the following about Elections in India.

1. The recommendation for elections is made by the Government of India.
2. The announcement of elections is done by the Election Commission of India.
3. The model code of conduct is enforced by the Government of India.
4. The election conducting machinery is not controlled by the government.

Choose the correct answer using the codes below.

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 4
  • The recommendation for election is made by the government and the notification for election is issued by the Election Commission.
  • After the notification, the Election Commission of India announces the schedule and starts accepting nomination papers of candidates.
  • After announcing the schedule, the model code of conduct comes automatically in force that prohibits certain kinds of political activities to ensure a level playing field.
Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 5

Arrange these election-related activities in the correct order from earlier to later.

1. Announcing election schedule
2. Election Campaign
3. Filing nominations for elections

Choose the correct answer from the codes below:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 5
  • The Commission normally announces the schedule of elections in a major Press Conference a few weeks before the formal process is set in motion. The Model Code of Conduct for the guidance of candidates and Political Parties immediately comes into effect after such an announcement.
  • The formal process for the elections starts with the Notification or Notifications. As soon as Notifications are issued, Candidates can start filing their nominations in the constituencies from where they wish to contest. These are scrutinized by the Returning Officer of the constituency concerned after the last date for the same is over after about a week.
  • The validly nominated candidates can withdraw from the contest within 2 days from the date of scrutiny.
  • Contesting candidates get at least 2 weeks for a political campaign before the actual date of the poll.
  • On account of the vast magnitude of operations and the massive size of the electorate, polling is held at least 3 days for the national elections.
  • A separate date for counting is fixed and the results are declared for each constituency by the concerned Returning Officer.
  • The Commission compiles the complete list of Members elected and issues an appropriate Notification for the due Constitution of the House. With this, the process of elections is complete and the President, in the case of the Lok Sabha, and the Governors of the concerned States, in the case of Vidhan Sabhas, can then convene their respective Houses to hold their sessions.
  • The entire process takes between 5 to 8 weeks for the national elections, 4 to 5 weeks for separate elections only for Legislative Assemblies.
Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 6

The Election Commission of India (ECI) compiles the complete list of members who are elected in General elections. After Lite elections are complete, who issues the notification for the due constitution of the Lok Sabha?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 6

The ECI issues an appropriate notification for the due constitution of the House. With this, the process of elections is complete and the President, in the case of the Lok Sabha, can then convene the house to hold its sessions. The Governors of the concerned states, in case of State Assemblies, convene the sessions.

Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 7

Consider the following concerning election outcomes in India.

1. Majority of votes by a political party necessarily means a majority of seats.
2. Majority of seats garnered by a political party necessarily means a majority of votes.

Which of the above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 7
  • A simple case of majority seats not meaning majority votes is Modi Government’s win by a majority of seats but only around 38% votes. On the other hand, in Delhi, the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) secured 54.4% of the votes and won nearly 95% seats. So the majority of seats does not necessarily mean a majority of votes. The opposite is also true.
  • A party can get a majority of votes, yet it may not get a majority of seats because it may not win by a huge margin in all electoral constituencies.
Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 8

Which of the following government officials are the parts of the machinery of the Election Commission of India that conducts and supervises elections in India?

1. Observers
2. Presiding officer
3. Returning Officer
4. Chief Electoral Officer

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below.

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 8
  • The Chief Electoral Officer of a State/Union Territory is authorized to supervise the election work in the state/Union Territory subject to the overall superintendence, direction, and control of the Election Commission. The Election Commission of India nominates or designates an Officer of the Government of the State/Union Territory as the Chief Electoral Officer in consultation with that State Government Union Territory Administration.
  • The Election Commission of India nominates officers of Government as Observers (General Observers and Election Expenditure Observers) for Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies. They perform such functions as are entrusted to them by the Commission. They report directly to the Commission.
Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 9

The Returning Officer of a parliamentary or assembly constituency is responsible for the conduct of elections in the Parliamentary or assembly constituency concerned. How is she appointed?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 9

This is the hierarchy of the election machinery.

Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 10

Based on landmark judgments passed by the Supreme Court, the Election Commission of India came up with the following mandates:

1. Every candidate has to make a legal declaration, giving full details of serious criminal cases pending against the candidate.
2. Details of the assets and liabilities of the candidate and his/her family.
3. Education qualifications were not mandatory.
4. The information furnished by the candidates has to be confidential. 5. The above mandates are in the spirit of Article 19.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Political Dynamics- 2 - Question 10
  • Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill out a ‘nomination form’ and give some money as a ‘security deposit’. Recently, a new system of declaration has been introduced in the direction of the Supreme Court. Every candidate has to make a legal declaration, giving full details of:
  • Serious criminal cases pending against the candidate; assets and liabilities of the candidate and his or her family;
  • Education qualifications of the candidate.
  • This information has to be made public. This provides an opportunity for the voters to make their decision based on the information provided by the candidates.
  • Right to Information is a part of fundamental rights under Article 19(1) of the Constitution. Article 19(1) says that every citizen has freedom of speech and expression. In 1976, the Supreme Court said in the case of Raj Narain v. State of UP, 1975 AIR 865, that people cannot speak or express themselves unless they know. Therefore, the right to information is embedded in article 19.
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