Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2


15 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2


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QUESTION: 1

Consider the following statements:
1. The word ‘sovereign’ in the Preamble indicates that the source of all powers under the Constitution of India is not an external authority but an internal authority.
2. India’s membership in the Commonwealth of Nations contradicts this principle.
Choose the right answer:

Solution:

The term sovereign conveys the meaning that India has an independent authority but the source of power under the Constitution is derived from the people of India. No external or internal authority is the source of this power. India is a member of the Commonwealth by choice and it has no legal obligations towards the organisation.

QUESTION: 2

The source of the Preamble is often attributed to the Objective Resolution presented by Jawaharlal Nehru in:

Solution:

On 13 December 1946, Jawaharlal Nehru presented the Objective Resolution before the Constituent Assembly. It contained the core principles which would later be adopted in the Preamble. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 January 1947.

QUESTION: 3

Who adopted the constitution of India on 26th November 1949.

Solution:

On November 26, 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India. It came into force on January 26, 1950. Constitution Day aims to bring awareness about the importance of the Constitution and Dr B R Ambedkar.

QUESTION: 4

Consider the following statements:
1. Beohar Rammanohar Sinha wrote the original copies of the Constitution of India.
2. The Preamble was designed by Prem Bihari Narain Raizada.
Choose the correct answer:

Solution:

The original copies of the Constitution were handwritten by Prem Bihari Narain Raizada. The Preamble was designed by the famous artist Beohar Rammanohar Sinha.

QUESTION: 5

The idea of ‘fraternity’ entails which of the following:
I. The dignity of the individual
II. The unity and integrity of the nation
Choose the correct option:

Solution:

These are explicitly mentioned in the text of the Preamble.

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following were included in the Objective Resolution:
1. Power and authority of independent India to be derived from its people.
2. Safeguards for minorities, depressed classes, backward and tribal areas.
3. India shall be a sovereign socialist republic.
4. India attains its rightful and honourable place in the world.
Choose the right answer:

Solution:

Statement 3 is wrong because the term socialist wasn’t included in the Objective Resolution. It was included later in the Preamble following the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act.

QUESTION: 7

Match List I to List II and select the correct answer:

Solution:

Equality

  • The Preamble provides for the liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship. Equality means the absence of privileges or discrimination against any section of society. The Preamble provides for equality of status and opportunity to all the people of the country

  • Apart from the preamble, equality mention in Article 15(Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth)

Liberty

  • The term 'liberty' in the preamble means the absence of restraints on the activities of individuals, and at the same time, providing opportunities for the development of individual personalities.

Republic

  • The term Republic in the preamble indicatttes that in a republican form of government, the head of state is elected and not a hereditary monarch. Thus, this word denotes a government where no one holds public power as a proprietary right.

Democratic

  • The term Democratic in the preamble indicates that the Constitution has established a form of government that gets its authority from the will of the people expressed in an election. The Preamble resolves India to be a democratic country. That means the supreme power lies with the people

QUESTION: 8

Consider the following statements:
I. The Supreme Court had ruled the Preamble as enforceable in a court of law in the Berubari Union Case, 1960.
II. The Keshavananda Bharati Case, 1973 clarified that the Preamble was a part of the Constitution.
Choose the correct answer:

Solution:

The Berubari Union Case reaffirmed that the Preamble was non-enforceable in a court of law.

QUESTION: 9

Consider the following statements:
I. The value of ‘Equality’ in the Preamble ensures equality of status and opportunity for all.
II. It also means prohibition of discrimination based on religion, sex, caste and citizenship.
Choose the correct answer:

Solution:

Correct Answer :- a

Explanation : WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

QUESTION: 10

Which of the following Supreme Court cases declared that the Preamble indicates the basic structure of the Constitution?

Solution:

Among the landmark judgements in Indian judicial history, the S. R Bommai Case, 1994 brought in newer dimensions and meaning to the Preamble and the Basic Structure Doctrine. The interpretation that the Preamble indicates the basic structure of the Constitution was opined in this Case.

QUESTION: 11

Consider the following statements regarding the Preamble:
I. It is not an operative part of the Constitution.
II. It is meant only as a preface to the Constitution.
Choose the incorrect statement(s):

Solution:

The Preamble aids the Court with legal interpretation of laws. It is used whenever there is any legal ambiguity regarding the provisions of certain laws and legislations.

QUESTION: 12

Consider the following statements:
1. Those Articles that were adopted on 26 November 1949 are contained in Article 294.
2. The Preamble as on 26 November 1949 declared India to be a ‘Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, and Democratic Republic’.
Choose the incorrect statement(s):

Solution:

Correct Answer :- c

Explanation : a) Article 394 of the Constitution states that Articles 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 60, 324, 367, 379 and 394 came into force since the adoption of the Constitution on 26th November 1949 and the rest of the provisions on 26th January 1950.

b) It is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic with a parliamentary system of government. The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.

During the Constituent Assembly debates on framing the Constitution in 1946, K.T. Shah proposed an amendment seeking to declare India as a "Secular, Federal, Socialist" nation.

QUESTION: 13

Consider the following statements:
1. India became a Dominion upon independence as per the provisions of the Objective Resolution.
2. The Preamble espouses the idea of ‘Fraternity’, which is inspired from the Objective Resolution provision to promote world peace and welfare of mankind.
3. The Objective Resolution originally allowed territories outside British India to become a part of independent India.
Choose the correct answer:

Solution:

The Objective Resolution sought India to be a sovereign republic and not a dominion. The term fraternity was adopted from the French Constitution and it assures dignity of individual and unity and integrity of the nation. One of the objectives under the Objective Resolution was to allow other territories outside British India to join sovereign India.

QUESTION: 14

Which of the following is the right sequence in which these terms appear in the Preamble?

Solution:

The amended text of the Preamble declares India as a Sovereign, Socialist, secular and Democratic Republic.

QUESTION: 15

The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is: 

Solution:

The Preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement that sets out guidelines, which guide the people of the nation, and to present the principles of the Constitution, and to indicate the source from which the document derives its authority, and meaning.

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