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Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - UPSC MCQ


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15 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 below.
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Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 1

Consider the following statements:
1. The word ‘sovereign’ in the Preamble indicates that the source of all powers under the Constitution of India is not an external authority but an internal authority.
2. India’s membership in the Commonwealth of Nations contradicts this principle.
Choose the right answer:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 1

The term sovereign conveys the meaning that India has an independent authority but the source of power under the Constitution is derived from the people of India. No external or internal authority is the source of this power. India is a member of the Commonwealth by choice and it has no legal obligations towards the organisation.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 2

The source of the Preamble is often attributed to the Objective Resolution presented by Jawaharlal Nehru in:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 2

On 13 December 1946, Jawaharlal Nehru presented the Objective Resolution before the Constituent Assembly. It contained the core principles which would later be adopted in the Preamble. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 January 1947.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 3

Who adopted the constitution of India on 26th November 1949.

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 3

On November 26, 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India formally adopted the Constitution of India. It came into force on January 26, 1950. Constitution Day aims to bring awareness about the importance of the Constitution and Dr B R Ambedkar.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 4

Consider the following statements:
1. Beohar Rammanohar Sinha wrote the original copies of the Constitution of India.
2. The Preamble was designed by Prem Bihari Narain Raizada.
Choose the correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 4

Explanation:

  1. Beohar Rammanohar Sinha did not write the original copies of the Constitution of India; he was among the artists who illustrated it. The original copies of the Constitution of India were hand-written by Prem Bihari Narain Raizada.

  2. The Preamble, as part of the original Constitution, was also handwritten by Prem Bihari Narain Raizada, not designed by him in the sense of artistic illustration. The confusion might arise from conflating the writing of the text with the artistic embellishments. The calligraphy of the Constitution was done by Raizada, but the Preamble's design in terms of conceptualization and illustration, particularly the decorative aspects of the Constitution, was overseen by Nandalal Bose, with Beohar Rammanohar Sinha among the artists involved.

So, the correct answer is D. None of these

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 5

The idea of ‘fraternity’ entails which of the following:
I. The dignity of the individual
II. The unity and integrity of the nation
Choose the correct option:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 5

These are explicitly mentioned in the text of the Preamble.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 6

Which of the following were included in the Objective Resolution:
1. Power and authority of independent India to be derived from its people.
2. Safeguards for minorities, depressed classes, backward and tribal areas.
3. India shall be a sovereign socialist republic.
4. India attains its rightful and honourable place in the world.
Choose the right answer:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 6

Statement 3 is wrong because the term socialist wasn’t included in the Objective Resolution. It was included later in the Preamble following the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 7

Match List I to List II and select the correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 7

Equality

  • The Preamble provides for the liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship. Equality means the absence of privileges or discrimination against any section of society. The Preamble provides for equality of status and opportunity to all the people of the country

  • Apart from the preamble, equality mention in Article 15(Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth)

Liberty

  • The term 'liberty' in the preamble means the absence of restraints on the activities of individuals, and at the same time, providing opportunities for the development of individual personalities.

Republic

  • The term Republic in the preamble indicatttes that in a republican form of government, the head of state is elected and not a hereditary monarch. Thus, this word denotes a government where no one holds public power as a proprietary right.

Democratic

  • The term Democratic in the preamble indicates that the Constitution has established a form of government that gets its authority from the will of the people expressed in an election. The Preamble resolves India to be a democratic country. That means the supreme power lies with the people

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 8

Consider the following statements:
I. The Supreme Court had ruled the Preamble as enforceable in a court of law in the Berubari Union Case, 1960.
II. The Keshavananda Bharati Case, 1973 clarified that the Preamble was a part of the Constitution.
Choose the correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 8

The Berubari Union Case reaffirmed that the Preamble was non-enforceable in a court of law.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 9

Consider the following statements:
I. The value of ‘Equality’ in the Preamble ensures equality of status and opportunity for all.
II. It also means prohibition of discrimination based on religion, sex, and caste.
Choose the correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 9

Correct Answer :- a

Explanation : WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:

JUSTICE, social, economic and political;

LIBERTY of thought, expression, belief, faith, and worship;

EQUALITY of status and of opportunity;

and to promote among them all

FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation;

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 10

Which of the following Supreme Court cases declared that the Preamble indicates the basic structure of the Constitution?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 10
  • Kesavananda Bharati v. State of Kerala Kesavananda Bharati Sripadagalvaru & Ors. v. State of Kerala & Anr. (Writ Petition (Civil) 135 of 1970), also known as the Kesavananda Bharati judgement, is a landmark decision of the Supreme Court of India that outlined the basic structure doctrine of the Indian Constitution.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 11

The Preamble of the Indian Constitution adopted on 26th November 1949 did not include the terms:
1. Socialist
2. Secular
3. Integrity
4. Republic

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 11

The Preamble to the Indian Constitution has been amended by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act (1976), which added three new words socialist, secular and integrity. The original Preamble adopted on 26th November 1949 did not include these terms.
Correct answer is A.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 12

Consider the following statements:
1. India became a Dominion upon independence as per the provisions of the Objective Resolution.
2. The Preamble espouses the idea of ‘Fraternity’, which is inspired from the Objective Resolution provision to promote world peace and welfare of mankind.
3. The Objective Resolution originally allowed territories outside British India to become a part of independent India.
Choose the correct answer:

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 12

The Objective Resolution sought India to be a sovereign republic and not a dominion. The term fraternity was adopted from the French Constitution and it assures dignity of individual and unity and integrity of the nation. One of the objectives under the Objective Resolution was to allow other territories outside British India to join sovereign India.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 13

Which of the following is the right sequence in which these terms appear in the Preamble?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 13

The amended text of the Preamble declares India as a Sovereign, Socialist, secular and Democratic Republic.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 14

The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is: 

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 14

The Preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement that sets out guidelines, which guide the people of the nation, and to present the principles of the Constitution, and to indicate the source from which the document derives its authority, and meaning.

Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 15

The constitution of India derives its ultimate authority from ____?

Detailed Solution for Laxmikanth Test: Preamble - 2 - Question 15

The Constitution draws its authority from the people and has been promulgated in the name of the people.

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