Test: Class 11 Polity NCERT Based-1


20 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Class 11 Polity NCERT Based-1


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QUESTION: 1

Consider the following statements about the Constitution.

1. The Constitution ensures that good people come to power.

2. The Constitution is the locus of People’s hopes and aspirations.

3. The Constitution gives its citizens only a political identity.

Which of the above is/are Correct?

Solution:
  • The Constitution itself cannot ensure that the good people come to power .For example, Indian Constitution has authorized the Parliament to determine the procedure for election to the Loksabha, Rajya Sabha and Legislative chambers of States & UTs.

  • Since the existing provisions of Representation of Peoples Act are not foolproof, a significant percentage of legislators of the present day are with criminal records. Constitutional norms provide the overarching framework within which one pursues individual aspirations, goals and freedoms.

  • For instance, the Preamble of Indian constitution broadly reflects this framework. One may have many identities prior to the Constitution.

  • But by agreeing to certain basic norms and principles prescribed by the Constitution, one constitutes one's basic political identity. However, the Constitution also sets authoritative Constraints upon what one may or may not do. It defines the fundamental values that one may not trespass. So the Constitution also gives MORAL Identity.

QUESTION: 2

The Constituent Assembly was setup under the:

Solution: The Cabinet Mission of 1946 to India aimed to discuss and plan for the transfer of power from the British Government to Indian leadership, providing India with independence.
QUESTION: 3

The Constitution of India, was drafted and enacted in which language:

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Which Indian artist decorated the handwritten Copy of the Constitution

Solution:
  • Nandalal Bose (1882-1966) was one of the pioneers of modern Indian art and a key figure of Contextual Modernism.

  • A pupil of Abanindranath Tagore, Bose was known for his “Indian style” of painting. He was influenced by the Tagore family and the murals of Ajanta; his classic works include paintings of scenes from Indian mythologies, women, and village life.

  • He was also famously asked by Jawaharlal Nehru to sketch the emblems for the Government of India’s awards, including the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Shri. Along with his students, Nandala Bose took up the historic task of beautifying /decorating the original manuscript of the Constitution of India.

QUESTION: 5

The Indian Constituent Assembly, after the partition, had the following number :

Solution:
  • The Constituent Assembly (elected for an undivided India) met for the first time on 9 December 1946, reassembling on 14 August 1947 as a sovereign body and successor to the British parliament’s authority in India. As a result of the partition, under the Mountbatten plan a separate constituent assembly was established in Pakistan on 3 June 1947.

  • The representatives of the areas incorporated into Pakistan ceased to be members of the Constituent Assembly of India. New elections were held for West Punjab and East Bengal; the membership of the Constituent Assembly was 299 after the reorganization, and it met on 31 December 1947.

QUESTION: 6

Elections to the Constituent Assembly was held in the year:

Solution:
  • The Constituent Assembly was established while India was under British rule, following negotiations between Indian leaders and members of the 1946 Cabinet Mission to India from the United Kingdom.

  • Provincial assembly elections were held early in 1946. Constituent Assembly members were elected indirectly by members of the newly elected provincial assemblies, and initially included representatives for those provinces which formed part of Pakistan . The Constituent Assembly had 299 representatives, including nine women.

QUESTION: 7

The objective resolution was moved in the Constituent Assembly on:

Solution: On 13 December, 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru moved the objectives Resolution.

QUESTION: 8

Who boycotted the Indian Constituent Assembly :

Muslim League boycotted the Indian Constituent Assembly.

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

In the final form of the Constitution adopted by the Constituent Assembly, how many Articles and Schedules were there:

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

The idea of Rule of Law has been taken by the Indian Constitution from:

Solution: The concept of rule of law further requires that no person should be subjected to harsh or arbitrary treatment. The word 'law' in rule of law means that whether he is a man or a society, he must not be governed by a man or ruler but by law.

QUESTION: 11

Which of the following is a constitutional body:

Solution:
  • These are the bodies which are mentioned in the constitution of India and so considered as more powerful and independent. For example, the Election Commission of India is mentioned in Article.

  • Its mandate and power are mentioned in the constitution itself as a result it has a large degree of autonomy. Under Article 324(1) of the Constitution of India, the Election Commission of India, interalia, is vested with the power of superintendence, direction and control of conducting various elections.

  • Even the Supreme Court of India has held that where the enacted laws are silent or make insufficient provision to deal with a given situation in the conduct of elections, the Election Commission has the residuary powers under the Constitution to act in an appropriate manner.

QUESTION: 12

Assume that you are the former Election Commissioner of India and have been asked to suggest an electoral system fulfilling the following Criteria.:

1. There should be no discrepancy between votes and seats for different parties

2. We have small linguistic minorities who are spread all over the Country; we should ensure fair representation to them.

Which of the following would be a rational suggestion?

Solution:
  • Proportional representation: electoral system that seeks to create a representative body that reflects the overall distribution of public support for each political party.

  • Where majority or plurality systems effectively reward strong parties and penalize weak ones by providing the representation of a whole constituency to a single candidate who may have received fewer than half of the votes cast (as is the case, for example, in the United States), proportional representation ensures minority groups a measure of representation proportionate to their electoral support.

QUESTION: 13

With reference to the Delimitation Commission, consider the following statements :

1. The orders of the Delimitation Commission cannot be challenged in a Court of Law.

2. When the orders of the Delimitation Commission are laid before the LokSabha or State Legislative Assembly, they cannot effect any modifications in the orders.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Delimitation literally means the act or process of fixing limits or boundaries of territorial constituencies in a country or a province having a legislative body.

  • In India, such Delimitation Commissions have been constituted 4 times - in 1952 under the Delimitation Commission Act, 1952, in 1963 under Delimitation Commission Act, 1962, in 1973 under Delimitation Act, 1972 and in 2002 under Delimitation Act, 2002.

  • Under Article 82 of the Constitution, the Parliament by law enacts a Delimitation Act after every census. After coming into force at the commencement of the Act, the Central Government constituted a Delimitation Commission.

QUESTION: 14

With respect to Elections in India, Who decides which Constituency is to be reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes:

Solution:
  • The Delimitation Commission is appointed by the President of India and works in Collaboration with the Election Commission of India.

  • It is appointed for the purpose of drawing up the boundaries of Constituencies all over the Country.

  • After drawing the boundaries, the Delimitation Commission looks at the composition of population in each constituency. Those constituencies that have the highest proportion of Scheduled Tribe population are reserved for ST.

  • In the case of Scheduled Castes, the Delimitation Commission looks at two things. It picks constituencies that have a higher proportion of the Scheduled Caste population. But it also spreads these constituencies in different regions of the State.

QUESTION: 15

Which of the following would determine the effectiveness of the Constitution:

1. People who enact the Constitution

2. Substantive Provisions

3. Single institution with monopoly of Power

Solution:
  • In many countries constitutions remain defunct because they are crafted by military leaders or leaders who are not popular and do not have the ability to carry the people with them.

  • The most successful constitutions, like India, South Africa and the United States, are Constitutions which were created by the leaders who enjoyed immense public credibility. Therefore, the authority of people who enact the Constitution helps determine in part its prospects for success.

  • Substantive provisions determine if the Constitution gives everyone in the society some reason to abide by the constitution. If any group feels that their identity is being stifled, they will have no reason to go along with the Constitution.

  • Hence the substantive provisions like LIBERTY, JUSTICE etc. play a larger role in the effectiveness of the Constitution.

QUESTION: 16

Consider the following provisions under the Directive Principles of State Policy as enshrined in the Constitution of India :

1. Securing for citizens of India a uniform civil code

2. Organizing village Panchayats

3. Promoting cottage industries in rural areas

4. Securing for all the workers reasonable leisure and cultural opportunities

Which of the above are the Gandhian Principles that are reflected in the Directive Principles of State Policy?

Solution: Statement 2 and 3 comes under Gandhian Principles.

QUESTION: 17

The Election Commission of India consists of Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) and two election commissioners (EC). With regard to these two officials, which of the following is/are correct:

1. CEC and EC receive equal salary.

2. CEC and EC are provided with security of tenure.

3. In case of difference of opinion amongst them, the view of CEC prevails.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

Solution:
  • The chief election commissioner and the two other election commissioners have equal powers and receive equal salary, allowances and other perquisites.

  • In case of difference of opinion amongst the Chief Election Commissioner and/or two other election commissioners, the matter is decided by the Commission by majority. Only the chief election commissioner is provided with the security of tenure.

  • Election commissioners can be removed from office on the recommendation of the chief election commissioner.

QUESTION: 18

Which qualification is given in the constitution to be elected a commissioner of Election Commission:

Solution: No qualification has been fixed in the constitution to be appointed as election commissioner.

QUESTION: 19

Which of the following is not the work of Election Commission:

Solution: The Election Commission shall seek the approval of the president in deciding the disqualification of a Member of Parliament.

QUESTION: 20

Which statement about the Election Commission is not correct:

Solution: The election commission is not responsible for conducting the election of municipal corporations. Functions of the Election Commission of India

1. ECI is responsible for a free and reasonable election

2. It ensures that political parties and candidates adhere to the Model Code of Conduct

3. Regulates parties and registers them as per eligibility to contest in elections

4. Proposes the limit of campaign expenditure per candidate to all parties and monitors the same.

5. It is mandatory for all political parties to submit annual reports to the ECI in order to be able to claim the tax benefit on the contributions.

6. Guarantees that all political parties regularly submit audited financial reports.

The main duties of the Election Commission are:

1. Supervise, control and conduct all elections to Parliament and State Legislatures

2. Set general rules for election.

3. Prepare electoral rolls

4. Determine territorial distribution of constituencies

5. Give credit to political parties.

6. Allot election symbols to political parties or candidates

7. Appoint tribunals for the decision of doubts and disputes arising out of an election to Parliament and State Legislatures.