Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-1


15 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-1


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This mock test of Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-1 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 15 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-1 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-1 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-1 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-1 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Consider the following assertions:

1. According to the Right to Equality as mentioned in the Constitution, every person is equal before the law i.e. every person, from the President of the country to a domestic worker, has to obey the same laws.

2. No person can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion, race, caste, place of birth or gender.

Which of the above assertion(s) is /are true?

Solution: According to the Right to Equality as mentioned in the Constitution, every person is equal before the law i.e. every person, from the President of the country to a domestic worker, has to obey the same laws. No person can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion, race, caste, place of birth or gender.

QUESTION: 2

Consider the following assertions:

1. The midday meal scheme was first introduced in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

2. In 2001, the Supreme Court asked all the State Governments to begin midday meal programmes in their schools within six months.

Which of the above assertion(s) is/are correct?

Solution:
  • One of the steps taken by the government includes the midday meal scheme. This refers to the programme introduced in all government elementary schools to provide children with cooked lunch.

  • Tamil Nadu was the first state in India to introduce this scheme, and in 2001, the Supreme Court asked all state governments to begin this programme in their schools within six months. This programme has had many positive effects.

  • These include the fact that more poor children have begun enrolling and regularly attending school.

  • This programme has also helped reduce caste prejudices because both lower and upper caste children in the school eat this meal together, and in quite a few places, Dalit women have been employed to cook the meal.

  • The midday meal programme also helps reduce the hunger of poor students who often come to school and cannot concentrate because their stomachs are empty.

QUESTION: 3

Consider the following assertions:

1. The rebellious refusal of Rosa Parks, started a huge agitation against the unequal ways in which African-Americans were treated. This came to be known as the Civil Rights Movement.

2. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, religion or national origin. It also stated that all schools would be open to African–American children and that they would no longer have to attend separate schools specially set up for them.

Which of the above assertion(s) is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Rosa Parks was an African–American woman. Tired from a long day at work she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man on 1 December 1955.

  • Her refusal that day started a huge agitation against the unequal ways in which African–Americans were treated and which came to be known as the Civil Rights Movement.

  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited discrimination on the basis of race, religion or national origin. It also stated that all schools would be open to African–American children and that they would no longer have to attend separate schools specially set up for them.

QUESTION: 4

Consider the following assertions:

1. Right to health is not a part of the fundamental rights; hence the health facilities are not available to all equally.

2. More people are afflicted with waterborne communicable diseases due to lack of supply of clean drinking water.

Which of the above assertion(s) is/are incorrect ?

Solution:
  • While the Constitution states that the right to health is an aspect of our fundamental rights, its provisioning is rather unequal. Right to health is considered to be included under the Right to life (Article 21). Due to non-availability of clean drinking water, more people suffer from waterborne communicable diseases.

  • Communicable diseases, such as cholera, diarrhoea, hepatitis etc., occur due to the consumption of unclean water.

QUESTION: 5

In the context of India, consider the following assertions:

1. India has the largest number of medical colleges in the world and is among the largest producers of doctors.

2. India is the fourth largest producer of medicines in the world and is also a major exporter of medicines.

Which of the above assertion(s) is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Despite having the highest number of hospitals and doctors, the level of healthcare is poor in India.

  • The main reason for this is that most doctors settle in urban areas. People in rural areas have to travel long distances to reach a doctor.

  • The number of doctors with respect to the population is much less in the rural areas. Despite being a big producer and exporter of drugs, the cost of medicines is high here, thus medicines are not adequately accessible to every citizen.

  • Several deaths are caused because of it.

QUESTION: 6

Consider the following assertions —

1. According to our constitution, it is the primary duty of the government to ensure the welfare of the people and provide healthcare facilities to all.

2. The government cannot use the money, received from the public as taxes, to provide public facilities.

Which of the above assertion(s) is/are correct?

Solution: According to our Constitution, it is the primary duty of the government to ensure the welfare of the people and provide healthcare facilities to all. Government utilises the taxes paid by the public to provide public facilities like, healthcare services, defence services, judicial services, etc.

QUESTION: 7

Which of the following statements is/are correct about the Midday meal scheme?

1. In drought affected areas, midday meals shall be supplied even during summer vacations

2. In appointment of cooks and helpers, preference shall be given to Dalits, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

3. The state Government shall make provisions for construction of kitchen sheds

Solution:
  • The Central Government shall make provisions for construction of kitchen sheds. The Midday Meal Scheme is a school meal program of the government of India designed to improve the nutritional status of school-age children nationwide.

  • The program supplies free lunches on working days for children in primary and upper primary classes in government, government aided, local body, Education Guarantee Scheme, and alternate innovative education centres, Madarsa and Maqtabs supported under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, and National Child Labour Project schools run by the ministry of labour.

QUESTION: 8

The Ayushman Bharat scheme will subsume which among the following central schemes?

1. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)

2. Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS)

3. Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS)

Solution: The scheme will subsume the centrally sponsored schemes-Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and the Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS).

QUESTION: 9

Consider the following statements:

1. Equality is an important principle of our Constitution.

2. The government has set up anganwadis in several villages in the country to reduce the inequality between the sexes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Equality is an important principle of our Constitution. The Constitution says that being male or female should not become a reason for discrimination.

  • To fulfill this , the government takes positive steps to reduce the inequality between both the sexes. For example, government recognises that burden of childcare and housework falls on women and girls.

  • This naturally has an impact on whether girls can attend school or whether women can work outside the house and what kind of jobs and careers they can have.To tackle this one of the steps that government has taken is to set up anganwadis or child-care centres in several villages in the country.

QUESTION: 10

Consider the following assertions:

1. Housework is invisible and unpaid work.

2. Term Double-burden is commonly used to describe the women’s work situation.

Which of the above assertions above is/are correct.

Solution: The term 'invisible' means the work that women generally do inside the home and is not given due recognition ,they are not paid for it. Example - looking after the family members and cooking food for them. Double-burden literally literally means a double load. This term is commonly used to describe the women’s work situation. It has emerged from a recognition that women typically labour both inside the home (housework) and outside.

QUESTION: 11

Consider the following assertions —

1. Members of the Legislative Assembly represent people in the states.

2. Every state in India has a Legislative Assembly.

Which of the above assertion(s) is/are false?

Solution:

Every state in India has a Legislative Assembly. Each state is divided into different areas or constituencies. From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA).

 

 

QUESTION: 12

Which of the following is not matched correctly?

Solution: Article 163 in The Constitution Of India : Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor (1) There shall be a council of Ministers with the chief Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor in the exercise of his functions, except in so far as he is by or under this constitution required to exercise his functions or any of them in his discretion.

QUESTION: 13

Who decides the salary and allowance of the speaker of the Legislative Assembly?

Solution: Salaries and allowances of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker and the Chairman and Deputy Chairman.- There shall be paid to the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, and to the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council, such salaries and allowances as may be respectively fixed by the Legislature of the State by law and, until provision in that behalf is so made, such salaries and allowances as are specified in the Second Schedule.

QUESTION: 14

Which of the following statements is not correct?

Solution: 4th Statement is incorrect.

QUESTION: 15

In which of the following states there is no Legislative Council?

Solution:
  • Legislative Council or Vidhan Parishad is the upper house in bicameral legislatures in some states of India.

  •  

    It has no powers in terms of passing bills whether be it money or ordinary bills unlike Rajya Sabha which has equal powers as that of Lok Sabha in terms of Ordinary & Amendment bills.

  •  

    That’s why it is generally optional to have Vidhan Parishad. While most states have unicameral legislature with only legislative assembly, currently, seven states have legislative councils - Andhra Pradesh Bihar Jammu and Kashmir Karnataka Maharashtra Telangana Uttar Pradesh.