Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-2


20 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-2


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This mock test of Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-2 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 20 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-2 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-2 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-2 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Test: Class 7 Polity NCERT Based-2 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

What is the minimum age for becoming a member of the State Legislative Council?

Solution:
  • The qualifications to become a member of the Legislative Assembly are largely similar to the qualifications to be a member of Parliament.

  • i) The person should be a citizen of India ii) not less than 25 years of age to be a member of the Legislative Assembly and not less than 30 years as per Article 173 of Indian Constitution to be a member of the Legislative Council.

  • No person can become a member of the Legislative Assembly or the Legislative Council of any state, unless the individual is a voter from any constituency of the state. Those who cannot become members of Parliament also cannot become members of the state legislature.

  • The member is elected by the people of that particular constituency and represents those people in the legislative assembly and debates on issues related to his or her constituency.

  • The MLA's position is like an MP, but the difference is only that MLA is in the state level and the MP is in the national level.

QUESTION: 2

What can be the minimum strength of members in the State Legislature?

Solution: Article 170 of the indian constitution reads: Subject to the provision of article 333, The maximum strength of the members of legislative assembly must be 500 while the minimum must be 60. In maximum strength there is no exception ,but there is an exception in minimum strength like 1. Sikkim :-32 members 2. Mizoram:-40 members 3. Goa:-40 members

QUESTION: 3

How many members are elected indirectly in State Legislative Councils?

Solution:
  • Article 171 of the constitution of India defines the composition of the councils. The strength of any council shall not exceed 1/3rd of the strength of the state assembly. But for smaller states, the minimum strength of the council can be forty (40).

  • The members of the Legislative Councils comprise people elected through five different constituencies.

  • One third (1/3rd) of the members are elected by representatives of the Local Authorities (like Municipalities, Zilla Parishads, Block Parishads etc) One third (1/3rd) of the members are elected by members of the Legislative Assembly (the same person can’t be a member of both the houses) One-twelfth (1/12th) of the members are elected by the Graduates in the state One-twelfth (1/12th) of the members are elected by the Teachers in the state The remaining members are nominated by the Governor.

  • Those nominated by the Governor should have special knowledge or practical experience in Literature, science, art, co-operative movement and social service.

QUESTION: 4

Consider the following assertions:

1. A law was made in 2006 to give women, who face physical and mental violence within their homes (also called domestic violence) some legal protection.

2. The Supreme Court formulated guidelines in 1997 to protect women against sexual harassment at the workplace and within educational institutions.

3. March 8 is celebrated as International Women's Day.

Which of the above assertion(s) is/are true?

Solution:
  • In 1997, the Supreme Court passed a landmark judgment in the same Vishaka case laying down guidelines to be followed by establishments in dealing with complaints about sexual harassment.

  • "Vishaka Guidelines" were stipulated by the Supreme Court of India, in Vishaka and others v State of Rajasthan case in 1997, regarding sexual harassment at workplace. The court stated that these guidelines were to be implemented until legislation is passed to deal with the issue.

  • The court decided that the consideration of "International Conventions and norms are significant for the purpose of interpretation of the guarantee of gender equality, right to work with human dignity in Articles 14, 15 19(1)(g) and 21 of the Constitution and the safeguards against sexual harassment implicit therein."

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following assertion and reason:

Assertion: When the government prevents either a news item, or scenes from a movie, or the lyrics of a song from being shared with the larger public, this is referred to as censorship.

Reason: There have been periods in Indian history when the government censored the media. The worst of these was the Emergency between 1975-1977.

Select the correct answer using the following options:

Solution: When the government prevents either a news item, or scenes from a movie, or the lyrics of a song from being shared with the larger public, this is referred to as censorship. There have been periods in Indian history when the government censored the media. The worst of these was the Emergency between 1975-1977. Both the statements are correct, but the reason does not confirm the statement.

QUESTION: 6

In the context of Khabar Lahariya Newspaper, consider the following assertions:

1. A fortnightly newspaper called Khabar Lahriya is run by eight dalit women in chitrakoot district of Uttar Pradesh.

2. This eight-page newspaper reports on Dalit issues and cases of violence against women and political corruption.

3. This newspaper is written in the local language, Bundeli.

Which of the above assertion(s) is/are true?

Solution: Khabar Lahriya is a fortnightly that is run by eight Dalit women in Chitrakoot district in Uttar Pradesh. Written in the local language, Bundeli, this eight-page newspaper reports on Dalit issues and cases of violence against women and political corruption. This newspaper was also selected for the 2009 UNESCO Literacy Award.

QUESTION: 7

Who among the following published the first newspaper in India?

Solution: Hickey's Bengal Gazette was an English newspaper published from Kolkata (then Calcutta), India. It was the first major newspaper in India, starting in 1780. It was published for two years. Founded by James Augustus Hicky, a highly eccentric Irishman who had previously spent two years in Jail for debt.

QUESTION: 8

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Vernacular Press Act, 1878 was constituted for ‘better control’ of the vernacular press and effectively punished and repressed seditious writing. The provisions of the Act are given below:

(A) The district magistrate was empowered to call upon the printer and publisher of any vernacular newspaper to enter into a bond with the Government undertaking not to cause disaffection against the government or antipathy between persons of different religions, caste, race through published material; the printer and publisher could also be required to deposit security which could be seized if the offences reoccurred.

(B) The magistrate’s action was final and no appeal could be made in a court of law.

(C) A vernacular newspaper could get an exemption from the operation of the Act by submitting proof to a government censor.

QUESTION: 9

Name the online platform launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development to support women entrepreneurs?

Solution: Mahila E-haat scheme was launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development on 7 March, 2016 to support women entrepreneurs. It is basically a direct online marketing platform.

QUESTION: 10

Which of the following schemes provide education to girls and their welfare?

Solution: Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Yojana is a campaign under the Government of India that was established for generating awareness and improving the efficiency of the welfare services intended for girls in India. This scheme was launched by PM Narendra Modi on 22 January 2015 which is run jointly by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

QUESTION: 11

Which scheme promotes community participation through involvement of Students Volunteers for empowerment of rural women?

Solution: Pradhan Mantri Mahila Shakti Kendra scheme promotes community participation through involvement of Students Volunteers for empowerment of rural women. These are the Indian Government Schemes that work for the empowerment of the women in different spheres.

QUESTION: 12

Which of the following act/regulation empowered the magistrates to confiscate press property which published objectionable material likely to cause incitement to murder/acts of violence against the Extremist nationalist activity?

Solution: Newspaper (Incitement to Offences) Act, 1908 empowered the magistrates to confiscate press property which published objectionable material likely to cause incitement to murder/acts of violence against the Extremist nationalist activity.

QUESTION: 13

Name the first woman who became the Speaker of Lok Sabha in India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Consider the following statements:

1. Branding means stamping a product with a particular name or sign.

2. Term Branding actually came from cattle grazing.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution: Branding’ means stamping a product with a particular name or sign. This is done in order to differentiate it from other products in the market.Branding actually came from cattle grazing. Cattle of different owners grazed together in ranches and they often got mixed up.The owners thought of a solution. They started marking their cattle with the owner’s sign by using a heated iron. This was called ‘branding’.

QUESTION: 15

Consider the following statements:

1. Social advertisements refer to advertisements made by the State or private agencies that have a larger message for society.

2. Consumer refers to the person for whom the goods or products have been made.

Which of the statements given above is/are NOT correct?

Solution: Social advertisements refer to advertisements made by the State or private agencies that have a larger message for society. For example: Social advertisement regarding educational rights of disabled children and social Advertisement regarding crossing of unmanned railway crossings. Consumer refers to the person for whom the goods or products have been made and who pays money to buy and use them.

QUESTION: 16

Consider the following statements with reference to the concept of Equality.

1. Discrimination on the basis of a person’s religion, caste and sex is prohibited by Indian constitution.

2. Poverty and the lack of resources is the key reason why people’s lives in India are highly unequal.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • The Indian Constitution recognises all Indians as equal before the law and states that no person can be discriminated against because of their religion, sex, caste or whether they are rich or poor.

  • All adults in India have the equal right to vote during elections and this ‘power over the ballot box’ has been used by people to elect or replace their representatives.Poverty and the lack of resources continue to be a key reason why so many people’s lives in India are highly unequal.

  • Discrimination on the basis of a person’s religion, caste and sex is another significant factor for why people are treated unequally in India.

QUESTION: 17

Consider the following statements.

1. The Tawa Matsya Sangh (TMS) is a federation of Fisher Worker's cooperatives in Tawang region of Arunachal Pradesh.

2. River Tawa flows through Arunachal Pradesh and Assam.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • The Tawa Matsya Sangh (TMS) in Madhya Pradesh is a federation of Fisher Worker's cooperatives – an organisation fighting for the rights of the displaced forest dwellers of the Satpura forest in Madhya Pradesh.

  • River Tawa originates in the Mahadeo hills of Chhindwara district, flows through Betul, before joining the Narmada in Hoshangabad. The Tawa dam began to be built in 1958 and was completed in 1978. It submerged large areas of forest and agricultural land.

QUESTION: 18

Consider the following assertions :

1. Erode’s bi-weekly cloth market in Tamil Nadu is one of the largest cloth markets in the world. 2. The arrangement between the merchant and the weavers is an example of a putting-out system, whereby the merchant supplies the raw material and receives the finished product.

Which of the above assertion(s) is/are true?

Solution:
  • Erode’s bi-weekly cloth market in Tamil Nadu is one of the largest cloth markets in the world. A large variety of cloth is sold in this market. Cloth that is made by weavers in the villages around is also brought here for sale.

  • The arrangement between the merchant and the weavers is an example of a putting-out system, whereby the merchant supplies the raw material and receives the finished product. It is prevalent in the weaving industry in most regions of India.

QUESTION: 19

Consider the following statements regarding Weekly markets:

1. It is held only on a specific day of the week.

2. These markets do not have permanent shops.

Which of the statements given above is/are NOT correct?

Solution:
  • A weekly market is so called because it is held only on a specific day of the week.Weekly markets do not have permanent shops. Traders set up shops for the day and then close them up in the evening.

  • Many things in weekly markets are available at cheaper rates. This is because when shops are in permanent buildings, they incur a lot of expenditure – they have to pay rent, electricity, fees to the government.

QUESTION: 20

Consider the following statements:

1. Chain of markets is a series of markets in which products pass from one market to another.

2. The people in between the producer and the final consumer are the traders.

3. The trader who finally sells products to the consumer is called the wholesale trader.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Chain of markets is a series of markets that are connected like links in a chain because products pass from one market to another Goods are produced in factories, on farms and in Homes.

  • The people in between the producer and the final consumer are the traders. The wholesale trader first buys goods in large quantities. For example, the vegetable wholesale trader will not buy a few kilos of vegetables, but will buy in large lots of 25 to 100 kilos.

  • These will then be sold to other traders. In these markets, buying and selling takes place between traders. It is through these links of traders that goods reach faraway places. The trader who finally sells this to the consumer, is the retailer.