Test: Class 9 Polity NCERT Based-1


20 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Class 9 Polity NCERT Based-1


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QUESTION: 1

With reference to features of “Democracy”, consider the following statements:

1. Only leaders elected by people should rule the country.

2. People have the freedom to express views, freedom to organise and freedom to protest.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution: Democracy is a form of government that allows people to choose their rulers.In a democracy only leaders elected by people should rule the country. People have the freedom to express views, freedom to organise and freedom to protest.

QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements:

1. Martial law is a system of rules that takes effect when a military authority takes control of the normal administration of justice.

2. A coup d’état is the sudden overthrow of a government illegally.

3. In communist system, the state controls all the big property and industry.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

Solution:
  • A. Coup: A coup d’état or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government illegally. It may or may not be violent in nature. The term is French for 'a sudden blow or strike to a state'.

  • B. Martial law: A system of rules that takes effect when a military authority takes control of the normal administration of justice.

  • C. Communist state: A state governed by a communist party without allowing other parties to compete for power. The state controls all the big property and industry.

QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statement:

1. Referendum is an Indirect vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal.

2. Veto is the right which gives unlimited power to stop a decision.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Referendum: A direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. This may be adoption of a new constitution, a law or a specific governmental policy.

  • Veto: The right of a person, party or nation to stop a certain decision or law. The word comes from Latin, which means ‘I forbid’. A veto gives unlimited power to stop a decision, but not to adopt one.

QUESTION: 4

Consider the following statements:

1. Ghana used to be a British colony called Diamond Coast.

2. It was among the first countries in Africa to gain independence.

3. Kwame Nkrumah became the first prime minister and then the president of Ghana.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Ghana used to be a British colony named Gold Coast. It became independent in 1957. It was among the first countries in Africa to gain independence. It inspired other African countries to struggle for freedom.

  • Kwame Nkrumah (pronounced Enkruma), son of a goldsmith and himself a teacher, was active in the independence struggle of his country. After independence, Nkrumah became the first prime minister and then the president of Ghana.

  • He was a friend of Jawaharlal Nehru and an inspiration for democrats in AfricaBut unlike Nehru, he got himself elected president for life. Soon after in 1966, he was overthrown by the military.

QUESTION: 5

With reference to Soviet Union, consider the following statements:

1. The disintegration of the Soviet Union accelerated the process of democracy.

2. Soviet Union broke down in 1991.

3. All the constituent Republics of Soviet Union emerged as independent countries after its breakup.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • The disintegration of the Soviet Union accelerated the process of democracy in the 1990s. The Soviet Union controlled many of its neighbouring communist countries in Eastern Europe.

  •  

    Poland and several other countries became free from the control of the Soviet Union during 1989-90. They chose to become democracies.Finally the Soviet Union itself broke down in 1991.

  •  

    The Soviet Union comprised 15 Republics. All the constituent Republics emerged as independent countries. Most of them became democracies. Thus the end of Soviet control on East Europe and the break up of the Soviet Union led to a big change in the political map of the world.

 

 

 

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following does not lead to the spread of democracy?

Solution:
  • Urge towards global democracy comes from people who get more opportunities to come in touch with one another. Over the last few years the people of different countries have come together without their governments’ support.

  • As in the case of democracy within the nations, the initiative for democracy among nations has come from the struggles of the people.

  • For a very long time most countries in Asia and Africa were colonies under the control of European nations. End of colonialism made democracy flourish in these counties. Foreign countries invaded these countries and them their coloniesPeople of the colonised countries had to wage struggles to achieve independence.

QUESTION: 7

Which of the following statements is true about today’s world?

Solution:
  • Democracy has been expanding to more and more regions and countries all over the world. Thus, more and more countries are becoming democratic. By 2020 about 167 countries were holding multi-party elections. This number was higher than ever before.

  • More than 80 previously non-democratic countries have made significant advances towards democracy since 1980.But, even today, there are many countries where people cannot express their opinion freely.They still cannot elect their leaders. They cannot make big decisions about their present and future life.

QUESTION: 8

Democracy in the international organisations requires that:

Solution:
  • There are many institutions at the world level that perform some of the functions in a democratic way.

  • The yardstick here is whether each of the countries has free and equal say in the decisions that affect them.

  • For example: Every one of the 193 member states of the United Nation has one vote in the UN General Assembly. It meets in regular yearly sessions under a president elected from among the representatives of the member countries.General Assembly is like the parliament where all the discussion takes place. In that sense the UN appears to be a very democratic organisation.

QUESTION: 9

Which award has been won by Suu Kyi?

Solution:

The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 1991 to Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar (Burma) for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights.

QUESTION: 10

With reference to International Monetary Fund (IMF), consider the following statements:

1. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is one of the biggest moneylenders for any country in the world.

2. Its member states have equal voting rights.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is one of the biggest moneylenders for any country in the world.

  • Its 189 member states (as on 12 April 2016) do not have equal voting rights. The vote of each country is weighed by how much money it has contributed to the IMF.

  • More than 40% of the voting power in the IMF is in the hands of only seven countries (US, Japan, Germany, France, UK, Italy and Canada). The remaining 182 countries have very little say in how these international organisations take Decisions.

QUESTION: 11

Which of the following are the features of Democracy?

1. In a democracy the final decision making power must rest with those elected by the people.

2. A democracy must be based on a free and fair election where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing.

3. In a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Solution:
  • Holding elections of any kind is not sufficient. The elections must offer a real choice between political alternatives.

  • And it should be possible for people to use this choice to remove the existing rulers, if they wish so.

  • So, a democracy must be based on a free and fair election where those currently in power have a fair chance of losing. In a democracy the final decision making power must rest with those elected by the people.

  • Democracy is based on a fundamental principle of political equality. In a democracy, each adult citizen must have one vote and each vote must have one value.

QUESTION: 12

Consider the following statements:

1. In China, elections are regularly held after every five years for electing the country’s parliament called National People’s Congress.

2. The National People’s Congress has the power to appoint the President of the country.

Which of the statements given above is/are NOT correct?

Solution:
  • In China, elections are regularly held after every five years for electing the country’s parliament, called Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui (National People’s Congress). The National People’s Congress has the power to appoint the President of the country. It has nearly 3,000 members elected from all over China.

  • Some members are elected by the army. Before contesting elections, a candidate needs the approval of the Chinese Communist Party.Only those who are members of the Chinese Communist Party or eight smaller parties allied to it were allowed to contest elections held in 2002-03. The government is always formed by the Communist Party.

QUESTION: 13

With reference to democratic government, consider the following statements.

1. A popular government can be undemocratic.

2. A democratic government should rule only within limits set by constitutional law and citizens’ rights.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • Popular governments can be undemocratic. Popular leaders can be autocratic. In a democracy, there should be sufficient room for normal political activity, including political opposition, in the period before elections.

  • This requires that the state should respect some basic rights of the citizen.They should be free to think, to have opinions, to express these in public, to form associations, to protest and take other political actions. Everyone should be equal in the eyes of law.

  • These rights must be protected by an independent judiciary whose orders are obeyed by everyone.Similarly, there are some conditions that apply to the way a government is run after the elections.

QUESTION: 14

Which of the following can be demerits of democracy?

1. Democracy leads to frequent changes in leadership.

2. Democracy may lead to corruption for it is based on electoral competition.

3. Democracy as a form of government only ensures that people take their own decisions. This does not guarantee that their decisions will be good.

Select the correct answer using the code given below

Solution:
  • Democracy is not a magical solution for all the problems and following arguments goes against democracy:

  • Demerits of Democracy:

1. Democracy leads to frequent changes in leadership. Sometimes this can set back big decisions and affect the government’s efficiency.

2. Democracy is about political competition and power play and there is little scope for morality. Thus, Democracy leads to corruption for it is based on electoral competition

3. Democracy as a form of government only ensures that people take their own decisions. This does not guarantee that their decisions will be good. People can make mistakes. Involving the people in these decisions does lead to delays in decision making.

QUESTION: 15

Which of the following can be merits of democracy?

Solution:

1. Democracy is better than any other form of government in responding to the needs of the people. A nondemocratic government may and can respond to the people’s needs, but in a democracy it requires that the rulers have to attend to the needs of the people. A democratic government is a better government because it is a more accountable form of government. Democracy is based on consultation and discussion.

2. A democratic decision always involves many people, discussions and meetings. When a number of people put their heads together, they are able to point out possible mistakes in any decision. This takes time, but this reduces the chances of rash or irresponsible decisions. Thus democracy improves the quality of decision-making.

3. Democracy provides a method to deal with differences and conflicts. In any society people are bound to have differences of opinions and interests. Democracy provides the only peaceful solution to this problem. In democracy, no one is a permanent winner. No one is a permanent loser. Different groups can live with one another peacefully. In a diverse country like India, democracy keeps our country together.

4. Democracy is better than other forms of government because it allows us to correct its own mistakes. The advantage in a democracy is that such mistakes cannot be hidden for long. There is a space for public discussion on these mistakes. And there is a room for correction. Either the rulers have to change their decisions, or the rulers can be changed. This cannot happen in a non-democratic government.

QUESTION: 16

Consider the following statements:

1. In the nineteenth century struggles for democracy often centred round political equality, freedom and justice.

2. European countries after becoming democratic allowed all people to vote at once.

3. In the United States of America, the blacks all over the country got the right to vote right after American war of indepence in 18th century

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:
  • In the nineteenth century struggles for democracy often centred round political equality, freedom and justice. One major demand was the right for every adult citizen to vote.

  •  

    Those struggling for democracy wanted this right granted universally to all adults — men or women, rich or poor, white or black. This is called ‘universal adult franchise’ or ‘universal suffrage’.

  •  

    Many European countries that were becoming more democratic did not initially allow all people to vote. In some countries only people owning property had the right to vote. Often women did not have the right to vote.

  •  

    In the United States of America, the blacks all over the country could not exercise the right to vote until 1965. By 1900 New Zealand was the only country where every adult had voting right.

 

 

 

QUESTION: 17

Which of the following is correct in terms of history of democracy?

Solution: In a democracy the basic rights of the minorities should not be violated by the action of majorities.

QUESTION: 18

Which of the following statements is true regarding the degree of economic development and democracy?

Solution: According to some scholars who pointed out the reciprocal relationship between the economic development and the democracy, a curvilinear in shape which states that at the lower level of economic level, the democracy would be unfavourable to economic development while at higher level the democracy would be favourable to economic development.

QUESTION: 19

Deliberative democracy involves:

Solution:
  • Deliberative democracy or deliberative engagement is all about placing people (citizens, residents, affected individuals) closer to the affairs of government and decision makers.

  • Deliberative processes are built around a number of key principles including:

1. Participants will have access to the information they need to have an in-depth conversation and information will be neutral, balanced and from a range of different sources.

2. The process is representative. Participants are selected randomly via a random, stratified selection process.

3. Participants are given the time they need to deliberate, which allows them to consider complex information, grapple with trade-offs and impacts and weigh up options and ideas

4. The deliberative group is given a high level of influence over outcomes or decisions.

QUESTION: 20

Direct democracy is the system in which:

Solution: Direct democracy, also called pure democracy, forms of direct participation of citizens in democratic decision making, in contrast to indirect or representative democracy. Direct democracies may operate through an assembly of citizens or by means of referenda and initiatives in which citizens vote on issues instead of for candidates or parties.

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