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Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1

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Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 1

End of racism in the USA was led by

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 1
The End of Racism in the USA was led by the Black Power Movement.

  • The Black Power Movement was a social and political movement that emerged in the 1960s, advocating for the rights and empowerment of black Americans.

  • It sought to challenge and dismantle institutional racism and promote self-determination among the black community.

  • The movement emphasized racial pride, self-defense, and self-sufficiency.

  • Black Power leaders and organizations, such as the Black Panther Party, played a significant role in raising awareness about racial inequality and mobilizing communities.

  • They organized protests, demonstrations, and community programs to address issues such as police brutality, educational disparities, and economic inequality.

  • The Black Power Movement also influenced and inspired other civil rights organizations and individuals to join the fight against racism.

  • Through their activism and advocacy, they created a sense of empowerment and unity within the black community.

  • The Black Power Movement's efforts contributed to the eventual end of legalized racial segregation and discrimination in the USA.


In conclusion, the Black Power Movement played a crucial role in leading the fight against racism and paving the way for significant progress in achieving racial equality in the USA.
Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 2

Social difference arise due to difference in

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 2
Social Differences Arise Due to Difference in:
Race:
- Race refers to the categorization of people based on physical characteristics such as skin color, facial features, and hair texture.
- Differences in race can lead to social differences as societies have historically developed prejudices, discrimination, and inequalities based on these physical characteristics.
- Racism and racial discrimination can result in social exclusion, unequal access to resources and opportunities, and systemic disadvantages for certain racial groups.
Religion:
- Religion refers to the belief systems, practices, and rituals followed by individuals or groups.
- Differences in religion can lead to social differences as religious beliefs often shape values, norms, and behaviors.
- Religious differences can result in conflicts, discrimination, and social divisions, as people with different religious beliefs may have different interpretations of morality, customs, and traditions.
- Religious intolerance and discrimination can lead to social exclusion, marginalization, and even violence.
Language:
- Language refers to the system of communication used by a particular group of people.
- Differences in language can lead to social differences as language plays a crucial role in shaping cultural identity, interpersonal communication, and social integration.
- Language barriers can result in misunderstandings, exclusion, and limited access to education, employment, and public services.
- Linguistic discrimination can marginalize individuals or communities and hinder social cohesion.
All of the Above:
- All of the above factors contribute to social differences as they are interconnected and can reinforce each other.
- The intersectionality of race, religion, and language can create complex social dynamics where individuals or groups may face multiple forms of discrimination and inequality.
- Understanding and addressing these social differences is essential for promoting inclusivity, equality, and social justice in society.
Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 3

Which of the following statements is true about the Civil Right Movement in the USA?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 3
  • Martin Luther King started the Civil Rights Movement in USA.
  • Civil Rights Movement happened between 1954-1968
  • The primary goal of Civil Rights Movement is to end social discrimination.
  • Civil Rights Movement refers to a set of events and reforms movement and at abolishing legal racial discrimination against African Americans led by Martin Luther King Jr.
Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 4

In Northern Ireland, the difference between Protestants and Roman Catholics led to

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 4
Introduction: In Northern Ireland, the difference between Protestants and Roman Catholics has resulted in significant social and political consequences.
Social Division:
- The division between Protestants and Roman Catholics in Northern Ireland has created deep social divisions within the society.
- These divisions are often based on religious beliefs, cultural practices, and historical grievances.
- The two communities have separate educational systems, with Protestant children attending predominantly Protestant schools and Catholic children attending predominantly Catholic schools.
Political Conflict:
- The differences between Protestants and Roman Catholics have also fueled political conflict in Northern Ireland.
- The struggle for power and influence between the two communities has led to decades of violence, including the period known as "The Troubles."
- This conflict has resulted in numerous casualties, both physical and psychological, and has left a lasting impact on the region.
Economic Disparity:
- The social and political divisions between Protestants and Roman Catholics have also contributed to economic disparities in Northern Ireland.
- Certain areas with predominantly Catholic populations have experienced higher levels of poverty and unemployment compared to Protestant-majority areas.
- This economic inequality has further deepened the divide between the two communities.
Conclusion: The differences between Protestants and Roman Catholics in Northern Ireland have had far-reaching consequences, including social division, political conflict, and economic disparity. These issues have shaped the history and identity of the region and continue to be significant factors in its social fabric.
Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 5

Which three elements show the basic unity in India?
(i) Cultural unity
(ii) Discrimination
(iii) Unity in language
(iv) Unity among Religions

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 5

Following are the three elements:-

i) Cultural unity – Since ancient times we have emphasized tolerance, freedom & love for the world peace which is evident in literature art & philosophy of the country.

ii) Unity in languages – for ages Sanskrit was the language for scholars then, come Hindi & English as the link language in India & the world. India’s constitution has recognized numerous languages with respect to each & every lingual diversity.

iii) Unity among religions – India has declared its religion to be a secular nation as all religions in India have one Indian spirit that is non-violence, peaceful co-existence & universal brotherhood.

Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 6

Which of the following statements is true about Black power in the USA?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 6
Black power in the USA

Black power was a movement that emerged in the 1960s as a response to the continued racial discrimination and oppression faced by African Americans in the United States. It aimed to empower black communities and challenge the existing power structures that perpetuated racism. While there were different interpretations and approaches within the black power movement, it generally advocated for greater self-determination and equality for African Americans.


Key Points:
- Black power did not advocate for non-violence to end racism in the USA. It recognized that peaceful protests and civil rights movements had not fully achieved equality and therefore believed that more radical actions were necessary.
- Black power did not solely advocate for constitutional methods to end racism. It argued that systemic racism was deeply ingrained in the political and legal institutions of the country, and therefore, more transformative measures were needed.
- Black power did advocate for violence if necessary to end racism in the USA. Some groups within the movement supported armed self-defense and retaliatory actions against white supremacist violence. They believed that force was needed to protect black communities and challenge the existing power structures.
- While there were radical elements within the black power movement, it did not advocate for civil war as a means to end racism. The movement sought to address racial inequality through a variety of means, including community organizing, political mobilization, and cultural empowerment.


Therefore, the correct statement is: It advocated even violence if necessary to end racism in the USA (C).
Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 7

The government which can balance plural diversities is

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 7
The Government that can balance plural diversities is Democracy.
There are several reasons why democracy is the government that can balance plural diversities:
1. Power to the people:
- Democracy empowers the citizens by giving them the right to choose their representatives through elections.
- This ensures that diverse voices and perspectives are represented in the decision-making process.
2. Protection of minority rights:
- In a democratic system, minority rights are protected through the rule of law and a system of checks and balances.
- This prevents the majority from dominating or oppressing minority groups, ensuring the inclusion of diverse voices.
3. Freedom of expression:
- Democracy guarantees freedom of expression, allowing individuals to voice their opinions and participate in public debates.
- This enables diverse viewpoints to be heard and considered, leading to more inclusive and informed decision-making.
4. Peaceful resolution of conflicts:
- Democracies provide mechanisms for resolving conflicts peacefully through negotiations, dialogue, and compromise.
- This allows for the reconciliation of diverse interests and the avoidance of violent confrontations.
5. Protection of individual liberties:
- Democracy upholds individual liberties such as freedom of thought, belief, and association.
- This protects the rights of diverse individuals and ensures their equal participation in society.
6. Flexibility and adaptability:
- Democracy allows for flexibility and adaptability in response to changing social, economic, and cultural dynamics.
- This enables the government to address and accommodate the diverse needs and aspirations of its citizens.
In conclusion, democracy is the government that can balance plural diversities by empowering the people, protecting minority rights, ensuring freedom of expression, promoting peaceful resolution of conflicts, protecting individual liberties, and providing flexibility and adaptability.
Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 8

Society is fairly homogenous i.e., there are no significant ethnic difference in

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 8
Explanation:

In this question, we are asked to identify a country where society is fairly homogenous, meaning there are no significant ethnic differences. Let's analyze each option one by one:


Germany:

  • Germany is known for its diverse population, with a significant number of immigrants and ethnic minorities.

  • It is home to various ethnic groups, including Turkish, Polish, Russian, and others.

  • Therefore, Germany does not fit the criteria of a homogenous society.


Belgium:

  • Belgium is also a diverse country with multiple ethnic groups, including Flemish, Walloon, and various immigrant communities.

  • It does not meet the requirement of a homogenous society.


Sri Lanka:

  • Sri Lanka is a multiethnic country, with the majority Sinhalese population and significant Tamil and Muslim communities.

  • There have been ethnic tensions and conflicts in the past, indicating that Sri Lanka is not a homogenous society.


China:

  • China is known for its large population and diverse ethnic groups.

  • Although the majority Han Chinese make up a significant portion of the population, there are also numerous ethnic minorities, such as Uighurs, Tibetans, and others.

  • Therefore, China does not qualify as a homogenous society.


Conclusion:

Among the given options, none of the countries fit the criteria of having a homogenous society without significant ethnic differences. Therefore, the correct answer is (a) Germany.

Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 9

In 2005 in which university a 20-foot high sculpture representing the protest by Tommie Smith and John Carlos was installed?

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 9
Answer:
The correct answer is C: San Jose State University.
Explanation:
The 20-foot high sculpture representing the protest by Tommie Smith and John Carlos was installed at San Jose State University in 2005. Here are some key points to support this answer:
- Tommie Smith and John Carlos were American track and field athletes who famously raised their fists in a Black Power salute during the medal ceremony at the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City.
- San Jose State University has a strong connection to the protest as both Smith and Carlos were students at the university at the time of the protest.
- The sculpture, titled "Speed City Tommie Smith and John Carlos," was created by artist Rigo 23 and was unveiled on the campus of San Jose State University in 2005.
- The sculpture features two raised fists, symbolizing the athletes' protest against racial inequality and injustice.
- San Jose State University has a long history of promoting social justice and equality, making it a fitting location for this powerful sculpture.
In conclusion, the 20-foot high sculpture representing the protest by Tommie Smith and John Carlos was installed at San Jose State University in 2005.
Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 10

The ideas of Rousseau and Voltaire influenced the

Detailed Solution for Test: Democracy & Diversity - 1 - Question 10
Introduction:
The ideas of Rousseau and Voltaire were influential during the Enlightenment period in Europe. Their philosophies had a profound impact on various aspects of society, including politics, education, and social structure. While their ideas reached a global audience, it is fair to say that they particularly influenced the European people of their time.
Impact on European people:
Some of the key ways in which Rousseau and Voltaire influenced European people include:
1. Political thought: Rousseau's concept of the social contract and Voltaire's advocacy for individual liberties greatly influenced European political thought. Their ideas challenged the existing autocratic systems and paved the way for the development of democratic principles and systems.
2. Education and enlightenment: Both Rousseau and Voltaire emphasized the importance of education and the pursuit of knowledge. Their ideas led to a greater emphasis on education and the spread of enlightenment ideals throughout Europe. This resulted in the establishment of schools, libraries, and academies that promoted critical thinking and intellectual development.
3. Religious tolerance: Voltaire advocated for religious tolerance and criticized religious intolerance and fanaticism. His writings and ideas influenced European people to question and challenge the authority of the Church, leading to a more tolerant and secular society.
4. Social equality: Rousseau's ideas on social equality and justice inspired European people to question the existing social hierarchies and inequalities. His concept of the general will and the idea that all individuals are born equal contributed to the development of a more egalitarian society.
5. Literature and arts: Both Rousseau and Voltaire were influential figures in the literary and artistic circles of their time. Their ideas, expressed through their works, inspired European writers, poets, and artists to explore new themes and challenge traditional norms.
Conclusion:
The ideas of Rousseau and Voltaire had a significant impact on the European people during the Enlightenment era. Their philosophies influenced political thought, education, religious tolerance, social equality, and the arts. While their ideas reached beyond Europe and continue to inspire people worldwide, it is safe to say that their immediate influence was most strongly felt within European society.
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