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Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 below.
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Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 1

What is one significant implication of the unequal division of labor between men and women on women's participation in public life and politics?

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 1

The unequal division of labor, where women are often responsible for household tasks, contributes to limited participation in public life and politics for women due to factors like lower literacy rates and fewer opportunities for higher education.

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 2

Women's work is often undervalued and lacks recognition despite their contributions in both rural and urban settings, which results in their limited participation in ______ life and politics across most societies.

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 2

Women's work being undervalued and lacking recognition leads to their limited participation in public life and politics across most societies. This is due to the traditional division of labor that assigns women to domestic roles, impacting their engagement in public spheres.

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Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 3

Assertion (A): Gender division is often perceived as natural and unchangeable, rooted in social expectations and stereotypes rather than biology.

Reason (R): Public/Private division dictates that women are primarily responsible for household chores and child-rearing.

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 3
  • The Assertion is true as gender division is commonly seen as a societal construct rather than a biological inevitability, influenced by social norms and stereotypes.
  • The Reason is also true as the public/private division often assigns women the primary role in domestic tasks.
  • However, the Reason is not a direct explanation of the Assertion because the Assertion speaks to the broader concept of gender division, not solely focusing on household responsibilities.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 4
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 4
  • Option A: The Equal Remuneration Act of 1976 ensures equal pay for equal work, regardless of gender. It does not ensure higher pay for men. Therefore, this option is incorrect.
  • Option B: Feminist movements aim for equality in various aspects of life, including personal and family life. Therefore, this option is correctly matched.
  • Option C: In patriarchal societies, women typically face significant disadvantages, discrimination, and oppression, leading to lower participation in public life. Hence, this option is incorrect.
  • Option D: Sweden is known for its high participation of women in public life. Therefore, the statement that Sweden has low participation of women in public life is incorrect.

Thus, the correctly matched pair is:

Option B: (b) Feminist movements - Aim for equality in personal and family life

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 5

Which of the following statements regarding gender division and labor are correct?

(i) Gender division is a hierarchical social division often perceived as natural and unchangeable.

(ii) Men often engage in household chores when these tasks are paid.

(iii) Women generally do not work outside the home in rural and urban settings.

(iv) The Equal Remuneration Act of 1976 advocates for equal pay for equal work.

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 5
  • (i) Gender division is a hierarchical social division often perceived as natural and unchangeable. This statement is accurate as gender division is rooted in social expectations and stereotypes rather than biology.
  • (ii) Men often engage in household chores when these tasks are paid. This is correct as men typically consider unpaid household chores to be women's duties but are willing to undertake them when compensated.
  • (iii) Women generally do not work outside the home in rural and urban settings. This statement is incorrect. Women do engage in various forms of work outside the home, such as fetching water, working in fields, or holding jobs as domestic helpers or office workers.
  • (iv) The Equal Remuneration Act of 1976 advocates for equal pay for equal work. This statement is accurate as it promotes the principle of equal remuneration for equal work, although it is not always implemented effectively.

Thus, the correct answer is Option C: (i), (ii) and (iv).

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 6

What is a significant challenge to democracy in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 6

Communalism poses a significant challenge to democracy in India by creating divisions along religious lines, potentially leading to conflicts and undermining the country's unity and secular fabric.

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 7
Women's organizations advocate for a similar reservation of one-third of seats in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies, but consensus among political parties is _______.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 7
Women's organizations advocate for a similar reservation of one-third of seats in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies, but consensus among political parties is lacking, indicating a significant hurdle in achieving this goal.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 8
Choose the correctly matched pair.
Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 8
  • Option A: Gender Division - Panchayati Raj reservations - This pair is incorrectly matched. While gender division does involve issues like representation in government, the Panchayati Raj system specifically reserves seats for women, not addressing gender division directly.
  • Option B: Religion - Hindu majority in Northern Ireland - This pair is incorrectly matched. Northern Ireland is known for its division between Catholics and Protestants, not Hindus.
  • Option C: Communalism - Equal citizenship for all religions - This pair is incorrectly matched. Communalism often involves the belief that followers of different religions cannot have equal citizenship within the same nation.
  • Option D: Caste System - Prohibition of untouchability - This pair is correctly matched. The Indian Constitution specifically outlaws untouchability as part of its efforts to address and dismantle the caste system.
Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 9

What is one of the primary reasons why caste-based politics might not be conducive to a healthy democracy?

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 9

Caste-based politics, when overly emphasized, can potentially divert attention from critical issues like poverty, development, and corruption, impacting the overall health of a democracy.

Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 10

Scheduled Castes, known as ____, were historically marginalized within the Hindu social hierarchy, facing exclusion and untouchability.

Detailed Solution for Test: Gender, Religion & Caste - 2 - Question 10

Dalits, known as Scheduled Castes, were historically marginalized within the Hindu social hierarchy, facing exclusion and untouchability.

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