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Test: Political Parties - 2 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Political Parties - 2

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Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 1

In a democratic country, any group of citizens is free to form

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 1
Answer:
In a democratic country, any group of citizens is free to form a political party. Here is a detailed explanation of why the other options are not correct:
A. A political party:
- Citizens in a democratic country have the freedom to associate and form political parties.
- Political parties play a crucial role in representing the interests and ideologies of different groups of citizens.
- They participate in elections, propose policies, and aim to gain political power.
B. Society:
- Forming a society is not exclusive to democratic countries, as societies can exist in any form of governance.
- Societies are formed for various purposes, such as promoting cultural, educational, or social activities.
- While democratic countries allow the formation of societies, it is not limited to them.
C. Religion:
- While citizens in a democratic country have the freedom to practice any religion, forming a religion itself is not within their control.
- Religions are based on faith and belief systems that have historical and cultural origins, not formed by groups of citizens.
- The formation of religious groups or organizations within a religion is possible, but the religion itself predates any such formation.
D. None of the above:
- This option is incorrect as citizens in a democratic country are indeed free to form a political party.
- The formation of political parties is an essential aspect of democratic governance, allowing citizens to participate in the political process.
Overall, the correct answer is option A: a political party, as citizens in a democratic country have the freedom to form and participate in political parties.
Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 2

Which one of the following is true regarding a coalition government?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 2
Explanation:
A coalition government refers to a situation where two or more political parties come together to form a government. Here is a detailed explanation of why option C is true regarding a coalition government:
Definition of a coalition government:
A coalition government is a form of government where multiple political parties come together and form an alliance to govern. This is usually done when no single party has enough seats to form a majority government on its own.
Key points about a coalition government:
- Formation: In a coalition government, two or more political parties join forces and agree to cooperate to form a government.
- Power sharing: The parties in a coalition government share power and responsibilities, often dividing ministries and key positions among themselves.
- Decision-making: Decisions in a coalition government are usually made through consensus or compromise between the participating parties.
- Stability: Coalition governments can provide stability by bringing together different parties with a common goal to govern effectively.
- Common agenda: Parties in a coalition government typically have a common agenda or policy platform that they agree to work on together.
- Multiple parties: A coalition government can involve more than two parties, depending on the political landscape and the number of seats each party holds.
Conclusion:
In summary, a coalition government is formed when two or more parties come together to share power and govern. Option C, "The government is formed by two or more parties coming together," is the correct statement regarding a coalition government.
Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 3

Select the statement related to the advantages of the multi-party system

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 3

Advantages of the multi-party system include:
1. Provides choice to the voters:
The multi-party system allows voters to have a wide range of choices when it comes to selecting their representatives. It offers a diverse range of political parties that represent various ideologies, interests, and policy positions. This provides voters with the opportunity to support a party that aligns with their values and beliefs.
2. Representation of regional parties:
In a multi-party system, regional parties have a better chance of getting representation. This ensures that the interests and concerns of specific regions or communities are adequately addressed in the political decision-making process. Regional parties often have a better understanding of local issues and can effectively advocate for their constituents.
3. Increased political competition:
The presence of multiple political parties in a multi-party system leads to increased political competition. Parties are motivated to develop innovative policies, attract voters, and improve their performance to gain or maintain power. This competition fosters accountability, as parties are constantly striving to meet the needs and demands of the electorate.
4. Checks and balances:
A multi-party system provides a system of checks and balances. The presence of multiple parties ensures that no single party has absolute power. It encourages coalition building and cooperation between parties to form a government, which often leads to a more balanced and inclusive decision-making process.
5. Representation of diverse interests:
The multi-party system allows for the representation of diverse interests within society. Different parties cater to different groups, such as labor unions, environmentalists, business interests, etc. This ensures that a broad range of perspectives and concerns are represented in the political arena.
6. Facilitates political discourse:
In a multi-party system, political discourse is encouraged as parties with varying ideologies engage in debates and discussions. This promotes the exchange of ideas, the exploration of different policy alternatives, and the development of informed public opinion.
Overall, the multi-party system provides voters with choice, ensures regional representation, promotes competition and accountability, represents diverse interests, and facilitates political discourse. These advantages contribute to a more robust and inclusive democratic process.

Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 4

Political parties are there is a country to give people

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 4
Political parties are there in a country to give people:
- Choice: Political parties allow citizens to have a range of options when it comes to selecting their representatives and leaders. They present different ideologies, policies, and agendas, giving voters the freedom to choose the party that aligns with their beliefs and values.
- Representation: Political parties act as a platform for individuals to come together and collectively voice their concerns and interests. They represent various sections of society, including different social, economic, and cultural groups, ensuring that diverse perspectives are taken into account in the decision-making process.
- Accountability: Political parties play a crucial role in holding elected officials accountable for their actions. They monitor the performance of their party members in government and provide feedback to ensure that they are working in the best interest of the people. Parties also provide mechanisms for citizens to express their grievances and concerns, creating a channel for dialogue and resolution.
- Policy Formation: Political parties develop and promote policies that address the needs and aspirations of the population. They engage in discussions and debates to formulate strategies and plans for governance, ensuring that the government's actions reflect the desires of the people. Parties also serve as a platform for individuals to contribute to policy development and advocate for specific issues.
- Political Stability: Political parties provide a framework for stability and continuity in the political system. They facilitate the peaceful transfer of power through elections and establish mechanisms for the smooth functioning of government. Parties also help maintain social cohesion by mediating conflicts and fostering dialogue between different interest groups.
In conclusion, political parties in a country give people the freedom to choose, representation, accountability, policy formation, and political stability. They are essential in ensuring a democratic and inclusive society where citizens can actively participate in the political process.
Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 5

In which one of the following does the ‘Rashtriya Lok Dal’ exist as a regional political party?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 5
Rashtriya Lok Dal as a Regional Political Party
In this question, we are asked to identify the regional political party 'Rashtriya Lok Dal' and its existence in a particular state in India.
Answer:
The correct answer is Uttar Pradesh.
Here is a detailed explanation:
1. Rashtriya Lok Dal (RLD) is a regional political party in India.
2. It was founded in 1996 by Ajit Singh, the son of former Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh.
3. RLD primarily represents the interests of the Jat community in Uttar Pradesh.
4. The party focuses on issues related to agriculture, rural development, and social justice.
5. RLD has been a part of various political alliances and has contested elections in both state and national levels.
6. It has held power in Uttar Pradesh in coalition with other parties.
7. RLD has also been active in other states like Haryana, where it has a significant presence.
Therefore, the Rashtriya Lok Dal exists as a regional political party in Uttar Pradesh.
Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 6

Political parties are allotted symbols by _______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 6
The answer is D: The Election Commission.
The Election Commission of India is responsible for allotting symbols to political parties in India. Here is a detailed explanation of the process:
Role of the Election Commission:

  • The Election Commission is an autonomous constitutional authority in India that oversees the conduct of elections.

  • One of its functions is to allocate symbols to political parties to be used during elections.


Reasons for Symbol Allotment:

  • Symbols are used as an identifying mark for political parties and candidates on the ballot papers.

  • They help illiterate voters, who may not be able to read the names of candidates, to recognize and vote for their preferred party.

  • Symbols also play a role in distinguishing between candidates with similar names or from the same party.

  • They contribute to maintaining the secrecy of the ballot by allowing voters to privately indicate their choice.


Process of Symbol Allotment:

  • Political parties submit applications to the Election Commission requesting a particular symbol for their party.

  • The Commission reviews the applications and considers factors such as the party's popularity, past electoral performance, and the need to avoid confusion with other parties.

  • If multiple parties request the same symbol, the Commission may conduct a lottery or make a decision based on other criteria.

  • Once a symbol is allotted, it becomes associated with that party and can be used by their candidates during elections.


Importance of Symbol Allotment:

  • Symbol allotment is crucial for political parties as it helps establish their identity and brand among voters.

  • Symbols often have emotional or cultural significance, which can influence voter sentiment.

  • In some cases, parties have campaigned extensively to retain or change their allotted symbols.


In conclusion, the Election Commission of India is responsible for allotting symbols to political parties. This process ensures that parties have a distinct identity and helps voters make informed choices during elections.
Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 7

The political parties of a country have a fundamental political ______ in a society.

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 7
Political Parties and their Fundamental Political Division in Society

Political parties play a crucial role in shaping the political landscape of a country. Their influence and impact can be seen through their fundamental political division in society, which can be explained as follows:



  • Political Choice: Political parties offer different choices and options to the citizens, allowing them to align themselves with a particular ideology, platform, or set of policies.

  • Political Division: Political parties create divisions within society based on their differing beliefs, values, and agendas. These divisions can lead to a healthy debate and competition, but they can also contribute to polarization and conflicts.

  • Political Support: Political parties rely on the support of the citizens to gain power and influence. They seek to attract supporters who share their vision and goals, and mobilize them to participate in the political process.

  • Political Power: Political parties strive to acquire and exercise political power through elections and governance. They aim to shape policies, make decisions, and influence the direction of the country.


Therefore, the fundamental political division created by political parties in society is an essential aspect of a country's political landscape.

Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 8

Consider the following statements on parties:
A. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.
B. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
C. Parties are not necessary to run governments.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 8
Statement Analysis:
The given statements are related to parties and their perception among the people and their necessity in running governments. Let's analyze each statement individually:
Statement A: Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.
This statement suggests that political parties are not trusted by the people. It implies a lack of confidence in political parties.
Statement B: Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.
This statement highlights the occurrence of scandals involving top leaders of political parties. It implies that parties are frequently affected by controversies.
Statement C: Parties are not necessary to run governments.
This statement questions the necessity of political parties in the functioning of governments. It suggests that governments can function without the existence of parties.
Correct Statements:
Based on the given statements, the correct options are:
A and B - A and B are the correct statements. Parties are often seen as lacking trust and are frequently involved in scandals.
Explanation:
Statement A and B are correct because they reflect the reality of political parties. Many people have lost faith in political parties due to various reasons, such as broken promises, corruption, and lack of transparency. Scandals involving top party leaders further erode the trust people have in parties. These scandals can range from financial improprieties to personal misconduct.
However, Statement C is incorrect. Political parties play a crucial role in the functioning of governments. They provide a platform for individuals with similar ideologies to come together, form policies, and contest elections. Parties help to represent the diverse interests and opinions of the people and play a vital role in shaping public policies. Without parties, the political landscape would lack structure, and the process of governance would become chaotic and disorganized.
Therefore, the correct answer is B: A and B
Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 9

A recognised political party is one that

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 9
Answer:
A recognised political party is one that meets the criteria set by the Election Commission of India. These criteria include:
Registration with the Election Commission of India:
- A recognised political party must be registered with the Election Commission of India. This process involves submitting the necessary documents and fulfilling the requirements set by the Commission.
Allocation of a unique Election symbol:
- Once registered, a recognised political party is allocated a unique election symbol by the Election Commission. This symbol is used by the party during elections to represent itself on the ballot papers and other election-related materials.
Other facilities recognised by the Election Commission:
- In addition to registration and symbol allocation, recognised political parties are also entitled to various other facilities and privileges recognized by the Election Commission. These may include financial assistance, access to electoral rolls, and other administrative support.
All of these:
- A recognised political party must fulfill all of the above-mentioned criteria to be recognized by the Election Commission of India. Therefore, the correct answer is option D: All of these.
In conclusion, a recognised political party in India is one that is registered with the Election Commission, has a unique election symbol, and enjoys other facilities recognized by the Commission.
Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 10

Members of the ruling party follow the directions of

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Parties - 2 - Question 10
Members of the ruling party follow the directions of party leaders.
Members of the ruling party are expected to adhere to the directives and decisions made by their party leaders. This is a common practice in political parties across the world, where party leaders have the authority to guide and direct the actions of their party members. Here's why members of the ruling party follow the directions of party leaders:
1. Party discipline: Party leaders are responsible for maintaining discipline within the party. They set the agenda and policies of the party, and it is expected that party members follow these directives in order to maintain party unity and coherence.
2. Party loyalty: Members of the ruling party are expected to be loyal to their party and its leaders. Loyalty to the party is crucial for maintaining party cohesion and ensuring the implementation of party policies and decisions.
3. Party hierarchy: Political parties have a hierarchical structure, where party leaders hold positions of authority and power. Members of the ruling party are expected to respect and follow the decisions made by their leaders, who are often elected or appointed to their positions based on their experience, expertise, and popularity within the party.
4. Collective decision-making: Party leaders often make decisions after consulting with other party members or holding internal discussions. These decisions are seen as collective decisions made in the best interest of the party and its supporters. Members of the ruling party are expected to support and implement these decisions.
5. Party ideology and agenda: Party leaders are responsible for formulating and promoting the party's ideology and agenda. Members of the ruling party are expected to align themselves with the party's ideology and work towards achieving its agenda. Following the directions of party leaders is a way to ensure the implementation of the party's vision and goals.
In conclusion, members of the ruling party follow the directions of party leaders as part of party discipline, loyalty, respect for hierarchy, collective decision-making, and alignment with party ideology and agenda. This practice helps maintain party unity, coherence, and effective implementation of party policies and decisions.
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