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Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods

Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods below.
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Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 1

People of Chizami district belong to which community

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 1
People of Chizami district belong to which community:
The people of Chizami district belong to the Chakhesang community. Here's a detailed explanation:
Chizami District:
- Chizami district is a district located in the state of Nagaland, India.
- It is one of the districts under the Phek district of Nagaland.
Chakhesang Community:
- The Chakhesang community is one of the major Naga tribes in Nagaland.
- They primarily inhabit the Phek district of Nagaland, which includes Chizami district.
- The Chakhesang community has a rich cultural heritage and is known for their traditional practices, arts, and crafts.
Other Options:
- Chizakistan, Chizakhan, and Chikhar are not the correct communities for the people of Chizami district.
In conclusion, the people of Chizami district in Nagaland belong to the Chakhesang community.
Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 2

Which of the following is false regarding Ramalingam

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 2

He takes loan from the govt, bank for establishing a rice mill.

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Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 3

Which of the following is the non farming activity

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 3
Non-Farming Activity:
The non-farming activity among the given options is pottery making.
Explanation:
Pottery making is a non-farming activity because it does not involve the cultivation of crops or raising livestock. Instead, it is a craft that involves shaping clay into various forms and then firing it to create pottery items such as pots, vases, and dishes.
Comparison with Other Options:
To further clarify the non-farming aspect of pottery making, let's compare it with the other options:
- Seeding: Seeding is a farming activity as it involves the process of sowing seeds into the soil for the purpose of growing crops.
- Irrigation: Irrigation is also a farming activity as it refers to the artificial application of water to the soil to support crop growth.
- Harvesting: Harvesting is a farming activity as it involves the gathering of mature crops from the fields.
- Pottery making: Pottery making, as mentioned earlier, is a non-farming activity that falls under the category of handicrafts or art.
Therefore, among the given options, pottery making is the non-farming activity.
Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 4

The shopkeepers are given a licence by

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 4

Shops and Establishment Act governs the working conditions and rights of workers engaged in the unorganized sector. This includes wage payments, leaves and holidays, work hours, etc. Shop/Trade licenses are State subject and the rules differ accordingly and are given by the Municipal corporation.

Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 5

Economic and social planning comes under which of the following?

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 5

Economic & Social planning is listed on 20 in the Concurrent list in 7th schedule of India.

Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 6

Kalpattu village is in

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 6

B is the correct option.Kalpattu is coastal village in Tamil Nadu. As the village is surrounded by low hills, paddy is the main crop here.

Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 7

Identify the diagram. Options are as follows

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 7

Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss

Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 8

In our country main occupation of people is

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 8
Main Occupation in Our Country

In our country, the main occupation of people is primarily in the field of agriculture.


Reasons for Agriculture being the Main Occupation

  • Geographical Advantage: Our country has a diverse geography with fertile soil, suitable climate, and abundant water resources, making it favorable for agricultural activities.

  • Population Dependency: A significant portion of the population depends on agriculture for their livelihood. It has been a traditional occupation that has been passed down through generations.

  • Food Security: Agriculture plays a crucial role in ensuring food security for the nation. It provides the necessary food supply for the growing population.

  • Economic Importance: Agriculture contributes significantly to the country's economy through the production of crops, livestock, and other agricultural products. It generates employment opportunities and contributes to foreign exchange earnings through exports.

  • Rural Development: Agriculture is closely tied to rural development as it provides employment opportunities, improves infrastructure, and supports the overall growth of rural areas.

  • Cultural Significance: Agriculture is deeply rooted in our culture and traditions. It is not just an occupation but also a way of life for many people, preserving our cultural heritage.


Other Occupations in the Country

  • Servicing: While agriculture is the main occupation, the service sector has also seen significant growth in recent years. This includes jobs in the retail, hospitality, healthcare, education, and other service-oriented industries.

  • Manufacturing: The manufacturing sector has also seen growth and contributes to the country's economy. It includes industries such as textiles, automobiles, electronics, pharmaceuticals, and more.

  • Construction: With urbanization and infrastructure development, the construction sector has also witnessed growth, creating employment opportunities for people.


Overall, while agriculture remains the main occupation in our country, other sectors such as servicing, manufacturing, and construction have also gained importance and contribute to the overall development of the nation.
Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 9

Why Sekar no go to the town market to get better price for his paddy

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 9

Sekar does not go to the town market to get a better price for his paddy because he gets about 60 bags of paddy. Some of this will be sold to settle the loan and the rest will be used in his home. He does not have a surplus.

Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 10

Which of the following is not the reason for crop failure

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural & Urban Livelihoods - Question 10

Correct answer is C.

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