Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - UPSC MCQ

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - UPSC MCQ

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20 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes below.
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Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 1

Equator is an

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 1

The Equator is an imaginary line around the middle of the Earth. It is halfway between the North and South Poles, and divides the Earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The Equator is the invisible line that runs around the center of the Earth at 0 degrees latitude.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 2

The Standard Meridian of India is 82 degree 30

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 2

Time along the Standard Meridian of India (82o 30' E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh) is taken as the standard time for the whole country. 82o30' E has been selected as the Standard Meridian of India because it is situated in the centre of all longitudes and latitudes in which our country is located. 82o30 minutes is selected as standard meridian because it lies almost in center of the india.

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Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 3

The 0 degree Meridian is also known as

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 3

This is why prime meridian is also known as the Greenwich Meridian. In a geographical coordinate system, the Greenwich Meridian (or prime meridian) is the 0o line of longitude from which we measure 180o to the west and 180o to the east. Most coordinate systems define a zero line at the equator that runs east-west.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 4

The distance between the longitude

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 4

Angular distance of any place from the prime meridian(that is 0o also known as Greenwich Line), on its East or West, is known as Longitude. The distance between two adjacent longitudes is maximum at Equator that is 111.32 km, which keeps on decreasing towards the poles because longitudes taper towards the poles.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 5

In the globe, Two end point of the axis are called

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 5

The two end points on the axis of rotation are called the poles. To the north is the North Pole, and to the south is the South Pole.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 6

The Arctic Circle is located in the

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 6

The Arctic Circle is a region on Earth that is marked as one of the five major circles of latitude on maps of our planet. It is located between the Arctic to its north and the Northern Temperate Zone to its south. Its counterpart in the Southern Hemisphere is known as the Antarctic Circle.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 7

______ measure the distance north and south of the Equator

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 7

Latitude measures the distance north or south of the equator. Lines of latitude, also called parallels, are imaginary lines that divide the Earth.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 8

Dwarka is in

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 8

Dwarka is an ancient city in the northwestern Indian state of Gujarat. It’s known as a Hindu pilgrimage site. The ancient Dwarkadhish Temple has an elaborately tiered main shrine, a carved entrance and a black-marble idol of Lord Krishna. Dwarka Beach and nearby Dwarka Lighthouse offer views of the Arabian Sea. Southeast, Gaga Wildlife Sanctuary protects migratory birds and endangered species like the Indian wolf.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 9

The line which cut the world into north and south latitude

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 9

Latitude is based on an imaginary line that circles Earth halfway between the north and south poles. This line is called Equator and it divides Earth into northern and southern hemispheres. A hemisphere is one half of a sphere. is a distance in degrees north or south of the Equator, which is 0°.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 10

This marks the location of the equator on Earth

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 10

The equator divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere is marks the location of 0 degrees latitude. The equator marks the locations on earth that are equidistance from the North and South Poles. The Equator crosses 78.7% water and 21.3% land and is about 24,901 miles (40,075 km) long.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 11

Why are the regions called Frigid Zones very cold?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 11

Areas between the Arctic Circle and the North Pole in the Northern Hemisphere are very cold. The same applies to the region between the Antarctic Circle and the South Pole in the Southern Hemisphere.  The extreme cold in these regions is due to the fact that the sun remains low on the horizon, resulting in slanting rays that provide minimal heat. These frigid zones are characterized by consistently low temperatures.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 12

What are latitude and longitude lines?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 12

Latitude and longitude lines form an imaginary grid over the entire surface of Earth. Latitude is based on an imaginary line that circles Earth halfway between the north and south poles. This line is called the equator and it divides Earth into northern and southern hemispheres. Latitude is a distance in degrees north or south of the equator. Longitude is a distance in degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 13

Days and nights are equal throughout the globe when the sun is above:

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 13

The event known as Equinox, is eagerly awaited by space enthusiasts as it take place twice a year on 21st March and 23rd September. On the Equinox day, the sun move across the celestial equator, which lie directly above the Earth's equator.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 14

Describe the shape of the Earth?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 14

Fig: Shape of the Earth

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 15

The tropic of cancer and tropic of Capricorn are of

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 15

The tropics are the region of the Earth surrounding the Equator. They are delimited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere at 23°26′11.8″ (or 23.4366°) N and the Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern Hemisphere at 23°26′11.8″ (or 23.4366°) S.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 16

Identify the red line in the picture. Options are as follows

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 16

Vertical lines on the globe are Known as longitudes. But zero degree longitude is called as prime meridian. Prime meridian is also a longitude. Here, 0 degree prime meridian is shown only as an example. Prime meridian is also known as longitude but vice versa of it is not possible. For example, Prime meridian is always a longitude but every longitude is not prime meridian. In this picture all longitudes are shown.
So, the correct answer is Option C.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 17

At 23 x 1 / 2° S lies

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 17

The Tropic of Capricorn is one of the five major circles of latitude marked on maps of Earth. Its latitude is currently 23°26′11.8″ (or 23.43662°) south of the Equator, but it is very gradually moving northward, currently at the rate of 0.47 arc seconds, or 15 metres, per year.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 18

IST stands for

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 18

Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30. India does not observe daylight saving time (DST) or other seasonal adjustments. In military and aviation time IST is designated E* ("Echo-Star").

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 19

The Northernmost end of the axis is ______

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 19

The Northern tip and the Southern tip of the axis are called the North Pole and the South Pole. The Earth rotates or spins on its axis. The axis is an imaginary straight line which passes through the North Pole, the centre of the Earth and the South Pole. The Earth's axial tilt is about 23.5 degrees.

Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 20

Dibrugarh is located in

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 20

The new town of Dibrugarh lies on the banks of the Brahmaputra in Upper Assam. It is the perfect place to experience and enjoy the richness of Assam's tea gardens. Dibrugarh district is the highest producer of tea in Assam.

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