Indian Geography - MCQ Online Test (2)


25 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Indian Geography - MCQ Online Test (2)


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This mock test of Indian Geography - MCQ Online Test (2) for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 25 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Indian Geography - MCQ Online Test (2) (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Indian Geography - MCQ Online Test (2) quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Indian Geography - MCQ Online Test (2) exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Indian Geography - MCQ Online Test (2) extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

With reference to the river Luni, which one of the following statements is correct?

Solution:

Answer: d

The Luni River begins near Ajmer in the Pushkar valley of the western Aravalli Range at an elevation of about 550m. At this point, the river is also known as the Sagarmati. The river then flows in the southwest direction through the hills and plains of the Marwar region in Rajasthan. The river flows south-west and enters the Thar Desert before dissipating into the Rann of Kutch, traversing a total of 495 km. In spite of the high salinity, it is a major river in the region and serves as a primary source of irrigation. The Luni is not saline until it reaches Balotra, where high salt content in the soil impacts the river.

QUESTION: 2

Under which type of natural hazards do blizzards come?

Solution:

Answer: a

Atmospheric Natural Hazards:

  • Blizzards
  • Hailstorms
  • Hurricanes
  • Lightning
  • Tornadoes
  • Tropical storms
QUESTION: 3

In which part of Himalayas do we find the Karewa formation?

Solution:

Answer: b

Karewas are the thick deposits of glacial clay and other materials embedded with moraines. The Kashmir Himalayas are famous for Karewa formations, which are useful for the cultivation of Zafran, a local variety of saffron

QUESTION: 4

In which of the following states is Loktak lake situated?

Solution:

Answer: b

The physiography of Manipur is unique by the presence of a large lake known as ‘Loktak’ lake at the centre, surrounded by mountains from all sides.

 

QUESTION: 5

Which one of the water bodies separates the Andaman from the Nicobar?

Solution:

Answer: a

The Bay of Bengal island groups consist of about 572 islands/islets. The two principal groups of islets include the Ritchie’s archipelago and the Labrynth Island. The entire group of island is divided into two broad categories – the Andaman in the north and the Nicobar in the south. They are separated by a water body which is called the Ten degree channel.

QUESTION: 6

On which of the following hill range is the ‘Dodabeta’ peak situated?

Solution:

Answer: c

Dodabetta peak (2,637 m) on the Nilgiri hills is the second highest after Anaimudi (2,695 m), the highest peak of Peninsular plateau is located on the Anaimalai hills of the Western Ghats.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements:

  1. There are no east flowing rivers in Kerala.
  2. There are no west flowing rivers in Madhya Pradesh.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Solution:

The correct option is D.
1. There are three rivers that rise in Kerala and flow eastwards, Kabini into Karnataka and the other two into Tamil Nadu. All the three rivers ultimately join the Kaveri river.
2. Narmada and Tapi are the two west flowing rivers in Madhya Pradesh.

QUESTION: 8

Where is the famous Virupaksha temple located?

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Barren Island, the active volcano is situated in

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

Which one of the following rivers was known as the ‘Sorrow of Bengal’?

Solution:

Answer: d

The Damodar occupies the eastern margins of the Chotanagpur Plateau where it flows through a rift valley and finally joins the Hugli. The Barakar is its main tributary. Once known as the ‘sorrow of Bengal’, the Damodar has been now tamed by the Damodar Valley Corporation, a multipurpose project.

 

QUESTION: 11

When travelling in certain parts of India, you will notice red soil. The main reason for this colour is:

Solution:

Answer: c

Red soil is a group of soil that develop in a warm, temperate, moist climate under deciduous or mixed forests and that have thin organic and organic-mineral layers overlying a yellowish-brown leached layer resting on an illuvial red layer. This soil, also known as the omnibus group, have been developed over Archaean granite, gneiss and other crystalline rocks, the sedimentaries of the Cuddapah and Vindhayan basins and mixed Dharwarian group of rocks. Their colour is mainly due to ferric oxides occurring as thin coatings on the soil particles while the iron oxide occurs as haematite or as hydrous ferric oxide, the colour is red and when it occurs in the hydrate form as limonite the soil gets a yellow colour. Ordinarily the surface soils are red while the horizon below gets yellowish colour.

 

QUESTION: 12

Which one of the following rivers is not included in ‘Panchnad’?

Solution:

Answer: b

The Indus River flows southward and receives ‘Panjnad’ a little above Mithankot. The Panjnad is the name given to the five rivers of Punjab, namely the Satluj, the Beas, the Ravi, the Chenab and the Jhelum. It finally discharges into the Arabian Sea, east of Karachi.

QUESTION: 13

Which one of the following rivers flows in a rift valley?

Solution:

Answer: c

The Narmada originates on the western flank of the Amarkantak plateau at a height of about 1,057 m. Flowing in a rift valley between the Satpura in the south and the Vindhyan range in the north, it forms a picturesque gorge in marble rocks and Dhuandhar waterfall near Jabalpur. After flowing a distance of about 1,312 km, it meets the Arabian Sea south of Bharuch, forming a broad 27 km long estuary. Its catchment area is about 98,796 sq. km. The Sardar Sarovar Project has been constructed on this river.

 

QUESTION: 14

Which one of the following is the place of confluence of the Alaknanda and the Bhagirathi?

Solution:

Answer: d

At Devprayag, the Bhagirathi meets the Alaknanda; hereafter, it is known as the Ganga. The Alaknanda has its source in the Satopanth glacier above Badrinath. The Alaknanda consists of the Dhauli and the Vishnu Ganga which meet at Joshimath or Vishnu Prayag. The other tributaries of Alaknanda such as the Pindar join it at Karna Prayag while Mandakini or Kali Ganga meets it at Rudra Prayag. The Ganga enters the plains at Haridwar.

QUESTION: 15

What causes rainfall on the coastal areas of Tamil Nadu in the beginning of winters?

Solution:

Answer: b

Most parts of the country get rainfall during June-September, but on the coastal areas of Tamil Nadu, it rains in the beginning of the winter season. North-Eastern monsoon causes rainfall on the coastal areas of Tamil Nadu in the beginning of winters.

 

QUESTION: 16

What is the proportion of area of India which receives annual rainfall less than 75 cm?

Solution:

Answer: b

One-third is the proportion of area of India which receives annual rainfall less than 75 cm.

 

QUESTION: 17

Which one of the following is not a fact regarding South India?

Solution:

Climate in south India is generally hotter than north India. Most parts of the nation don't experience temperatures below 10 °C (50 °F) in winter, and the temperature usually tends to exceed 40 °C (104 °F) during summer.

QUESTION: 18

Which one of the following phenomenon happens when the sun shines vertically over the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere?

Solution:

Answer: a

High pressure develops over North-western India due to low temperatures.

 

QUESTION: 19

In which of the following states in India do we find ‘As’ type of climate as per Koeppen’s classification?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Which one of the following is the appropriate reason for considering the Gondwana rocks as most important of rock systems of India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Sandalwood is an example of:

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

Which one of the following was the purpose of Project Tiger?

Solution:

Answer: b

To protect tigers from illegal hunting. Project Tiger is a tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 by the Government of India during Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's tenure. The project aims at ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats and also to protect them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance as a natural heritage forever represented as close as possible the diversity of ecosystems across the tiger's distribution in the country. The project's task force visualized these tiger reserves as breeding nuclei, from which surplus animals would migrate to adjacent forests.

 

QUESTION: 23

In which one of the following states is the Nandadevi Biosphere reserve situated?

Solution:

Answer: b

The Biosphere Reserve spreads over three districts of Uttarakhand - Chamoli in Garhwal and Bageshwar and Pithoragarh in Kumaun.

 

QUESTION: 24

How many of the Biosphere reserves from India are recognised by the UNESCO?

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Which one of the following proportion of area of the country was targeted to be under forest in Forest Policy of India?

Solution:

B is the correct option.India is one of the few countries which has a forest policy since 1894. The policy was revised in 1952 and again in 1988. The main plank of the revised forest policy of 1988 is protection, conservation, and development of forests. In accordance with this goal, the NPP has a target of keeping 33% of land area under forest in India because that percentage is regarded as the minimum required for maintaining the ecological balance in a country. The actual forest area is approximately 22% but the policy hoped to increase that percentage to 33%.

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