Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - UPSC MCQ

# Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - UPSC MCQ

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## 15 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes

Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes below.
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Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 1

### The value of the Prime Meridian is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 1

A Prime Meridian is a meridian (a line of longitude) in a geographic coordinate system at which longitude is defined to be 0°.

Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 2

### What is the significance of 82½° E in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 2
The longitude of 82½° E is the standard meridian for Indian Standard Time (IST). It is used as the reference time for the entire country.
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Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 3

### What is the imaginary line on the globe that divides it into two equal parts?

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 3
• The imaginary line that divides the globe into two equal parts is called the Equator. It's like the middle line on a circle.
• The Equator helps us know which part of the Earth we are in - whether it's the Northern Hemisphere or the Southern Hemisphere.
• Remember, it's like the Earth's waistband!
Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 4
Which zone has moderate temperatures?
Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 4
The Temperate Zones have moderate temperatures and experience distinct seasonal changes. They lie between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere and between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere.
Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 5

State whether the following statement is True or False:

The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn receives the maximum heat and is called the Frigid Zone.

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 5

The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn receives the maximum heat and is called the Torrid Zone, not the Frigid Zone. The Frigid Zones are the areas closer to the poles which are very cold because the sun's rays there are always slanting and provide less heat.

Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 6

The Standard Meridian of India is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 6

The standard meridian of India is 82°30'E. It passes through Mirzapur (Uttar Pradesh). The time of this meridian is taken as the standard time for the whole country.

Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 7

The distance from the equator to either of the poles is one-fourth of a circle round the earth and it will measure ¼ of ………….. degree.

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 7

A full circle is 360 degrees. The distance from the equator to either of the poles is one-fourth of the circumference of the Earth. Since a circle measures 360 degrees, one-fourth of that circle (representing the distance from the equator to either pole) would also measure ¼ of 360 degrees, which is 90 degrees.

Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 8
Which zones are bounded by the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere?
Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 8
The Temperate Zone lies between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer in the Northern Hemisphere. This zone experiences moderate temperatures and distinct seasonal changes.
Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 9

What are meridian of longitude?

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 9
• Longitude lines are a numerical way to show/measure how far a location is east or west of a universal vertical line called the Prime Meridian.
• This Prime Meridian line runs vertically, north and south, right over the British Royal Observatory in Greenwich England, from the North Pole to the South Pole.
Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 10
Why is it 5.30 p.m. in India when it is 12 noon in London?
Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 10
India is located east of the Prime Meridian (Greenwich) at 82°30'E. The Earth rotates 360° in about 24 hours, meaning it rotates 15° per hour. Therefore, India, being approximately 82.5° east of Greenwich, is ahead by about 5 hours and 30 minutes (82.5° / 15° per hour). This time difference explains why it is 5.30 p.m. in India when it is 12 noon in London. Interestingly, different countries adopt their standard time based on their longitudinal position relative to Greenwich.
Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 11
What is the latitude of the Antarctic Circle?
Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 11
The Antarctic Circle is located at 66½° S latitude. It marks the region south of which there is at least one day per year when the sun does not rise and at least one day when it does not set.
Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 12

The Prime Meridian passes through:

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 12
• The Prime Meridian runs through Greenwich, England and is at 0° longitude. For many years, different countries measured longitude from different meridians.
• The French and Algerians, for example, used the Paris Meridian; the Swedes measured from one that passed through Stockholm.
Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 13

The Frigid Zone lies near:

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 13

The Frigid Zone lies near the Poles. The climate in the Polar Regions is very cold that is why the area is known as the Frigid Zone. It includes the area around the North Pole and the South Pole.

Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 14

Why does the Torrid Zone receive maximum amount of heat?

Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 14
• The area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn is known as the Torrid Zone.
• The mid-day Sun is exactly overhead at least once a year on all the latitudes in this area; hence, this area receives maximum amount of heat.
Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 15
What is the latitude value of the Tropic of Capricorn?
Detailed Solution for Test: Globe Latitudes And Longitudes - Question 15
The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23½° S latitude. It is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth and signifies the most southerly position at which the sun can be directly overhead.

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