10 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Population- 1
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What are the primary factors responsible for low population density in certain areas?
Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 1
Rugged terrain and unfavorable climatic conditions such as low rainfall play a crucial role in determining population density. These factors make habitation and agriculture difficult, leading to sparse population in such areas.
Occupational Structure refers to distribution of workforce
(i) in primary sector activities.
(ii) in secondary sector activities.
(iii) in tertiary sector activities.
(iv) between a male and a female.
Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 2
It is the mix of different types of occupations found in a society. It also describes how people are engaged in different sectors of the economy namely, primary, secondary and tertiary the sector that predominates the occupational structure in a country.
Which of the following states is the most populous state of India?
Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 3
Most Populous State of India: Uttar Pradesh Explanation: - Among the given options, the most populous state of India is Uttar Pradesh. - Uttar Pradesh is located in the northern part of India and has a population of over 200 million people. - It is the most populous state not only in India but also in the world. - Uttar Pradesh is known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and diverse population. - It is home to several major cities including Lucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Varanasi, and Allahabad. - The state has a significant impact on the overall population and demographics of India. - Uttar Pradesh plays a crucial role in Indian politics and has a substantial representation in the Indian Parliament. - The state's population growth and density pose various challenges in terms of infrastructure, healthcare, education, and employment. - Despite these challenges, Uttar Pradesh continues to be a vibrant and important state in India's socio-economic landscape.
The most important attribute of population composition is
Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 4
The most important attribute of population composition is Sex composition. Sex composition refers to the distribution of males and females in a population. It is an essential aspect of population composition as it provides insights into the balance and proportion of the sexes within a given population. Here are some key reasons why sex composition is considered the most important attribute: 1. Social dynamics and relationships: Understanding the sex composition helps in analyzing the social dynamics and relationships within a population. It provides insights into the potential for partnerships, marriages, and reproduction. 2. Policy implications: Sex composition has significant policy implications, especially in areas such as healthcare, education, and social welfare. For example, it helps in planning and allocating resources for reproductive health services, gender-specific education programs, and addressing gender-based violence. 3. Economic implications: Sex composition can have economic implications as well. It affects the labor market, employment opportunities, and productivity. For instance, a skewed sex ratio can lead to labor shortages or imbalances in certain sectors. 4. Demographic analysis: Sex composition is crucial for demographic analysis, including fertility rates, mortality rates, and population projections. It helps in understanding population growth patterns, age-specific trends, and potential challenges related to population aging. 5. Gender equality: Analyzing sex composition is essential for identifying gender disparities and promoting gender equality. It provides insights into issues such as gender-based discrimination, women's empowerment, and access to resources and opportunities. In conclusion, while factors such as age structure, education, and health are also important attributes of population composition, sex composition holds particular significance due to its influence on social, economic, and policy aspects.
Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 7
Pull Factors: Employment - Pull factors are factors that attract individuals to move from one place to another. - One example of a pull factor is employment opportunities. - Employment opportunities can be a major draw for individuals looking to improve their economic situation and provide for themselves and their families. - Here are some key points to consider regarding employment as a pull factor: 1. Economic Prosperity: - Areas with thriving job markets and a strong economy can attract people who are seeking better job opportunities and higher wages. - The promise of economic prosperity can motivate individuals to move to a new location in search of employment. 2. Job Security: - Regions that offer stable employment and job security can entice individuals to relocate. - People often seek job security to ensure a stable income and a better quality of life. 3. Career Advancement: - Locations that provide opportunities for career growth and advancement can attract individuals who are looking to further their professional goals. - The prospect of improving one's career prospects can serve as a strong pull factor. 4. Better Working Conditions: - Areas that offer better working conditions, such as safer workplaces, reasonable working hours, and employee benefits, can be appealing to individuals seeking an improved work-life balance. 5. Industry-specific Opportunities: - Certain regions may specialize in particular industries, such as technology, finance, or healthcare. - Individuals with skills and qualifications in these industries may be drawn to areas that offer a high concentration of job opportunities in their field. Overall, employment opportunities play a significant role as a pull factor, attracting individuals to move to areas that offer better job prospects, economic stability, and career advancement opportunities.
Which of the following age group is that of the working-age group?
Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 9
The working age population is defined as those aged 15 to 59. The basic indicator for employment is the proportion of the working age population aged 15-59 who are employed. The age dependency ratio is the ratio of dependents (people younger than 15 or older than 59) to the working-age population.
Detailed Solution for Test: Population- 1 - Question 10
NPP stands for National Population Policy.
The National Population Policy (NPP) refers to a government's strategy or plan aimed at managing and controlling the population growth and distribution within a country. It is an important policy tool used by governments to address various issues related to population, including fertility rates, mortality rates, migration, and urbanization. The NPP typically includes a set of guidelines, principles, and programs that focus on promoting reproductive health, family planning, gender equality, and sustainable development.
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