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Test: Water Resources - 2 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Water Resources - 2

Test: Water Resources - 2 for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Water Resources - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Water Resources - 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Water Resources - 2 below.
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Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 1

What percentage of Earth's surface is covered by water?

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 1

The correct answer is Option B: 71%. While the vast majority of Earth's surface is covered by water, approximately 71%, only a small fraction of this is freshwater that can be used by humans. This freshwater is crucial for various purposes, including drinking, agriculture, and industrial activities.

Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 2

Roof top rainwater harvesting is the most common practice in- 

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 2
Shillong gets very much rain. So, the common practice is rain harvesting in that place.
Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 3

What percentage of India's total electricity is contributed by hydroelectric power?

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 3

The correct answer is Option B: 22%. Hydroelectric power contributes about 22% of the total electricity produced in India. This form of energy plays a significant role in meeting the demands of various industries and sectors.

Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 4

What is the primary source of freshwater according to the hydrological cycle?

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 4

The correct answer is Option A: Rainwater. The hydrological cycle involves the continuous process of water evaporating from various water bodies, forming clouds, precipitating as rain, and flowing back into these water bodies. Rainwater is a key component in replenishing freshwater resources.

Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 5

What is the main objective of the Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 5

The correct answer is Option D: Providing Piped Potable Water to Rural Households. The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) aims to ensure that every rural household in India has access to a regular supply of safe and drinkable piped water.

Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 6

It is predicated that nearly 2 billion people will live in absolute water scarcity in the year of – 

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 6

Sources on earth are limited. Every region of earth can handle only a limited amount of living beings. But as our population is getting increased and increased the problem of exploitation of resources and the scarcity of these will come obviously. Therefore a prediction is made of year 2025.

Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 7

The first & the only state in India which has made Roof Top Rain water Harvesting Structured compulsory to all the across the state is – 

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 7

Its tamil nadu. as we know that the western ghats recieves a preety good rainfall and due to which tamil nadu govt. enforced citizens to develop rainwater harvesting system in their house.

Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 8

How are dams classified based on structure?

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 8

The correct answer is Option C: Based on Structure and Materials. Dams are classified into categories such as timber dams, embankment dams, or masonry dams based on their structure and the materials used in their construction.

Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 9

What ecological consequence is associated with the change in cropping patterns due to irrigation?

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 9

The correct answer is Option C: Salinization of the Soil. Irrigation-induced changes in cropping patterns can lead to the salinization of the soil, impacting its fertility and posing ecological challenges.

Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 10

In which part or state of India people build diversion channels like ‘guls’ or ‘kuls’ ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Water Resources - 2 - Question 10

State in India where both guls and kuls are used for irrigation is Himachal Pradesh. Guls and Kuls can be made in the Western Himalayas region of India. Guls and Kuls are kinds of diversions which are built for the purpose of water harvesting.

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