Class 9 Exam  >  Social Studies (SST) Class 9  >  Flashcards: Physical Features of India
Flashcards: Physical Features of India
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FAQs on Flashcards: Physical Features of India Video Lecture - Social Studies (SST) Class 9

1. What are the major physical features of India?
Ans. The major physical features of India include the Himalayan mountain range in the north, the Indo-Gangetic Plain, the Thar Desert in the northwest, the Western and Eastern Ghats, and various rivers such as the Ganges, Yamuna, and Brahmaputra.
2. How does the Himalayan mountain range influence India's climate?
Ans. The Himalayas act as a barrier to cold winds from Central Asia, resulting in a temperate climate in the northern regions of India. They also prevent the monsoon winds from escaping, leading to heavy rainfall in the foothills and northern plains.
3. What role do the rivers play in shaping India's physical features?
Ans. Rivers like the Ganges, Yamuna, and Brahmaputra have carved out fertile plains, such as the Indo-Gangetic Plain, through their sediment deposits. They also provide water for irrigation and support agriculture in the country.
4. How does the Thar Desert affect the climate of India?
Ans. The Thar Desert in the northwest of India influences the climate by causing hot and dry winds to blow over the region. It also leads to low rainfall in the surrounding areas, creating arid conditions in parts of western India.
5. What is the significance of the Western and Eastern Ghats in India's physical geography?
Ans. The Western and Eastern Ghats are mountain ranges that run along the western and eastern coasts of India, respectively. They influence the climate by blocking the rain-bearing winds, leading to high rainfall on the windward side and creating rain shadows on the leeward side. These mountain ranges also support diverse ecosystems and wildlife in the country.
56 videos|415 docs|87 tests

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