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PREAMBLE
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PREAMBLE
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement 
that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and philosophy of the 
constitution. Preamble gives an idea about the following :
(1) the source of the constitution,
(2) nature of Indian state
(3) a statement of its objectives and
(4) the date of its adoption.
Page 3


PREAMBLE
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement 
that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and philosophy of the 
constitution. Preamble gives an idea about the following :
(1) the source of the constitution,
(2) nature of Indian state
(3) a statement of its objectives and
(4) the date of its adoption.
Source of the Constitution
• We, the people of India.
• The phrase “We the people of India” emphasises that the constitution is 
made by and for the Indian people and not given to them by any outside 
power.
• It also emphasizes the concept of popular sovereignty as laid down by 
Rousseau: All the power emanates from the people and the political 
system will be accountable and responsible to the people.
Page 4


PREAMBLE
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement 
that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and philosophy of the 
constitution. Preamble gives an idea about the following :
(1) the source of the constitution,
(2) nature of Indian state
(3) a statement of its objectives and
(4) the date of its adoption.
Source of the Constitution
• We, the people of India.
• The phrase “We the people of India” emphasises that the constitution is 
made by and for the Indian people and not given to them by any outside 
power.
• It also emphasizes the concept of popular sovereignty as laid down by 
Rousseau: All the power emanates from the people and the political 
system will be accountable and responsible to the people.
Nature of Indian state
• Sovereign: India is internally and externally sovereign 
• Socialist: “Socialism” as an economic philosophy where means of production 
and distribution are owned by the State. Socialism as a social philosophy 
stresses more on societal equality.
• Secular: The state will have no religion of its own and all persons will be equally 
entitled to the freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and 
propagate the religion of their choice.
• Democratic: The rulers are elected by the people and are responsible to them.
• Republic: A democratic republic is an entity in which the head of state is 
elected, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure. 
Page 5


PREAMBLE
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement 
that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and philosophy of the 
constitution. Preamble gives an idea about the following :
(1) the source of the constitution,
(2) nature of Indian state
(3) a statement of its objectives and
(4) the date of its adoption.
Source of the Constitution
• We, the people of India.
• The phrase “We the people of India” emphasises that the constitution is 
made by and for the Indian people and not given to them by any outside 
power.
• It also emphasizes the concept of popular sovereignty as laid down by 
Rousseau: All the power emanates from the people and the political 
system will be accountable and responsible to the people.
Nature of Indian state
• Sovereign: India is internally and externally sovereign 
• Socialist: “Socialism” as an economic philosophy where means of production 
and distribution are owned by the State. Socialism as a social philosophy 
stresses more on societal equality.
• Secular: The state will have no religion of its own and all persons will be equally 
entitled to the freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and 
propagate the religion of their choice.
• Democratic: The rulers are elected by the people and are responsible to them.
• Republic: A democratic republic is an entity in which the head of state is 
elected, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure. 
Objectives of Indian State
• Justice : Social, Economic and Political.
• Equality : of status and opportunity.
• Liberty : of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship
• Fraternity (Brotherhood) : assuring the dignity of the individual and the 
unity and integrity of the nation.
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FAQs on PPT: Preamble- 1 - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What is the importance of the preamble in a constitution?
Ans. The preamble of a constitution sets out the fundamental values, principles, and objectives of a nation. It provides a guiding philosophy for the constitution and serves as a reference point for interpreting and understanding the constitution's provisions.
2. How does the preamble reflect the aspirations of the people?
Ans. The preamble reflects the aspirations of the people by stating the goals and ideals that they collectively seek to achieve. It often includes references to justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity, which are the fundamental values cherished by the people.
3. Can the preamble be amended?
Ans. Generally, the preamble of a constitution is not subject to amendment. It is considered as the introductory part of the constitution and is usually regarded as an unchangeable statement of the nation's objectives and identity.
4. What is the significance of the words "We the People" in the preamble?
Ans. The words "We the People" in the preamble emphasize that the power and authority of the constitution derive from the citizens of the nation. It signifies the democratic principles and the idea that the government exists to serve the people and protect their rights.
5. How does the preamble contribute to the interpretation of the constitution?
Ans. The preamble provides valuable guidance in the interpretation of the constitution's provisions. It helps courts and legal experts to understand the underlying intentions and purposes of the constitution and to ensure that its provisions are interpreted in a manner consistent with the values and principles expressed in the preamble.
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