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Lecture 3 
T erritory of India
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
Page 2


Lecture 3 
T erritory of India
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Articles 1 to 4 
Brief Overview of T erritory of India 
Case of Sikkim 
State Reorganisation since Independence
Page 3


Lecture 3 
T erritory of India
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Articles 1 to 4 
Brief Overview of T erritory of India 
Case of Sikkim 
State Reorganisation since Independence
Article 1 - 4 
Article 1 
(1)  India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. 
(2) The States and the territories thereof shall be speci?ed 
in the First Schedule. 
(3)  The territory of India shall comprise -  
      (a) the territories of States; 
      (b) the Union territories speci?ed in the First Schedule 
      (c) such other territories as may be acquired
Page 4


Lecture 3 
T erritory of India
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Articles 1 to 4 
Brief Overview of T erritory of India 
Case of Sikkim 
State Reorganisation since Independence
Article 1 - 4 
Article 1 
(1)  India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. 
(2) The States and the territories thereof shall be speci?ed 
in the First Schedule. 
(3)  The territory of India shall comprise -  
      (a) the territories of States; 
      (b) the Union territories speci?ed in the First Schedule 
      (c) such other territories as may be acquired
Article 2 
Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such 
terms and conditions as it thinks ?t 
Article 3 
Parliament may by law - 
(a) form a new state by separation of territory from any State or by uniting 
two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of 
any State; 
(b) increase the area of any State; 
(c) diminish the area of any State; 
(d) alter the boundaries of any State; 
(e) alter the name of any State.
Page 5


Lecture 3 
T erritory of India
Prelims 2020 Crash Course 
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Articles 1 to 4 
Brief Overview of T erritory of India 
Case of Sikkim 
State Reorganisation since Independence
Article 1 - 4 
Article 1 
(1)  India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States. 
(2) The States and the territories thereof shall be speci?ed 
in the First Schedule. 
(3)  The territory of India shall comprise -  
      (a) the territories of States; 
      (b) the Union territories speci?ed in the First Schedule 
      (c) such other territories as may be acquired
Article 2 
Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such 
terms and conditions as it thinks ?t 
Article 3 
Parliament may by law - 
(a) form a new state by separation of territory from any State or by uniting 
two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of 
any State; 
(b) increase the area of any State; 
(c) diminish the area of any State; 
(d) alter the boundaries of any State; 
(e) alter the name of any State.
Proviso - [Provided that no bill for the purpose shall be introduced in either house of 
Parliament except on the recommendation of the President and unless, where the proposal 
contained in the bill affects the area, boundaries or name of any States, the Bill has been 
referred by the President to the legislature of that State for expressing its views thereon 
within such period as may be speci?ed in the reference or within such further period as the 
President may allow and the period so speci?ed or allowed has expired] 
In this article, in clauses (a) to (e), “State” includes a UT , but in the proviso, “State” does 
not include a UT . 
Article 4 
(1) Any law referred to in Article 2 or Article 3 shall contain such provisions for the 
amendment of the First Schedule and F ourth Schedule as may be necessary to give effect to 
the provisions of the new law and may also contain such supplemental, incidental and 
consequential provisions(including provisions as to the representation in Parliament and in 
the Legislatures of the State or States affected by such law) as Parliament may deem 
necessary. 
(2) No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for 
the purpose of Article 368.
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FAQs on PPT: Territory of India - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What are the different territories of India?
Ans. The territories of India include 28 states and 8 Union territories. The states have their own elected governments, while the Union territories are governed by the central government.
2. Which is the largest state in India by area?
Ans. Rajasthan is the largest state in India by area, covering approximately 342,239 square kilometers.
3. How many Union territories are there in India?
Ans. India has 8 Union territories, namely Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, Delhi, Lakshadweep, Puducherry, Ladakh, and Jammu and Kashmir.
4. What is the difference between a state and a Union territory in India?
Ans. The main difference between a state and a Union territory in India is the level of self-governance. States have their own elected governments, while Union territories are directly governed by the central government. Union territories usually have less autonomy and a Lieutenant Governor represents the President of India as the administrator.
5. Which Union territory of India has the highest literacy rate?
Ans. Puducherry, one of the Union territories of India, has the highest literacy rate among all the Union territories. According to the 2011 census, Puducherry has a literacy rate of 86.55%.
132 videos|662 docs|304 tests
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