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PARLIAMENT ( ? ? ??)
Page 2


PARLIAMENT ( ? ? ??)
Legislative Procedure in Parliament
• The legislative procedure is identical in both the Houses of 
Parliament.
• Every bill has to pass through the same stages in each House.
• A Bill is a proposal for legislation and it becomes an act or law 
when duly enacted.
• Bills introduced in the Parliament are of two kinds: Public bills 
and Private bills (also known as Government bills and 
Private members’ bills)
• Though both are governed by the same general procedure and 
pass through the same stages in the House but they differ in 
various respects
Page 3


PARLIAMENT ( ? ? ??)
Legislative Procedure in Parliament
• The legislative procedure is identical in both the Houses of 
Parliament.
• Every bill has to pass through the same stages in each House.
• A Bill is a proposal for legislation and it becomes an act or law 
when duly enacted.
• Bills introduced in the Parliament are of two kinds: Public bills 
and Private bills (also known as Government bills and 
Private members’ bills)
• Though both are governed by the same general procedure and 
pass through the same stages in the House but they differ in 
various respects
Difference Between Public & Private Bill
Page 4


PARLIAMENT ( ? ? ??)
Legislative Procedure in Parliament
• The legislative procedure is identical in both the Houses of 
Parliament.
• Every bill has to pass through the same stages in each House.
• A Bill is a proposal for legislation and it becomes an act or law 
when duly enacted.
• Bills introduced in the Parliament are of two kinds: Public bills 
and Private bills (also known as Government bills and 
Private members’ bills)
• Though both are governed by the same general procedure and 
pass through the same stages in the House but they differ in 
various respects
Difference Between Public & Private Bill
Types Of Bills
• 1.Ordinary bills, which are concerned with any matter other than 
financial subjects.
• 2. Money bills, which are concerned with the financial matters like 
taxation, public expenditure,etc.
• 3. Financial bills, which are also concerned with financial matters (but 
are different from money bills).
• 4. Constitution amendment bills, which are concerned with the 
amendment of the provisions of the Constitution.
Page 5


PARLIAMENT ( ? ? ??)
Legislative Procedure in Parliament
• The legislative procedure is identical in both the Houses of 
Parliament.
• Every bill has to pass through the same stages in each House.
• A Bill is a proposal for legislation and it becomes an act or law 
when duly enacted.
• Bills introduced in the Parliament are of two kinds: Public bills 
and Private bills (also known as Government bills and 
Private members’ bills)
• Though both are governed by the same general procedure and 
pass through the same stages in the House but they differ in 
various respects
Difference Between Public & Private Bill
Types Of Bills
• 1.Ordinary bills, which are concerned with any matter other than 
financial subjects.
• 2. Money bills, which are concerned with the financial matters like 
taxation, public expenditure,etc.
• 3. Financial bills, which are also concerned with financial matters (but 
are different from money bills).
• 4. Constitution amendment bills, which are concerned with the 
amendment of the provisions of the Constitution.
Ordinary Bills
• Every ordinary bill has to pass through the following five stages 
in the Parliament before it finds a place on the Statute Book:
• 1. First Reading
• 2. Second Reading
• 3. Third Reading
• 4. Bill in the Second House
• 5. Assent of the President
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FAQs on PPT: Parliament- 2 - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What is the role of Parliament in a country's political system?
Ans. Parliament plays a crucial role in a country's political system as it is the supreme legislative body responsible for making laws, representing the people, and overseeing the government's actions. It provides a platform for debate, discussion, and decision-making on various issues affecting the nation.
2. How is a Parliament formed?
Ans. A Parliament is formed through a democratic process, typically through elections. The citizens of a country elect representatives who then form the Parliament. The number of representatives may vary depending on the country's electoral system, and they are usually elected from different constituencies or regions.
3. What are the powers and functions of Parliament?
Ans. Parliament holds several powers and functions, including the legislative power to make and pass laws, the power to scrutinize and hold the government accountable, the power to approve the national budget, the power to represent the interests of the people, and the power to debate and discuss important national issues.
4. How does Parliament ensure transparency and accountability in the government?
Ans. Parliament ensures transparency and accountability in the government through various mechanisms. This includes regular question and answer sessions where Members of Parliament can ask the government ministers about their policies and actions. Additionally, parliamentary committees review government activities, conduct investigations, and provide recommendations, ensuring accountability and transparency.
5. Can Parliament influence the policies and decisions of the government?
Ans. Yes, Parliament can influence the policies and decisions of the government. Members of Parliament can propose and debate new laws, suggest amendments to existing laws, and even vote to reject government policies. Parliament also plays a role in approving or rejecting appointments of key government officials, ensuring that the government remains accountable to the people.
118 videos|602 docs|204 tests
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