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FAQs on Old NCERT Textbook (RS Sharma): The Dawn of History in the Deep South - History for UPSC CSE

1. What is the significance of the Deep South in the history of ancient India?
The Deep South is significant in the history of ancient India because it was the region where the earliest evidence of human habitation in the subcontinent has been found. Excavations in this region have revealed the presence of Stone Age tools, pottery, and cave paintings, providing valuable insights into the lifestyle and cultural practices of early humans in India.
2. How do archaeologists determine the age of artifacts found in the Deep South?
Archaeologists determine the age of artifacts found in the Deep South through various methods. One common technique is carbon dating, which measures the level of radioactive carbon isotopes in organic material to estimate its age. Additionally, stratigraphy, the study of different layers of soil and sediment, can also help determine the relative age of artifacts by analyzing their position within the layers.
3. What were the main characteristics of the early human settlements in the Deep South?
The early human settlements in the Deep South displayed several characteristics. They were primarily hunter-gatherer communities that relied on hunting animals and gathering plants for their survival. These settlements were often located near rivers or other water sources, and the people lived in caves or makeshift shelters. They used stone tools for various purposes and engaged in activities like cave painting, indicating the presence of artistic and cultural expressions.
4. How did the geographical features of the Deep South influence the lifestyle of early humans?
The geographical features of the Deep South, such as rivers and forests, had a significant impact on the lifestyle of early humans. The presence of rivers provided a reliable source of water and facilitated fishing and transportation. The abundant forests offered a variety of plant and animal resources for hunting and gathering. These geographical factors shaped the subsistence patterns and cultural practices of early humans in the Deep South.
5. What insights can be gained from the cave paintings discovered in the Deep South?
The cave paintings discovered in the Deep South provide valuable insights into the artistic and cultural expressions of early humans. They depict various scenes of hunting, dancing, and daily life, offering a glimpse into their social and religious practices. These paintings also showcase the artistic skills and creativity of the ancient inhabitants, reflecting their symbolic and aesthetic sensibilities. The study of cave paintings helps archaeologists understand the beliefs, rituals, and cultural traditions of early humans in the Deep South.
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