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FAQs on Old NCERT Textbook (RS Sharma): Crafts, Trade, and Towns in the Post-Maurya Age - History for UPSC CSE

1. What were the main crafts and industries during the Post-Maurya Age?
Ans. During the Post-Maurya Age, some of the main crafts and industries were pottery, metalwork, textile weaving, jewelry making, and shipbuilding. These crafts and industries played a significant role in the economic and cultural development of the towns during this period.
2. How did trade contribute to the growth of towns in the Post-Maurya Age?
Ans. Trade played a crucial role in the growth of towns during the Post-Maurya Age. It facilitated the exchange of goods and ideas between different regions, leading to the development of commercial centers. The availability of various commodities and the establishment of trade routes attracted merchants and artisans, contributing to the growth of towns as centers of economic activity.
3. What were the factors that influenced the location of towns during the Post-Maurya Age?
Ans. Several factors influenced the location of towns during the Post-Maurya Age. Some of these factors include proximity to rivers or trade routes, availability of natural resources, strategic importance for defense, and the presence of a local market. These factors determined where towns were established and played a role in their growth and development.
4. How did the guilds function in the Post-Maurya Age towns?
Ans. Guilds were associations of merchants and artisans in the Post-Maurya Age towns. They played a significant role in regulating trade, ensuring quality control, and protecting the interests of their members. Guilds also provided a platform for artisans to learn and improve their skills through apprenticeships. They had their own rules and regulations and were responsible for maintaining discipline and resolving disputes within their community.
5. What were the characteristics of towns in the Post-Maurya Age?
Ans. Towns in the Post-Maurya Age were characterized by their economic activities, social diversity, and administrative structures. They served as centers of trade, crafts, and industries. These towns were inhabited by people from different social and occupational backgrounds, ranging from merchants and artisans to farmers and laborers. They had their own local governance systems and often had a fortified area for defense purposes.
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