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CAT 2021 Slot 1
VARC
Instructions [1 - 4 ]
The passage below is accompanied by a set of questions. Choose the best answer to each question.
We cannot travel outside our neighbourhood without passports. We must wear the same plain clothes. We must exchange our houses
every ten years. We cannot avoid labour. We all go to bed at the same time . . . We have religious freedom, but we cannot deny that the
soul dies with the body, since ‘but for the fear of punishment, they would have nothing but contempt for the laws and customs of society'.
. . . In More’s time, for much of the population, given the plenty and security on offer, such restraints would not have seemed overly
unreasonable. For modern readers, however, Utopia appears to rely upon relentless transparency, the repression of variety, and the
curtailment of privacy. Utopia provides security: but at what price? In both its external and internal relations, indeed, it seems perilously
dystopian.
Such a conclusion might be fortified by examining selectively the tradition which follows More on these points. This often portrays
societies where . . . 'it would be almost impossible for man to be depraved, or wicked'. . . . This is achieved both through institutions and
mores, which underpin the common life. . . . The passions are regulated and inequalities of wealth and distinction are minimized. Needs,
vanity, and emulation are restrained, often by prizing equality and holding riches in contempt. The desire for public power is curbed.
Marriage and sexual intercourse are often controlled: in Tommaso Campanella’s The City of the Sun (1623), the first great literary utopia
after More’s, relations are forbidden to men before the age of twenty-one and women before nineteen. Communal child-rearing is normal;
for Campanella, this commences at age two. Greater simplicity of life, ‘living according to nature’, is often a result: the desire for simplicity
and purity are closely related. People become more alike in appearance, opinion, and outlook than they often have been. Unity, order, and
homogeneity thus prevail at the cost of individuality and diversity. This model, as J. C. Davis demonstrates, dominated early modern
utopianism. . . . And utopian homogeneity remains a familiar theme well into the twentieth century.
Given these considerations, it is not unreasonable to take as our starting point here the hypothesis that utopia and dystopia evidently
share more in common than is often supposed. Indeed, they might be twins, the progeny of the same parents. Insofar as this proves to be
the case, my linkage of both here will be uncomfortably close for some readers. Yet we should not mistake this argument for the
assertion that all utopias are, or tend to produce, dystopias. Those who defend this proposition will find that their association here is not
nearly close enough. For we have only to acknowledge the existence of thousands of successful intentional communities in which a
cooperative ethos predominates and where harmony without coercion is the rule to set aside such an assertion. Here the individual’s
submersion in the group is consensual (though this concept is not unproblematic). It results not in enslavement but voluntary submission
to group norms. Harmony is achieved without . . . harming others.
1. Following from the passage, which one of the following may be seen as a characteristic of a utopian society?
A    A society without any laws to restrain one’s individuality.
B    A society where public power is earned through merit rather than through privilege.
C    Institutional surveillance of every individual to ensure his/her security and welfare.
D    The regulation of homogeneity through promoting competitive heterogeneity.
A n s w e r : C
  
Explanation:
Option A: The author does not discuss a utopian narrative that involves a society without laws or social structure. Instead, he talks about
regulations that curb individuality and promote homogeneity. Hence, we can eliminate Option A as a potential choice.
Option B: The second paragraph relays the following idea: " The passions are regulated, and inequalities of wealth and distinction are
minimized. Needs, vanity, and emulation are restrained, often by prizing equality and holding riches in contempt. The desire for public
power is curbed" Given that public power is not looked at favourably, the entire debate on the mechanism to attain this facet (public
power) becomes irrelevant. Thus, we can eliminate Option B.
Option C: "Such a conclusion might be fortified by examining selectively the tradition which follows More on these points. This often
portrays societies where . . . 'it would be almost impossible for man to be depraved, or wicked'. . . . This is achieved both through
institutions and mores, which underpin the common life" From the above excerpt, it is clarified that the utopian doctrines are enforced by
institutions present in the society; additionally, the author mentions in the preceding paragraph that security in a utopian setting is
attained through the curtailment of privacy. Hence, Option C is likely to be the correct choice.   
Option D: There is no mention of regulating homogeneity through promoting competitive heterogeneity. We can, therefore, eliminate this
  
.
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FAQs on CAT 2021 Slot 1: Past Year Question Paper with Solutions - CAT Mock Test Series 2024

1. What is CAT 2021?
Ans. CAT 2021 refers to the Common Admission Test conducted in India for admission into various management programs offered by prestigious Indian Institutes of Management (IIMs) and other top business schools. It is a national-level entrance exam held annually.
2. What is the exam pattern of CAT 2021?
Ans. CAT 2021 is a computer-based test consisting of three sections: Verbal Ability and Reading Comprehension (VARC), Data Interpretation and Logical Reasoning (DILR), and Quantitative Ability (QA). The duration of the exam is 180 minutes, with each section allocated 60 minutes. The exam format includes multiple-choice questions (MCQs) as well as non-MCQs.
3. How can I prepare for CAT 2021 effectively?
Ans. To prepare for CAT 2021 effectively, it is important to have a structured study plan. Start by understanding the exam pattern and syllabus thoroughly. Practice solving previous year question papers and take regular mock tests to assess your progress. Focus on improving your time management and problem-solving skills. Consider joining a coaching institute or online course for additional guidance and study materials.
4. Are there any changes in the exam pattern of CAT 2021 compared to previous years?
Ans. The CAT exam pattern remains largely consistent from year to year. However, it is advisable to visit the official CAT website or read the latest information bulletin to check for any updates or changes in the exam pattern for CAT 2021. It is always recommended to stay updated with the official notifications.
5. How can I access the past year question papers of CAT for practice?
Ans. The official CAT website does not provide past year question papers. However, there are various online platforms and coaching institutes that offer CAT question papers from previous years. These question papers can be accessed through their websites or study materials. Additionally, some books and online marketplaces also provide CAT question papers for practice.
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