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GEOGRAPHY/GEOLOGY 
 
 
Fundamentals of Human Geography  
                      Unit I: Human Geography: Nature and Scope  
 
Unit II: People  
• Population of the world – distribution, density and growth; 
• Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change; 
• Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition; 
• Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons. 
 
Unit III: Human Activities  
• Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence 
agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agriculture and allied activities – some examples 
from selected countries; 
• Secondary activities – concept; manufacturing: agro-processing, household, small scale, large scale; 
people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries; 
• Tertiary activities – concept; trade, transport and communication; services; people engaged in tertiary 
activities – some examples from selected countries; 
• Quaternary activities – concept; knowledge based industries; people engaged in quaternary activities 
– some examples from selected countries. 
 
   Unit IV: Transport, Communication and Trade  
• Land transport – roads, railways – rail network; trans-continental railways; 
• Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes; 
• Air transport – Intercontinental air routes; 
• Oil and gas pipelines; 
• Satellite communication and cyber space; 
• International trade – Basis and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, role of 
WTO in International trade. 
 
                Unit V: Human Settlements 
 
• Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; 
problems of human settlements in developing countries. 
 
 
 
 
Note:  
There will be one Question Paper which will have 50 questions out of which 40 questions need to be 
attempted. 
Page 2


 
 
 
 
 
 
GEOGRAPHY/GEOLOGY 
 
 
Fundamentals of Human Geography  
                      Unit I: Human Geography: Nature and Scope  
 
Unit II: People  
• Population of the world – distribution, density and growth; 
• Population change-spatial patterns and structure; determinants of population change; 
• Age-sex ratio; rural-urban composition; 
• Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons. 
 
Unit III: Human Activities  
• Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence 
agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agriculture and allied activities – some examples 
from selected countries; 
• Secondary activities – concept; manufacturing: agro-processing, household, small scale, large scale; 
people engaged in secondary activities – some examples from selected countries; 
• Tertiary activities – concept; trade, transport and communication; services; people engaged in tertiary 
activities – some examples from selected countries; 
• Quaternary activities – concept; knowledge based industries; people engaged in quaternary activities 
– some examples from selected countries. 
 
   Unit IV: Transport, Communication and Trade  
• Land transport – roads, railways – rail network; trans-continental railways; 
• Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes; 
• Air transport – Intercontinental air routes; 
• Oil and gas pipelines; 
• Satellite communication and cyber space; 
• International trade – Basis and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international trade, role of 
WTO in International trade. 
 
                Unit V: Human Settlements 
 
• Settlement types – rural and urban; morphology of cities (case study); distribution of mega cities; 
problems of human settlements in developing countries. 
 
 
 
 
Note:  
There will be one Question Paper which will have 50 questions out of which 40 questions need to be 
attempted. 
GEOGRAPHY/GEOLOGY-313 
  
3 
 
India: People and Economy 
  
Unit I: People 
 
• Population: distribution, density and growth; composition of population - linguistic, religious; sex,  
rural-urban and occupational - regional variations in growth of population ; 
• Migration: international, national – causes and consequences; 
• Human development – selected indicators and regional patterns; 
• Population, environment and development. 
 
Unit II: Human Settlements 
• Rural settlements – types and distribution; 
• Urban settlements – types, distribution and functional classification. 
 
Unit III: Resources and Development (Periods 30) 
• Land resources – general land use; agricultural land use – major crops; agricultural development 
and problems, common property resources; 
• Water resources – availability and utilization – irrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses; 
scarcity of water and conservation methods – rain water harvesting and watershed management 
(one case study related with participatory watershed management to be introduced) ; 
• Mineral and energy resources – metallic and non-metallic minerals and their distribution; 
conventional and non-conventional energy sources; 
• Industries – types and distribution; industrial location and clustering; changing pattern of selected 
industries – iron and steel, cotton textiles, sugar, petrochemicals, and knowledge based industries; 
impact of liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation on industrial location; 
• Planning in India – target area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development (case study). 
 
 
Unit IV: Transport, Communication and International Trade  
• Transport and communication — roads, railways, waterways and airways; oil and gas pipelines; 
national electric grids; communication networkings – radio, television, satellite and internet; 
• International trade — changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; sea ports and their hinterland 
and airports. 
Unit V: Geographical Perspective on Selected Issues and Problems 
• Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal; 
• Urbanisation-rural-urban migration; problem of slums; 
• Land Degradation. 
 
 
 
 
 
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FAQs on CUET Exam Syllabus for Geography - Commerce

1. What topics are covered in the CUET exam syllabus for Geography?
Ans. The CUET exam syllabus for Geography covers various topics such as physical geography, human geography, environmental geography, regional geography, and geographical techniques and skills.
2. How can I prepare for the CUET Geography exam effectively?
Ans. To prepare effectively for the CUET Geography exam, it is recommended to thoroughly study the prescribed textbooks, practice previous year question papers, make notes of important concepts, and regularly revise the topics. Additionally, seeking guidance from teachers or joining coaching classes can also be beneficial.
3. Are there any specific books recommended for the CUET Geography exam preparation?
Ans. While there are no specific books recommended for the CUET Geography exam, candidates can refer to popular textbooks such as "Certificate Physical and Human Geography" by G.C. Leong, "Oxford School Atlas" by Oxford University Press, and "Geography of India" by Majid Husain. It is important to refer to the syllabus and choose books that cover the required topics.
4. What are the geographical techniques and skills included in the CUET Geography syllabus?
Ans. The geographical techniques and skills included in the CUET Geography syllabus may involve map reading, interpretation of topographical maps, understanding climate graphs and statistical data, analyzing satellite images, conducting fieldwork, and using geographic information systems (GIS) for spatial analysis.
5. Is there any negative marking in the CUET Geography exam?
Ans. As per the official notification, the CUET Geography exam does not have any negative marking. Candidates are advised to attempt all the questions without the fear of losing marks for incorrect answers.
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