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C h i e f  M i n i s t e r  &  C o u n c i l  o f
M i n i s t e r s
D e f i n i t i o n
P o w e r s  &  F u n c t i o n s  o f  C h i e f  M i n i s t e r
C o m p o s i t i o n  &  F u n c t i o n s  o f  C o u n c i l  o f
M i n i s t e r s
L i s t  o f  C u r r e n t  M i n i s t e r s  o f  I n d i a
O t h e r  A s p e c t s
C h i e f  M i n i s t e r  ( C M ) :  T h e  e l e c t e d  l e a d e r  o f  t h e  s t a t e
g o v e r n m e n t  w h o  h o l d s  t h e  h i g h e s t  e x e c u t i v e
a u t h o r i t y  a n d  i s  r e s p o n s i b l e  f o r  t h e  o v e r a l l
g o v e r n a n c e  o f  t h e  s t a t e .
C o u n c i l  o f  M i n i s t e r s  ( C O M ) :  T h e  c o l l e c t i v e  b o d y  o f
m i n i s t e r s  w h o  a s s i s t  t h e  C h i e f  M i n i s t e r  i n  d e c i s i o n
m a k i n g  a n d  a d m i n i s t r a t i o n .
C o u n c i l  o f  M i n i s t e r s  i s  c o l l e c t i v e l y  r e s p o n s i b l e  t o  t h e
L e g i s l a t i v e  A s s e m b l y .
T h e y  h a v e  t o  a n s w e r  q u e s t i o n s  r a i s e d  b y  t h e
L e g i s l a t i v e  A s s e m b l y  m e m b e r s .
M i n i s t e r s  a r e  e x p e c t e d  t o  p r o v i d e  g o o d  g o v e r n a n c e ,
m a i n t a i n  l a w  a n d  o r d e r ,  a n d  e n s u r e  t h e  w e l f a r e  o f  t h e
s t a t e  a n d  i t s  p e o p l e .
T h e y  a r e  a c c o u n t a b l e  f o r  t h e  a d m i n i s t r a t i o n  o f  t h e i r
r e s p e c t i v e  d e p a r t m e n t s .
C o u n c i l  o f  M i n i s t e r s  r e f l e c t s  t h e  d i v e r s i t y  a n d
r e p r e s e n t a t i o n  o f  d i f f e r e n t  c o m m u n i t i e s ,  r e g i o n s ,
a n d  i n t e r e s t s  w i t h i n  t h e  s t a t e .
C o u n c i l  o f  M i n i s t e r s  c o n s i s t s  o f  v a r i o u s  m i n i s t e r s
a p p o i n t e d  b y  t h e  C M .
M i n i s t e r s  a r e  a l l o c a t e d  s p e c i f i c  p o r t f o l i o s  a n d  a r e
r e s p o n s i b l e  f o r  t h e  e f f i c i e n t  f u n c t i o n i n g  o f  t h e i r
d e p a r t m e n t s .
T h e y  p r o v i d e  a d v i c e  a n d  s u g g e s t i o n s  t o  t h e  C M  o n
k e y  p o l i c y  m a t t e r s .
M i n i s t e r s  r e p r e s e n t  t h e i r  d e p a r t m e n t s  i n  t h e  s t a t e
l e g i s l a t u r e .
T h e y  p a r t i c i p a t e  i n  d e c i s i o n - m a k i n g  p r o c e s s e s  a n d
c o n t r i b u t e  t o  t h e  o v e r a l l  g o v e r n a n c e  o f  t h e  s t a t e .
C o u n c i l  o f  M i n i s t e r s  c o l l e c t i v e l y  s h a r e s  t h e
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y  f o r  t h e  a c t i o n s  a n d  d e c i s i o n s  o f  t h e
g o v e r n m e n t .
P r i m e  M i n i s t e r :  N a r e n d r a  M o d i C a b i n e t  M i n i s t e r s :
A l l o c a t i o n  o f  P o r t f o l i o s :  C M  a s s i g n s  d i f f e r e n t
d e p a r t m e n t s  t o  m i n i s t e r s  b a s e d  o n  t h e i r  e x p e r t i s e
a n d  e x p e r i e n c e .
P o l i c y  F o r m u l a t i o n :  C M  p l a y s  a  s i g n i f i c a n t  r o l e  i n
f o r m u l a t i n g  a n d  i m p l e m e n t i n g  s t a t e  p o l i c i e s .
L e g i s l a t i v e  R o l e :  C M  l e a d s  t h e  s t a t e  l e g i s l a t u r e ,
r e p r e s e n t s  t h e  g o v e r n m e n t ,  a n d  h a s  t h e  p o w e r  t o
i n t r o d u c e  b i l l s .
F i n a n c i a l  C o n t r o l :  C M  i s  r e s p o n s i b l e  f o r  b u d g e t
p r e p a r a t i o n ,  f i n a n c i a l  m a n a g e m e n t ,  a n d  a l l o c a t i o n  o f
r e s o u r c e s .
E x e c u t i v e  A c t i o n s :  C M  e x e r c i s e s  e x e c u t i v e  p o w e r s
a n d  c a n  t a k e  i m p o r t a n t  a d m i n i s t r a t i v e  d e c i s i o n s .
R o l e  i n  A p p o i n t m e n t :  C M  r e c o m m e n d s  a p p o i n t m e n t s
t o  v a r i o u s  s t a t u t o r y  b o d i e s  a n d  k e y  p o s i t i o n s .
C r i s i s  M a n a g e m e n t :  C M  c o o r d i n a t e s  a n d  l e a d s  d u r i n g
e m e r g e n c i e s  o r  c r i s i s  s i t u a t i o n s .
D e v e l o p m e n t  P l a n n i n g :  C M  o v e r s e e s  t h e  p l a n n i n g  a n d
e x e c u t i o n  o f  d e v e l o p m e n t a l  p r o j e c t s .
R e p r e s e n t a t i o n :  C M  r e p r e s e n t s  t h e  s t a t e  a t  n a t i o n a l
a n d  i n t e r n a t i o n a l  f o r u m s .
R a j n a t h  S i n g h  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  D e f e n c e )
A m i t  S h a h  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  H o m e  A f f a i r s )
N i t i n  G a d k a r i  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  R o a d  T r a n s p o r t  a n d
H i g h w a y s )
N i r m a l a  S i t h a r a m a n  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  F i n a n c e )
S .  J a i s h a n k a r  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  E x t e r n a l  A f f a i r s )
A r j u n  M u n d a  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  T r i b a l  A f f a i r s )
P i y u s h  G o y a l  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  C o m m e r c e  a n d  I n d u s t r y )
H a r s h  V a r d h a n  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  H e a l t h  a n d  F a m i l y
W e l f a r e )
M a h e n d r a  N a t h  P a n d e y  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  S k i l l
D e v e l o p m e n t  a n d  E n t r e p r e n e u r s h i p )
P r a k a s h  J a v a d e k a r  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  E n v i r o n m e n t ,  F o r e s t
a n d  C l i m a t e  C h a n g e )
R a v i  S h a n k a r  P r a s a d  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  L a w  a n d  J u s t i c e )
D h a r m e n d r a  P r a d h a n  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  E d u c a t i o n )
M u k h t a r  A b b a s  N a q v i  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  M i n o r i t y  A f f a i r s )
P r a h l a d  S i n g h  P a t e l  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  T o u r i s m  a n d  C u l t u r e )
G a j e n d r a  S i n g h  S h e k h a w a t  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  J a l  S h a k t i )
G i r i r a j  S i n g h  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  A n i m a l  H u s b a n d r y ,  D a i r y i n g
a n d  F i s h e r i e s )
S m r i t i  I r a n i  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  W o m e n  a n d  C h i l d
D e v e l o p m e n t )
K i r e n  R i j i j u  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  Y o u t h  A f f a i r s  a n d  S p o r t s )
A n u r a g  S i n g h  T h a k u r  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  I n f o r m a t i o n  a n d
B r o a d c a s t i n g )
P a s h u p a t i  K u m a r  P a r a s  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  F o o d  P r o c e s s i n g
I n d u s t r i e s )
S a r b a n a n d a  S o n o w a l  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  P o r t s ,  S h i p p i n g ,  a n d
W a t e r w a y s )
N a r a y a n  R a n e  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  M i c r o ,  S m a l l  a n d  M e d i u m
E n t e r p r i s e s )
J y o t i r a d i t y a  S c i n d i a  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  C i v i l  A v i a t i o n )
R a m c h a n d r a  P r a s a d  S i n g h  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  S t e e l )
A s h w i n i  V a i s h n a w  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  R a i l w a y s )
N a r i n d e r  S i n g h  T o m a r  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  R u r a l
D e v e l o p m e n t ,  A g r i c u l t u r e  a n d  F a r m e r s  W e l f a r e )
M a n s u k h  M a n d a v i y a  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  H e a l t h  a n d  F a m i l y
W e l f a r e )
B h u p e n d e r  Y a d a v  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  L a b o u r  a n d
E m p l o y m e n t )
G .  K i s h a n  R e d d y  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  C u l t u r e ,  T o u r i s m ,  a n d
D e v e l o p m e n t  o f  N o r t h  E a s t  R e g i o n )
P a r s h o t t a m  R u p a l a  ( M i n i s t e r  o f  F i s h e r i e s ,  A n i m a l
H u s b a n d r y  a n d  D a i r y )
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FAQs on Mindmap: Chief Minister & Council of Ministers - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What is the role of a Chief Minister?
Ans. A Chief Minister is the head of the state government and is responsible for the overall administration and governance of the state. They are in charge of making policy decisions, implementing government schemes, and representing the state at various forums.
2. How is a Chief Minister appointed?
Ans. A Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor of the state, who is the constitutional head. Usually, the leader of the political party or alliance with the majority in the state legislative assembly is chosen as the Chief Minister.
3. What is the Council of Ministers?
Ans. The Council of Ministers is a group of ministers appointed by the Chief Minister to assist in the governance of the state. Each minister is assigned a specific portfolio and is responsible for managing and implementing policies related to that portfolio.
4. What is the difference between a Chief Minister and a Council of Ministers?
Ans. The Chief Minister is the head of the state government and has the overall responsibility for governance. The Council of Ministers, on the other hand, consists of individual ministers who are assigned specific portfolios and assist the Chief Minister in the day-to-day administration of the state.
5. Can the Chief Minister and Council of Ministers be removed from office?
Ans. Yes, the Chief Minister and Council of Ministers can be removed from office through a vote of no-confidence in the state legislative assembly. If a majority of the members of the assembly vote against the Chief Minister or any minister, they have to resign from their position.
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