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The State Legislature
Articles 168-171
Constitution of State Legislature
Role and Functions
Composition
Articles 172-177
Duration of State Legislature
Quali ?cations and Disquali ?cations
Powers and Privileges
O ?cers of the State Legislature
Speaker and Deputy Speaker
Chairman and Deputy Chairman
Conduct of Business
Legislative Procedures
Rules of Procedure
Disquali ?cations of Members
Grounds for Disquali ?cation
Process of Disquali ?cation
Legislative Procedure
Introduction of Bills
Passing of Bills
Role of Governor
Assent to Bills
Types of Assent
Role of Governor
Financial Matters
Budget Presentation
Financial Bills
Grants and Funds
Procedures in State Legislature
Sessions
Motions and Resolutions
Committees and Their Functions
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FAQs on Mindmap: State Legislature - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What is a state legislature?
Ans. A state legislature is the legislative branch or governing body of a state government. It is responsible for making and passing laws that affect the state's residents, as well as overseeing the state's budget and representing the interests of its constituents.
2. How is a state legislature structured?
Ans. The structure of a state legislature typically consists of two chambers: the Senate and the House of Representatives. The number of members in each chamber varies from state to state, with some states having a larger legislature than others. The members of the legislature are elected by the citizens of the state and serve specific terms in office.
3. What are the main functions of a state legislature?
Ans. The main functions of a state legislature include making and passing laws, approving the state's budget, conducting investigations and hearings, representing the interests of their constituents, and overseeing the executive branch of the state government. State legislatures also have the power to impeach state officials and ratify proposed amendments to the state constitution.
4. How are state legislators elected?
Ans. State legislators are elected by the citizens of their respective districts or constituencies. The election process may vary from state to state, but it generally involves voters casting their ballots for their preferred candidates in state legislative races. The candidates who receive the highest number of votes in their districts are then elected to serve in the state legislature.
5. What is the role of state legislators in the legislative process?
Ans. State legislators play a crucial role in the legislative process. They propose and introduce bills, participate in committee hearings and debates, vote on proposed legislation, and work to build coalitions and garner support for their initiatives. State legislators also have the power to amend bills, negotiate with other legislators, and ultimately determine whether a bill becomes law.
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