Root Words | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT PDF Download

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COMPLETE LIST OF ROOT WORDS  
Root Meaning Sample Words & Meaning Synonyms 
A without ? Abyss- without bottom 
? Achromatic- without 
colour 
? Anhydrous- without 
water 
? Abyss- chasm, fissure 
? Achromatic-achromous, 
diatonic 
? Anhydrous-arid, 
evaporated 
A on ? Afire- on fire 
? Ashore- on the shore 
? Aside- on the side 
? Afire-aflame, burning 
? Ashore- deserted, 
abandoned 
? Aside- apart, digression 
ab/s, a from, away, off ? Abduct-  carry away by 
force 
? Abnormal-away from 
normal, not normal 
? Absent- away, not 
present 
? Aversion- the act of 
turning away from 
? Abbreviate- to shorten 
? Abduct- grab, kidnap, 
remove, seize 
? Aversion- antipathy, 
abhorrence, hatred 
? Abbreviate- abridge, 
abstract, clip, compress, 
condense 
ac, ad to, toward, near ? Accelerate- to increase 
the spread of 
? Accessible- easily 
entered, approached, or 
obtained admittance- 
allowing into 
? Accelerate- advance, 
drive, dust, expedite, 
fire up, forward 
? Accessible- 
approachable, 
attainable 
Acro top, height, tip, 
beginning 
? Acrobat- a “high walker” 
? Acronym- a word formed 
from the first(capital) 
letters of a word 
? Acrophobia- fear of 
height 
? Acrobat- aerialist, artist, 
athlete, balancer, 
clown, contortionist 
Act-, -act do ? Activity- something that 
a person does 
? React- to do something 
in response 
? Interaction- 
communication between 
two or more entities 
 
? React- answer back, 
backfire, be affected, 
act, answer, 
acknowledge 
aer/o air ? Aerate-to let air reach ? Aerate- aerify, charge, 
Page 2


 
 
 Page 1 
 
COMPLETE LIST OF ROOT WORDS  
Root Meaning Sample Words & Meaning Synonyms 
A without ? Abyss- without bottom 
? Achromatic- without 
colour 
? Anhydrous- without 
water 
? Abyss- chasm, fissure 
? Achromatic-achromous, 
diatonic 
? Anhydrous-arid, 
evaporated 
A on ? Afire- on fire 
? Ashore- on the shore 
? Aside- on the side 
? Afire-aflame, burning 
? Ashore- deserted, 
abandoned 
? Aside- apart, digression 
ab/s, a from, away, off ? Abduct-  carry away by 
force 
? Abnormal-away from 
normal, not normal 
? Absent- away, not 
present 
? Aversion- the act of 
turning away from 
? Abbreviate- to shorten 
? Abduct- grab, kidnap, 
remove, seize 
? Aversion- antipathy, 
abhorrence, hatred 
? Abbreviate- abridge, 
abstract, clip, compress, 
condense 
ac, ad to, toward, near ? Accelerate- to increase 
the spread of 
? Accessible- easily 
entered, approached, or 
obtained admittance- 
allowing into 
? Accelerate- advance, 
drive, dust, expedite, 
fire up, forward 
? Accessible- 
approachable, 
attainable 
Acro top, height, tip, 
beginning 
? Acrobat- a “high walker” 
? Acronym- a word formed 
from the first(capital) 
letters of a word 
? Acrophobia- fear of 
height 
? Acrobat- aerialist, artist, 
athlete, balancer, 
clown, contortionist 
Act-, -act do ? Activity- something that 
a person does 
? React- to do something 
in response 
? Interaction- 
communication between 
two or more entities 
 
? React- answer back, 
backfire, be affected, 
act, answer, 
acknowledge 
aer/o air ? Aerate-to let air reach ? Aerate- aerify, charge, 
 
 
 Page 2 
 
something 
? Aerial- relating to the air 
? Aerospace- the air space 
freshen, inflate, 
oxygenate, ventilate 
agr/i/o farming ? Agriculture- 
management of the land 
? Agribusiness- making 
money by utilizing land 
? Agrarian- relating to the 
management of land 
 
alg/o pain ? Neuralgia- pain caused 
by a nerve 
? Analgesic- a drug that 
makes one pain free 
? Nostalgia- aching for the 
familiar 
 
ambi, 
amphi 
both, on both 
sides, around 
? Ambidextrous-able to 
use both hands equally 
? Ambiguous- having more 
than one meaning 
? Ambivalence- conflicting 
or opposite feeling 
toward a person or thing 
? Ambidextrous- 
disingenuous, double-
dealing 
? Ambiguous- perplexed 
dubious, dilemma 
ambul walk, move ? Amble- to walk in a slow, 
relaxed way 
? Ambulant- walking or 
moving around 
? Ambulance- a vehicle 
that moves a patient 
? Amble- ankle, boogie, 
dawdle, drift, gander, 
hoof it, loiter 
ami/o love ? Amiable- friendly, 
pleasant, lovable 
? Amity- friendly and 
peaceful relations 
? Amorous- showing 
romantic love 
? Amiable- friendly, 
agreeable 
? Amity- harmony, peace 
? Amorous- loving, 
affectionate 
Ana up, back, 
against, again, 
throughout 
? Analysis- a close 
examination of 
? Anatomy- the structure 
of something as visible 
when cut up for analysis 
? Anachronism-not being 
in the right place in time 
? Anatomy- diagnosis, 
dissection, division, 
embryology 
? Anachronism- 
chronological error, 
metachronism , 
misdate, misplacement, 
postdate 
andr/o man, male ? Androgynous- being 
both male and female 
? Android- resembling a 
? Androgynous- bisexual, 
cross-sexual, trans-
sexual 
Page 3


 
 
 Page 1 
 
COMPLETE LIST OF ROOT WORDS  
Root Meaning Sample Words & Meaning Synonyms 
A without ? Abyss- without bottom 
? Achromatic- without 
colour 
? Anhydrous- without 
water 
? Abyss- chasm, fissure 
? Achromatic-achromous, 
diatonic 
? Anhydrous-arid, 
evaporated 
A on ? Afire- on fire 
? Ashore- on the shore 
? Aside- on the side 
? Afire-aflame, burning 
? Ashore- deserted, 
abandoned 
? Aside- apart, digression 
ab/s, a from, away, off ? Abduct-  carry away by 
force 
? Abnormal-away from 
normal, not normal 
? Absent- away, not 
present 
? Aversion- the act of 
turning away from 
? Abbreviate- to shorten 
? Abduct- grab, kidnap, 
remove, seize 
? Aversion- antipathy, 
abhorrence, hatred 
? Abbreviate- abridge, 
abstract, clip, compress, 
condense 
ac, ad to, toward, near ? Accelerate- to increase 
the spread of 
? Accessible- easily 
entered, approached, or 
obtained admittance- 
allowing into 
? Accelerate- advance, 
drive, dust, expedite, 
fire up, forward 
? Accessible- 
approachable, 
attainable 
Acro top, height, tip, 
beginning 
? Acrobat- a “high walker” 
? Acronym- a word formed 
from the first(capital) 
letters of a word 
? Acrophobia- fear of 
height 
? Acrobat- aerialist, artist, 
athlete, balancer, 
clown, contortionist 
Act-, -act do ? Activity- something that 
a person does 
? React- to do something 
in response 
? Interaction- 
communication between 
two or more entities 
 
? React- answer back, 
backfire, be affected, 
act, answer, 
acknowledge 
aer/o air ? Aerate-to let air reach ? Aerate- aerify, charge, 
 
 
 Page 2 
 
something 
? Aerial- relating to the air 
? Aerospace- the air space 
freshen, inflate, 
oxygenate, ventilate 
agr/i/o farming ? Agriculture- 
management of the land 
? Agribusiness- making 
money by utilizing land 
? Agrarian- relating to the 
management of land 
 
alg/o pain ? Neuralgia- pain caused 
by a nerve 
? Analgesic- a drug that 
makes one pain free 
? Nostalgia- aching for the 
familiar 
 
ambi, 
amphi 
both, on both 
sides, around 
? Ambidextrous-able to 
use both hands equally 
? Ambiguous- having more 
than one meaning 
? Ambivalence- conflicting 
or opposite feeling 
toward a person or thing 
? Ambidextrous- 
disingenuous, double-
dealing 
? Ambiguous- perplexed 
dubious, dilemma 
ambul walk, move ? Amble- to walk in a slow, 
relaxed way 
? Ambulant- walking or 
moving around 
? Ambulance- a vehicle 
that moves a patient 
? Amble- ankle, boogie, 
dawdle, drift, gander, 
hoof it, loiter 
ami/o love ? Amiable- friendly, 
pleasant, lovable 
? Amity- friendly and 
peaceful relations 
? Amorous- showing 
romantic love 
? Amiable- friendly, 
agreeable 
? Amity- harmony, peace 
? Amorous- loving, 
affectionate 
Ana up, back, 
against, again, 
throughout 
? Analysis- a close 
examination of 
? Anatomy- the structure 
of something as visible 
when cut up for analysis 
? Anachronism-not being 
in the right place in time 
? Anatomy- diagnosis, 
dissection, division, 
embryology 
? Anachronism- 
chronological error, 
metachronism , 
misdate, misplacement, 
postdate 
andr/o man, male ? Androgynous- being 
both male and female 
? Android- resembling a 
? Androgynous- bisexual, 
cross-sexual, trans-
sexual 
 
 
 Page 3 
 
human 
? Misandry- hatred 
towards men 
? Misandry- acrimony, 
pessimism, sarcasm 
Anim life, spirit ? Animal- a living 
organism; 
? Animate- to make alive; 
? Equanimity- of balanced 
spirit 
? Equanimity- ataraxic, 
ataraxy , calm, 
calmness, composure, 
confidence 
ann/enn year ? Anniversary- a date 
observed once a year 
? Annual-  happening once 
a year; 
? Millennium- 1,000 years 
? Annual- yearly 
Ante- before, in front ? Ante cede- to come 
before something in 
time; 
? Antemeridian- before 
noon; 
? Anteroom- a small room 
before the main room 
? Ante cede- precede, 
predate, antedate 
anth/o flower ? Anthology- a collection 
of treasured writings; 
? Anthozoan- half plant, 
half animal, like 
anemones and coral. 
? Anthology- 
compendium, collection 
anthrop/o human ? Anthropology- the study 
of mankind 
? Anthropomorphism- 
giving human form to 
non-human thing 
? Philanthropy- 
humanitarianism, 
altruism, selflessness 
Anti against, 
opposite of 
? Antibody- a substance 
that destroys micro-
organisms 
? Antiseptic- preventing 
infection 
? Antisocial- opposing 
social norm 
? Antiseptic- medication, 
medicament, healing, 
soothing, relieving 
apo, apho away, off, 
separate 
? Aphorism- a short 
expression of a general 
truth 
?  Apology- an explicit 
expression of regret 
? Apostrophe- a small dash 
used in place of an 
omitted letter 
? Aphorism- apothegm 
? Apology- regret, excuse 
Page 4


 
 
 Page 1 
 
COMPLETE LIST OF ROOT WORDS  
Root Meaning Sample Words & Meaning Synonyms 
A without ? Abyss- without bottom 
? Achromatic- without 
colour 
? Anhydrous- without 
water 
? Abyss- chasm, fissure 
? Achromatic-achromous, 
diatonic 
? Anhydrous-arid, 
evaporated 
A on ? Afire- on fire 
? Ashore- on the shore 
? Aside- on the side 
? Afire-aflame, burning 
? Ashore- deserted, 
abandoned 
? Aside- apart, digression 
ab/s, a from, away, off ? Abduct-  carry away by 
force 
? Abnormal-away from 
normal, not normal 
? Absent- away, not 
present 
? Aversion- the act of 
turning away from 
? Abbreviate- to shorten 
? Abduct- grab, kidnap, 
remove, seize 
? Aversion- antipathy, 
abhorrence, hatred 
? Abbreviate- abridge, 
abstract, clip, compress, 
condense 
ac, ad to, toward, near ? Accelerate- to increase 
the spread of 
? Accessible- easily 
entered, approached, or 
obtained admittance- 
allowing into 
? Accelerate- advance, 
drive, dust, expedite, 
fire up, forward 
? Accessible- 
approachable, 
attainable 
Acro top, height, tip, 
beginning 
? Acrobat- a “high walker” 
? Acronym- a word formed 
from the first(capital) 
letters of a word 
? Acrophobia- fear of 
height 
? Acrobat- aerialist, artist, 
athlete, balancer, 
clown, contortionist 
Act-, -act do ? Activity- something that 
a person does 
? React- to do something 
in response 
? Interaction- 
communication between 
two or more entities 
 
? React- answer back, 
backfire, be affected, 
act, answer, 
acknowledge 
aer/o air ? Aerate-to let air reach ? Aerate- aerify, charge, 
 
 
 Page 2 
 
something 
? Aerial- relating to the air 
? Aerospace- the air space 
freshen, inflate, 
oxygenate, ventilate 
agr/i/o farming ? Agriculture- 
management of the land 
? Agribusiness- making 
money by utilizing land 
? Agrarian- relating to the 
management of land 
 
alg/o pain ? Neuralgia- pain caused 
by a nerve 
? Analgesic- a drug that 
makes one pain free 
? Nostalgia- aching for the 
familiar 
 
ambi, 
amphi 
both, on both 
sides, around 
? Ambidextrous-able to 
use both hands equally 
? Ambiguous- having more 
than one meaning 
? Ambivalence- conflicting 
or opposite feeling 
toward a person or thing 
? Ambidextrous- 
disingenuous, double-
dealing 
? Ambiguous- perplexed 
dubious, dilemma 
ambul walk, move ? Amble- to walk in a slow, 
relaxed way 
? Ambulant- walking or 
moving around 
? Ambulance- a vehicle 
that moves a patient 
? Amble- ankle, boogie, 
dawdle, drift, gander, 
hoof it, loiter 
ami/o love ? Amiable- friendly, 
pleasant, lovable 
? Amity- friendly and 
peaceful relations 
? Amorous- showing 
romantic love 
? Amiable- friendly, 
agreeable 
? Amity- harmony, peace 
? Amorous- loving, 
affectionate 
Ana up, back, 
against, again, 
throughout 
? Analysis- a close 
examination of 
? Anatomy- the structure 
of something as visible 
when cut up for analysis 
? Anachronism-not being 
in the right place in time 
? Anatomy- diagnosis, 
dissection, division, 
embryology 
? Anachronism- 
chronological error, 
metachronism , 
misdate, misplacement, 
postdate 
andr/o man, male ? Androgynous- being 
both male and female 
? Android- resembling a 
? Androgynous- bisexual, 
cross-sexual, trans-
sexual 
 
 
 Page 3 
 
human 
? Misandry- hatred 
towards men 
? Misandry- acrimony, 
pessimism, sarcasm 
Anim life, spirit ? Animal- a living 
organism; 
? Animate- to make alive; 
? Equanimity- of balanced 
spirit 
? Equanimity- ataraxic, 
ataraxy , calm, 
calmness, composure, 
confidence 
ann/enn year ? Anniversary- a date 
observed once a year 
? Annual-  happening once 
a year; 
? Millennium- 1,000 years 
? Annual- yearly 
Ante- before, in front ? Ante cede- to come 
before something in 
time; 
? Antemeridian- before 
noon; 
? Anteroom- a small room 
before the main room 
? Ante cede- precede, 
predate, antedate 
anth/o flower ? Anthology- a collection 
of treasured writings; 
? Anthozoan- half plant, 
half animal, like 
anemones and coral. 
? Anthology- 
compendium, collection 
anthrop/o human ? Anthropology- the study 
of mankind 
? Anthropomorphism- 
giving human form to 
non-human thing 
? Philanthropy- 
humanitarianism, 
altruism, selflessness 
Anti against, 
opposite of 
? Antibody- a substance 
that destroys micro-
organisms 
? Antiseptic- preventing 
infection 
? Antisocial- opposing 
social norm 
? Antiseptic- medication, 
medicament, healing, 
soothing, relieving 
apo, apho away, off, 
separate 
? Aphorism- a short 
expression of a general 
truth 
?  Apology- an explicit 
expression of regret 
? Apostrophe- a small dash 
used in place of an 
omitted letter 
? Aphorism- apothegm 
? Apology- regret, excuse 
 
 
 Page 4 
 
aqu/a water ? Aquarium- a water 
container for fish 
? Aquatic- relating to 
water 
? Aqueduct- a pipeline for 
water 
 
Arbour tree ? Arborist- someone 
working with trees 
? Arbour- a shady area 
formed by trees 
? Arborous- having many 
trees 
? arborous- arboreal, 
arborical 
arch/i/e/o/ae chief, most 
important, rule 
? Archbishop- the highest 
ranking bishop 
? Archenemy- chief or 
worst enemy 
 
archa/e,archi primitive, 
ancient 
? Archaeology- the study 
of ancient cultures 
? Archaic- belonging to an 
earlier period 
? Archive- a collection of 
historical materials 
? Archaic- primitive, 
antiquated, 
antediluvian 
arthr/o joint ? Arthroscopy- a tool to 
see inside a joint 
? Arthritis- inflammation 
of a joint 
? Arthropod- invertebrates 
with jointed legs, like 
spiders, crustaceans, 
insects 
? Arthritis- inflammation 
Art skill ? Artifact –object made by 
a person’s skill 
? Artisan- a person skilled 
in a craft 
? Artist-  aperson ho 
creates skilfully 
? Artisan- artificer, 
craftsman 
astro, aster star, stars, 
outer space 
? Astronaut-a person 
travelling to the stars 
? Astronomer- someone 
who studies the stars 
? Asterisk- a star-shaped 
sign used as a reference 
tool 
? Astronaut- cosmonaut, 
? Astronomer- stargazer, 
uranologist 
 
audi/i/io hear ? Audible- loud enough to 
be heard  
? Audible- hearable 
Page 5


 
 
 Page 1 
 
COMPLETE LIST OF ROOT WORDS  
Root Meaning Sample Words & Meaning Synonyms 
A without ? Abyss- without bottom 
? Achromatic- without 
colour 
? Anhydrous- without 
water 
? Abyss- chasm, fissure 
? Achromatic-achromous, 
diatonic 
? Anhydrous-arid, 
evaporated 
A on ? Afire- on fire 
? Ashore- on the shore 
? Aside- on the side 
? Afire-aflame, burning 
? Ashore- deserted, 
abandoned 
? Aside- apart, digression 
ab/s, a from, away, off ? Abduct-  carry away by 
force 
? Abnormal-away from 
normal, not normal 
? Absent- away, not 
present 
? Aversion- the act of 
turning away from 
? Abbreviate- to shorten 
? Abduct- grab, kidnap, 
remove, seize 
? Aversion- antipathy, 
abhorrence, hatred 
? Abbreviate- abridge, 
abstract, clip, compress, 
condense 
ac, ad to, toward, near ? Accelerate- to increase 
the spread of 
? Accessible- easily 
entered, approached, or 
obtained admittance- 
allowing into 
? Accelerate- advance, 
drive, dust, expedite, 
fire up, forward 
? Accessible- 
approachable, 
attainable 
Acro top, height, tip, 
beginning 
? Acrobat- a “high walker” 
? Acronym- a word formed 
from the first(capital) 
letters of a word 
? Acrophobia- fear of 
height 
? Acrobat- aerialist, artist, 
athlete, balancer, 
clown, contortionist 
Act-, -act do ? Activity- something that 
a person does 
? React- to do something 
in response 
? Interaction- 
communication between 
two or more entities 
 
? React- answer back, 
backfire, be affected, 
act, answer, 
acknowledge 
aer/o air ? Aerate-to let air reach ? Aerate- aerify, charge, 
 
 
 Page 2 
 
something 
? Aerial- relating to the air 
? Aerospace- the air space 
freshen, inflate, 
oxygenate, ventilate 
agr/i/o farming ? Agriculture- 
management of the land 
? Agribusiness- making 
money by utilizing land 
? Agrarian- relating to the 
management of land 
 
alg/o pain ? Neuralgia- pain caused 
by a nerve 
? Analgesic- a drug that 
makes one pain free 
? Nostalgia- aching for the 
familiar 
 
ambi, 
amphi 
both, on both 
sides, around 
? Ambidextrous-able to 
use both hands equally 
? Ambiguous- having more 
than one meaning 
? Ambivalence- conflicting 
or opposite feeling 
toward a person or thing 
? Ambidextrous- 
disingenuous, double-
dealing 
? Ambiguous- perplexed 
dubious, dilemma 
ambul walk, move ? Amble- to walk in a slow, 
relaxed way 
? Ambulant- walking or 
moving around 
? Ambulance- a vehicle 
that moves a patient 
? Amble- ankle, boogie, 
dawdle, drift, gander, 
hoof it, loiter 
ami/o love ? Amiable- friendly, 
pleasant, lovable 
? Amity- friendly and 
peaceful relations 
? Amorous- showing 
romantic love 
? Amiable- friendly, 
agreeable 
? Amity- harmony, peace 
? Amorous- loving, 
affectionate 
Ana up, back, 
against, again, 
throughout 
? Analysis- a close 
examination of 
? Anatomy- the structure 
of something as visible 
when cut up for analysis 
? Anachronism-not being 
in the right place in time 
? Anatomy- diagnosis, 
dissection, division, 
embryology 
? Anachronism- 
chronological error, 
metachronism , 
misdate, misplacement, 
postdate 
andr/o man, male ? Androgynous- being 
both male and female 
? Android- resembling a 
? Androgynous- bisexual, 
cross-sexual, trans-
sexual 
 
 
 Page 3 
 
human 
? Misandry- hatred 
towards men 
? Misandry- acrimony, 
pessimism, sarcasm 
Anim life, spirit ? Animal- a living 
organism; 
? Animate- to make alive; 
? Equanimity- of balanced 
spirit 
? Equanimity- ataraxic, 
ataraxy , calm, 
calmness, composure, 
confidence 
ann/enn year ? Anniversary- a date 
observed once a year 
? Annual-  happening once 
a year; 
? Millennium- 1,000 years 
? Annual- yearly 
Ante- before, in front ? Ante cede- to come 
before something in 
time; 
? Antemeridian- before 
noon; 
? Anteroom- a small room 
before the main room 
? Ante cede- precede, 
predate, antedate 
anth/o flower ? Anthology- a collection 
of treasured writings; 
? Anthozoan- half plant, 
half animal, like 
anemones and coral. 
? Anthology- 
compendium, collection 
anthrop/o human ? Anthropology- the study 
of mankind 
? Anthropomorphism- 
giving human form to 
non-human thing 
? Philanthropy- 
humanitarianism, 
altruism, selflessness 
Anti against, 
opposite of 
? Antibody- a substance 
that destroys micro-
organisms 
? Antiseptic- preventing 
infection 
? Antisocial- opposing 
social norm 
? Antiseptic- medication, 
medicament, healing, 
soothing, relieving 
apo, apho away, off, 
separate 
? Aphorism- a short 
expression of a general 
truth 
?  Apology- an explicit 
expression of regret 
? Apostrophe- a small dash 
used in place of an 
omitted letter 
? Aphorism- apothegm 
? Apology- regret, excuse 
 
 
 Page 4 
 
aqu/a water ? Aquarium- a water 
container for fish 
? Aquatic- relating to 
water 
? Aqueduct- a pipeline for 
water 
 
Arbour tree ? Arborist- someone 
working with trees 
? Arbour- a shady area 
formed by trees 
? Arborous- having many 
trees 
? arborous- arboreal, 
arborical 
arch/i/e/o/ae chief, most 
important, rule 
? Archbishop- the highest 
ranking bishop 
? Archenemy- chief or 
worst enemy 
 
archa/e,archi primitive, 
ancient 
? Archaeology- the study 
of ancient cultures 
? Archaic- belonging to an 
earlier period 
? Archive- a collection of 
historical materials 
? Archaic- primitive, 
antiquated, 
antediluvian 
arthr/o joint ? Arthroscopy- a tool to 
see inside a joint 
? Arthritis- inflammation 
of a joint 
? Arthropod- invertebrates 
with jointed legs, like 
spiders, crustaceans, 
insects 
? Arthritis- inflammation 
Art skill ? Artifact –object made by 
a person’s skill 
? Artisan- a person skilled 
in a craft 
? Artist-  aperson ho 
creates skilfully 
? Artisan- artificer, 
craftsman 
astro, aster star, stars, 
outer space 
? Astronaut-a person 
travelling to the stars 
? Astronomer- someone 
who studies the stars 
? Asterisk- a star-shaped 
sign used as a reference 
tool 
? Astronaut- cosmonaut, 
? Astronomer- stargazer, 
uranologist 
 
audi/i/io hear ? Audible- loud enough to 
be heard  
? Audible- hearable 
 
 
 Page 5 
 
? Audience- people who 
listen to a 
program 
? Audio-visual relating to 
sound 
and vision 
Auto self, same, one ? Autocrat-a person who 
governs with absolute 
power 
? Autograph-a person's 
own 
signature 
? Automatic- moving by 
itself 
? Autocrat- monarch, 
tyrant, 
? Automatic- reflexive, 
robotic 
machine like 
 
avi/a 
 
bird 
 
? Aviary- a large enclosure 
for birds  
? aviatrix-a female 
airplane pilot 
? aviation -the art of 
designing or operating 
aircraft 
? Aviary- volary, bird 
sanctuary 
bar/o 
 
 
 
Be- 
pressure, 
weight 
Make or 
cause 
? Baric-pertaining to 
pressure, esp. of the 
atmosphere (milliard - 
metric unit, equal to 
1/1000th of a bar) 
? baryon-heavy 
elementary particle 
? belittle- to make one feel 
less 
important 
? bemoan-to express grief 
? befriend- to become 
friend 
? Belittle decry, scorn 
? Bemoan – lament 
? Befriend - assist 
 
  
bell/i                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       war ? bellicose – warlike 
? belligerent - hostile, 
ready to fight 
? Bellicose- Belligerent, 
aggressive, pugnacious, 
contentious, combative 
Bene 
 
good, well ? benefactor - person who 
gives 
money to a cause 
? beneficial - producing a 
good 
effect 
? benevolent - showing 
kindness or goodwill 
? Benefactor- Charitable 
humanitarian 
? Benevolent- Benign, 
Benignant, Altruist, 
Philanthropist 
 
bi/n two, twice once ? biannual - happening ? Biannual- bi-yearly, 
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126 videos|422 docs|177 tests

FAQs on Root Words - Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

1. What is the significance of root words in language?
Answer: Root words are the basic building blocks of language, from which other words are formed. They carry the core meaning of a word and can be modified by prefixes or suffixes to create new words with related meanings. Understanding root words helps in comprehending the meaning of unfamiliar words and enhances vocabulary skills.
2. How can knowing root words help in learning new languages?
Answer: Knowing root words can greatly assist in learning new languages as many words across different languages share common roots. By recognizing these roots, one can quickly grasp the meaning of unfamiliar words and make connections between related words in different languages. This knowledge also helps in identifying patterns and expanding vocabulary in a more efficient manner.
3. Can root words change their meaning when combined with prefixes or suffixes?
Answer: Yes, root words can change their meaning when combined with prefixes or suffixes. The addition of these affixes alters the original meaning of the root word, creating new words with different connotations or nuances. For example, the root word "act" can become "react" or "actor" when combined with different prefixes or suffixes, changing the overall meaning of the word.
4. Are root words the same in every language?
Answer: While many root words are shared across different languages, it is important to note that not all root words are the same in every language. Different languages have their own unique set of root words, which may or may not have counterparts in other languages. However, there are often similarities and connections between root words in various languages, especially those with common origins or historical influences.
5. How can learning root words improve reading comprehension skills?
Answer: Learning root words can significantly enhance reading comprehension skills. By recognizing the root word in a complex word, one can determine its basic meaning and thus grasp the overall context of the text more easily. This skill helps in deciphering unfamiliar words, understanding word relationships, and inferring meanings based on root word knowledge. Ultimately, it leads to improved reading comprehension and a stronger grasp of the language.
126 videos|422 docs|177 tests
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