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The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 PPT

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The age of Industrialization
CHAPTER 5         HISTORY
Page 2


The age of Industrialization
CHAPTER 5         HISTORY
Scenario before inventions.
• Major occupation of the people at that time was
• Rearing animals and agriculture. – It was the AGRARIAN age 
• FEUDALISM AND ZAMINDARI SYSTEM PREVAILED.
• Feudal Lords exploited the SERBS and Zamindars exploited 
the forced labourers or they were called beggars.
• Explorations of new land routes led to Colonization and 
Imperialism 
• Colonial Masters used the resources in the colonised 
countries to earn profit and it was invested further to earn 
more profit. And this gave way to industrialization through 
capitalization. People who invested were called Capitalists.
• The progress was rapid in some places and in some places it 
was slow.
Page 3


The age of Industrialization
CHAPTER 5         HISTORY
Scenario before inventions.
• Major occupation of the people at that time was
• Rearing animals and agriculture. – It was the AGRARIAN age 
• FEUDALISM AND ZAMINDARI SYSTEM PREVAILED.
• Feudal Lords exploited the SERBS and Zamindars exploited 
the forced labourers or they were called beggars.
• Explorations of new land routes led to Colonization and 
Imperialism 
• Colonial Masters used the resources in the colonised 
countries to earn profit and it was invested further to earn 
more profit. And this gave way to industrialization through 
capitalization. People who invested were called Capitalists.
• The progress was rapid in some places and in some places it 
was slow.
Before the Industrial Revolution
• The period of industrialization before the first 
factories came up in Europe is termed as proto-
industrialization. 
• There was large-scale industrial production for an 
international market not based on factories. It was 
controlled by merchants and the goods were 
produced by a vast number of producers working 
within their family farms and not in factories.
• This period was marked by merchants from towns 
getting products made in villages.
Page 4


The age of Industrialization
CHAPTER 5         HISTORY
Scenario before inventions.
• Major occupation of the people at that time was
• Rearing animals and agriculture. – It was the AGRARIAN age 
• FEUDALISM AND ZAMINDARI SYSTEM PREVAILED.
• Feudal Lords exploited the SERBS and Zamindars exploited 
the forced labourers or they were called beggars.
• Explorations of new land routes led to Colonization and 
Imperialism 
• Colonial Masters used the resources in the colonised 
countries to earn profit and it was invested further to earn 
more profit. And this gave way to industrialization through 
capitalization. People who invested were called Capitalists.
• The progress was rapid in some places and in some places it 
was slow.
Before the Industrial Revolution
• The period of industrialization before the first 
factories came up in Europe is termed as proto-
industrialization. 
• There was large-scale industrial production for an 
international market not based on factories. It was 
controlled by merchants and the goods were 
produced by a vast number of producers working 
within their family farms and not in factories.
• This period was marked by merchants from towns 
getting products made in villages.
17th and 18th century:
• Merchants from the towns of Europe began moving 
to the countryside, supplying money to peasants 
and artisans, persuading them to produce for an 
international market. 
• Merchants offered advances for producing clothes 
for them at a time when open fields were 
disappearing and commons were being enclosed. 
Income from proto-industrial production 
supplemented their shrinking income from 
cultivation
Page 5


The age of Industrialization
CHAPTER 5         HISTORY
Scenario before inventions.
• Major occupation of the people at that time was
• Rearing animals and agriculture. – It was the AGRARIAN age 
• FEUDALISM AND ZAMINDARI SYSTEM PREVAILED.
• Feudal Lords exploited the SERBS and Zamindars exploited 
the forced labourers or they were called beggars.
• Explorations of new land routes led to Colonization and 
Imperialism 
• Colonial Masters used the resources in the colonised 
countries to earn profit and it was invested further to earn 
more profit. And this gave way to industrialization through 
capitalization. People who invested were called Capitalists.
• The progress was rapid in some places and in some places it 
was slow.
Before the Industrial Revolution
• The period of industrialization before the first 
factories came up in Europe is termed as proto-
industrialization. 
• There was large-scale industrial production for an 
international market not based on factories. It was 
controlled by merchants and the goods were 
produced by a vast number of producers working 
within their family farms and not in factories.
• This period was marked by merchants from towns 
getting products made in villages.
17th and 18th century:
• Merchants from the towns of Europe began moving 
to the countryside, supplying money to peasants 
and artisans, persuading them to produce for an 
international market. 
• Merchants offered advances for producing clothes 
for them at a time when open fields were 
disappearing and commons were being enclosed. 
Income from proto-industrial production 
supplemented their shrinking income from 
cultivation
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FAQs on The Age of Industrialisation Class 10 PPT

1. What were the major factors that led to the age of industrialization?
Ans. The major factors that led to the age of industrialization were technological advancements, availability of natural resources, increase in population, and the rise of capitalism.
2. How did industrialization impact the working class during the age of industrialization?
Ans. Industrialization had a significant impact on the working class. It led to the growth of factories and industries, which created job opportunities for the working class. However, working conditions were often poor, with long working hours, low wages, and unsafe working conditions.
3. What were the positive effects of industrialization on society during the age of industrialization?
Ans. Industrialization brought about several positive effects on society. It led to increased production, improved transportation and communication systems, and the development of new technologies. It also led to urbanization and the growth of cities.
4. How did industrialization lead to environmental problems during the age of industrialization?
Ans. Industrialization resulted in environmental problems such as air and water pollution, deforestation, and depletion of natural resources. The increased use of coal and other fossil fuels in industries contributed to air pollution, while industrial waste was often dumped into rivers and lakes, leading to water pollution.
5. What were the social and economic consequences of industrialization during the age of industrialization?
Ans. Industrialization had both social and economic consequences. Socially, it led to the emergence of a new social class, the bourgeoisie, and the working class. Economic consequences included the growth of capitalism, the rise of industrial monopolies, the exploitation of workers, and widening economic inequalities.
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