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Agriculture Class 10 PPT

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TYPES OF FARMING: 1. Primitive Subsistence Agriculture: (a) This type of farming is practiced on small patches of land. (b) Primitive tools like: Hoe, Dao, Digging Sticks and family/community labour are used. (c) Farming mainly depends on monsoon and natural fertility of soil. (d) Crops are grown as per the suitability of the environmental condition.
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TYPES OF FARMING: 1. Primitive Subsistence Agriculture: (a) This type of farming is practiced on small patches of land. (b) Primitive tools like: Hoe, Dao, Digging Sticks and family/community labour are used. (c) Farming mainly depends on monsoon and natural fertility of soil. (d) Crops are grown as per the suitability of the environmental condition. e) This type of farming is also called 'slash and burn' agriculture. (f) A patch of land is cleared by slashing the trees and burning them. The ash is then 
mixed with the soil and the crops. When the soil loses its fertility, the land is abandoned 
and the cultivator moves to a new plot. (g) The final output of this farming technique is just enough for the family. (h) Slash and burn agriculture is also known as Shifting cultivation. (i) Slash and burn agriculture is known by different names in the world:
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TYPES OF FARMING: 1. Primitive Subsistence Agriculture: (a) This type of farming is practiced on small patches of land. (b) Primitive tools like: Hoe, Dao, Digging Sticks and family/community labour are used. (c) Farming mainly depends on monsoon and natural fertility of soil. (d) Crops are grown as per the suitability of the environmental condition. e) This type of farming is also called 'slash and burn' agriculture. (f) A patch of land is cleared by slashing the trees and burning them. The ash is then 
mixed with the soil and the crops. When the soil loses its fertility, the land is abandoned 
and the cultivator moves to a new plot. (g) The final output of this farming technique is just enough for the family. (h) Slash and burn agriculture is also known as Shifting cultivation. (i) Slash and burn agriculture is known by different names in the world: SLASH AND BURN AGRICULTURE
Page 5


TYPES OF FARMING: 1. Primitive Subsistence Agriculture: (a) This type of farming is practiced on small patches of land. (b) Primitive tools like: Hoe, Dao, Digging Sticks and family/community labour are used. (c) Farming mainly depends on monsoon and natural fertility of soil. (d) Crops are grown as per the suitability of the environmental condition. e) This type of farming is also called 'slash and burn' agriculture. (f) A patch of land is cleared by slashing the trees and burning them. The ash is then 
mixed with the soil and the crops. When the soil loses its fertility, the land is abandoned 
and the cultivator moves to a new plot. (g) The final output of this farming technique is just enough for the family. (h) Slash and burn agriculture is also known as Shifting cultivation. (i) Slash and burn agriculture is known by different names in the world: SLASH AND BURN AGRICULTURE 2. Intensive Subsistence Agriculture: (a) This type of farming is practiced in thickly populated areas. (b) In intensive subsistence agriculture the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labour. (c) There is huge population pressure on this type of farming. (d) It is labour intensive. (e) This involves high degree of use of biochemical inputs and irrigation. Problems of Intensive Farming: Right of Inheritance (a) Division of land through successive generation leads to plot size getting smaller and uneconomical. (b) The farmers continue to take maximum output from the limited land in the absence of alternative source of livelihood. (c) There is huge pressure on the agricultural land.
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