UPSC Exam  >  UPSC Notes  >  Indian Polity for UPSC CSE  >  NCERT Textbook: Understanding Laws

NCERT Textbook: Understanding Laws | Indian Polity for UPSC CSE PDF Download

Download, print and study this document offline
Please wait while the PDF view is loading
 Page 1


Social and Political Life
42
Chapter 4
You may be familiar with some laws such as those
that specify the age of marriage, the age at which a
person can vote, and perhaps even the laws dealing
with buying and selling of property. We now know
that the Parliament is in charge of making laws. Do
these laws apply to everyone? How do new laws come
into being? Could there be laws that are unpopular
or controversial? What should we as citizens do under
such circumstances?
Understanding Laws
2022-23
Page 2


Social and Political Life
42
Chapter 4
You may be familiar with some laws such as those
that specify the age of marriage, the age at which a
person can vote, and perhaps even the laws dealing
with buying and selling of property. We now know
that the Parliament is in charge of making laws. Do
these laws apply to everyone? How do new laws come
into being? Could there be laws that are unpopular
or controversial? What should we as citizens do under
such circumstances?
Understanding Laws
2022-23
43
Understanding Laws
?
Read the following situation and answer the questions
that follow.
A government official helps his son go into hiding because
his son has been given a ten-year jail sentence by a District
Court for a crime that he has committed.
Do you think that the government official’s actions were
right? Should his son be exempt from the law just because
his father is economically and politically powerful?
Do Laws Apply to All?
???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ???
????? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????? ? ????
?? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ? ? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ??? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ? ?? ?? ? ??
???????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????
??????????? ??? ???? ????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ??
???????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????
???? ???? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????
??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ???????
???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??????????
?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???
???????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???
???? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????
???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ????????????? ???? ???? ??
??????? ????? ?????
??? ???????? ????? ? ? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???? ?????
???????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????
?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ????
Chapter 4: Understanding Laws
2022-23
Page 3


Social and Political Life
42
Chapter 4
You may be familiar with some laws such as those
that specify the age of marriage, the age at which a
person can vote, and perhaps even the laws dealing
with buying and selling of property. We now know
that the Parliament is in charge of making laws. Do
these laws apply to everyone? How do new laws come
into being? Could there be laws that are unpopular
or controversial? What should we as citizens do under
such circumstances?
Understanding Laws
2022-23
43
Understanding Laws
?
Read the following situation and answer the questions
that follow.
A government official helps his son go into hiding because
his son has been given a ten-year jail sentence by a District
Court for a crime that he has committed.
Do you think that the government official’s actions were
right? Should his son be exempt from the law just because
his father is economically and politically powerful?
Do Laws Apply to All?
???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ???
????? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????? ? ????
?? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ? ? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ??? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ? ?? ?? ? ??
???????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????
??????????? ??? ???? ????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ??
???????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????
???? ???? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????
??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ???????
???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??????????
?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???
???????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???
???? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????
???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ????????????? ???? ???? ??
??????? ????? ?????
??? ???????? ????? ? ? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???? ?????
???????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????
?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ????
Chapter 4: Understanding Laws
2022-23
Social and Political Life
44
?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? ???
???????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??
?????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????
???????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????
??? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ? ?? ?????? ???????
??? ??? ?????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ????????????? ???
??????????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????
????????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???? ??? ?????
????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ??????????? ???? ??????
????? ???? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????? ??? ???
???????????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???
???????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????
??? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??
????????? ???? ????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ???
?? ???? ? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ? ??? ??? ?? ? ???? ??? ??
?????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ??????
??????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ????
?????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????? ????? ????? ?????
????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????
???????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ???
???? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????
?? ??? ?? ??? ? ? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ? ??? ?? ?? ? ??
??????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????
??????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ??
???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??
?????????? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??
??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????
????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ?????
??? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????
???? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ??
???????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???
????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????????? ????? ??
?????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????
???? ???????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ???
???????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???????? ????
???????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??
??????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ????
???????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????
????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????
??????? ???? ???????????? ????? ?????????
2022-23
Page 4


Social and Political Life
42
Chapter 4
You may be familiar with some laws such as those
that specify the age of marriage, the age at which a
person can vote, and perhaps even the laws dealing
with buying and selling of property. We now know
that the Parliament is in charge of making laws. Do
these laws apply to everyone? How do new laws come
into being? Could there be laws that are unpopular
or controversial? What should we as citizens do under
such circumstances?
Understanding Laws
2022-23
43
Understanding Laws
?
Read the following situation and answer the questions
that follow.
A government official helps his son go into hiding because
his son has been given a ten-year jail sentence by a District
Court for a crime that he has committed.
Do you think that the government official’s actions were
right? Should his son be exempt from the law just because
his father is economically and politically powerful?
Do Laws Apply to All?
???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ???
????? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????? ? ????
?? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ? ? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ??? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ? ?? ?? ? ??
???????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????
??????????? ??? ???? ????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ??
???????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????
???? ???? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????
??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ???????
???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??????????
?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???
???????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???
???? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????
???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ????????????? ???? ???? ??
??????? ????? ?????
??? ???????? ????? ? ? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???? ?????
???????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????
?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ????
Chapter 4: Understanding Laws
2022-23
Social and Political Life
44
?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? ???
???????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??
?????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????
???????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????
??? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ? ?? ?????? ???????
??? ??? ?????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ????????????? ???
??????????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????
????????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???? ??? ?????
????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ??????????? ???? ??????
????? ???? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????? ??? ???
???????????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???
???????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????
??? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??
????????? ???? ????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ???
?? ???? ? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ? ??? ??? ?? ? ???? ??? ??
?????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ??????
??????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ????
?????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????? ????? ????? ?????
????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????
???????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ???
???? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????
?? ??? ?? ??? ? ? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ? ??? ?? ?? ? ??
??????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????
??????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ??
???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??
?????????? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??
??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????
????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ?????
??? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????
???? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ??
???????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???
????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????????? ????? ??
?????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????
???? ???????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ???
???????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???????? ????
???????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??
??????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ????
???????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????
????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????
??????? ???? ???????????? ????? ?????????
2022-23
45
The word ‘arbitrary’ has been
used earlier in this book and
you’ve read what the word
means in the Glossary of
Chapter 1. The word ‘sedition’
has been included in the
Glossary of this chapter. Read
the Glossary descriptions of
both words and then answer
the following questions:
State one reason why you think
the Sedition Act of 1870 was
arbitrary? In what ways does
the Sedition Act of 1870
contradict the rule of law?
Domestic violence generally refers to the injury or harm or threat of injury or harm
caused by an adult male, usually the husband, against his wife. Injury may be caused by
physically beating up the woman or by emotionally abusing her. Abuse of the woman can
also include verbal, sexual and economic abuse. The Protection of Women from Domestic
Violence Act 2005 extends the understanding of the term ‘domestic’ to include all
women who ‘live or have lived together in a shared household’ with the male member
who is perpetrating the violence.
??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ???
??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????????? ??????? ?
???? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????????
???????? ??? ????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ???
?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ? ? ???????
????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ? ? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ??
?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ????????? ? ??? ???? ????? ??
???? ??????? ???? ????????? ???????
?? ??? ??? ? ? ???? ??? ? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???
??? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??????
????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????????????? ????? ???????
???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????
?? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ? ? ?? ? ? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ? ? ??? ?? ??? ? ??? ? ? ??? ?
?????????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ???????
???? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ????
????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???? ???????
?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ? ?? ?? ??? ? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??
?? ???? ???? ??? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???
????? ????????
How Do New Laws Come About?
???? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????
?????? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????
???? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????? ?????
???? ????? ???? ?? ??????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??
??????????? ??? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????? ?????
??? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??
?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ??? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ??
???????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ???? ???
???????? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????
Chapter 4: Understanding Laws
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)
www.in.undp.org
2022-23
Page 5


Social and Political Life
42
Chapter 4
You may be familiar with some laws such as those
that specify the age of marriage, the age at which a
person can vote, and perhaps even the laws dealing
with buying and selling of property. We now know
that the Parliament is in charge of making laws. Do
these laws apply to everyone? How do new laws come
into being? Could there be laws that are unpopular
or controversial? What should we as citizens do under
such circumstances?
Understanding Laws
2022-23
43
Understanding Laws
?
Read the following situation and answer the questions
that follow.
A government official helps his son go into hiding because
his son has been given a ten-year jail sentence by a District
Court for a crime that he has committed.
Do you think that the government official’s actions were
right? Should his son be exempt from the law just because
his father is economically and politically powerful?
Do Laws Apply to All?
???? ?????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ????? ??? ???
????? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ??? ???? ???????????? ????????? ? ????
?? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ?? ? ? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ??? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ? ?? ?? ? ??
???????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????
??????????? ??? ???? ????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ????
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ???????? ??
???????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????? ???? ????
???? ???? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ???? ?????
??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ? ???????? ????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ?????
??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ???? ????????? ??? ???? ???????
???? ??? ???? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???????? ?? ??????????
?????????? ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ???? ????? ???? ?????????? ??? ???
???????? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ???? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??? ???
???? ?? ????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ??? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????
???? ?????? ??? ???? ??????? ???? ??? ??? ????????????? ???? ???? ??
??????? ????? ?????
??? ???????? ????? ? ? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???? ?????
???????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????
?????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ????
Chapter 4: Understanding Laws
2022-23
Social and Political Life
44
?????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? ???
???????? ????????? ???? ???? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??
?????? ?????? ????????????? ????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????
???????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??? ??????? ??? ????? ??????
??? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???? ??? ???? ? ?? ?????? ???????
??? ??? ?????? ????????? ????? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ????????????? ???
??????????? ???? ????? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????
????????? ????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???? ??? ?????
????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???? ???? ??????????? ???? ??????
????? ???? ??????? ????????????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ????? ??? ???
???????????? ??? ???? ?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ???
???????? ??? ???? ?????????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????
??? ???????? ???? ??? ???? ???????? ? ???? ??? ?????? ???? ????? ??
????????? ???? ????? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????? ???
?? ???? ? ??? ??? ??? ?? ?? ? ??? ?? ??? ???? ??? ? ??? ??? ?? ? ???? ??? ??
?????? ??? ????????? ???????? ???? ??????
??????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ????
?????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????? ????? ????? ?????
????????? ???? ???????? ????????? ???? ??????? ??? ??????? ???? ????
???????? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????????? ???
???? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???? ???????
?? ??? ?? ??? ? ? ?? ?? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ? ??? ?? ?? ? ??
??????? ??????? ????????????? ?????????? ???????
??????? ????? ????????? ??? ?????? ??????????? ??
???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????? ??
?????????? ???? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ??????? ??
??? ?????? ?????? ??? ???????? ????????? ???????
????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ??? ?????
??? ???? ???????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ????????
???? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ??
???????? ?????? ????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ???
????? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ???????????? ????? ??
?????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????
???? ???????? ????? ??????? ???? ????? ????? ???
???????? ??????? ???? ???????? ???????? ????
???????? ???? ??????? ??? ?????? ???????? ????????? ??
??????? ????? ??? ????? ???????? ???? ????? ????? ????
???????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????
????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ??? ???? ??????
??????? ???? ???????????? ????? ?????????
2022-23
45
The word ‘arbitrary’ has been
used earlier in this book and
you’ve read what the word
means in the Glossary of
Chapter 1. The word ‘sedition’
has been included in the
Glossary of this chapter. Read
the Glossary descriptions of
both words and then answer
the following questions:
State one reason why you think
the Sedition Act of 1870 was
arbitrary? In what ways does
the Sedition Act of 1870
contradict the rule of law?
Domestic violence generally refers to the injury or harm or threat of injury or harm
caused by an adult male, usually the husband, against his wife. Injury may be caused by
physically beating up the woman or by emotionally abusing her. Abuse of the woman can
also include verbal, sexual and economic abuse. The Protection of Women from Domestic
Violence Act 2005 extends the understanding of the term ‘domestic’ to include all
women who ‘live or have lived together in a shared household’ with the male member
who is perpetrating the violence.
??? ???? ????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ????? ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??? ???
??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ????????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ??????????? ??????? ?
???? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ???? ????????
???????? ??? ????????? ???????? ????? ?????? ??? ???? ???? ??? ??????? ???
?????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ????? ? ? ???????
????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ????????? ? ? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ??
?????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ???? ????????? ? ??? ???? ????? ??
???? ??????? ???? ????????? ???????
?? ??? ??? ? ? ???? ??? ? ? ?? ? ?? ? ?? ??? ??? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? ???? ?? ??? ???
??? ???? ??????????? ??? ?????? ???? ???????????????? ?????? ??????
????? ???? ???? ????????? ?????? ????? ???? ???????????????? ????? ???????
???? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??? ????? ?????? ??? ?????
?? ?? ??? ?? ?? ??? ? ? ?? ? ? ??? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ? ? ??? ?? ??? ? ??? ? ? ??? ?
?????????? ??? ????? ???? ????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ???????
???? ???? ??? ?????? ?????? ??? ??????? ?????????? ??????????? ???? ????
????? ????? ??? ????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???? ???????
?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ?? ??? ?? ??? ?? ? ?? ?? ??? ? ???? ??? ??? ?? ?? ??
?? ???? ???? ??? ??????????? ???? ????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??? ???
????? ????????
How Do New Laws Come About?
???? ??????????? ???? ??? ?????????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????
?????? ???? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????
???? ??? ??? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????? ?????
???? ????? ???? ?? ??????????? ????? ??? ?????????? ????? ??
??????????? ??? ??? ??? ?????????? ??? ???? ????????? ?????
??? ???????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??
?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ??? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ?? ? ? ??
???????? ??? ???? ?????????? ??? ??????????? ???? ???
???????? ???????? ???? ????? ?????? ??? ??????? ????
Chapter 4: Understanding Laws
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)
www.in.undp.org
2022-23
Social and Political Life
46
April 1991: A typical day at their office...
Throughout the 1990s, the need for a new law was
raised in different forums.
In 1999, Lawyers Collective, a group of lawyers, law students and
activists, after nation-wide consultations took the lead in
drafting the Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Bill.
This draft bill was widely circulated.
Kusum and Shazia work for a
women's organisation. They
remember the journey of how
the Protection of Women
from Domestic Violence Act
got passed.
October 2006
Shazia, did you read today’s
newspapers? Isn’t it a great
day for women?
Not just women. Violence-free homes
will benefit everyone. Kusum, it’s taken
such a long time to get this law passed.
In fact, it began with establishing the
need for a new law.
I need advice. My husband beats me
up. I haven’t told anyone so far. I feel
so ashamed. I can’t go on like this
anymore. But I have nowhere to go.
I am being
ill-treated by my
son and daughter-
in-law. They
verbally abuse me. I
have no access to
my bank accounts.
They may even
throw me out.
I do not want to go to
the police. I just want
to stop the violence.
I just don’t want to
be thrown out of the
house I am living in.
Unfortunately
the existing law
is a criminal one
and does not offer
these options.
 We’ve heard testimonies of several women.
We’ve seen that women want protection
against being beaten, the right to continue
living in a shared household and often
temporary relief. We need a new civil law to
address this issue.
The law should cover any women
living within a shared domestic space.
They should be protected from being
evicted from the shared household.
What about some
monetary relief?
The definition of
domestic violence
should include
physical, economic,
sexual and verbal and
emotional abuse.
2022-23
Read More
117 videos|600 docs|214 tests

Up next

FAQs on NCERT Textbook: Understanding Laws - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What is the importance of understanding laws?
Ans. Understanding laws is important as it helps individuals navigate through legal processes and ensures their rights and responsibilities are protected. It allows people to make informed decisions, avoid legal complications, and seek legal remedies when needed.
2. What are the different sources of law?
Ans. There are primarily three sources of law: statutory law, common law, and constitutional law. Statutory law is created by legislative bodies, common law is developed through court decisions, and constitutional law is derived from a country's constitution.
3. What is the difference between civil law and criminal law?
Ans. Civil law deals with disputes between individuals or entities, where one party seeks compensation or resolution for harm caused. Criminal law, on the other hand, involves offenses against society and is concerned with punishment for wrongdoing, usually by the state.
4. What are the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Indian Constitution?
Ans. The Indian Constitution guarantees various fundamental rights to its citizens, including the right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, and right to constitutional remedies.
5. How can one seek legal remedies in case of a violation of rights?
Ans. In case of a violation of rights, one can seek legal remedies through various means, such as filing a complaint with the relevant authorities, approaching the judiciary for redressal, or seeking help from legal aid organizations. It is important to consult a lawyer to understand the appropriate legal recourse in each specific situation.
117 videos|600 docs|214 tests
Download as PDF

Up next

Explore Courses for UPSC exam

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches

mock tests for examination

,

past year papers

,

Exam

,

study material

,

NCERT Textbook: Understanding Laws | Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

,

Viva Questions

,

Free

,

Semester Notes

,

MCQs

,

Sample Paper

,

Important questions

,

practice quizzes

,

NCERT Textbook: Understanding Laws | Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Objective type Questions

,

NCERT Textbook: Understanding Laws | Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

,

Extra Questions

,

pdf

,

Summary

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

video lectures

,

ppt

;