Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) 2002 GATE Paper without solution

# Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) 2002 GATE Paper without solution PDF Download

Page 1

GATE EC - 2002

V D
1mA
+
-
SECTION – A    (75 marks)
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The dependent current source shown in Figure 1.1
(a) delivers 80 W
(b) absorbs 80 W
(c) delivers 40 W
(d) absorbs 40 W
1.2 In figure 1.2, the switch was closed for a long time before opening at t = 0. the
voltage Vx at t = 0
+ is
(a) 25 V
(b) 50 V
(c) -50 V
(d) 0 V
1.3 Convolution of x(t + 5) with impulse function d(t – 7) is equal to
(a) x(t - 12) (b) x(t + 12) (c) x(t - 2) (d) x(t + 2)
1.4 Which of the following cannot be the Fourier series expansion of a periodic
signal?
(a) x(t) = 2cos t + 3 cos 3t (b) x(t) = 2cos pt + 7 cos t
(c) x(t) = cos t + 0.5  (d) x(t) = 2cos 1.5pt + sin 3.5 pt
1.5 In Figure 1.5, a silicon is carrying a constant current of 1 mA. When the
temperature of the diode is 20°C, V
D
is found to be 700 mV. If the temperature
rises to 40°C, V
D
becomes approximately equal to
(a) 740 mV
(b) 660 mV
(c) 680 mV
(d) 700 mV
5O
1
5
V
A
V 1=20V
I
5O
+
-
2.5A
5H
20O
20O
t=0
V x
+ -
Page 2

GATE EC - 2002

V D
1mA
+
-
SECTION – A    (75 marks)
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The dependent current source shown in Figure 1.1
(a) delivers 80 W
(b) absorbs 80 W
(c) delivers 40 W
(d) absorbs 40 W
1.2 In figure 1.2, the switch was closed for a long time before opening at t = 0. the
voltage Vx at t = 0
+ is
(a) 25 V
(b) 50 V
(c) -50 V
(d) 0 V
1.3 Convolution of x(t + 5) with impulse function d(t – 7) is equal to
(a) x(t - 12) (b) x(t + 12) (c) x(t - 2) (d) x(t + 2)
1.4 Which of the following cannot be the Fourier series expansion of a periodic
signal?
(a) x(t) = 2cos t + 3 cos 3t (b) x(t) = 2cos pt + 7 cos t
(c) x(t) = cos t + 0.5  (d) x(t) = 2cos 1.5pt + sin 3.5 pt
1.5 In Figure 1.5, a silicon is carrying a constant current of 1 mA. When the
temperature of the diode is 20°C, V
D
is found to be 700 mV. If the temperature
rises to 40°C, V
D
becomes approximately equal to
(a) 740 mV
(b) 660 mV
(c) 680 mV
(d) 700 mV
5O
1
5
V
A
V 1=20V
I
5O
+
-
2.5A
5H
20O
20O
t=0
V x
+ -
GATE EC - 2002

1.6 In a negative feedback amplifier using voltage-series (i.e. voltage-sampling
series mixing) feedback. (R
i
and R
o
denote the input and output resistance
respectively)
(a) R
i
decreases and R
o
decreases (b) R
i
decreases and R
o
increases
(c) R
i
increases and R
o
decreases (d) R
i
increases and R
o
increases
1.7 A 741-type op-amp has a gain-bandwidth product of 1 MHz. A non-inverting
amplifier using this op-amp and having a voltage gain of 20 dB will exhibit a 3-dB
bandwidth of
(a) 50 KHz (b) 100 KHz (c)
1000
17
KHz (d)
1000
7.07
1.8 Three identical RC-coupled transistor amplifiers are cascaded. If each of the
amplifiers has a frequency response as shown in Figure 1.8, the overall frequency
response is as given in
(a) (b)
(c) (d)
1.9 4-bit 2’s complement representation of a decimal number is 1000. The number is
(a) +8 (b) 0 (c) -7 (d) -8
f
20Hz 1KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
f
40Hz 0.5KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
2
40Hz 1KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
f
40Hz 2KHz
-3
f
v
A dB
0
10Hz 0.5KHz
-3
f
v
A dB
0
Page 3

GATE EC - 2002

V D
1mA
+
-
SECTION – A    (75 marks)
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The dependent current source shown in Figure 1.1
(a) delivers 80 W
(b) absorbs 80 W
(c) delivers 40 W
(d) absorbs 40 W
1.2 In figure 1.2, the switch was closed for a long time before opening at t = 0. the
voltage Vx at t = 0
+ is
(a) 25 V
(b) 50 V
(c) -50 V
(d) 0 V
1.3 Convolution of x(t + 5) with impulse function d(t – 7) is equal to
(a) x(t - 12) (b) x(t + 12) (c) x(t - 2) (d) x(t + 2)
1.4 Which of the following cannot be the Fourier series expansion of a periodic
signal?
(a) x(t) = 2cos t + 3 cos 3t (b) x(t) = 2cos pt + 7 cos t
(c) x(t) = cos t + 0.5  (d) x(t) = 2cos 1.5pt + sin 3.5 pt
1.5 In Figure 1.5, a silicon is carrying a constant current of 1 mA. When the
temperature of the diode is 20°C, V
D
is found to be 700 mV. If the temperature
rises to 40°C, V
D
becomes approximately equal to
(a) 740 mV
(b) 660 mV
(c) 680 mV
(d) 700 mV
5O
1
5
V
A
V 1=20V
I
5O
+
-
2.5A
5H
20O
20O
t=0
V x
+ -
GATE EC - 2002

1.6 In a negative feedback amplifier using voltage-series (i.e. voltage-sampling
series mixing) feedback. (R
i
and R
o
denote the input and output resistance
respectively)
(a) R
i
decreases and R
o
decreases (b) R
i
decreases and R
o
increases
(c) R
i
increases and R
o
decreases (d) R
i
increases and R
o
increases
1.7 A 741-type op-amp has a gain-bandwidth product of 1 MHz. A non-inverting
amplifier using this op-amp and having a voltage gain of 20 dB will exhibit a 3-dB
bandwidth of
(a) 50 KHz (b) 100 KHz (c)
1000
17
KHz (d)
1000
7.07
1.8 Three identical RC-coupled transistor amplifiers are cascaded. If each of the
amplifiers has a frequency response as shown in Figure 1.8, the overall frequency
response is as given in
(a) (b)
(c) (d)
1.9 4-bit 2’s complement representation of a decimal number is 1000. The number is
(a) +8 (b) 0 (c) -7 (d) -8
f
20Hz 1KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
f
40Hz 0.5KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
2
40Hz 1KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
f
40Hz 2KHz
-3
f
v
A dB
0
10Hz 0.5KHz
-3
f
v
A dB
0
GATE EC - 2002

1.10 If the input to the digital circuit (Figure 1.10) consisting of a cascade of 20 XOR-
gates is X, then the output Y is equal to
(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) X (d) X
1.11 The number of comparators required in a 3-bit comparator type ADC is
(a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 7 (d) 8
1.12 If the transistor in Figure 1.12 is in saturation, then
(a) I
C
is always equal to ß
dc
I
B
(b) I
C
is always equal to -ß
dc
I
B

(c) I
C
is greater than or equal to ß
dc
I
B
(d) I
C
is less than or equal to ß
dc
I
B

1.13 Consider a system with the transfer function ( )
2
6
.
6
s
G s
ks s
+
=
+ +
Its damping ratio
will be 0.5 when the value of k is
(a)
2
6
(b) 3 (c)
1
6
(d) 6
1.14 Which of the following points is NOT on the root locus of a system with the open
loop transfer function ( ) ( )
( )( ) 1 3
k
G s H s
s s s
=
+ +
(a) s = 3 j - (b) s= - 1.5 (c) s= -3 (d) s = -8
1
X
Y
C
ß dc denotes the dc
current gain
E
I C
I B
Page 4

GATE EC - 2002

V D
1mA
+
-
SECTION – A    (75 marks)
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The dependent current source shown in Figure 1.1
(a) delivers 80 W
(b) absorbs 80 W
(c) delivers 40 W
(d) absorbs 40 W
1.2 In figure 1.2, the switch was closed for a long time before opening at t = 0. the
voltage Vx at t = 0
+ is
(a) 25 V
(b) 50 V
(c) -50 V
(d) 0 V
1.3 Convolution of x(t + 5) with impulse function d(t – 7) is equal to
(a) x(t - 12) (b) x(t + 12) (c) x(t - 2) (d) x(t + 2)
1.4 Which of the following cannot be the Fourier series expansion of a periodic
signal?
(a) x(t) = 2cos t + 3 cos 3t (b) x(t) = 2cos pt + 7 cos t
(c) x(t) = cos t + 0.5  (d) x(t) = 2cos 1.5pt + sin 3.5 pt
1.5 In Figure 1.5, a silicon is carrying a constant current of 1 mA. When the
temperature of the diode is 20°C, V
D
is found to be 700 mV. If the temperature
rises to 40°C, V
D
becomes approximately equal to
(a) 740 mV
(b) 660 mV
(c) 680 mV
(d) 700 mV
5O
1
5
V
A
V 1=20V
I
5O
+
-
2.5A
5H
20O
20O
t=0
V x
+ -
GATE EC - 2002

1.6 In a negative feedback amplifier using voltage-series (i.e. voltage-sampling
series mixing) feedback. (R
i
and R
o
denote the input and output resistance
respectively)
(a) R
i
decreases and R
o
decreases (b) R
i
decreases and R
o
increases
(c) R
i
increases and R
o
decreases (d) R
i
increases and R
o
increases
1.7 A 741-type op-amp has a gain-bandwidth product of 1 MHz. A non-inverting
amplifier using this op-amp and having a voltage gain of 20 dB will exhibit a 3-dB
bandwidth of
(a) 50 KHz (b) 100 KHz (c)
1000
17
KHz (d)
1000
7.07
1.8 Three identical RC-coupled transistor amplifiers are cascaded. If each of the
amplifiers has a frequency response as shown in Figure 1.8, the overall frequency
response is as given in
(a) (b)
(c) (d)
1.9 4-bit 2’s complement representation of a decimal number is 1000. The number is
(a) +8 (b) 0 (c) -7 (d) -8
f
20Hz 1KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
f
40Hz 0.5KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
2
40Hz 1KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
f
40Hz 2KHz
-3
f
v
A dB
0
10Hz 0.5KHz
-3
f
v
A dB
0
GATE EC - 2002

1.10 If the input to the digital circuit (Figure 1.10) consisting of a cascade of 20 XOR-
gates is X, then the output Y is equal to
(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) X (d) X
1.11 The number of comparators required in a 3-bit comparator type ADC is
(a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 7 (d) 8
1.12 If the transistor in Figure 1.12 is in saturation, then
(a) I
C
is always equal to ß
dc
I
B
(b) I
C
is always equal to -ß
dc
I
B

(c) I
C
is greater than or equal to ß
dc
I
B
(d) I
C
is less than or equal to ß
dc
I
B

1.13 Consider a system with the transfer function ( )
2
6
.
6
s
G s
ks s
+
=
+ +
Its damping ratio
will be 0.5 when the value of k is
(a)
2
6
(b) 3 (c)
1
6
(d) 6
1.14 Which of the following points is NOT on the root locus of a system with the open
loop transfer function ( ) ( )
( )( ) 1 3
k
G s H s
s s s
=
+ +
(a) s = 3 j - (b) s= - 1.5 (c) s= -3 (d) s = -8
1
X
Y
C
ß dc denotes the dc
current gain
E
I C
I B
GATE EC - 2002

1.15 The phase margin of a system with the open-loop transfer function
( ) ( )
( )
( )( )
1
1 2
s
G s H s
s s
-
=
+ +
is
(a) 0° (b) 63.4° (c) 90° (d) 8
1.16 The transfer function ( ) ( ) Y s U s of a system described by the state equations
x(t) = -2x(t) + 2u(t) and y(t) = 0.5x(t) is
(a)
( )
0.5
2 s -
(b)
( )
1
2 s -
(c)
( )
0.5
2 s +
(d)
( )
1
2 s +
1.17 The Fourier transform ( )
{ }
1
F e u t
-
is equal to
1
.
1 2 j f p +
Therefore,
1
1 2
F
j t p
? ?
? ?
+
? ?
is
(a) ( )
f
e u f (b) ( )
f
e u f
-
(c) ( )
f
e u f - (d) ( )
f
e u f
-
-
1.18 A linear phase channel with phase delay T
P
and group delay T
g
must have
(a) T
P
= T
g
=constant   (b) T
P
?f and T
g
?f
(c) T
P
= constant and T
g
?f (d) T
P
?f and T
g
=constant
1.19. A 1 MHz sinusoidal carrier is amplitude modulated by a symmetrical square wave
of period 100µsec. Which of the following frequencies will NOT be present in the
modulated signal?
(a) 990 KHz (b) 1010 KHz (c) 1020 KHz (d) 1030 KHz
1.20. Consider a sampled signal ( ) ( ) ( )
6
5 10
s
n
y t x t t nT d
+8
-
=-8
= × -
?
where x(t) =10
cos(8p×10
3
)t and T
s
=100µsec. When y(t) is passed through an ideal low-pass
filter with a cutoff frequency of 5KHz, the output of the filter is
(a)
( )
6 3
5 10 cos 8 10 t p
-
× × (b)
( )
5 3
5 10 cos 8 10 t p
-
× ×
(c)
( )
1 3
5 10 cos 8 10 t p
-
× × (d)
( )
3
10cos 8 10 t p ×
1.21. For a bit-rate of 8 Kbps, the best possible values of the transmitted frequencies
in a coherent binary FSK system are
(a) 16 KHz and 20 KHz  (b) 20 KHz and 32 KHz
(c) 20 KHz and 40 KHz  (d) 32 KHz and 40 KHz
1.22. The line-of-sight communication requires the transmit and receive antenna to
face each other. If the transmit antenna is vertically polarized, for best reception
(a) horizontally polarized (b) vertically polarized
Page 5

GATE EC - 2002

V D
1mA
+
-
SECTION – A    (75 marks)
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The dependent current source shown in Figure 1.1
(a) delivers 80 W
(b) absorbs 80 W
(c) delivers 40 W
(d) absorbs 40 W
1.2 In figure 1.2, the switch was closed for a long time before opening at t = 0. the
voltage Vx at t = 0
+ is
(a) 25 V
(b) 50 V
(c) -50 V
(d) 0 V
1.3 Convolution of x(t + 5) with impulse function d(t – 7) is equal to
(a) x(t - 12) (b) x(t + 12) (c) x(t - 2) (d) x(t + 2)
1.4 Which of the following cannot be the Fourier series expansion of a periodic
signal?
(a) x(t) = 2cos t + 3 cos 3t (b) x(t) = 2cos pt + 7 cos t
(c) x(t) = cos t + 0.5  (d) x(t) = 2cos 1.5pt + sin 3.5 pt
1.5 In Figure 1.5, a silicon is carrying a constant current of 1 mA. When the
temperature of the diode is 20°C, V
D
is found to be 700 mV. If the temperature
rises to 40°C, V
D
becomes approximately equal to
(a) 740 mV
(b) 660 mV
(c) 680 mV
(d) 700 mV
5O
1
5
V
A
V 1=20V
I
5O
+
-
2.5A
5H
20O
20O
t=0
V x
+ -
GATE EC - 2002

1.6 In a negative feedback amplifier using voltage-series (i.e. voltage-sampling
series mixing) feedback. (R
i
and R
o
denote the input and output resistance
respectively)
(a) R
i
decreases and R
o
decreases (b) R
i
decreases and R
o
increases
(c) R
i
increases and R
o
decreases (d) R
i
increases and R
o
increases
1.7 A 741-type op-amp has a gain-bandwidth product of 1 MHz. A non-inverting
amplifier using this op-amp and having a voltage gain of 20 dB will exhibit a 3-dB
bandwidth of
(a) 50 KHz (b) 100 KHz (c)
1000
17
KHz (d)
1000
7.07
1.8 Three identical RC-coupled transistor amplifiers are cascaded. If each of the
amplifiers has a frequency response as shown in Figure 1.8, the overall frequency
response is as given in
(a) (b)
(c) (d)
1.9 4-bit 2’s complement representation of a decimal number is 1000. The number is
(a) +8 (b) 0 (c) -7 (d) -8
f
20Hz 1KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
f
40Hz 0.5KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
2
40Hz 1KHz
-3
0
v
A dB
f
40Hz 2KHz
-3
f
v
A dB
0
10Hz 0.5KHz
-3
f
v
A dB
0
GATE EC - 2002

1.10 If the input to the digital circuit (Figure 1.10) consisting of a cascade of 20 XOR-
gates is X, then the output Y is equal to
(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) X (d) X
1.11 The number of comparators required in a 3-bit comparator type ADC is
(a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 7 (d) 8
1.12 If the transistor in Figure 1.12 is in saturation, then
(a) I
C
is always equal to ß
dc
I
B
(b) I
C
is always equal to -ß
dc
I
B

(c) I
C
is greater than or equal to ß
dc
I
B
(d) I
C
is less than or equal to ß
dc
I
B

1.13 Consider a system with the transfer function ( )
2
6
.
6
s
G s
ks s
+
=
+ +
Its damping ratio
will be 0.5 when the value of k is
(a)
2
6
(b) 3 (c)
1
6
(d) 6
1.14 Which of the following points is NOT on the root locus of a system with the open
loop transfer function ( ) ( )
( )( ) 1 3
k
G s H s
s s s
=
+ +
(a) s = 3 j - (b) s= - 1.5 (c) s= -3 (d) s = -8
1
X
Y
C
ß dc denotes the dc
current gain
E
I C
I B
GATE EC - 2002

1.15 The phase margin of a system with the open-loop transfer function
( ) ( )
( )
( )( )
1
1 2
s
G s H s
s s
-
=
+ +
is
(a) 0° (b) 63.4° (c) 90° (d) 8
1.16 The transfer function ( ) ( ) Y s U s of a system described by the state equations
x(t) = -2x(t) + 2u(t) and y(t) = 0.5x(t) is
(a)
( )
0.5
2 s -
(b)
( )
1
2 s -
(c)
( )
0.5
2 s +
(d)
( )
1
2 s +
1.17 The Fourier transform ( )
{ }
1
F e u t
-
is equal to
1
.
1 2 j f p +
Therefore,
1
1 2
F
j t p
? ?
? ?
+
? ?
is
(a) ( )
f
e u f (b) ( )
f
e u f
-
(c) ( )
f
e u f - (d) ( )
f
e u f
-
-
1.18 A linear phase channel with phase delay T
P
and group delay T
g
must have
(a) T
P
= T
g
=constant   (b) T
P
?f and T
g
?f
(c) T
P
= constant and T
g
?f (d) T
P
?f and T
g
=constant
1.19. A 1 MHz sinusoidal carrier is amplitude modulated by a symmetrical square wave
of period 100µsec. Which of the following frequencies will NOT be present in the
modulated signal?
(a) 990 KHz (b) 1010 KHz (c) 1020 KHz (d) 1030 KHz
1.20. Consider a sampled signal ( ) ( ) ( )
6
5 10
s
n
y t x t t nT d
+8
-
=-8
= × -
?
where x(t) =10
cos(8p×10
3
)t and T
s
=100µsec. When y(t) is passed through an ideal low-pass
filter with a cutoff frequency of 5KHz, the output of the filter is
(a)
( )
6 3
5 10 cos 8 10 t p
-
× × (b)
( )
5 3
5 10 cos 8 10 t p
-
× ×
(c)
( )
1 3
5 10 cos 8 10 t p
-
× × (d)
( )
3
10cos 8 10 t p ×
1.21. For a bit-rate of 8 Kbps, the best possible values of the transmitted frequencies
in a coherent binary FSK system are
(a) 16 KHz and 20 KHz  (b) 20 KHz and 32 KHz
(c) 20 KHz and 40 KHz  (d) 32 KHz and 40 KHz
1.22. The line-of-sight communication requires the transmit and receive antenna to
face each other. If the transmit antenna is vertically polarized, for best reception
(a) horizontally polarized (b) vertically polarized
GATE EC - 2002

(c) at 45° with respect to horizontal polarization
(d) at 45° with respect to vertical polarization
1.23. The VSWR can have any value between
(a) 0 and 1 (b) -1 and +1 (c) 0 and 8 (d) 1 and 8
1.24. In an impedance Smith chart, a clockwise movement along a constant resistance
circle gives rise to
(a) a decrease in the value of reactance
(b) an increase in the value of reactance
(c) no change in the reactance value
(d) no change in the impedance value
1.25 The phase velocity for the TE
10
-mode in an air-filled rectangular waveguide is (c
is the velocity of plane waves in free space)
(a) less than c (b) equal to c
(c) greater than c (d) none of the above
2. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (2.1 – 2.25) of TWO marks
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
2.1 In the network of Figure 2.1, the maximum power is delivered to R
L
if its value is
(a) 16O (b)
40
3
O (c) 60O (d) 20O
I 1
40O
50V
R L 20O
0.5I 1

## FAQs on Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) 2002 GATE Paper without solution

 1. What is Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)?
Ans. Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) is a branch of engineering that focuses on the design, development, and maintenance of electronic devices, circuits, and communication systems. It covers a wide range of topics including digital and analog electronics, microprocessors, communication networks, signal processing, and electromagnetic theory.
 2. What is the significance of the GATE exam for Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) students?
Ans. The GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) exam is highly significant for Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) students as it serves as a gateway to various prestigious postgraduate programs and job opportunities. GATE scores are accepted by numerous universities and institutions for admissions to M.Tech., MS, and PhD programs. It also opens up avenues for recruitment in public sector companies and research organizations.
 3. What was the pattern of the Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) 2002 GATE Paper?
Ans. The 2002 GATE exam for Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) consisted of two sections - Section 1 and Section 2. Section 1 included multiple-choice questions (MCQs) with four options, while Section 2 had numerical answer type questions. The total duration of the exam was three hours, and the maximum marks were 100. The question paper covered various topics within the EC syllabus, such as electronic devices, network theory, signals and systems, analog and digital circuits, control systems, and communication systems.
 4. What are some common career options for Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) graduates?
Ans. Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) graduates have a wide range of career options available to them. Some of the common career paths include: 1. Electronics Engineer: Working on the design, development, and testing of electronic systems and components. 2. Communication Engineer: Specializing in the design and maintenance of communication systems, such as telecommunication networks and satellite communication. 3. Embedded Systems Engineer: Developing and programming embedded systems used in various applications like automotive, healthcare, and industrial automation. 4. VLSI Engineer: Designing and testing Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) circuits used in microprocessors, memory chips, and other electronic devices. 5. Research and Development Engineer: Engaging in research and innovation to develop new technologies and improve existing ones in the field of electronics and communication.
 5. How can one prepare effectively for the GATE exam in Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)?
Ans. Effective preparation for the GATE exam in Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) involves the following steps: 1. Understand the Syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the complete GATE syllabus for EC and prioritize topics based on their weightage in previous exams. 2. Create a Study Plan: Devise a comprehensive study plan that allows for sufficient time to cover all topics and includes regular revision sessions. 3. Refer to Standard Books: Make use of recommended textbooks and study materials to gain in-depth knowledge and understanding of the subject. 4. Practice Previous Year Papers: Solve previous year GATE question papers to get acquainted with the exam pattern and identify weak areas. 5. Take Mock Tests: Regularly take mock tests to assess your preparation level, improve time management skills, and become familiar with the online exam interface. 6. Seek Guidance: Join coaching classes or online platforms that offer guidance and mentorship from experienced faculty members to clarify doubts and provide valuable tips and tricks for the exam.
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