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FAQs on Question Bank (Solutions): Gaseous State - Chemistry Class 11 - NEET

1. What are the three states of matter?
Ans. The three states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. In the gaseous state, particles have more energy and move freely, with no definite shape or volume.
2. How does temperature affect the gaseous state?
Ans. Temperature affects the gaseous state by increasing or decreasing the average kinetic energy of gas particles. As the temperature increases, the particles move faster and have more energy, leading to an increase in pressure and volume.
3. What is the ideal gas law?
Ans. The ideal gas law is a mathematical relationship between pressure, volume, temperature, and the number of gas particles. It is represented by the equation PV = nRT, where P is the pressure, V is the volume, n is the number of moles of gas, R is the ideal gas constant, and T is the temperature.
4. How does the behavior of gases differ from solids and liquids?
Ans. Gases differ from solids and liquids in terms of particle arrangement and movement. Gas particles are widely dispersed, have no definite shape or volume, and move randomly at high speeds. In contrast, solids have a fixed shape and volume with particles tightly packed, while liquids have no fixed shape but a definite volume with particles closer together than in gases.
5. What is the relationship between pressure and volume in the gaseous state?
Ans. According to Boyle's Law, there is an inverse relationship between pressure and volume in the gaseous state. When the volume of a gas decreases, the pressure increases, and vice versa, assuming temperature and amount of gas remain constant.
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