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FAQs on Question Bank: Biomolecules - Chemistry Class 12 - NEET

1. What are biomolecules?
Ans. Biomolecules are the complex organic molecules that are present in living organisms. These molecules are essential for various biological processes such as metabolism, growth, and reproduction. The four major types of biomolecules are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
2. What is the importance of biomolecules in JEE?
Ans. Biomolecules are an important topic in JEE as they form the basis of various biological processes and their understanding is crucial for the study of biochemistry. Questions related to biomolecules are often asked in JEE exams, and a good understanding of the topic is essential for scoring well in the exam.
3. What are carbohydrates and their types?
Ans. Carbohydrates are biomolecules that are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. They are a major source of energy for the body. The three types of carbohydrates are monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. Monosaccharides are simple sugars, while disaccharides are formed by the combination of two monosaccharides. Polysaccharides are complex carbohydrates that are formed by the combination of many monosaccharides.
4. What are lipids and their functions?
Ans. Lipids are biomolecules that are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms. They are insoluble in water and are an important source of energy for the body. Lipids have various functions in the body, such as insulation, protection, and energy storage. They also form the structural components of cell membranes.
5. What are nucleic acids and their types?
Ans. Nucleic acids are biomolecules that are composed of nucleotides. They are essential for the storage and transmission of genetic information. The two types of nucleic acids are DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). DNA is the genetic material that is present in the nucleus of cells and is responsible for the inheritance of traits. RNA is involved in protein synthesis and is found in the cytoplasm of cells.
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